CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Conventionally, translation depends on the western philosophical notions of reality, representation, and knowledge. Reality is seen as something unproblematic, ‘out there’; knowledge involves a representation of this reality; and representation provides direct, unmediated access to a transparent reality. Moreover, the notion of representation has played an important place in the study of culture. Representation links meaning and language to culture.  Many have asked themselves: “What does representation have to do with culture and meaning?” In answering this question, we gathered a number of samples from the Romanian literature and attempted to translate them into English.


(Română) NATURE CONTRE CULTURE : COMMENT LE POUVOIR INTERPRÈTE-T-IL SON HISTOIRE ?

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

The analysis of the images of the Nine Eleven’s tragedy, produced and shown in the World Trade center’s collapse will stand as the starting point of a thought about the symbolical mechanisms’ coordination of the capitalist society’s political imagination. The symbolic value of the scene’s different elements will be questioned, isolated from the each others first, and then associated, through the reading table given by one kind of mythological narratives inserted in the Indo-European tradition (especially the judeo-christian’s one), in the genesis of our civilization. So, we’re going to take, as referent narratives, the ones about “Babel Tower” and “The …


CULTURE AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study, we found out that processes taking place in the globalized world are based on differences in levels of culture determined by corresponding levels of public consciousness resulting from various mentalities. At the level of the integration of various culture stages, the processes of globalization, Europeanization and internationalization find their reflection in the field of higher education. We attempted to analyse the conditions necessary for the building of harmonious relations among nations, based on cultural ties that unite these states in their intention to defend the fundamental principles and traditions of European higher education, as well …


MARGINALIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study we found out that society marginalization is based on difference in levels of public consciousness of various mentalities. Therefore, to eliminate negative effects of the marginalization process, it is necessary to create special conditions that would lead to evolutionary changes in people’s consciousness in places of coexistence of various cultures. The analysis of the social consciousness of modern people living in Crimea may be a useful pattern for the social life stability in regions where marginalization exists.  


AN INTEGRATED VIEW UPON POSTMODERNIST CONCEPTUAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Nowadays, identity is continually changing. In order to assume a valid social identity, an individual needs the others’ recognition. In this case, modernity involves targeting the others. The individual is able to build and/or rebuild his identity depending on the opportunities life offers to him and which he chooses deliberately. He does not know for sure whether he has made the right decision but he has to discover on his own, the ‘true’ identity that suits him. From a postmodernist point of view, identity becomes less stable and more fragile. Postmodernist identity builds itself by assuming some roles and images. …


AMERICAN CULTURE AND UNDERSTANDINGS OF BLACKNESS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Around the latter half of the 1960’s, in the academic circles around the world, and especially in the American academy, race and ethnicity came to the forefront as a new and important approach to the study of literature. Theorists belonging to all sorts of ethnic minority groups – Asian, African, Hispanic, etc. – became actively concerned with identity problems and with representing the white majority’s others. They became involved with the way in which the life of ethnic minorities was represented in a society dominated for centuries by white interests and cultural institutions. They were among the first to realize …


IDENTITY IN TRANSLATION: THE CASE STUDY OF ‘MEMORIES OF MY BOYHOOD’ – ION CREANGĂ

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the age of globalization, recognizing and preserving identity is essential, especially with translation as mediator between cultures. The task of the translator remains as difficult as ever in the face of translating foreign, often untranslatable concepts and structures. This paper takes a closer look at the translation of Ion Creangă’s Amintiri din copilărie, produced by Ana Cartianu and R.C. Johnston in 1978. Such an enterprise becomes problematic given the abundance in terms associated with the life and customs of Romania’s countryside in the 19th century, making it all the more complicated to create a clear cut image of Creangă’s …


THE EMERGENCE OF IDENTITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

American drama was not totally American until the second half of the 18th century. Europeans and other ethnic and racial groups presented plays in their various languages, and the main motif of the plays was religion. After the Declaration of Independencein 1776, drama started to flourish in Americaunder the European (especially British) influence in style, and American myth and manners in subject matter. Yet, in the plays, such as John Leacock’s The Fall of British Tyranny and John Burk’s The Battle of Banker’s Hill, performed before 1830, a new American character and American subjects began to appear. Early American dramatists …


THE AMERICAN CONCEPT OF HOME. A MULTIFACTORIAL CORPUS DRIVEN STUDY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This study examines the concept of HOME in19Cand20CAmerican culture. It draws on the theoretical assumptions of Cognitive Linguistics (Lakoff 1987, Langacker 1987), and seeks to capture the cultural patterns of this concept by examining language structure. Previous approaches in this line of research lack a means for result verification or hypothesis falsification. In response to this important shortcoming, we employ quantitative corpus-driven methods. Adapting these methods to the study of abstract concepts allows a means for verifying results but also for more accurate representation of variation inherent in society and cultural system.


LA TROISIEME CULTURE ET LA POSSIBILITE D’UNE COMMUNICATION INTERCULTURELLE AUTHENTIQUE ; POUR UNE POSSIBLE THEORIE DE LA TOLERANCE INTERCULTURELLE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le lien entre la communication interindividuelle et celle interculturelle devient évident au moment où l’on comprend la culture dans le paradigme de l’anthropologie culturelle – par exemple, telle qu’elle est définie par E. B. Tylor, T. Parsons ou Chombart de Lauwe. Dans l’étude introductive au volume Images de la culture, intitulée « Systèmes de valeurs et aspirations culturelles », Paul-Henry Chombart de Lauwe classifie les approches de la culture comme il suit: 1) la culture en tant que développement de la personne dans la société, 2) les cultures propres à des sociétés et milieux sociaux particuliers et 3) le problème du développement …


IONESCO, L’« IDEOLOGUE » DES JOURNAUX

Posted On Oct 18 2011 by

L’idéologie est le genre de thème qui, pour être traité, prend le journal pour une source, pour un appui documentaire. Mon but est de valoriser cette information pour l’étude du journal en soi (du point de vue formel, stylistique) et du projet de l’auteur, sans oublier les conditions « externes » de l’énonciation et l’insinuation de l’Histoire dans le journal. Par « idéologie », je comprends l’attitude de Ionesco vis-à-vis des discours dominants auxquels il s’intéresse, qui font partie de sa vie intellectuelle à certains moments de son existence : politique, social, philosophique, littéraire. Sans se proposer une étude de …


PHRASEOLOGY AND CULTURE. ROMANIAN AND ENGLISH IDIOMS AS SPECIFIC ILLUSTRATION OF THE COLLECTIVE MENTALITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In this paper, we accomplish a type of analysis that focuses on the reflection of mental patterns found at the origin of idioms in the English and the Romanian languages. The mental component of the meanings of idioms has a special relevance and we considered that acknowledging the way in which the cultural information manifests into language, and especially, in the analysed units, is not only a theoretical, but also a practical problem. In our approach, we identified a number of idioms, common to the two languages, despite the fact that they belong to different linguistic branches. The phraseological units …