THE DEGENERATION OF THE HUMAN BODY – IMAGES OF HUNGER IN CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S JANE EYRE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Our paper attempts to draw the connection between representations of hunger in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre and the reality of Victorian times regarding the differentiated consumption of food by members belonging to different social classes. Hunger will be approached as embodying the idea of threat, in relation to all the Victorian social classes. The deeper analysis will try to identify the functions of images of hunger in Victorian fiction, respectively social criticism and realism. Our analysis will rely on textual support provided by Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre.


(Română) DE LA RELATION IMAGE/PENSÉE À L’IDENTITÉ DE LA PENSÉE VISUELLE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Antonin Artaud, with his Theatre of Cruelty, proposes a return to the origin of man and culture where it is clear the relationship between life and art. The art and life should not be separated because they form a unit. Artaud explains this unit through the total image of the hieroglyph man: a body that is not longer a human body defined by their physiological functions, but a body ready to become a sign, to become a communicative body at all. The theatre is the place where the hieroglyph man can become a sign and contaminate the public. The spectator is touched …


(Română) HYPOSTASES DU CORPS SUR LA SCENE TARDIVIENNE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The fact that the theatre is inconceivable in the absence of a stage actor, it’s an indisputable reality till the fifties’ theatre. Responsible of the incarnation of the character, the comedian’s body was sometimes a simple support of the dramatic speech, of the theatrical voice, sometimes place of exhibition or, on the contrary, concealing the flesh. More or less faithful to the stage directions, imitating reality (naturalist drama ) or, on the contrary, stripped of reality to acquire the attributes of a puppet (in the setting of the symbolist stage), the body has always been an area of spectacular work …


(Română) LE CORPS COMME OBJET DE CONSOMMATION : LE TATOUAGE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Tattooing is an art form that has been used for thousands of years everywhere around the world. Mummies dated as far back as the 3rd and the 4th centuries have been found with tattoos on their arms, legs and backs – including the women. In Caesarian myths for example, Bretons were described as being tattooed. Judged to be a pagan ritual, tattooing was ended around the 7th century on religious grounds, thus attributing for the first time a negative connotation. It was only during the fourteenth century that the tattoo re-emerged on the European continent, courtesy of James Cook’s explorations. …


(Română) L’IMAGINAIRE DE LA GREFFE. REPARER LES VIVANTS DE MAYLIS DE KERANGAL, MYGALE DE THIERRY JONQUET, LA PIEL QUE HABITO DE PEDRO ALMODOVAR

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

For occidental cultures, scientific medicine has become, socially and symbolically, famous and renowned. The discipline may be founded on rationality; it also embodies a strong mythical dimension, extensively seen in publicity, literature and arts. According to us, the attention given to technical and scientific (technoscientific) imaginary is one of the major trends characterizing occidental culture. In particular, the transformations to the human body, made easy by consistently evolving techniques, are widely represented by contemporary literature. Nevertheless, these modern representations of medical (surgical) operations refer to cultural and mythical legacy. In this paper, we aim at identifying a part of this …


(Română) IMAGINAIRE(S) DU CORPS DANS LE MONACHISME ORTHODOXE

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

In this paper, we aim to analyse the discursive marks of some collective imaginations that function with respect to the body, its role, its efforts and its asceticism within Orthodox monasticism. We will refer especially to a book of monastic spirituality written by archimandrite Placide Deseille, entitled Le monachisme orthodoxe (Deseille, 2013); we will try to analyze the lexicon that explains the (discursive) construction and the functioning of a “normative” collective imagination concerning the body, “prescribed” very discreetly by the Fathers of the Church and some monastic authors that wrote about the significance and the role of bodily asceticism in …