THE PROFESSIONAL CONCEPTOSPHERE AS THE TOOL OF SHAPING THE SEAMEN’S REAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The main task of the higher education system, in particular sea profile education, is set to be shaping of a professional picture of the world. A number of requirements for training sea profile specialists are presented in educational standards; among them, cultural and professional competences. Thus, the student should be able to think outside the box in extreme situations, be able to adapt to the conditions of the foreign-language environment, to analyze and process information, to provide communication in English on different topics. An important condition of shaping a professional picture of seamen lays in overcoming cultural and language barriers. …


DREAM, REALITY AND ILLUSION AS DISCURSIVE CONCEPTS IN AMERICAN DRAMA: O’NEILL, WILLIAMS, MILLER, ALBEE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The roots of such concepts as dream, reality, and illusion are as old as human history. The human being has dreamt of his/her existence, supernatural events, natural environment, society, and family since primitive ages. Dream might roughly stem from, or, be described as intuition, longing and in this context it is a vivid and enthusiastic emotion and/or sensation. Reality, however, reflects whatever independent from human subconscious, and expresses concrete and objective things in general. A person, mostly, takes refuge in the dreams when he/she makes a choice between reality and sensation, emotion and intuition in his/her memory. Thus, dream in …


THE DISCOURSE OF THE SUPERNATURAL IN VICTORIAN NOVELS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The Victorians obsessed over the supernatural. Their fascination with the otherworldly emerges in the literature of the day. Our paper aims at highlighting the presence of the discourse of the imaginary in several Victorian novels (Emily Brontë – Wuthering Heights; Charlotte Brontë – Villette and Jane Eyre; Thomas Hardy – The Return of the Native) and identifying its functions. The paper will approach the discourse of the imaginary and the supernatural from two perspectives: one of the lines of discussion will correlate the use of the imaginary and the supernatural to the characters’ feelings and emotions; the second line of …


DISCOURSE AS A VERBALLY ARTICULATED FORM OF OBJECTIFICATION OF CONSCIOUSNESS CONTENTS: EVOLUTIONARY ASPECTS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Discourse as part of culture reflects social processes in society. In our study, we attempted to apply the system analysis to the study of the evolution of discourse. Human consciousness evolved from the collective unconsciousness and concrete thinking to abstract and logical. Myths, legends, stories were followed by the heroic epics, fairy tales, then household and historical literature. For the analysis, we used the model of the evolutionary cone and showed the correspondence of the discourse to this model. Today, it is important for human development to present for young people worthy examples in literature and culture that can form …


(Română) L’AUTODÉSIGNATION DANS LE DISCOURS LITURGIQUE ORTHODOXE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In this paper we aim to study several discursive forms of self designation used by the ministers and by the lay people in a few liturgical orthodox texts in French. We will refer to the prayers pronounced by the celebrating priest during the Eucharistic liturgy (during the precise moment of the Great Entrance and during the consecration of the sacred mystery) by the lay people before the communion and also to two spirituality books (Le Père Cléopas and Propos d’un moine orthodoxe). We mean here by liturgy the whole liturgical texts, prayer books, patristic and spiritual literature. We will also analyse …


THE OTHER RENAISSANCE: REVIVAL OF THE AUTHENTIC WOMEN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Excluded, ridiculed and disregarded by misogynist literature, history and society, feminist authors of quite a few numbers personify marginality in their protest against the worldwide Renaissance social system. Raised to be a good wife, the Renaissance woman is imprisoned in a dull life framed around silence, obedience, ignorance and domestic work. Accomplishing lesser duties attributed to femininity, they are denied of high pursuits like writing, literature and art, closely associated with masculinity in the biased world. Nevertheless, some Renaissance authors dare challenge women’s fate, thus labelled as marginal and dissenter by discoursed society. Among them Anne Bradstreet from England, Christine …


MONOLOGUE AS A DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Monologue has been used as a form of substitute communication throughout the history of drama. As substitution of stage communication, monologue can be read as the attempt to explain the unexplainable and speak the unspeakable on the stage. The form and shape of monologue, however, has been changed since the 1960’s, and has become voice of marginality. Contemporary American dramatists such as Edward Albee, Maria Irene Fornes and August Wilson, with many others, employ monologue as a discourse of marginality in their prominent plays. They create monologists in order to give voice to marginal, and reflect marginality of identity, certain …


THE BEYONDNESS OF IDENTITY IN SYLVIA PLATH’S POEMS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper investigates the discursive ways in which Sylvia Plath’s artistic identity is constructed in some of her most representative poems. Our analysis focuses on the difficult relationship this poetic “I” establishes with the otherness of language and with the elusive “something else” beyond language that is only felt and never defined sufficiently. Leon Wieseltier’s ideas on identity constitute a theoretical basis for the demonstration that Plath’s “I” becomes a signifier/axe that alienates/splits the subject not only from the words themselves, but also from what is, but cannot be spoken


‘A LITTLE MORE THAN KIN AND LESS THAN KIND’: WORD-GHOSTS AND GHOST-WORDS IN HAMLET

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper concentrates on taking into consideration some linguistic and stylistic aspects of this great Shakespearean tragedy in order to develop a poetic analysis meant to highlight the irreversible movement of meanings that finally leads to a tragic change of the whole world of the play. Repetitions that bring about new and disturbing layers of meaning, accumulations of dark energies, violent semantic eruptions, double meanings – all these give birth not only to a ghost that is made up of words, but, more interestingly, to words that behave like ghosts or even to words that are haunted by puzzling ghosts …


VALUES AND VALUATION AS DISCURSIVE MARKERS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Values and valuation are perceived to be discursive phenomena realised both on the level of the grammatical structure as well as on the level of lexical selection. Therefore, values and valuation are assumed to be present in every linguistic expression. Hence, it seems possible to apply investigative methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in their study, as it is the CDA which views discourse as a collection of socially constructed values. The focus of the current paper is on the study of just one aspect that CDA investigates, namely that of values and valuation as markers of the national identity. …


HERMENEUTICS. FROM INVESTIGATIO INTENTIO AUCTORIS TO INVESTIGATIO INTENTIO OPERIS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Hermeneutics is the art/science of interpretation. In the act of communication there are two stages: the production of the discourse and the interpretation of the discourse. Is hermeneutics involved in any act of communication? Are there any differences between the interpretation of a written discourse (text) and the interpretation of an oral discourse? The purpose of this paper is to explore and comment upon two main approaches to hermeneutics: 1) hermeneutics aims at discovering the speaker’s/author’s communicative intention (investigatio intentio auctoris) – the discourse is interpreted in relation to its context of production; 2) hermeneutics aims at understanding the meaning …


ANTHROPOLOGICAL DISCOURSES IN THE 19TH CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The 19th century English writers such as Ch. Dickens or Ch. Brontë revealed the world, through their realistic, socially important creations, more economic, political and social truths than all politicians, moralists and publishers together. The current paper intends to show the way in which political, economical, social, religious doctrines tried to justify the so-called righteousness of the division of society and the inequality of sharing goods, as depicted in novels of the time. On the other hand, one of the major ideals of the time was represented by the idea that man is endowed with the ability to improve, at …


VALUES AND VALUATION AS DISCURSIVE MARKERS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Values and valuation are perceived to be discursive phenomena realised both on the level of the grammatical structure as well as on the level of lexical selection. Therefore, values and valuation are assumed to be present in every linguistic expression. Hence, it seems possible to apply investigative methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in their study, as it is the CDA which views discourse as a collection of socially constructed values. The focus of the current paper is on the study of just one aspect that CDA investigates, namely that of values and valuation as markers of the national identity. …