AMERICAN CULTURE AND UNDERSTANDINGS OF BLACKNESS

IOAN SAVA

admin 27 Jul 2012

Around the latter half of the 1960’s, in the academic circles around the world, and especially in the American academy, race and ethnicity came to the forefront as a new and important approach to the study of literature. Theorists belonging to all sorts of ethnic minority groups – Asian, African, Hispanic, etc. – became actively concerned with identity problems and with representing the white majority’s others. They became involved with the way in which the life of ethnic minorities was represented in a society dominated for centuries by white interests and cultural institutions. They were among the first to realize that race was a social and cultural construct rather than a biological one. The new scholarship on race laid the foundations of a new and productive direction in literary and cultural studies. How this set of ideas is reflected in Toni Morrison’s non-fiction and the way American dominant white culture defines itself in relation to a centuries old Africanist presence are the subject-matters of this paper.

NATSUME SŌSEKI’S YUME JŪYA (“TEN NIGHTS OF DREAM”) AND THE ANARCHETYPE – A DIFFERENT APPROACH

ALEXANDRA-MARINA GHEORGHE

admin 27 Jul 2012

The present study presents a less known Japanese literary text written in 1908 by Natsume Sōseki (1867–1916) and entitled Yume jūya (“Ten Nights of Dream”) from a new perspective, based on the Romanian concept of the anarchetype. The Japanese text was mostly regarded as a literary experiment, and recently it was analyzed as a part of the modern fantastic literature. Still there are many features that make it fit for the anarchetypical approach, as this paper will prove. It starts from a range of questions regarding its form and contents, and it ends with the presentation of the main character, a dreamer, whose multiple identities are revealed by ten completely different occurrences that are presented by ten successive dreams.

ASPECTS OF COLLECTIVE MENTALITY IN BLACK ON WHITE¸ BY C. NEGRUZZI

JICU ADRIAN

admin 17 Oct 2011
Age of important historical, political, economic and cultural changes, the middle of the 19th century meant at the same time the birth of a national literature which was to illustrate the modernization process of the Romanian society. The events highly influenced people, leading to the shaping of different attitudes. Such attitudes reflect the collective mentality, the particular way in which people understand to look at themselves, at the others and at the world they live in. C. Negruzzi’s prose (especially the biographic and the memories) observes the passing from the Greek, Balkan and conservative eastern tradition to the French, western modernism. His writings develop, in an unexpected mixture of fiction and memories, the very close relationship between literature and the mechanisms of collective thinking. Proving the relationship between the literary text and social dependence in Black on White is the purpose of this paper.
IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION IN AL. DIMA’S OPINION

ILIUŢĂ MELANIA ELENA

admin 17 Oct 2011

Spirit with broad cultural interests, with a huge information about such domains like: literature, philosophy, esthetics, comparative literature, Alexandru Dima was always concerned about “Romanian phenomenon”, seen both in its entirety, as well as its specific identity. This man of culture has shown concern for spiritual, artistic and literary identity, of a society, which, after the First World War, tried to rebuild a new path. The future society was seen by him as belonging to “society of tomorrow”, which is just the young generation, educated, with concern for aesthetics, philosophy and literature and thinking, trying to build the future and give a cultural identity.

That is why, addressing this generation as a guide through the wide preoccupations, Alexandru Dima shaped a vivid painting of humanity. Identity is central to his concerns, some managing to trace some directives to what is specifically our, not leaving the universality, in which we include, outside.