CULTURE AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study, we found out that processes taking place in the globalized world are based on differences in levels of culture determined by corresponding levels of public consciousness resulting from various mentalities. At the level of the integration of various culture stages, the processes of globalization, Europeanization and internationalization find their reflection in the field of higher education. We attempted to analyse the conditions necessary for the building of harmonious relations among nations, based on cultural ties that unite these states in their intention to defend the fundamental principles and traditions of European higher education, as well …


A LINGUOCULTURAL APPROACH TO INTERPRETER PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN THE CONTEXT OF CULTURAL DIALOGUE

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Interpreter professional training has now risen to a higher level, and no doubt, the modern world requires interpreters not only to have a good command of a foreign language, but also to have high readiness and ability to engage in cultural dialogue. The correlation between these two components is evident, since language is the keeper and container of culture accumulated by generations. Culture binds people by representing their way of thinking and feelings, by shaping their understanding of the world. Culture is the heritage that is passed from generation to generation. Due to the recent strengthening of international relations, there …


REASON AND EMOTIONALITY IN ARGUMENTATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

The paradoxical nature of globalization in between diversity and atomization seems to have a great impact on the way people communicate within a culture and across cultures, as well. Whether we speak about politics, science, religion or economy, individuals are encouraged to express their views showing tolerance and flexibility towards the other so as to minimize areas of disagreement. Nevertheless, the antagonist tendency is to promote individualism through excessive competitiveness and gradual loss of empathy towards the other which translates into narrow-mindedness, biases and unwillingness to revise opinions in interpersonal communication. Using insights from the extended version of the pragma-dialectical …


GENDER IDENTITY IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’S SHORT STORIES

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Gender identity is seen as a personal perception of oneself as male or female. This definition is closely related to the concept of gender role, defined as the sum of external manifestations of personality that reflect gender identity. Gender identity is self-identified as a result of environmental factors. This self-identification has been the subject of fiction writers for a long period of time. Katherine Mansfield, one of the prominent modernist writers of short fiction, produced short stories that provide an accessible exploration of identity and gender as contemporary concerns in everyday life and as key concepts in social sciences. Her own …


THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE SELF-OTHER DICHOTOMY: IDEOLOGICAL TRENDS

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

It is generally accepted that in every historical period there appears a close connection between the dominant ideological discourse and the current artistic or literary trends or attitudes. Due to the deep impact of social, cultural and political bi-polarization as a direct result of the Cold War Era in the second half of the 20th century, we happened to form our artistic, literary or even critical stance from the viewpoint of binary opposition like self and other, with particular reference to postcolonial discourses initiated by such pioneering figures as Edward Said, Homi Bhabha, Gayatri Spivak, Frantz Fanon, Jacques Derrida and …


LITERATURE, ETHNOGRAPHY AND SELF-REPRESENTATION IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

The present paper is an attempt to assess the strengths and weaknesses of American multiculturalism and, more specifically, the assumptions underlying the multicultural literary canon. Required to represent specific ethnic/racial groups, minority fiction shares some of the flaws of traditional ethnography, and while it gives individual authors a chance to achieve recognition, it does little to improve the lives of the minority communities. Yet we have no better tools than literature for what Richard Rorty calls “expanding the ‘we’”[1] and what Judith Butler calls recognition of others as living beings whose lives, like our own lives, are precious and worth …


TRAVEL WHERETO? THE GLOBAL DRIVE FOR THE REAL

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

If present-day globalization involves the dissolution of physical and mental boundaries, one may certainly ask what remains of travel, of which the setting and crossing of boundaries is an integral part? It has been argued that (post-)tourism as a spatial practice of the contemporary, globalized paradigm has undermined the cultural authority of travel and, by extension, travel writing. Nevertheless, this paper suggests that travel narratives, appealing to professional and amateur readers alike, challenge such judgements and, by revealing the textual constructedness of travel, actually afford cultural authority to travel practices. To explain that, this paper traces the evolution of the …


THE ‘GLOCALIZATION’ OF IDENTITY: WILD CARPATHIA & ROMANIA

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

One of the characteristic trends of the complex and controversial phenomenon of globalization is what Roland Robertson calls ‘glocalization’, i. e. the turning of the global into the local and of the local into the global, a process whose causes are to be found not only in the economic and political sphere, but also in the cultural and technological advancements. This paper explores the processes through which the contemporary paradigm of environmentalism combines with tourism advertising procedures in a National Geographic documentary entitled Wild Carpathia, which refers to the mountain range covering a large part of the Romanian territory. Our …


COMMODIFYING IDENTITY IN THE GLOBALIZATION ERA – A CELEBRATION OF CULTURE OR COMMODITY?

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


RESHAPING NEWS AND IDENTITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In a world marked by globalization, speed and technology, (journalist-) translators are indispensable mediators on a scene marked by conflict and inequalities of power. News translation remains an area of study generally neglected by both translation studies and media studies although translation facilitates the access of different culture communities to “varieties of understanding” and, implicitly, to “multiple modernities” (cf. Michael Cronin). This paper purports to examine how news agencies influence the way in which international news is rewritten and reorganized according to the needs and expectations of the home readers, with examples from the national and international press.


TRANSLATION AND SHAPING CULTURAL IDENTITY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The relations between the source culture and the target culture, and the subsequent circulation of texts, ideas and people can be assimilated, on a global level, to the economic, political or language system. From this perspective, changing transitional relations and globalization urge us to look at translations from a broader sociological perspective and to include geopolitical and geo-cultural dimensions within this type of Translation Studies. One of the most important factors that seem to have affected the inequalities between languages, as well as translation ratios and directionality practices in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is globalization. Therefore, this paper aims …


TRANSLATION AS NEGOTIATION AND GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Globalization can be tackled as a consequence of technologies meant to reduce the costs of communication. This reduction has led to an increase in the global demand for translations. I shall approach this issue on David Lodge’s novel Out of the Shelter translated into French and Romanian.