THE ‘SELF’ VS. THE ‘OTHER’ IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In intercultural communication, the dichotomy ‘self’/the ‘other’ is vital in building identity. As a rule, a people’s identity has been viewed by other peoples through the eyes of their own identity. According to Bassnett,[1] in the encounter with the ‘other’, feelings such as denial, defense, minimization, acceptance or integration may arise. In our paper, we understand the word “minimization” as “marginalization.” These stages, as Bassnett name them, often occur in both the process of translation and the cultural studies, being also perceived as mediums in intercultural communication. [1] Bassnett-McGuire, Susan, Translation Studies,New York, Routledge, 1991.


CENTRE AND PERIPHERY IN THE PROCESS OF TRANSLATING

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Faithfulness and/or betrayal are considered to be inevitable in the process of translating.  To whom should the translator be faithful? To the author’s communicative intention? To the meaning of the text? To the source language? To the target language? By answering some of these questions, following a semio-pragmatic approach,  we will try to provide arguments in favour of the hypothesis that the central element in the process of translation, the only decision-maker in this complex semiosis is the translator; the author (her/his intention) and the reader (her/his response) are only peripheral. Translating a literary text is a particularly complex process …


THE CULTURAL MARGINALITY OF AN INTERPRETER

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In sociology, there is such a concept as cultural marginality; it makes reference to the betweenness of a human position between two cultures or subcultures (concerning the processes of cross-cultural contacts and assimilation). We consider that “cultural marginality” is a characteristic displayed by an interpreter who gets into a new cultural environment at the beginning of his professional activity. Being unaware of the foreign language culture subtleties, he does nоt lose the connection with his native culture and therefore, he transforms and modifies its values instead of learning new cultural norms. Interaction with people of the studied culture becomes ineffective. …


LINGUISTIC MARGINS AND NUCLEI IN DISCOURSE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Language is made up of nuclei surrounded by several more or less important margins. The concepts of ‘nucleus vs. margin/satellite’ are identified at different levels of discourse: syntactic, logical/formal, semantic and pragmatic. From a syntactic point of view, they come as a sequence, alternating one after another, becoming a rhythm of units. These units are hierarchically structured through consecutive embedding, thus making subordination a margin that builds up a complex structure. Logicians have tried to identify a bridge between linguistic representation and the string of thoughts, introducing concepts such as subnectors, connectors that produce in their turn notions or even …


A LEGAL LANGUAGE ISSUE: LAW AS “MASCULINE CULTURE”

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

This paper is a response to the problem of (neutral) legal language and discusses the assumption that law is a “masculine culture”. We consider that the masculinities of legal language are based on the ground that the “proximate genre” in legal discourse is the male one. From the “reasonable” man’s perspective to the special legislation concerning women’s rights, legal language underlines the idea that the legal field, as a reflection of social life, is andocentric. Thus, we will present how the modern representation of women is affecting the law and unleashing normative strategies challenging “gender equality”.


MARGINALIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study we found out that society marginalization is based on difference in levels of public consciousness of various mentalities. Therefore, to eliminate negative effects of the marginalization process, it is necessary to create special conditions that would lead to evolutionary changes in people’s consciousness in places of coexistence of various cultures. The analysis of the social consciousness of modern people living in Crimea may be a useful pattern for the social life stability in regions where marginalization exists.  


XENISMS WITH ENGLISH ETYMON IN JOURNALISTIC LANGUAGE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In this paper, we aim at presenting and studying some aspects related to the English language influences on the Romanian language. We will analyze some words and structures that have an English etymon and are reflected, in the process of communication, in different written materials eloquent for journalistic style. Our purpose is to reveal, by means of examples and explanations, whether Romanian preserves its native features or it becomes a marginalized language as a consequence of frequent English influences


GYPSIES: A LINGUISTIC CONSTRUCTION OF THEIR MARGINALITY IN ENGLISH NEWSPAPER HEADLINES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The media represent a good channel for shaping and transmitting representations of society, representations that uphold the current values and opinions, influencing people’s beliefs and views. Starting from this idea and having in view the fact that, in the last decades, Gypsies have become a frequent topic of the news (at least) in Europe, the present paper has two aims: (1) to analyse the manner in which Gypsies’ marginality (which seems to be perennial) is linguistically constructed in some English newspapers headlines and (2) to depict the influence of these headlines upon newspaper readers’ beliefs regarding Gypsies. The research tools …


THE OTHER RENAISSANCE: REVIVAL OF THE AUTHENTIC WOMEN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Excluded, ridiculed and disregarded by misogynist literature, history and society, feminist authors of quite a few numbers personify marginality in their protest against the worldwide Renaissance social system. Raised to be a good wife, the Renaissance woman is imprisoned in a dull life framed around silence, obedience, ignorance and domestic work. Accomplishing lesser duties attributed to femininity, they are denied of high pursuits like writing, literature and art, closely associated with masculinity in the biased world. Nevertheless, some Renaissance authors dare challenge women’s fate, thus labelled as marginal and dissenter by discoursed society. Among them Anne Bradstreet from England, Christine …


MARGINS AND MERGINGS IN MAXINE HONG KINGSTON’S THE WOMAN WARRIOR

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The Woman Warrior by Maxine Hong Kingston is a novel whose richness offers scores of interpretations among which the one we propose for discussion in our paper and which is announced in the title is vital for the understanding of the spirit of the author, narrator and story altogether. The movement from the Asian (communist) space, community and code to the American (capitalist) one, from tradition to novelty, from nature to civilization, from the condition of the poor to the one of the well-off, from the universe of the community to the one of the family, from mothers to daughters, …


MARGINALIZATION IN POSTCOLONIAL THINKING

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Once western thinking has been unanimously recognized, sanctioned and codified as universally canonic, othering has been achieved in its most radical forms. Thus, the civilizing mission of colonialism becomes not a story of progress and enlightenment, but one of marginalization and destruction. Postcolonial theory is therefore called to expose the ideological processes by which knowledge is acquired under the control and surveillance of the metropole. Postcolonial thinking has stressed the common political, social, and psychological terrain through which all the colonized peoples had to pass. It has recognized the potency of such concepts as ‘Blackness’ at the heart of the …


MALE MARGINALITY IN HENRY JAMES’S INTERNATIONAL NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In Henry James’s international novels, some of the male characters are offered a marginal place. Their marginality is caused by the lack of aggression and masculinity, by illness, lack of desire and normal heterosexual life, but also of financial success. They are caught in a clash between society, which is based on the conventional image of masculinity (physical aggression, heterosexual activity) and the marginal male ‘self’, characterized by atypical aspects (androgyny, homosexuality, passivity). The result is a strong disappointment as they gradually or suddenly discover their lack of importance in the lives of the people around them. These male characters …


IDENTITY DILEMMAS IN THE POST-TOTALITARIAN ROMANIAN CRITIQUE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The Eastern-European cultural space registers an acute and deliberate separation from the communist political system, which leads to a conscious quest for a self lead by the literatures that are reborn after the mechanism of ideological oppression disappeared. The result is a permanent re-definition of the national cultural positions with reference to the European centre, joined by a revision of aesthetic criteria that allow peripheral cultural ‘voices’ to interact on the Western scene. The stated aim is for ‘marginal literature’ to actively participate to the European circulation of cultural production, which entails the necessity of invoking studies focused on European …


FROM MARGINALITY TO CELEBRITY IN ENLIGHTENMENT ENGLISH CULTURE: THE CASE OF PETER THE WILD BOY

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Reports on feral children discovered in several parts ofEuropeattracted high levels of public attention during the eighteenth century. InEngland, the case of Peter the Wild Boy was hotly debated. His discovery in the forests ofHanoverled to the production of numerous pamphlets, sermons, paintings and wax figures. The fascination with the monstrous other also caused intense scientific debates on the topic of human nature, the human mind, or the boundaries between the human and the animal species, often blurring contemporary knowledge of human nature. This paper discusses the cultural context related to the discovery of feral children in Enlightenment England, the …


ON THE MARGIN OF BLACKNESS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

This article aims at proposing a contemporary view on the condition of black marginality. Based on an investigation of diachronic representations of African-American marginality, the article claims that the equation of nation, culture, language and literature is nowadays an obsolete truth and further argues that, as the present-day mobility of perspective renders any centre relative, the correlative notions of centre and margin prove to be circumstantial and self-effacing. The article then suggests that, in the multiplicity of relative centres, any category of identification, such as race or ethnicity, constitutes just one choice among others and goes on to investigate whether …


ON THE MARGIN OF MEANING – AMERICAN CONCEPTUAL POETRY

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

One of the most experimental trends in American poetry at the beginning of the 21st century is represented by the Conceptual poetry movement, which, while continuing the avant-garde principles of the last century, discovers new paths towards an interesting, but highly controversial poeticity. The present paper is an analysis of the Conceptual poets’ struggle against expression, for the sake of a type of poetry that is deliberately anti-aesthetic and depersonalized. These Conceptual textual games that favour form above all else are primarily meant to meet the challenges of the digital era and its disturbing semantic anxieties


THE IMPACT OF MARGINALIZATION IN JOSEPH CONRAD’S TALES AND NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Dealing with the intrusion and interference of European imperialism in the Pacific, in the East India, in South America and in Africa, many of Joseph Conrad’s tales and novels gradually reveal the physical, psychological, social, economic, cultural or moral effects of colonialism upon both the natives and the colonizers. This paper will analyse the variety of narrative techniques used by Conrad to highlight the problematics of marginalization. For example, the poetic and allegorical discourse in The Nigger of the Narcissus (1987) allows Conrad to record individual and collective instances of racial discrimination whereas the parodical and satirical voice in An …


CHILDREN AND THE DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN 19TH-CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Our paper aims at outlining the two main conceptions of childhood in the 19th century and at identifying the way in which these two conceptions manifested themselves in the literary discourse – which is a discourse of marginality – of 19th-century English writers such as Charles Dickens or Thomas Hardy. The paper’s secondary aim is to challenge readers into considering how much of the views upon childhood have changed, whether we may look back to older perspectives upon childhood and education, and upon children generally


WELCOMING THE AMERICANS WITHIN THE POST-COMMUNIST MARGINS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The aim of the present paper is to analyze the image of the United States of Americain two (former) Communist countries (Romaniaand East Germany) and how this image was greatly influenced/modified by the Communist regime. Our analysis is based on two political myths concerning the United States, which developed in different periods of time in the mentality of people from these two countries. On the one hand, the proliferated phrase “The Americans are coming” reflects the myth according to which the Americans are seen as the providential liberators, and on the other hand, the Americans are vilified during the Communist …


CULTURAL SPACES AND MARGINALITY IN A RAISIN IN THE SUN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Marginalization has been a special matter of question for African-American leaders, thinkers (B.T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois) and writers in the United States. Thus, it has been an ongoing debate throughout the 20th century and the debate was drawn in A Raisin in the Sun (1959), and the first play that was presented on Broadway by an African-American female dramatist, Lorraine Hansberry. The aim of this study is to analyze marginality related to cultural spaces in A Raisin in the Sun through social criticism. Derrida’s basic formulation, ‘différance’, reflects that meaning can be deferred. This formulation is applied to A Raisin …


MONOLOGUE AS A DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Monologue has been used as a form of substitute communication throughout the history of drama. As substitution of stage communication, monologue can be read as the attempt to explain the unexplainable and speak the unspeakable on the stage. The form and shape of monologue, however, has been changed since the 1960’s, and has become voice of marginality. Contemporary American dramatists such as Edward Albee, Maria Irene Fornes and August Wilson, with many others, employ monologue as a discourse of marginality in their prominent plays. They create monologists in order to give voice to marginal, and reflect marginality of identity, certain …