LE CORPS COMME OBJET DE CONSOMMATION : LE TATOUAGE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Le tatouage est un art qui se pratique depuis plusieurs milliers d’années partout dans le monde. Des momies datant du IIIème et du IVème siècle avant J.C. ont été retrouvées, tatouées sur les bras, les jambes et le dos, des femmes d’ailleurs. Les Bretons étaient décrits comme étant tatoués dans les divers récits de conquêtes de Jules César. C’est la religion, autour du VIIème siècle, qui mettra un terme à ces pratiques considérées comme païennes, lui donnant une image si négative qu’elles finiront par disparaître complètement. Ce n’est qu’au XIVème siècle que le tatouage fera de nouveau son apparition sur …


L’IMAGINAIRE DE LA GREFFE. REPARER LES VIVANTS DE MAYLIS DE KERANGAL, MYGALE DE THIERRY JONQUET, LA PIEL QUE HABITO DE PEDRO ALMODOVAR

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

La médecine scientifique est devenue, dans les cultures occidentales, un domaine fortement valorisé, socialement tout autant que symboliquement. Incarnation revendiquée d’une rationalité solide, elle n’en reste pas moins empreinte d’une dimension mythique qui en modèle ses représentations, par exemple dans la publicité, la littérature ou les arts. Selon nous, cette attention portée à la médecine scientifique révèle l’importance de l’imaginaire scientifique et technique – technoscientifique – dans notre culture. En particulier, les transformations du corps humain, rendues possibles par le développement toujours croissant des nouvelles techniques, hantent les œuvres contemporaines. Néanmoins, les représentations des interventions médicales (chirurgicales) sur le corps …


MYTHE ET EXPÉRIENCE PERSONNELLE CHEZ EUGÈNE IONESCO

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

L’exercice de l’écriture a conduit Ionesco vers la découverte de sa nature, de son humanité et vers l’acceptation de sa ressemblance aux autres : « En exprimant mes obsessions fondamentales, j’exprime ma plus profonde humanité, je rejoins tout le monde spontanément au-delà de toutes les barrières des castes et psychologies diverses » (Notes et Contre-Notes). La quête de soi-même est, au fait, une tentative d’élucider le mystère de la vie et de la mort, ce qui mène à la fusion de l’expérience personnelle et du mythe. Encore et toujours en quête de son identité, Ionesco espère trouver en soi-même « une permanence humaine, une …


(English) GENDER IDENTITY IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’S SHORT STORIES

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


AUTOPORTRAIT ET ALTÉRITÉ DANS L’ŒUVRE PHOTOGRAPHIQUE DE FRANCESCA WOODMAN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

L’œuvre de Francesca Woodman est principalement constituée d’autoportraits revendiqués, mais aussi d’autres photographies qui laissent apparaître un corps sans visage, coupé par le cadre ou simplement caché par un objet. Cette déroute du regard pourrait controverser la théorie de l’épiphanie du visage d’Emmanuel Lévinas, pourtant, même lorsque le visage se refuse la transcendance de l’autre s’opère. Il y a chez Francesca Woodman une bascule de l’autoportrait, ses photographies laissent apparaître une identité en construction, se développant selon ses préoccupations plastiques et ses interférences avec le milieu artistique. C’est un personnage en fragmentation, une non-entité (Chris Townsend) se présentant comme une …


(English) THE ‘SELF’ VS. THE ‘OTHER’ IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


(English) IDENTITY DILEMMAS IN THE POST-TOTALITARIAN ROMANIAN CRITIQUE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


(English) CHILDREN AND THE DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN 19TH-CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


POST-IMPERIAL BORDER-CROSSINGS: THE EPIPHANY OF BICULTURALISM IN V. S. NAIPAUL’S THE ENIGMA OF ARRIVAL

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper examines Naipaul’s representation of postcolonial border crossings in his thinly disguised literary autobiography, The Enigma of Arrival. The analysis focuses on the dynamics of cultural dislocation and relocation, on the exchanges and reversals at work in the process of the migrant’s appropriation of the centre, which Naipaul figures as a symbolic colonization in reverse, through which the cultural disseminations of the Empire return to their point of departure, to the now hybridized centre of a multicultural society. The key aspects of these intercultural renegotiations bridging the centre and the margin concern the redefinition of inherited concepts of …


AN INTEGRATED VIEW UPON POSTMODERNIST CONCEPTUAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Nowadays, identity is continually changing. In order to assume a valid social identity, an individual needs the others’ recognition. In this case, modernity involves targeting the others. The individual is able to build and/or rebuild his identity depending on the opportunities life offers to him and which he chooses deliberately. He does not know for sure whether he has made the right decision but he has to discover on his own, the ‘true’ identity that suits him. From a postmodernist point of view, identity becomes less stable and more fragile. Postmodernist identity builds itself by assuming some roles and images. …


BEING A WRITER IN THE JOURNALISTIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The paper aims at analysing the evolution in the public space of three Romanian writers: Cristian Tudor Popescu, Stelian Tănase and Mircea Dinescu. There will be highlighted the liberties and compulsions involved by the adhering to a space open to a varied and unpredictable public, and also the mutual influences of the literary work and press production (newspaper article or TV talk-show), interests which interfere in a propitious way. The three writers go beyond the well outlined boundaries of literature, anchoring in a public space using mass-media, thus vacillating between the two hypostasis they are constantly identifying with.


MACEDONIAN IDENTITY AND IDENTITIES IN THE BALKANS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Identities in the Balkans have been formed within the context of different cultural, linguistic, religious and written traditions. Their creation was influenced by political projects such as: Pan-Slavism, Slavophilism, Illyrianism, Uniatism, and the Balkan Federation, which had both united and divided the peoples of the Balkans. Apart from various influences, identities were closely related to religion and language as well. A study of the construction and dynamic development of Macedonian identity beginning from ancient history, the medieval period, through the abolition of the Ohrid Archbishopric, its division in 1913, and the aftermath of the Second World War indicates the features …


ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN MIHAI EMINESCU’S JOURNALISTIC WORK AT „CURIERUL DE IAŞI”

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Whether we like it or not, we have to admit that the second half of the 19th century in Romanian culture and society is characterized by frequent anti-Semite attitudes. Mihai Eminescu’s activity as journalist at “Curierul de Iaşi” makes no exception. From his first article in this newspaper, Eminescu proves to be a competent journalist, fighting for the only “positive social class”, peasantry. His strong belief was that all the others benefit from the work of the peasants. That is why he frequently attacks politicians, lawyers, merchants, public officers, journalists or teachers, blaming them for wasting peasants’ hard work. As …


TOO “QUEER” TO MATTER: IDENTITY STRUGGLES IN THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN BORDERLANDS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

When discussing the literary productions of Mexican-American authors, the concept of identity seems to be among the first issues to arise. Given the complex nature of the experience in the borderlands, the quest for self-definition always implies a reference to otherness, may it be white/American, Indian or male/female. My paper aims at analyzing the concept of identity as reflected in Chicano/a literature[1], emphasizing the dualities authors confront, as a result of being ‘too queer’ for ‘the other’. Furthermore, it purports to offer an account of the extent to which identity in the borderlands is performed, rather than being inscribed in …


EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDENTITY OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PUBLIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Departing from the interdisciplinary character of communication, this paper attempts to identify its epistemological identity in the public space and to analyse the defining features of this type of communication. Many experts in the field consider the epistemological status of communication to be at the centre of culture, knowledge and social behaviour. From this perspective, communication studies imply an inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinary approach, since we cannot restrict a field with such wide application within strictly defined scientific margins. Within the typology of features that allow us to differentiate communication in the public space from other types,we find its contextual …


LOCAL OR ORIGINAL? SHIFTING IDENTITIES OF TWO COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR CHALLENGE TOWARD CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC MARGINALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study aims to explore how two college freshmen inThailandnegotiate their space in an EFL classroom as both of them are from different provinces so that they face linguistic and cultural barriers and thus are labelled as “others.” The ethnographic approach based upon participant observation and a series of interviews shows how two students become aware of their own cultural background which leads them to take different approaches in order to accommodate a new challenge: one actively gets involved in a local culture while the other holds on to his own to maintain his cultural upbringing.


IDENTITY, PREJUDICE AND RELEVANCE IN THE PROCESS OF UTTERANCE INTERPRETATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The aim of this paper is to try to support the idea that past plays an esential role in the process of interpretation of a present utterance/text. Past takes the form of hypotheses, prejudices, prejudgments, ideologies, preferences, etc., stored in the mind of the interpreter, which shape her/his psychological identity. Identity can only come from the past. One’s psychological identity is the present situation of her/his stored past. It seems that in the process of interpretation one’s present self confronts one’s past self which has become the otherness of the present self. The process of interpretation is a fusion between …


LANGUAGE, BORDERS, IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In 1913, the region known asMacedoniawas divided in three parts between theKingdomofSerbs, Croats and Slovenes,BulgariaandGreece. The current situation is as follows: the official language in theRepublicofMacedoniais Macedonian, but in certain regions in which the majority population is Albanian, the Macedonian language loses its primacy; inBulgaria, the Macedonian language is considered only as a dialect of the Bulgarian language and inGreeceit is not even recognized as Macedonian, but as a form of a Slavic dialect and it has been the cause of reprisals in the past 100 years. Therefore, the status of the Macedonian language in theRepublicofMacedonia, the status of Macedonian …


THE IDENTITY OF WOMEN IN ‘THE ONE’ MAGAZINE. A STUDY ON ANGLICISMS IN THE TITLES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The influence of the English language upon other languages is a world-wide phenomenon. The Romanian language (along with other European languages) seems to experience an exagerated growing tendency of using English words in varied fields of activity. If in the case of economics, informatics or sport the use of anglicisms is justified by the neccesity of referring to new extralingustic realities, which do not have a meaningful translation in Romanian, the situation changes in the case of media, where the use of English words has truly become a fashion. The present paper tries to analyse the manner in which the …


SLIPPERY SLOPES IN PRO-LIFE ARGUMENTATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In pro-life discourse arguers strategically use arguments from consequence in order to make the audience aware of the gravity of abortion by pointing out the dire consequences of this deed. Using the pragma-dialectical critical questions (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992, 2004), I will test the dialectical soundness of the causal argumentation put forward by pro-lifers in various argumentative texts. The examination of these texts reveals that the death of the aborting mother, different forms of punishment for the rest of the family, for doctors, pharmacists and for whoever else might take part in an abortion directly or indirectly are among …


JOB IDENTITIES ENCODED IN COMMONPLACE SIMILES VS THEIR DAILY PERCEPTION. A CASE STUDY.

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Taking into consideration the social status and roles individuals play in daily existence, the paper is an empirical study foregrounding the exploration of commonplace similes, in order to find out how projections of job identity are offered by them. Findings are then “put to test,” as an example of direct perception of reality, through the answers of a number of 50 informants.


MEMORY AS THE PROTECTION OF IDENTITY IN THE STATE OF EXILE. THE POETRY OF MARIA PAWLIKOWSKA – JASNORZEWSKA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The main conundrum discussed in this article is Maria Pawlikowska- Jasnorzewska’s definition of the identity of poetic creativity in exile. The act of selfdetermination is understood as a dynamic process, open to constant change and confrontation. In a state of exile, which is recognized as one of loss and coercion, confrontation with an alien cultural space conveys the demand to remain a stranger. Memory, for an exile, is a guarantee of cultural quality and allows the exile to challenge basic values and to seek protection, which provides a sense of and ensures continuity. In addition, images deposited in the memory …


THE CULTURAL AND IDENTITY REPRESENTATIVENESS OF THE JOURNALIST CARAGIALE, NOWADAYS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The writings of Caragiale, although published more than 100 years ago, outline social, cultural and political realities applicable even today. Current critical reviews strengthen the idea that the classical writing of Caragiale shows both the strategies of articulating the journalistic texts, largely similar to those used for writing the literary texts, and the correct understanding of the socio-political and economic situation ofRomaniain the nineteenth century. This was completed by the anticipation of future events and states of affairs. This paper aims to examine, from this point of view, the size of Caragiale’s representativeness of journalistic writing for Romanian culture, as …


IDENTITY IN TRANSLATION: THE CASE STUDY OF ‘MEMORIES OF MY BOYHOOD’ – ION CREANGĂ

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the age of globalization, recognizing and preserving identity is essential, especially with translation as mediator between cultures. The task of the translator remains as difficult as ever in the face of translating foreign, often untranslatable concepts and structures. This paper takes a closer look at the translation of Ion Creangă’s Amintiri din copilărie, produced by Ana Cartianu and R.C. Johnston in 1978. Such an enterprise becomes problematic given the abundance in terms associated with the life and customs of Romania’s countryside in the 19th century, making it all the more complicated to create a clear cut image of Creangă’s …


ABOUT THE ROMANIAN IDENTITY CONSTRUCT (I)

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper proposes – using the main scientific sources – to establish the way in which Romanians have become aware of their own identity. Even if the 19th century historians seemed to have agreed upon the present matter, in fact, the concept of Romanian identity has not been revealed yet, or accepted. This very discrepancy between ethnical realities and the Romanian cultural identity construct is in fact the core of our study.


NAŢIUNE ŞI IDENTITATE ÎN TRANSILVANIA

Posted On Oct 18 2011 by

Acest articol analizează sensurile conceptului de naţiune în Transilvania secolului al XIX-lea. Se evidenţiază faptul că identitatea românilor transilvăneni, ca tip, aşa cum a fost ea definită de intelectuali, este bazată pe modelul organicist, în mod deosebit pe modelul herderian al naţiunii etno-culturale.  


(English) THE BEYONDNESS OF IDENTITY IN SYLVIA PLATH’S POEMS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


(English) THE PRISON AS A SIGN IN CHARLES DICKENS’ NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Din păcate acest articol este disponibil doar în Engleză Americană.


(English) THE HOUSE BETWEEN THE ROLES OF SUBJECT AND OBJECT IN VICTORIANISM

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

CONSTRUIREA IDENTITĂŢII ÎN VIZIUNEA LUI AL. DIMA

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Personalitate cu vaste interese culturale, cu un bagaj imens de informaţii din domenii cum ar fi: literatura, filosofia, estetica, literatura comparată, Alexandru Dima a fost mereu preocupat de „fenomenul românesc”, văzut atât în ansamblul său, precum şi în identitatea sa specifică. Acest om de cultură a arătat preocupări pentru identitatea spirituală, artistică şi literară, pentru o societate care, după primul război mondial, a încercat să-şi reconstruiască o cale nouă. Societatea viitoare a fost văzută de el ca aparţinând „societăţii de mâine”, care este doar generaţia tânără, educată, cu grijă pentru estetică, filozofie, literatură şi gândire, încercând să construiască viitorul şi …


EDUCAREA (GREŞITĂ) PRIN ŞCOALĂ VICTORIANĂ

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Lucrarea are drept scop identificarea principalelor caracteristici ale sistemului de învăţământ în Anglia victoriană cu scopul de a descifra efectele sale asupra fiinţei umane. Şcoala engleză din secolul 19 vor fi analizată ca o instituţie de învăţământ al cărei scop este acela de a modela mintea oamenilor, şi, de asemenea, ca un instrument social, politic destinat să inculce anumite convingeri şi stereotipuri. Marcatorii discursului educaţional din secolul 19 vor fi ilustraţi prin fragmente preluate din romanele secolului 19 din limba engleză, în special cele scrise de Charles Dickens şi surorile Brontë.


VALORILE ŞI EVALUAREA CA MARCATORI DISCURSIVI AI IDENTITĂŢII NAŢIONALE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Valorile şi evaluarea sunt percepute ca fiind fenomene discursive realizate atât la nivelul structurii gramaticale, cât şi la nivelul selecţiei lexical. Prin urmare, valorile şi evaluarea se presupune a fi prezente în fiecare expresie lingvistică. De aceea, pare a fi posibil să se aplice metode de investigaţie, de analiză a discursului critic (ADC) în studiul lor. Accentul prezentei lucrări este pus pe studiul unui singur aspect investigat de ADC, şi anume valorile şi evaluarea ca marcatori ai identităţii naţionale. Pentru a exemplifica utilizarea acestora în acest scop, s-a decis să se investigheze comunicatul de presă al unui subiect politic unic, …


SEMNUL ICONIC ÎN DERUTĂSEMNUL ICONIC ÎN DERUTĂ

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Naratorul, cel care organizează textul, este o instanţă exterioară acestuia. Interpretarea naratorul înseamnă, astfel, articularea unui aspect al identităţii. În cazul în care un interpret percepe o situaţie textuală ca non-mediată de un narator, el o face fie ca fiind prezent în mod obiectiv, fie ca o construcţie exclusivă a subiectivităţii, divizată din perspectivă modernistă. În această lucrare dezvoltăm argumentul că structurile narative ale lumii noastre de imagini mereu în mişcare sunt caracterizate de o puternică dominantă iconică. Acest dominanţă seduce interpretul, determinat să neglijeze ceea ce este indicial şi simbolic în interpretare, cu alte cuvinte să neglijeze relaţia cu …


DESPRE SENSUL IDENTITĂŢII ÎNTRE NEOPRAGMATISMUL LUI RORTY ŞI CONSTRUCTIVISMULUI RADICAL AL LUI VON GLASERSFELD

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Problema identităţii a fost abordată în numeroase lucrări aparţinând psihologilor, sociologilor, lingviştilor şi filosofilor. Se poate afirma, deci, că despre identitate se vorbeşte în termeni variaţi, care sunt într-o măsură mai mică sau mai mare complementari sau contradictorii. Acceptând ideea că ceea ce stimulează discursul în domeniul ştiinţelor umaniste este versatilitatea perspectivelor, mai degrabă decât căutarea adevărului în accepţiunea clasică, autorii ar dori să propună un alt mod de a vorbi despre sentimentul de identitate – o modalitate al cărei cadru conceptual va fi o fuziune a noţiunii lui Richard Rorty cu privire la vocabularul final şi compatibilitatea lui Ernst …


HAROLD PINTER – IDENTITATEA TEATRULUI

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Identificarea noului tip de idiosincrazii ale individului şi felul în care ele sunt redate lingvistic în teatrul anilor ’50 şi ’60 dau naştere unui nou tip de discurs ce funcţionează la niveluri variate şi evidenţiază arbitraritatea limbajului sau incapacitatea de a comunica, distanţa dintre registrele temporale ale amintirii şi felul în care funcţionează limba la pragul dintre trecut şi prezent.


VALORILE ŞI EVALUAREA CA MARCATORI DISCURSIVI AI IDENTITĂŢII NAŢIONALE

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Valorile şi evaluarea sunt percepute ca fiind fenomene discursive realizate atât la nivelul structurii gramaticale, cât şi la nivelul selecţiei lexical. Prin urmare, valorile şi evaluarea se presupune a fi prezente în fiecare expresie lingvistică. De aceea, pare a fi posibil să se aplice metode de investigaţie, de analiză a discursului critic (ADC) în studiul lor. Accentul prezentei lucrări este pus pe studiul unui singur aspect investigat de ADC, şi anume valorile şi evaluarea ca marcatori ai identităţii naţionale. Pentru a exemplifica utilizarea acestora în acest scop, s-a decis să se investigheze comunicatul de presă al unui subiect politic unic, …


SEMNUL ICONIC ÎN DERUTĂ

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Naratorul, cel care organizează textul, este o instanţă exterioară acestuia. Interpretarea naratorul înseamnă, astfel, articularea unui aspect al identităţii. În cazul în care un interpret percepe o situaţie textuală ca non-mediată de un narator, el o face fie ca fiind prezent în mod obiectiv, fie ca o construcţie exclusivă a subiectivităţii, divizată din perspectivă modernistă. În această lucrare dezvoltăm argumentul că structurile narative ale lumii noastre de imagini mereu în mişcare sunt caracterizate de o puternică dominantă iconică. Acest dominanţă seduce interpretul, determinat să neglijeze ceea ce este indicial şi simbolic în interpretare, cu alte cuvinte să neglijeze relaţia cu …


DESPRE SENSUL IDENTITĂŢII ÎNTRE NEOPRAGMATISMUL LUI RORTY ŞI CONSTRUCTIVISMULUI RADICAL AL LUI VON GLASERSFELD

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Problema identităţii a fost abordată în numeroase lucrări aparţinând psihologilor, sociologilor, lingviştilor şi filosofilor. Se poate afirma, deci, că despre identitate se vorbeşte în termeni variaţi, care sunt într-o măsură mai mică sau mai mare complementari sau contradictorii. Acceptând ideea că ceea ce stimulează discursul în domeniul ştiinţelor umaniste este versatilitatea perspectivelor, mai degrabă decât căutarea adevărului în accepţiunea clasică, autorii ar dori să propună un alt mod de a vorbi despre sentimentul de identitate – o modalitate al cărei cadru conceptual va fi o fuziune a noţiunii lui Richard Rorty cu privire la vocabularul final şi compatibilitatea lui Ernst …


COMUNICAREA IDENTITĂŢII PRIN INTERMEDIUL LIMBAJULUI

Posted On Oct 12 2011 by

Limba şi identitatea sunt cele mai importante părţi ale interacţiunii sociale, care, fără îndoială, s-au contopit. În timp ce limba în sine reflectă identitatea, constrângerile adevărate pe care identitatea le impune în utilizarea limbii provin din interior, nu din afară. Ideile lui Goffman cu privire la identitate, şi anume, sinele în viaţa socială vor fi folosite ca suport pentru această lucrare