ÉTUDE DE LA VARIATION DE L’ORAL EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article is about spoken French and talks more specifically about a study on sociolinguistic variation in a French as a Second Language (FSL) classroom. The main goal of the study is to verify which registers are used by learners during French lessons and if they master variation, to determine if it can be taught. We observed two FSL courses in Poland, each during one semester. The first one takes place at the university with intermediate students (B1-B2). The second one takes place in a private institute (Alliance Française), with learners less numerous but of the same beginner level (A1). In …


TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The aim of this research is to present the aspects of language acquisition in language teaching and learning by analysing the learning conditions, the communicative and interactional aspects between the students and the teacher, the strategies employed in language comprehension, the cognitive processes employed in language apprehension and last but not least, finding the most effective strategies that will enhance the students’ vocabulary and language development. Learning a foreign language during preparatory seminars is quite a challenge for the students of foreign origin who wish to study at a technical university in Romania as they need to get acquainted first with …


L’ATTRITION DANS LES DISCOURS D’IMMIGRÉS PORTUGAIS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

When we face a language contact, in immigration context, languages of a person do not keep their standard definitions (mother tongue, foreign language, etc.). In this article, we would like to analyse the impact of a language, considered at the beginning as a foreign language, on the mother tongue. In order to study the verbal communication of Portuguese speakers who immigrated in France, we constituted a corpus of two speakers doing oral tasks. Indeed, the first aim was to identify if there was a variation in the discourse according to the different tasks. We chose the following tasks: telling a memory, …


L’ACTION ENONCIATIVE COMME MÉCANISME AUTO-REPRÉSENTATIONNEL DANS LE MÉTADISCOURS DE TLEMCEN OU LES LIEUX DE L’ÉCRITURE, L’AUBE ISMAËL, L’ARBRE À DIRES, SIMORGH ET LAËZZA DE MOHAMMED DIB

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The enunciative approach gives us the opportunity to emphasize the existence of the author in the heterogeneity of his own discourse. As a particular phenomenon, the metadiscourse of Mohammed Dib through Tlemcen or the places of writing, The tree of statements, The dawn Ismaël, Simorgh and Laëzza offers the analyst a corpus that allows us to see the role of enunciation in the representational process. In our article, we are interested in enunciation as an action that determines the enunciative identity of the speaker. It is a linguistic activity aimed at the circulation of an indeterminate number of images of …


RE-ENACTING BEING AUTHENTIC. ENGLISHNESS AND ITS SIMULACRA

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In an age in which (re-)establishing an identity, a style, (re-)asserting a position, a status (both as a state and as an individual) are heavily influenced by pragmatism, consumerism and (personal or national) interest, works tackling the issue are often circumscribed to the concepts of parody, satire and simulacrum. Rarely are they all combined in a composite unit as in Julian Barnes’ novel England, England. This paper renders the manner in which the concepts of identity and simulacrum are exploited in a ludic and sarcastically biting manner in an attempt to shed new light on their understanding, but also to …


IDENTIFYING BEING AND REPRESENTING BY ACTING: NEW NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES IN ANNA DEAVERE SMITH

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Mobilized by pre-war anxieties, post-war disillusionment and the need to define the new world order, American theatre took an important turn with the rise of influential modernist styles (such as neo-realism, naturalism, expressionism, impressionism, the theatre of the absurd, Dadaism, surrealism to name only a few) during the first half of the twentieth century. The following decades witnessed the emergence of new theatre groups and playwrights of diversity beyond the established tradition as well as extensive theatrical experimentation. With the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, political tensions across the country reached an intense degree. Theatre practitioners and critics felt …


THE DILATORY TIME OF PASSIONATE DISCOURSE IN OTHELLO

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Critics have often approached the ‘double-time’ crux in William Shakespeare’s Othello as a very sensitive issue – it has even been considered as a sign of the playwright’s carelessness about the building of the plot. Various explanations have been given to those discursive segments which seem to bring about a sort of contradiction between the ‘short time’ that ensures the logic of the text and the ‘long time’ that seems to contradict that textual order. It could be lucrative to ignore the ‘long time’ sequences and just keep up with the ‘short time’ of the play, but what we intend …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS UN ROMAN MÉDIÉVAL : LE « HAPPY END » DU TRISTAN EN PROSE SOUS UN JOUR PRAGMATIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

According to Goffman, the human activity can be described as a “face-work” (Goffman, 1974 [1967]: 15), respecting a particular set of societal rules as well as etiquette, and during this ‘work’ any (inter)actant strives to make a good impression. Should this be true, then it is worth analysing the romance, Le Roman de Tristan en prose, as illustrating this particular interaction which appears throughout the literary communication.


UNE LECTURE MYHTOCRITIQUE DE LA COÏNCIDENCE DES CONTRAIRES DANS LES FICTIONS DE MIRCEA ELIADE ET MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our paper focuses on a comparative study between Mircea Eliade’s and Michel Tournier’s anthropologies from the perspective of C.G.Jung’s and Mircea Eliade’s theoretical works. In several documents, Eliade speaks about the metamorphosis and survival of the sacred and myth in disguised forms, perpetuated in modern art and literature. The androgyny represents the archetype of unity, the totality. It is a coincidentia oppositorum, an expression of primordial plenitude, of a time when principles only worked together, each of them generating its opposite, supporting and amplifying it. The reunification of the opposites involves a way of being in the world that transcends …


WHEN BEAUTY MEETS DECAY: CASES OF DANDYISM, NARCISSISM AND DEGENERATION OF BODIES IN J.K. HUYSMANS’ À REBOURS AND OSCAR WILDE’S THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The paper deals with two texts that were regarded as classic novels for the Decadent movement: À rebours and The Picture of Dorian Gray; the former is widely regarded as the “Bible of Decadence” which greatly influenced Oscar Wilde’s hero and led him to his downfall – “the French poisonous novel” is believed to dominate Dorian’s actions and influenced him to choose a lifestyle based on hedonism and sins. Both novels show how the protagonists relate to their own sexuality – Dorian leads an immoral life, while Des Esseintes, after having experienced numerous love affairs, is defined as lacking strength, …


LE LUDIQUE COMME FORME D’ACTION ET DE REPRÉSENTATION SUR LA TOILE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The new media technology and the contemporary forms of numerical communication are spaces in which the ‘I’ playfully reveals itself and this leads the subject to detach himself from a reality which he considers primordial. We are interested in highlighting an argumentative way of acting based on the effects of comic, of irony, of humour, generally in a depersonalised environment, in which the enunciator is split in three directions: being, acting and representing.


LE WEB SOCIAL ET LA PERSPECTIVE ACTIONNELLE : AGIR ENSEMBLE DANS LA SOCIETE CIBLE EN TANT QU’ACTEURS SOCIAUX

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes to show that the coupling of the social Web and the actional perspective gives the possibility to the learner to act as social actor in the French society. For example, we conducted an informal online experiment as part of an action research project where FLE learners work together using the social media to perform within the French society.


LES « NOUVEAUX » MEDIAS DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article illustrates how information and communication technologies for education (ICTE) can encourage new teaching methods, in particular in the field of foreign languages. After emphasizing the skills and the roles of the teacher, the concepts of learning and educational technology, information and communication, the different ways the ICTE may favourably affect motivation of learners and that of   teachers will be examined. In the next years, the main challenge will be to develop learners’ capacity to prepare for the teachers’ use of media and to exploit the diversity of ICTE.


ANALAYSE COMPARATIVE DES TRAIS DISTINCTIFS DU PATHOS DANS L’ENTRETIEN D’ECRIVAINS : L’EXPRESSION DE L’AFFECTIVITE DANS/ PAR LE DISCOURS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article focuses on the analysis of the inscription of affectivity in and through discourse in a media context. We propose, in fact, to study the distinctive features of emotions constructed in a dialogical genre that is the interview with writers, while targeting the negotiation of the interlocutive relationship. Thus, starting from the observation of a radio corpus composed since the literary program “Papier bavard”, and another televisual which is developed according to the program “Expression livre”, our attention is focused on the description of modalities of the discursive construction of the self-image from the analysis parameters of “pathos says” …


BEING AND ACTING IN THE DISCOURSE OF STREET PROTESTS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The present study tries to analyse the manner in which the discourse of Romanian street protests, manifested through banners and slogans written in English, gets the structure of an action meant, on the one hand, to express the protestors’ dissatisfaction, and, on the other hand, to unite people that share common beliefs about specific problems. This paper focuses on the relationship between the protestors’ being (Romanian, but also EU citizens) and acting (in English, in a joint social action, such as the street protests). Having as a background the principles of visual rhetoric, the paper tries to show how the …


CORRUPTION ET MORALE. PENSER UN MODÈLE LINGUISTIQUE HOLISTIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Based on results of linguistic analyse, this paper tries to explain the functioning of bribery taking into consideration moral values both in the universal and relativistic perspectives. It aims furthermore at showing that the language material enables to study the stances of people implicated in bribery cases. The point here is to consider language practice as a window into exploring categories of act and being in these cases. Partakers in the act of bribery, most of the time simplistically reduced to the duo initiator/receiver of the bribe, revealed by the theorization work will be illustrated from the analysis of discursive …


DECRIRE vs NARRER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our communication will analyze, in opposition, the verbs describe and narrate, making a parallel between the verbs be and act.On the one hand, it is preferable to distinguish between describe which means “to represent as a whole, in writing or orally” (Robert, 1992: 466) and narrate, synonym of “telling the facts.” (Ibid: 1256). It is necessary to present the structures of the descriptive text as well as the descriptive order. A successful description is always connected to the narrative, since places presented are inhabited by characters.On the other hand, the narrative involves a sequence of events which constitute the fiction. …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LE DISCOURS RELIGIEUX DES PREDICATEURS ISLAMIQUES CONTEMPORAINS : LE CAS DE AMR KHALED

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The analysis of current trends in religious preaching in the Arab-Muslim world reflects a heightened interest in new forms of spiritual discourse construction. New self-proclaimed preachers are appearing in the religious field and on the media scene where the dynamics of positive action play a central role. In the panorama of Islamic preaching, God’s soldiers not only build their moral discourse on traditional sermons; they preach the socio-economic effectiveness of religion that seeks the happiness, fulfillment and prosperity of the individual. We would like to study here the positive images disseminated on the Islamic act and the new civic responsibilities …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LA LITTÉRATURE DE SPIRITUALITÉ CHRÉTIENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes the discursive analysis of the lexical and semantic scope of a few words which designate, in a corpus of narratives of Orthodox Christian spirituality both written in and translated into French, the spiritual fathers of great renown, whose exceptional being is presented as a model to follow for the readers who wish to lead a genuinely Christian life. We shall explore the discursive mode in which this being is narratively built by the setting of all the facts and gestures that represent their acting of monks, generally designated by the “generic” phrase labeurs ascétiques. Our corpus consists …


AGIR DANS ET PAR LE DISCOURS UNIVERSITAIRE ÉCRIT UNE APPROCHE MODULAIRE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In the long run, the objective of our analysis is to describe the complex organization of written academic discourse (henceforth referred to as DUE). As a short-term objective, we decided to begin by analyzing the contextual dimension of DUE (interactional and actional) for two reasons, namely: a. due to the characteristics of the discourse type to which DUE pertains (cf. infra), this dimension seems to be the most weekly represented in the discourse organization; b. the already begun analysis of the dialogic structure of DUE requires, among other things, the identification of the contextual correspondences that intervene in this structure. …