INTERNATIONAL MEDIATION AS AN ARGUMENTATIVE ACTIVITY TYPE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper discusses mediation as one of the various activity types of argumentative practice, brought into view by van Eemeren and Houtlosser (2005). The mediator’s behaviour is determined by the context and circumstances of the dispute, that is, by the type of argumentative activity he is engaged in. It is considered that in mediation there are no fixed sets of rules and strategies, universally applicable to any environment or dispute, as mediation is viewed as a weakly institutionalised activity. Still, international mediation, as it unfolds between powerful representatives of states, and deals with cultural values, can be considered somewhere in …


THE ABORTION DEBATE AS A CONTEST OF INCOMMENSURABLE MORALITIES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper is concerned with framing the abortion debate as a contest of “incommensurable moralities” (Zarefsky, 1991). I start from the empirical observation that both pro-life and pro-choice argumentative discourses do not meet the “higher-order” conditions stipulated in the ideal model of a critical discussion (van Eemeren, Grootendorst, Jackson and Jacobs, 1993) in the sense that disputants do not have the required attitude to resolve the disagreement at stake. The pro-life standpoint that Abortion is impermissible no matter the circumstances since the one eliminated is a human being is set against the pro-choice position that Abortion is permissible as the …