MALCOLM BRADBURY AND NEW POSTMODERNISM(S) @ THE TURN OF THE MILLENNIUM – BETWEEN THE REALISTIC MODE AND EXPERIMENT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Discussions of what was more or less controversially termed as “postmodernism” seem to be over as long new theories seem to have signed the obituary of this period/ condition and seem to be hailing the beginning of a new chiliastic trend. The new mentality at the turn of the millennium, the new life style and perception of life were transferred into a type of fiction that regarded both towards the past and towards the future so as to meet the requirements of the present times. Focus has changed from the author to the text and back, from the writer to …


TECHNIQUE AS SIGNIFYING SYSTEM IN THE AMBASSADORS BY HENRY JAMES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In Henry James’s works the passage of time is rather unimportant, and his main interest seems to be a rather spatial representation of experience. Psychological actions and thoughts of the characters are seen as unfolding in time, but there is also a feeling of being suspended in a timeless universe, of being lost in the labyrinth of a central consciousness, which produces a text that is free of time. The use of interior monologue produces a feeling of a continuous present. The reader loses any sense of reality or physical time and is led into the mind of the character. …


UNCOVERING ASIDES: TEXTUAL PRE-VIEWS FROM THE COVERS OF DAVID LODGE’S NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Textualizing processes of both the ethics and politics of memory – whether achieved by the means of the word, i.e. the book, or of the image, i.e. TV, radio, cinema – are of utmost interest in an age of mediated and mediating mass culture, as it comes off the pages of David Lodge’s novels. Many of the later novels written by David Lodge focus, at least at the level of content, on the media with all its aspects and under all its known forms. The present paper intends to investigate the way in which the reader is allowed (or not) …


“THE LIFE OF HUGH O’NEILL CAN BE TOLD IN MANY WAYS”: THE POLITICS OF INTERTEXTUALITY IN THOMAS KILROY’S THE O’NEILL AND BRIAN FRIEL’S MAKING HISTORY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The historical persona of Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, who led the last Gaelic rebellion against the Tudor re-conquest of Ireland, has accrued contradictory meanings from the late 16th-century onwards. Vilified in Anglo-Irish chronicles as traitor and rebel, he was construed as a mythic hero by the nationalist discourse. Given the persistence of this ambiguity in colonial writings, contemporary Irish playwrights attempt to dismantle traditional representations of the Ulster chieftain, re-constructing him in accordance to a post-colonial agenda. Both Thomas Kilroy’s The O’Neill and Brian Friel’s Making History employ intertextuality in order to question the mechanics of historical definition through which previous texts like …


THE NARRATIVE DISCOURSE IN CONSTRUCTING FEMALE CHARACTERS IN 19TH CENTURY AMERICAN, BRITISH AND ROMANIAN PROSE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The article attempts to analyse the modelling factors in constructing the female characters in the 19th century American, British and Romanian prose from the perspective of particular patterns that appear in most of the writing. I will approach this issue from three main perspectives: a socio-cultural and historical one, dealing with the transition from rural/agrarian to urban/industrial ways and values of life; an aesthetic one, dealing with the erosion of conventions and stereotypes and the mutations produced in the representations of womanhood by the transition from romanticism to realism and a comparative one, engaging a parallel between Romanian, British and …


DEVELOPMENT OF MEANING IN SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS TRANSLATIONS INTO ROMANIAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Translation, as a way of understanding the world and human feelings, should not be analyzed separately, but should be contextualized as a social system. There is always a context in which the translation takes place, a time, a translator with a certain social and cultural background. Translation is both decontextualization and recontextualization since translation is productive more than it is reproductive. So through translation communication takes place, a cross-cultural communication between two sets of languages, two translators. Translation is a process which connects languages and what a better way to be connected than through poetry. Poetic translation is a difficult …


SPATIAL ARTERIES: THE ROAD CHRONOTOPE IN THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The road acquires special significations in the eighteenth-century English novels thus symbolising the permanent quest of the human being for happiness, liberty or knowledge. It reveals the fact that the road is presented as a space with a noteworthy cultural importance echoing values of the eighteenth-century England. Therefore, we intend to show that due to its multifarious functions and meanings, the road constitutes the spatial artery of the eighteenth-century geography, social and cultural life or, as we will see, even of the narrative productions. The motif of the journey is a necessary component of the road chronotope and, together, they …


WHY CAN’T SHREWS BEHAVE, OR KISS ME, KATE REVIVED

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The endurance of Shakespeare’s popularity with both high-brow and low-brow twentieth and twenty-first century audiences has been consistently confirmed by the impressive number of spectators that more or less faithful adaptations of the Bard’s plays have managed to bring to cinema and theatre halls. By mid-twentieth century, The Taming of the Shrew was successfully adapted for the Broadway stage by Cole Porter as Kiss Me, Kate, a musical which combined, in an interesting meta-theatrical structure, the Shakespearean heritage with ‘hot’ topics that the American society showed interest in at the time when the play was first produced (1948). The present paper aims at …


THE BEYONDNESS OF IDENTITY IN SYLVIA PLATH’S POEMS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper investigates the discursive ways in which Sylvia Plath’s artistic identity is constructed in some of her most representative poems. Our analysis focuses on the difficult relationship this poetic “I” establishes with the otherness of language and with the elusive “something else” beyond language that is only felt and never defined sufficiently. Leon Wieseltier’s ideas on identity constitute a theoretical basis for the demonstration that Plath’s “I” becomes a signifier/axe that alienates/splits the subject not only from the words themselves, but also from what is, but cannot be spoken


THE PRISON AS A SIGN IN CHARLES DICKENS’ NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper attempts to approach the sign of the “prison“ from a semiotic point of view in order to show the way in which a person/character’s identity is influenced throughout a process of becoming taking place within certain spaces


THE HOUSE BETWEEN THE ROLES OF SUBJECT AND OBJECT IN VICTORIANISM

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In order to approach the problem of identity in relation to the house and draw the most pertinent conclusions, it is important that we regard the house not only as a passive object to be observed, built, owned, bought, demolished or refurnished, but also as an active subject imposing its rules and dominant atmosphere upon its inhabitants. The novels that will provide textual support for the theoretical part are Anne Brontë’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Charles Dickens’s Oliver Twist.


THE DISCOURSE OF SUBVERSION IN OTHELLO

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In Othello, the female character is believed to have committed adultery and the three main characters are, at one point in the tragedy, accused of witchcraft. Given the fact that both activities were considered ‘female’ crimes in Renaissance, we analyse their close association and their subversive attributes: the woman rebels against her husband in an adulterous relationship, as the witch renounces the true God in witchcraft, thus the subversive character of the woman. Adultery and witchcraft are also marked by sexual betrayal, because in adultery a woman cheats on her husband and sleeps with another man, and in witchcraft the witch …


THE IMAGE OF THE WOMAN IN ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The analysis of the image of the woman in Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatraconcentrates on the portrayal of the female protagonist and on her characteristic of being loved and admired by all men in the tragedy. This attribute is used to show how Cleopatra is worthy or unworthy of the love of other persons. The analysis has been conceived as a contrast to the other female characters, and comparing them would provide a key to a better understanding of this woman, who has been so often a topic for the controversial debates. The central issue of the drama is whether Antony is …


THE CRITICAL DIARY BETWEEN THE SOCIAL SELF AND THE (IN)FIDELITY OF WRITING

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Among the biographical genres, the diary is the most disputed. Many consider it«a minor genre» and even those who practise it, the diarists, do not always place much hope in it. … As a rule, the diary is conceived as a writing adjacent to the poem or the novel. Memoirs, autobiographies, confessions – its older relatives – succeeded in gaining recognition and in constructing the models they needed


MISLEADING MEANS OF EXPRESSION IN THE ARGUMENTATIVE LITERARY TEXT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In order to both attain and conceal the degree of subjectivity and falseness ever possible and imaginable in a literary text, a writer employs and exploits a series of procedures such as the paraverbal (extra-linguistic elements) or the rhetorical devices; resting equally on presuppositions and on the implicit, the experienced artist entertains an artful “dialogical” relationship with the reader who, in his turn, is free to choose the meanings he likes or he finds appropriate and, consequently, is liable to experience disagreement. On the other hand, as an auctorial instance, the writer could and should predict, avoid and prevent the …


THE ROMANIAN CRADLE – A CULTURAL SYMBOLIC PATTERN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

For Homo symbolicus, to maintain the vital balance (through food, sleep etc.) is closely linked with the psychosocial and the anthropological equilibrium. The present paper offers an ethnographic presentation of the cradles chosen by Romanians to lull their offspring asleep and the ways in which these soporific spaces may set off a certain manner of perceiving life itself


CONSUMERISM AND SOCIAL CANNIBALISM IN ATWOOD’S THE EDIBLE WOMAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The commercialization of culture largely contributes to the degeneration of Western cultural values. On the one hand, consumerism, viewed as “the myth that the individual will be gratified and integrated by consuming”, has become “an incomplete system of values substituted for a waning cultural heritage” (Cronk, 1996). On the other hand, even if social cannibalism means the members’ feeding off other members of the same society, it can also serve as “a metaphor for the humans’ primitive interconnection to others” (Rawson, 1999). As these two concepts have been mitigated in social practice into subsequent metaphors and even terms of endearment, our paper will …


ASPECTS OF COLLECTIVE MENTALITY IN BLACK ON WHITE¸ BY C. NEGRUZZI

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Age of important historical, political, economic and cultural changes, the middle of the 19th century meant at the same time the birth of a national literature which was to illustrate the modernization process of the Romanian society. The events highly influenced people, leading to the shaping of different attitudes. Such attitudes reflect the collective mentality, the particular way in which people understand to look at themselves, at the others and at the world they live in. C. Negruzzi’s prose (especially the biographic and the memories) observes the passing from the Greek, Balkan and conservative eastern tradition to the French, western …


THE POSTMODERN LITERARY DISCOURSE AND THE ONTOLOGICAL MEDIATION OF REALITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The postmodern over passing of all kinds of contrasting forms is caused by the constant use of intertextual mirrors joined together in textual spaces that are homothetic in construction. They become game strategies by means of which the text and the world, although once opposing, get together. Combining the detail, the insignificant and the marginal with the perspectival opening towards wholeness within the dialogic texture, the postmodern authorial ego structures itself out of complementary heteromorphic facets. The main target of the present analysis lies in the focus on a new „Postmodern age” in reading Eminescu’s work to build up the …


THE REPRESENTATIONS OF GOOD AND EVIL IN VASILE VOICULESCU’S WORK

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Good and Evil coexist in our lives in various forms. The imaginary Evil has, in Voiculescu’s stories, numerous synonyms that, in their turn, have as a starting point the popular beliefs based on a very rich imagination that had as a result the creation of various names and expressions. The present paper intends to present the linguistic forms that the Evil takes in the folk world recreated by the author in his volumes


MARKS AND MASKS OF POLITENESS IN JOURNALIST-INTERVIEWED RELATIONSHIP

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our study explores the politeness strategies elaborated by reporters and interviewed personalities, focusing on one particular expression of interpersonal communication: press interview. The author [analyses and] develops the techniques by which participants sustain the interaction and deliberately construct conflicts.


EPONYMS IN THE LANGUAGE OF THE ROMANIAN MASS-MEDIA

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In the linguistic orchestra of the European Union, each language is a musical instrument to play its own part in the harmonious concert. In the heat of music, Romanian has listened to other instruments and borrowed some very few sounds, to use in the concerts at home. This is a way of approaching the eponyms and eponymisms, which are very numerous and very frequently used in English and French and which tend to show some implication in the development of the Romanian vocabulary. Our study displays the results of an investigation on the presence of eponymisms in the language of …


POWER THROUGH METAPHOR IN BUSINESS MEDIA TEXTS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

It has already been demonstrated that business media texts are characterized by coherent conceptual models centring on different metaphors. Such models encompass various power-building mechanisms that the respective discourse shares with related social practices. Since these mechanisms are not necessarily conspicuous, the present article focuses on revealing how metaphors indirectly ascribe and delegate power to different categories of business actors (men/women, authors of business commentaries, leaders etc.) by embedding ideology in the written text


LINGUISTIC MEANS OF ARGUMENTATION IN NEGOTIATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In our paper we try to analyse argumentation at the level of one particular type of oral discourse, negotiation, taking into consideration not only the strategic behaviour of the locutor, but also the reaction of the interlocutor; we try to see the linguistic means through which the latter can provoke/maintain the conflict, or cooperate in order to reach an agreement


THE QUALITATIVE INTERVIEW – BETWEEN INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Qualitative methods can perfectly complement both quantitative and participatory methods in any social sciences. The qualitative interview is flexible and dynamic and has been referred to as nondirective, unstructured, non-standardized and open-ended. Qualitative research is a repetitive process in which data-collecting, data-recording, data-analysis, reflections and generating new questions are part of a continuous comparative effort. This paper describes the main characteristics of interview as a scientific instrument, and then identifies the most used types of interview. It also presents the qualitative interview as the best option in interviewing immigrants, who are known as balancing between two worlds: social and individual. …


ON VOCALITY IN JOURNALESE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The features of spoken language provide journalese with a number of facts that are transformed into marks of vocality. Thus, the journalistic text allows for the transcription of non-literary phonetic phenomena pertaining to fast pronunciation, familiar and informal variants of certain morphological elements. At the level of syntax, vocality is a result of parataxis and discourse fragmentation, avoiding discontinuity and the excess of discursive marks. All these, as well as several other elements that the present paper aims at evincing, maintain and favour a feature of the journalistic language: familiarity.


THE PHONETICAL ADAPTATION; THE MORPHOLOGICAL FRAMING AND THE MEANINGS OF THE ANGLICISMS INTO ROMANIAN LITERARY LANGUAGE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

We are going to deal with the adaptation of the English words into Romanian literary language. In this way, we choose a number of Anglicisms from the Romanian dictionary,Marele dicþionar de neologisme, by Florin Marcu, Bucharest, SAECULUM I.O., 2002. This is the latest Romanian dictionary of neologisms. We try to follow certain criteria in our analysis: a) the phonetic adaptation of the Anglicisms; we focus on the pronunciation, the spelling and the stress of the Anglicims into Romanian literary language. b) the morphological framing of the Anglicims into Romanian. We point out general aspects concerning the grammatical categories of nouns, such as: gender, number, …


A Cognitive Approach to Metonyms Based on Food

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

As a term of cognitive linguistics, metonymy is the use of a single characteristic to identify a more complex entity. Metonymy works by contiguity unlike metaphor, which works by similarity. Typically, when using metonyms, we do not wish to transfer qualities (as in the case of metaphors), but to transfer associations that may not be integral to the meaning. Metonyms help us make our way through language and, as George Lakoff and Mark Johnson sustain, metaphors and metonyms are the basis for much of our understanding in everyday life. Starting from this idea, our study concentrates particularly on the investigation …


BETWEEN-WARS HISTORY OF THE CITY OF BACÃU. THE FIRE FROM MAY 16TH, 1926

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

No more than three days from the taking over his mandate as the mayor of Bacãu, Ioan Grigoriu had to meet the challenge of one of the most destructive firestorm. Fire brigades from all over Moldavia helped to put out the fire. The balance sheet was catastrophic: 450 houses and the most important factories burnt out


THE CYCLE OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING: EXPLANATORY MODELS AND PRACTICE POSSIBILITIES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The preoccupations for optimizing the efficiency of the didactic process most profoundly aim at its results, their depth and solidity, from the informative but particularly from the formative perspective. The action-pragmatic structures(abilities, skills, competences) as well as the energetic-axiological orientationones (attitudes, motivation) are achievements that persist for a long time, after a good part of the informative contents that implicitly “work” to obtain other new results over and over again is forgotten. Experiential learning, one of the types of learning designed to surpass the clash between theory-application, abstract-concrete, successfully developed by Kolb in the 80s, is of a large variety. The paper intends to synthetically and comparatively present …


CLASSROOM TALK CONVERSATION VS. DISCUSSION?

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper is based on a contrastive analysis between two types of verbal interaction: the casual conversation and the discussion (as we consider the classroom talk to be). It is meant to illustrate the fact that the setting, the type of interaction, the aim, the character and the structure of the exchange, the type of relationships established between interlocutors, the spatial and temporal limits, as well as the style used establish certain differences between the casual conversation and the discussion although they are based on a common paradigm: the exchange of messages in face-to-face social interactions.


HERMENEUTICS. FROM INVESTIGATIO INTENTIO AUCTORIS TO INVESTIGATIO INTENTIO OPERIS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Hermeneutics is the art/science of interpretation. In the act of communication there are two stages: the production of the discourse and the interpretation of the discourse. Is hermeneutics involved in any act of communication? Are there any differences between the interpretation of a written discourse (text) and the interpretation of an oral discourse? The purpose of this paper is to explore and comment upon two main approaches to hermeneutics: 1) hermeneutics aims at discovering the speaker’s/author’s communicative intention (investigatio intentio auctoris) – the discourse is interpreted in relation to its context of production; 2) hermeneutics aims at understanding the meaning …


REPORTATIVE EVIDENTIALS IN THE ROMANIAN WRITTEN MEDIA DISCOURSE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper focuses on the Romanian written media discourse with a view to point out the evidential strategies used for showing that the knowledge conveyed by the assertion comes from a third (specified / unspecified) source, different from the speaker’s own direct experience. Assuming that the written media discourse makes great use of reportative verbs, we aim at highlighting the opposition between the neutral reportative verbs (e.g. say, state) and the verbs that may point to the speaker’s agreement, more likely his/her disagreement, regarding the reported opinions (e.g. claim, pretend). Special emphases are placed on the lexical elements frequently associated to the …


ON THE USE OF EVIDENTIAL STRATEGIES IN ROMANIAN. THE CASE OF CUM CÃ

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Evidentiality comprises a category of linguistic markers responsible for indicating the source of knowledge lying behind assertions. Initially studied in the Amerindian languages that make use of verbal affixes in order to express that the information communicated in an utterance is the result of direct perception, of an inference or it is hearsay content, recent studies have been trying to enlarge the field of analysis to languages that do not have a grammatical category of evidentiality. Referred to as evidential strategies and defined as forms that are not primarily endowed with evidential meaning, but can contextually validate such an interpretation (Aikhenvald, 2004), …


PHRASEOLOGY AND CULTURE. ROMANIAN AND ENGLISH IDIOMS AS SPECIFIC ILLUSTRATION OF THE COLLECTIVE MENTALITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In this paper, we accomplish a type of analysis that focuses on the reflection of mental patterns found at the origin of idioms in the English and the Romanian languages. The mental component of the meanings of idioms has a special relevance and we considered that acknowledging the way in which the cultural information manifests into language, and especially, in the analysed units, is not only a theoretical, but also a practical problem. In our approach, we identified a number of idioms, common to the two languages, despite the fact that they belong to different linguistic branches. The phraseological units …


LINGUISTIC INSUFFICIENCY – A COMMUNICATION TREND OR CRISIS?

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The contemporary Romanian language is under the sign of uncontrolled dynamics. It is closely connected to intellectual acquirements and to the need of communication. Thus, the verbal messages are not only accompanied by nonverbal or paraverbal elements, but they also imply some structural changes, a process in which the receiver plays an important role. The consequence of such a process is a linguistic insufficiency that either splits the discourse, turning it into an intelligible one, or suppresses it within a crowded semantic point, which focuses the discourse towards the receiver who will bring forth his/ her exceptional linguistic competence. Our …


IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS WITH AND AS MODALIZERS IN ENGLISH AND ROMANIAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Considering the definitions of modality and the distinctions made between different types of modality, the paper focuses on the modal verbs as modalizers (belonging to one of the four classes of modalizers) in idiomatic expressions (idioms and proverbs). It is based on a comparative- contrastive approach to the use of such modalizers in the English idiomatic expressions and the different ways of rendering them in Romanian. Special attention is paid to the modalled idioms and proverbs, i.e. those including one or more modal verbs


TOK PISIN – A CONTEMPORARY PIDGIN (ON THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN PIDGINS/CREOLES AND BILINGUAL MIXED LANGUAGES)

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In the present paper, we discuss Tok Pisin – a language used in the region of the Pacific – from the perspective of contact linguistics. Firstly, we provide a linguistic characterisation of Tok Pisin. Then, we look at the division between pidgins/Creoles and bilingual mixed languages. Bilingual mixed languages, though they seem to be similar to pidgins/Creoles, differ quite significantly from them. In this paper, we try to define these differences between the two types of languages drawing on Tok Pisin as an example of pidgins/Creoles.