CHOICE IS NOT FREEDOM: DEGREES OF SLAVERY IN ARAVIND ADIGA’S THE WHITE TIGER

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The White Tiger displays one of the darkest approaches to urban contemporary life: the average, insubstantial man killing in order to procure money and start life on his own – no excuse and no remorse, only the trajectory of his deeds. Adiga portraysIndia – but we can broaden geographical limits – in one of its plausible conditions: a territory in which human involution is possible and manifests itself, a land not of dreams and Light, but of a hurting and present Darkness. The reader may be horrified at first, yet the very next moment he can start counting individuals that …


ETHICS IN THE POLITICAL COMMUNICATION AND TWO MODELS OF DEMOCRACY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The predominant theory of democracy, that of rational deliberation, is based on the presumption that there is a moral theory as a basis of normative validity of the decisions acquired in a process of rational deliberation. The individual who starts from the idea that he has to use rational means of persuasion will implicitly believe that the rational argument will be the only instrument of persuasion, a priori excluding force, coercion or manipulation from the space of the common living. In other words, the process of rational deliberation presumes an equality of positions in society, deriving from the symmetry of …