BELOW AND BEYOND: TRAVELS TO TOKOYO

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

According to the Japanese mythology, there are two views of the universe: one vertical and one horizontal. The vertical world points to a three-layered universe: Takamagahara (Plain of High Heaven), Ashihara no Nakatsu kuni (Central Land of Reed Plains) and Yomi no kuni (Land of Darkness). The topography of Yomi can be inferred from Izanagi’s trip to the Land of Darkness to see his deceased wife, a tale similar to that of Orpheus and Eurydice. This two-dimensional view belongs to the folk beliefs in Tokoyo (The Eternal Land), an imaginary realm in Japanese mythology, generally conceived as a world beyond …


NATSUME SŌSEKI’S YUME JŪYA (“TEN NIGHTS OF DREAM”) AND THE ANARCHETYPE – A DIFFERENT APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study presents a less known Japanese literary text written in 1908 by Natsume Sōseki (1867–1916) and entitled Yume jūya (“Ten Nights of Dream”) from a new perspective, based on the Romanian concept of the anarchetype. The Japanese text was mostly regarded as a literary experiment, and recently it was analyzed as a part of the modern fantastic literature. Still there are many features that make it fit for the anarchetypical approach, as this paper will prove. It starts from a range of questions regarding its form and contents, and it ends with the presentation of the main character, …