FALLACIOUS REASONING IN THE POLITICAL DISCOURSE OF CRISIS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Efficient argumentation can be equally attained through verbal, nonverbal and paraverbal means. Whenever the skilled and skilful rhetorician looks for some immediate and tricky effect on the audience, he employs the above-mentioned means in such a way that even the fallacious discourse may be perceived, by the unexperienced, as valid one. The paper draws attention to strategies of the sort as identified in the present-day political discourse.


MEDIA COVERAGE OF MOBILE PHONE BASE STATIONS TECHNOLOGY IN ROMANIA

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Current research on the risks associated with mobile phone suggests that many European citizens, at least in the developed countries, have negative perceptions of mobile phone base stations technologies and perceive different health risks associated with the proximity of mobile phone base stations. Less research has been conducted in the East European countries regarding risk perceptions on electromagnetic fields. In the current research study we conducted a content analysis of news regarding mobile phone technology in Romania – mobile phone masts and mobile phone radiations, using two of the most important news portals (www.hotnews.ro and www.ziare.com). A systematic search was …


METAPHOR, PARADOX AND AMBIGUITY. DISCURSIVE STRATEGIES

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The paper represents an advocacy for refining the speaker’s discursive strategies, in order to apprehensively open (in a gesture of semiotic decency) the Romanian imaginary dowry. Making appropriate, natural, choices, avoiding arrogances or vulgar ironies are the challenges to be undertaken in the current political discourse. I believe the analysis of certain metaphoric processes, symmetries and semantic paradoxes – from a semiotic and metaphor theory perspective – can provide insight within the speakers’ skills, within the symbolic representations conveyed in the construction of messages and within the power struggle negotiation. I have observed the deciphering of the metaphorical mechanism, the …


A LEADER’S IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION IN THE ROMANIAN PUBLIC SPACE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Starting from the social representation theories, our paper proposes to identify some typologies of the leader in the current Romanian public space. The aim of this paper is to associate these typologies with the way citizens perceive and appreciate their leaders. According to Abric “representation is a guide for action, orienting facts and social relations, a pre-codified system of reality as it determines a set of anticipations and expectations” (Abric, 1994: 13). Viewed as forms of symbolization and interpretation, expression and construction, the social representations attributed to the leaders recompose and redefine the social reality determining changes at the level …


IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION. THE UNLIMITED POWER OF VISUAL IMAGE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The aim of my paper is to path the way to further debates on the blueprint of an aesthetical epistemology, that is, of a theory of knowledge at whose hearts lies the visual image. My thesis is that visual images are the real “engine room” of representations; appearing as unconscious “items”, phantasms, “guiding-images”, or as “clips”, they decide what is happening at the first level of knowledge, the one of representations. Implicitly, the visual images influence ideologies, as well as scientific theories. That’s the reason why I consider visual images as having a strategic place in a culture: they are …


METAPHOR: IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION. THE LANGUAGE OF FOOD ADVERTISEMENTS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Advertisers, as keen observers of reality, pay very much attention to how their messages are delivered. Being aware that people feel happier with the idea of foods that are natural rather than synthetic, they use common language so as to mean something to the consumer. Having a limited amount of space in order to try to capture the potential consumer’s attention, an advertiser will always make conventional usage more attractive.  For this purpose he will highlight the product’s quality by making associations between the product and something that already possesses the characteristics he needs to claim for the product. This …


CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Conventionally, translation depends on the western philosophical notions of reality, representation, and knowledge. Reality is seen as something unproblematic, ‘out there’; knowledge involves a representation of this reality; and representation provides direct, unmediated access to a transparent reality. Moreover, the notion of representation has played an important place in the study of culture. Representation links meaning and language to culture.  Many have asked themselves: “What does representation have to do with culture and meaning?” In answering this question, we gathered a number of samples from the Romanian literature and attempted to translate them into English.


ANALYSING REPRESENTATIONS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING EVENTS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

This paper is part of an international project that works on (young) adults’ reflections on their own language learning and use, presented under the form of language autobiographies. The project aims at depicting manners of eliciting language autobiographies and of analysing them with the ultimate purpose of  developing different methods and tools for both teaching and learning languages. The paper intends to offer an example of analysis of a language autobiography, concentrating on the subject’s representations of language learning events seen from the perspective of the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985: 45).


REPRESENTATRIONS OF SPACE IN ALI SMITH’S HOTEL WORLD

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Hotel World is a very rich novel which reveals to the readers complex aspects connected to time, space, language, relationships, discourse. The aspect on which we intend to focus – the space of the hotel as a reflective construct of postmodernity – is announced from the very title and it delineates a specific type of reading through the motif introduced in it. Thus, the reader is plunged in the depths of the novel (as the main character plunges through the hotel shaft) and is taken on a journey in which he discovers numerous interpretations and implications of space and spatiality.


MAGICAL REALIST ELEMENTS IN THE FIREBIRD’S NEST BY SALMAN RUSHDIE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Most of the literary pieces which bear the mark of magical realism can also be described as postcolonial as long as they are set in a postcolonial context and challenge the assumptions of a dominant and authoritative colonialist attitude towards history, reality or truth. The development of English magical realist writing in the latter half of the twentieth century overlaps with the birth and growth of postcolonial theory and criticism in a great deal. As the most famous magical realist writer in English, Salman Rushdie admits to having been influenced by both the surrealist European tradition and the mythic branch …


THE IMAGE OF THE BODY IN WALT WHITMAN’S “I SING THE BODY ELECTRIC”

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Published initially in 1855 in the first edition of “Leaves of Grass” and re-published in 1856 under the title “Poem of the Body”, “I Sing the Body Electric” creates a triadic representation/image of the Body – as erotic, political and poetic. All of these images converge to re-create the historical body – the body that completes the historic landscape of America and represents the unfolding history of democracy, bearing the symbol/scar of race, gender, class: the manly, working body, the birthing and nurturing body, the sensual body, the matriarchal and patriarchal body, the body of the master, and that of …


RE-IMAGINING ART IN EKPHRASTIC POETRY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The close relationship that can be established between poetry and painting may be studied in the evolution of the concept of ekphrasis, a Greek rhetorical term originally used to refer to a descriptive passage in writing. In recent times, however, the meaning of the term has narrowed gradually, being limited, first, to visual descriptions and then to the description of a real or imagined work of visual art. In this paper, we focus on the ways in which ekphrastic poems simultaneously depend on and enhance the life of the paintings by which they are inspired. This is a process by …


A PSYCHOANALYTICAL APPROACH OF LE FANU’S IN A GLASS DARKLY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Following the work of Freud, psychoanalysis reveals an unconscious state the characters in a fiction may develop. We have decided to study a gothic vampire short story by Sheridan Le Fanu: Carmilla. Horror fiction can be considered as a projection in a heavily codified form of deeply instinctual drives. In Carmilla, we will first study the dream dimension as the main action occurs at night. Then, the character of Carmilla may be opposed to reality because she belongs to the realms of fantasy and monstrosity. She has then the appropriate quality for enjoying desire outside the law, outside the symbolic, …


THE DEGENERATION OF THE HUMAN BODY – IMAGES OF HUNGER IN CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S JANE EYRE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Our paper attempts to draw the connection between representations of hunger in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre and the reality of Victorian times regarding the differentiated consumption of food by members belonging to different social classes. Hunger will be approached as embodying the idea of threat, in relation to all the Victorian social classes. The deeper analysis will try to identify the functions of images of hunger in Victorian fiction, respectively social criticism and realism. Our analysis will rely on textual support provided by Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre.


JANE EYRE – A VICTORIAN REPRESENTATION OF A FAIRY TALE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

This paper parallels the Victorian novel Jane Eyre (1847) and different fairy tales due to similar motifs and symbols. Our paper compares common themes between the two types of narratives; the emphasis falls on: miserable childhood, oppressive families, patriarchal societies, presence of an ally, the ultimate happy ending next to a Prince Charming. Later on, the focus shifts on the differences between them among which we can mention: the different interest in fashion and appearance, different types of Prince Charming, different expectations in life. And finally we were interested in portraying the Victorian epoch in which Charlotte Brontë’s novel is …


PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION IN PAUL RICOEUR’S WRITINGS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

My article’s topic regards the role of Paul Ricoeur’s philosophy in the theoretical clarification of symbol and symbolic function, and also his contribution to the psychology of religion. This contribution is made possible by the author’s extensive theoretical considerations about interpretation, hermeneutics and the phenomenology of religion. My approach here aims at underlining also the author’s unity of thinking through time, in all the connected issues, in his various writings.


TRAVELLING, CULTURE AND LITERARY REPRESENTATION. ROMANIAN TRAVELLERS TO ENGLAND IN THE FORMER HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Taking into account the fact that travelling and culture exist in a dependent relationship or that travelling is an attempt to quench one’s thirst for knowledge, travelling becomes a source of intellectual or spiritual enlightenment and a means of cultural contact and exchange. On this background, this paper discusses the travelling experience of Marcu Beza (1882–1949), a little known essayist, poet, prose writer, literary critic, folklorist, translator, and diplomat of Aromanian origin. A follower of Nicolae Iorga or Ion Codru-Drăguşanu, he travelled to Englandat the beginning of the twentieth century and his travel accounts represent valuable insights into the English …


BELOW AND BEYOND: TRAVELS TO TOKOYO

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

According to the Japanese mythology, there are two views of the universe: one vertical and one horizontal. The vertical world points to a three-layered universe: Takamagahara (Plain of High Heaven), Ashihara no Nakatsu kuni (Central Land of Reed Plains) and Yomi no kuni (Land of Darkness). The topography of Yomi can be inferred from Izanagi’s trip to the Land of Darkness to see his deceased wife, a tale similar to that of Orpheus and Eurydice. This two-dimensional view belongs to the folk beliefs in Tokoyo (The Eternal Land), an imaginary realm in Japanese mythology, generally conceived as a world beyond …


THE IMAGE OF RACIAL MINORITIES AND THEIR REPRESENTATION IN AMERICAN DEMOCRACY: AFRICAN- AND NATIVE AMERICANS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The rights of the minorities to assert the individuality of their own cultures, is now flourishing in various forms in the United-States. These newly empowered minorities may also be led to display the hegemonic tendencies generally exhibited by the established culture. Thus, cultural independence cannot be preserved for the subordinate, racial or ethnic minorities under the dominant white culture, because society is always structured in dominance. There is, at least, structural inequality based on race or ethnicity (Billington, 1993:87-99). Dominant culture brings threat of inequality based on the minority in this sense. The cultural devices of American subordinate, ethnic, native …