“ALL AMISS INTERPRETED”: THE ALTERNATIVE TRUTHS OF SHAKESPEARE’S JULIUS CAESAR

Elena Ciobanu

admin 24 Aug 2020

Written during a period of some political unrest, in Elizabethan England, William Shakespeare’s Tragedy of Julius Caesar explores the political consequences resulting from the conflict between private and public virtues exemplified in the person of its tragic hero, Marcus Brutus. The development of the plot is based on the series of more or less contradictory interpretations coming from a number of important characters, among whom Cassius figures prominently. Interpretations, as Friederich Nietzsche observes, are all we have in our vain pursuit of the truth – an affirmation that now, in the age of post-truth, seems ever more adequate. The validity of an interpretation would have to be given by arguments rooted in facts, but the German philosopher argues that even what we call ‘facts’ are actually only interpretations. Shakespeare’s deep understanding of the fact that tragedy is meant “to reveal some particular truth in every agent and at the same time the limitations of this truth” (Jaspers, 1952: 53) is seen in his allowing of various alternative visions to compete with each other in what is apparently a futile quest for the truth. In this paper we analyse some of the discursive strategies the playwright uses to enact his poetic justice and to hint at the true location of truth, beyond the many alternative facts that menace and even temporarily destroy it.

SIGN AND SYMBOL IN THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DREAM

CORINA MATEI

admin 11 Dec 2017

My paper approaches Carl Gustav Jung’s psychoanalytical perspective on the phenomenon of dreaming and on dream’s interpretation. Preparing the theoretical context, we will first identify the main criteria to distinguish between sign and symbol, as well as the limits of other approaches of the topic. My goal is to discover the most fruitful perspective on studying the dream, in order to highlight more elements belonging to human unconscious, as this enterprise could help us know ourselves better as human beings. Afterwards, we will present some considerations about the cultural correspondences that the interpretation of this phenomenon of dreaming could help us make. The method involved here regards some elements of semiotics and hermeneutics, to the extent of a useful distinction between sign and symbol as instruments of comprehension.

LES ÉLÉMENTS SPÉCIFIQUES DE LA COMMUNICATION ARTISTIQUE. CONTRIBUTIONS ROUMAINES À LA THÉORIE DU LANGAGE ARTISTIQUE

Grigore Georgiu

admin 22 Feb 2017

Il est symptomatique que les grands penseurs, de Platon à Heidegger, ont donné à l’art une place fondamentale dans l’existence humaine. L’intérêt spécial pour le phénomène artistique s’explique par la capacité des œuvres d’art d’encoder dans des formes expressives des significations profondes et de les communiquer à un large public à travers divers langages (littéraires, plastiques, musicaux, etc.). Les changements survenus dans le domaine de la création artistique dans les deux derniers siècles, la succession accélérée des courants artistiques et des mouvements d’avant-garde ont imposé dans l’espace théorique l’idée que l’art est un langage spécifique et une forme distincte de la communication. Cette étude remet en question les traits particuliers du langage artistique et les implications de ces traits dans le processus de la réception artistique. En même temps, j’ai essayé de mettre en évidence la contribution théorique (moins connue) des penseurs roumains à l’analyse du langage artistique et la compréhension du processus complexe de la communication artistique.

EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDENTITY OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PUBLIC SPACE

CRISTINA CÎRTIŢĂ-BUZOIANU

admin 27 Jul 2012

Departing from the interdisciplinary character of communication, this paper attempts to identify its epistemological identity in the public space and to analyse the defining features of this type of communication. Many experts in the field consider the epistemological status of communication to be at the centre of culture, knowledge and social behaviour. From this perspective, communication studies imply an inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinary approach, since we cannot restrict a field with such wide application within strictly defined scientific margins.

Within the typology of features that allow us to differentiate communication in the public space from other types,we find its contextual character, the continuous interaction between speaker and public, and the need to reach consensus in order to validate a certain interpretation of reality.

IDENTITY, PREJUDICE AND RELEVANCE IN THE PROCESS OF UTTERANCE INTERPRETATION

MIRCEA HORUBEŢ

admin 27 Jul 2012

The aim of this paper is to try to support the idea that past plays an esential role in the process of interpretation of a present utterance/text. Past takes the form of hypotheses, prejudices, prejudgments, ideologies, preferences, etc., stored in the mind of the interpreter, which shape her/his psychological identity. Identity can only come from the past. One’s psychological identity is the present situation of her/his stored past. It seems that in the process of interpretation one’s present self confronts one’s past self which has become the otherness of the present self. The process of interpretation is a fusion between the horizon of the past and the horizon of the present – both from the interpreter’s point of view.

LA LECTURE COMME REVELATION DANS LA POESIE DE LUCIAN BLAGA

ELENA IULIANA HORCEAG

admin 27 Jul 2012

Le devenir de la poésie est un fait qui sous-tend tous les éléments constitutifs de l’expérience esthétique. La lecture présuppose en l’occurrence la connaissance de soi, tout en revêtant l’une des manifestations de l’altérité, grâce à la conduite esthétique. La quête d’une définition qui puisse répondre à la question récurrente Qu’est-ce que la poésie ? a mené, semble-t-il, dans la majorité des cas, à des études qui n’arrivent à mettre en évidence que le caractère autotélique de l’objet analysé. La prise de conscience d’une généricité bien cernée a eu comme résultat l’insertion dans la création moderne d’une méditation implicite sur la poésie même.

LE TEXTE, ENTRE L’INTENTION D’AUTEUR ET SES LECTEURS

MARICELA STRUNGARIU

admin 27 Jul 2012

Le rôle de l’auteur dans la construction de la signification d’un texte est l’une des questions les plus brûlantes mises en discussion par les théoriciens de la littérature. Tandis que la critique traditionnelle (le positivisme, l’historicisme) considère l’auteur comme la seule instance responsable du sens de l’œuvre, les adeptes du formalisme russe, du New Criticism américain ou du structuralisme français se proposent d’analyser le texte indépendamment de son producteur réel pour assurer l’autonomie des études littéraires par rapport à l’histoire et à la psychologie. Plus le rôle de l’auteur diminue, plus celui du lecteur s’accroît. La mort de l’auteur entraînera l’idée que le lecteur devient le seul responsable de la production du sens et que le texte n’a pas un seul sens, préétabli, mais plusieurs. Notre propos est ici de cerner les atouts et les points faibles de ces deux théories pour en dégager une troisième, plus souple et plus appropriée, à nos yeux, pour la compréhension et l’interprétation du texte littéraire.

PERSPECTIVA ANTROPOLGIEI SIMBOLICE ASUPRA DIVERSITĂŢII CULTURALE

Corina MATEI

admin 19 Oct 2011

În prezent antropologia culturală se extinde din ce în ce mai mult ca un domeniu teoretic profund şi foarte larg, devenind astfel surssa de inspiraţie a multor curente de gândire, întinzându-se până la ştiinţele sociale şi filozofie. Lucrarea are scopul de a analiza schimbarea adusă iniţial de această ramură în percepţia diversităţii culturale şi chiar a alterităţii, concept central în antropologie.

ADAPTAREA LA SINE ŞI LA ALTUL (ALŢII)

ELENA BONTA

admin 12 Oct 2011

La nivelul discursului conversaţiei uzuale există întotdeauna un proces permanent de adaptare, bazat pe producere şi interpretare. Acesta poate fi definit prin două componente: auto-reglare şi ajustare la ceilalţi. Lucrarea încearcă să găsească răspunsuri la următoarele întrebări: Când şi de ce are loc acest proces? Care sunt marcatorii săi lingvistici şi non-lingvistici? Care sunt limitele sale? Care sunt beneficiile sale?