THE PROFESSIONAL CONCEPTOSPHERE AS THE TOOL OF SHAPING THE SEAMEN’S REAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The main task of the higher education system, in particular sea profile education, is set to be shaping of a professional picture of the world. A number of requirements for training sea profile specialists are presented in educational standards; among them, cultural and professional competences. Thus, the student should be able to think outside the box in extreme situations, be able to adapt to the conditions of the foreign-language environment, to analyze and process information, to provide communication in English on different topics. An important condition of shaping a professional picture of seamen lays in overcoming cultural and language barriers. …


DREAMS AND REALITY: CONFLICT OF PURPOSE ACHIEVEMENT

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The presented research gives a theoretical analysis of a ratio of the dream and reality concepts. The research objective is the consideration of dream and reality from the point of view of the arising conflict of achievement of goals. The author concludes that the contradiction between dream and reality is a consequence of absence or not formation of personal and public ideals, as reference points in life. As a result, there is a conflict of achieving goals, which can be followed by various strategies of the choice of behaviour in the conflict. The empirical research on identification of the strategy …


POSSIBLE WORLDS WITHIN POLITICAL DISCOURSE: A PERSPECTIVE ON ROMANIAN ELDERS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Questioning on the notion of possible worlds brings forward a number of interpretations announcing the modal realism underlying the plurality of worlds and it often generates contradictions regarding the identity of the present world. By the nature of its construction, the political domain is located on the border of possible worlds, realizing the juxtaposition of the current dimensions with the potential ones. The political discourse is hidden in the model of an ideal world, which seems impossible to be assessed under these circumstances. This paper aims to analyse how the third age relates to the current political issues, recalling the …


DREAM, REALITY AND ILLUSION AS DISCURSIVE CONCEPTS IN AMERICAN DRAMA: O’NEILL, WILLIAMS, MILLER, ALBEE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The roots of such concepts as dream, reality, and illusion are as old as human history. The human being has dreamt of his/her existence, supernatural events, natural environment, society, and family since primitive ages. Dream might roughly stem from, or, be described as intuition, longing and in this context it is a vivid and enthusiastic emotion and/or sensation. Reality, however, reflects whatever independent from human subconscious, and expresses concrete and objective things in general. A person, mostly, takes refuge in the dreams when he/she makes a choice between reality and sensation, emotion and intuition in his/her memory. Thus, dream in …


LES INTERPRÉTATIONS DES MONDES POSSIBLES

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The real world in which we live is accessible to us by a multitude of images or descriptions of the states; in this world, one plus one is two. Cicero was a great orator, Bucharest is the capital of Romania, Cinderella did not really exist, it was only a character of a fairy tale. The concept of “possible worlds” has its origin in Leibnizian philosophy; this theory has also been valued in semantics (Kaarlo Ja¬akko Hintikka, Peter Frederik Strawson, Hilary Putnam at al.) as the universe of language discourse. A possible world is a general and abstract mental representation, a …


CORPS FANTASME ET SOCIETE DANS LA METAMORPHOSE DE FRANZ KAFKA

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The Metamorphosis provides one the most disconcerting examples of Franz Kafka’s vision of the human existence. For Kafka, the human condition is absurd and man fully feels the existential misfortune in the labyrinth of a reality that escapes him. Kafka’s work had a major influence on the twentieth century’s literature, notably on the theater of the fifties, by the alienating view that makes beings strange and alien to themselves, separated from their essence, and in constant search for the meaning of existence. This alienating vision of the individual that wanders aimlessly in an incoherent, labyrinthine, and meaningless world can also …


DE L’EFFRACTION DU RÊVE DANS LA RÉALITÉ : TROIS CONJECTURES SUR LE RÊVE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

More than one thousand years ago in France, « dreaming » and « going insane » had the same radical « esver » that expressed the meanderness of our minds. The elders seemed to have seen a correlation that today in modern French seems lost. We will look at a semiology of the dreamer’s conditions and their similarities with certain mental disorders. We will thus sketch the idea of a nosology of the dream. We propose three conjectures: the mechanisms of certain psychiatric disorders are identical with the state of the dreamer within his dream; the dream precedes reality in …


CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Conventionally, translation depends on the western philosophical notions of reality, representation, and knowledge. Reality is seen as something unproblematic, ‘out there’; knowledge involves a representation of this reality; and representation provides direct, unmediated access to a transparent reality. Moreover, the notion of representation has played an important place in the study of culture. Representation links meaning and language to culture.  Many have asked themselves: “What does representation have to do with culture and meaning?” In answering this question, we gathered a number of samples from the Romanian literature and attempted to translate them into English.


(Română) AUTOREPRÉSENTATION IRONIQUE DANS LES ROMANS FRANÇAIS DE MILAN KUNDERA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Kundera’s French novels often blur the delimitation of the several voices of the text (author, narrator, reader, characters) because of the evasiveness of their criteria. The characters thus display more mobility and flexibility in a shifting narrative textual space. This clever game of masks (a reflection of virtual evolutions of our present world), is handled by a masterly irony which reduces possibilities of getting a hold on these ultra-modern identities. But, paradoxically, such identities must originate in some in some powerful, highly productive matrix. As some writers would use metaphor or cryptic writing, Kundera’s irony places a mask over an …