(Română) DE LA RELATION IMAGE/PENSÉE À L’IDENTITÉ DE LA PENSÉE VISUELLE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Antonin Artaud, with his Theatre of Cruelty, proposes a return to the origin of man and culture where it is clear the relationship between life and art. The art and life should not be separated because they form a unit. Artaud explains this unit through the total image of the hieroglyph man: a body that is not longer a human body defined by their physiological functions, but a body ready to become a sign, to become a communicative body at all. The theatre is the place where the hieroglyph man can become a sign and contaminate the public. The spectator is touched …


(Română) HYPOSTASES DU CORPS SUR LA SCENE TARDIVIENNE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The fact that the theatre is inconceivable in the absence of a stage actor, it’s an indisputable reality till the fifties’ theatre. Responsible of the incarnation of the character, the comedian’s body was sometimes a simple support of the dramatic speech, of the theatrical voice, sometimes place of exhibition or, on the contrary, concealing the flesh. More or less faithful to the stage directions, imitating reality (naturalist drama ) or, on the contrary, stripped of reality to acquire the attributes of a puppet (in the setting of the symbolist stage), the body has always been an area of spectacular work …


(Română) SYMBOLISME, MORT ET SACRIFICE DANS LA PERFORMANCE FÉMINISTE D’AMÉRIQUE LATINE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

This article tries to analyze some examples of the state of symbolic process, representation and desacralization by referring to contemporary feminist performance artists from Latin America: la Congelada de Uva (Mexico) and Ana Mendieta (Cuba). We are interested, in particular, by the use of the death and by the simulation of funeral rituals by those performers of two different decades (1970 for Mendieta and 2000 for Boliver). We attempt to analyse de performatives characteristics among feminist art and its transgressing attempts of the body, but also the rejection of the social-imposed image of female body. The role of the body …


(Română) LE CORPS COMME OBJET DE CONSOMMATION : LE TATOUAGE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Tattooing is an art form that has been used for thousands of years everywhere around the world. Mummies dated as far back as the 3rd and the 4th centuries have been found with tattoos on their arms, legs and backs – including the women. In Caesarian myths for example, Bretons were described as being tattooed. Judged to be a pagan ritual, tattooing was ended around the 7th century on religious grounds, thus attributing for the first time a negative connotation. It was only during the fourteenth century that the tattoo re-emerged on the European continent, courtesy of James Cook’s explorations. …


(Română) L’IMAGINAIRE DE LA GREFFE. REPARER LES VIVANTS DE MAYLIS DE KERANGAL, MYGALE DE THIERRY JONQUET, LA PIEL QUE HABITO DE PEDRO ALMODOVAR

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

For occidental cultures, scientific medicine has become, socially and symbolically, famous and renowned. The discipline may be founded on rationality; it also embodies a strong mythical dimension, extensively seen in publicity, literature and arts. According to us, the attention given to technical and scientific (technoscientific) imaginary is one of the major trends characterizing occidental culture. In particular, the transformations to the human body, made easy by consistently evolving techniques, are widely represented by contemporary literature. Nevertheless, these modern representations of medical (surgical) operations refer to cultural and mythical legacy. In this paper, we aim at identifying a part of this …


(Română) REPRÉSENTATIONS TEXTUELLES DE L’HERMAPHRODITE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The aim of this article is to make visible the challenge that intersexuality poses to representation. We will analyze the memoirs of Herculine Barbin who was an intersex person living in Paris in the 19th century. We will put it into the context of the history of monstrosity, pathology and normality whose development marked the 18th and 19th centuries. In addition, we will discuss the representation of the ambiguous body in the planches of Diderot and d’Alembert’s Encyclopedia and photographs of Felix Nadar. The relationships between the images (drawings and photographs) and their descriptions together compose a kind of medical …


(Română) UNE ANAMORPHOSE REVELEE PAR LE LANGAGE DES DOIGTS CHEZ SIMON VOUET

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

We know that the catoptromancy concerns all the techniques of divination by reflective surfaces. Well, in his Perspective curieuse from 1638, Jean-François Nicéron regrets that, in some cases, the prodigious effects of the catoptrics are used in abusive way inside such practices. Based on mathematic principles of perspective, this illusionist art tries to give a signification to an informal representation, in the aim to reconstruct the deliberately distort image, by means of a phantomlike reflection. When, in the end of his Italian period, French painter Simon Vouet realizes a sanguine drawing, representing a catoptric device, he becomes the ambassador of …


(Română) LES SYMBOLES DES OBJETS DU CULTE ET DES VÊTEMENTS LITURGIQUES DU RITE LATIN CATHOLIQUE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) POUR UNE RESSEMBLANCE EN-DEÇA DES RESSEMBLANCES

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Blanchot, on one hand, Magritte and de Chirico, on the other, like intermediate spaces connected through an interaction relationship, are own ways in dealing with a Resemblance detached from the resemblances, a resemblance driven by the imperative of connection, engaging network connections where Blanchot, Magritte and de Chirico as nodes become similar.


(Română) LA LUMIÈRE DE L’OBSCURITÉ ET LA VÉRITÉ DE LA NUDITÉ. QUELQUES FIGURES DE L’IMAGINAIRE DE L’EXCÈS DE GEORGES BATAILLE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The literature universe of Georges Bataille is originated on the base of the negation which rises from Nietzsche’s concept of the death of the God and from the subsequent uncertainty which means the decomposition of the subjectivity of man. Bataille tries the carnavalesque subversion of the reality, the exteriorization of phantasms and also seeks new possibilities of the transcendence. This transcendence is labeled as «the inner experience»: it is possible to reach it through the excess and sexuality. According to the specific principle of his thinking and the situation of the narration in the border of the neurosis, Bataille’s work …


(Română) L’IMAGE DU GENTILHOMME SELON ANNE CUNÉO: UN TRAJET TRANSCULTUREL D’INDIVIDUATION

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Anne Cunéo is a Swiss writer, with a rich experience in cinema and television. The book which consecrated her as a novelist is Le trajet d’une rivière (1993), a seducing novel which invites the reader to discover Francis Tregian as a stereotypical image of the Renaissance humanist. Inspired from reality, this character surprises by his life built beyond conventions, taking the form of a long exile. He aims at a freedom of the conscience which he can only reach in his passion for music. Anne Cunéo fills her novel with the musical images populating Francis Tregian’s inner life, images that he …


(Română) MYTHE ET EXPÉRIENCE PERSONNELLE CHEZ EUGÈNE IONESCO

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

In this paper I emphasize some elements which are to be found both in the myth and Ionesco’s personal experience, as we identify them in the play Le Piéton de l’air.


(Română) LE RÊVE ÉCRIT SUR PELLICULE : LA VOIX DE LA LUNE DE FEDERICO FELLINI ET LE POÈME DES LUNATIQUES DE ERMANNO CAVAZZONI

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

We interviewed Ermanno Cavazzoni and when we defined the Federico Fellini’s movie La voce della luna as an adaptation of his novel, Il poema dei lunatici, the writer seemed to disagree with such a definition. We can define this “praise of folly” the result of an intense collaboration between the two artists who from the very beginning who established a deep connection from the very beginning. Like in the oneiric process, Fellini developed all the images proposed by the book. Some scenes, like the capture of the moon, were the results of conversations between Fellini and Cavazzoni. Fellini decided to …


(Română) MANIFESTATIONS DE L’ICONICITÉ ET LEUR APPORT À LA PERSUASION PUBLICITAIRE

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) L’IMAGINAIRE D’UNE VILLE : POUVOIR DES IMAGES, POUVOIR DES NOTIONS

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

This research aims to point out the power of images and representations, as well as the power of some concepts related to these representations and transmitted through verbal and visual discourses. The city of Cairo offers a rich example to be analyzed. Thanks to a long history, it has an important place in collective imagination. Through the study of four images and two concepts, this article raises the issue of the relationship between reality and imagination, and questions the way new representations of Cairo are being built, according to the actual context. These representations are of crucial importance because they …


(Română) LA PUISSANCE DE L’IMAGE DANS LA CULTURE POSTMODERNE

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

The image has become an indispensable concept for the disciplines studying the defining manifestations and features of postmodern culture. The image plays a crucial role in the process of knowledge and the mental life of humankind, and also in the universe created by man, from fine arts to television and computers. The increasing power of images should be related to the transition of modern written culture to a civilization of the image” where the audiovisual, cultural industries and the whole complex called media culture prevail. The main topics that we have covered in this study refer to the cognitive valences …


(Română) DE LA MULTIPLICATION DES IMAGES ET DES MEDIAS

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

Much research has been done to explain in all ways possible our relationships with images. But what if the explanations that have been suggested so far were false or incomplete? Could it be possible that our relation to images not be linked to their content? Could it be possible that their abundant presence be in direct association with the structure of our subconscious? We will answer, among other things, to the paradox of the universalization of media, which are spreading throughout countries of different cultures. Indeed, the causes of the multiplication of images should be contextualized first. By relying on …


(Română) NATURE CONTRE CULTURE : COMMENT LE POUVOIR INTERPRÈTE-T-IL SON HISTOIRE ?

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

The analysis of the images of the Nine Eleven’s tragedy, produced and shown in the World Trade center’s collapse will stand as the starting point of a thought about the symbolical mechanisms’ coordination of the capitalist society’s political imagination. The symbolic value of the scene’s different elements will be questioned, isolated from the each others first, and then associated, through the reading table given by one kind of mythological narratives inserted in the Indo-European tradition (especially the judeo-christian’s one), in the genesis of our civilization. So, we’re going to take, as referent narratives, the ones about “Babel Tower” and “The …


(Română) L’ESPACE DE LA LECTURE : PRATIQUES SOCIALES ET REPRÉSENTATIONS LITTÉRAIRES

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

A study of reading practices also implies a study of the spatio-temporal contexts of the act of reading, as well as of the places where the books are kept, because every reader course is marked by time and meaningful places. By following the historical evolution of society and its literary reflections, we want to identify some of the issues and meanings of reading places and libraries.


(Română) IMAGES ET IMAGINAIRE. LE TOUR DE FRANCE DES COMPAGNONS

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

This paper, substantiated by text extracts, develops the contents of thirty images and explanatory diagrams presented during the conference “Image, imaginaire, représentation”. My aim is to show that reality, perceived through both time and space, may be modelled under different representations. Through geometrical figures – the square and the circle – a shift from a spatial representation of time to a temporal representation of space is enabled and religious rites, amphidromic processions, and pagan rites, namely the “tour deFrancedes compagnons”, are evoked. The imaginary orientations of the Tour de France during the 19th century are used as common thread to …


(Română) L’IMAGINAIRE CARTOGRAPHIQUE À l’ÉPREUVE DE L’ART

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) PORTRAITS ÉPIGRAPHIQUES DES FEMMES DE L’AFRIQUE ROMAINE LA RHÉTORIQUE DE LA PIERRE

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

Epigraphy is a favored means of information in Roman Empire. It informs contemporaries about the local leaders and about politics led at the level of the city, of the province or of the Empire. Documents from Roman Africa show that epigraphic representations of women deal with a feminine way of life which leans on civic, social and cultural values. Actually historian can’t estimate the bias between images inscribed on a long-lasting medium, and real-life for which experience objective tracks doesn’t exist. Anyway, considering cultural history, knowing reality is not a requirement since the community considers it as truth. The epigraphic …


(Română) LES IMAGES PRODUITES PAR LES ARCHITECTES LORS DE LA CONCEPTION : QUELLE PLACE LAISSÉE À L’IMAGINAIRE ?

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

During the design process, architects produce images to shape buildings projects and communicate. We question the space of the imagination in representations produced by two international architects depending on the tools used. We will see what are the consequences to interpret them. The comparison of two practices is interesting because different meanings are given to images. While Peter Zumthor uses charcoal to create “the desire of the real presence” leaving the viewer “infiltrate [his] imagination” (Zumthor 2008: 18), Jean Nouvel uses digital tools whose the objective is the “total hyperrealism” (Siret, Baly, Monin, 2004: 129) that means produce representations of …


(Română) L’IMAGINAIRE LINGUISTIQUE ET CULTUREL DES LIVRES-SCULPTURES DE GEORGIA RUSSELL

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

The work of Scottish sculptor Georgia Russell shows a particular interest in the power of the written word. Since she arrived in France some fifteen years ago when she started using a foreign language, the artist has been using paper which has become her major artistic medium. She cuts and slashes novels, book covers, newspapers, language dictionaries etc. and her scalpel cuts emphasize some words in particular. By doing so, she creates visual shortcuts which evoke the dreamlike approaches of surrealism or psychoanalysis. In a manner which is common to many contemporary artists, the universal terms she emphasizes in her …


(Română) L’EMPREINTE DISCURSIVE DE LA CORPORALITÉ

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

In verbal interactions, as in any other type of discourse, the locutor uses a series of techniques in order to reveal something about him/herself, thus projecting a certain image in which corporality becomes loaded with meaning (significant). The role of the body is important in argumentation, and it was recognized in traditional theories on ethos and confirmed by recent research. In this article, we will examine the concept of polyphony and its evolution through its relation to body imagery.


(Română) LE FRANÇAIS, LE CREOLE ET L’ANGLAIS AUX SEYCHELLES

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

The contribution presents the results of a research performed in 2013 in the Seychelles. The Seychelles government prioritizes English to the detriment of French, despite the fact that 95 % of the local population speak Seychellois Creole and consider themselves closer to French rather than to English. The usage of French is in decline. For the government, English represents the first language of the country, followed by Creole and by French. For the Seychellois population, it is the Creole that constitutes the first language, followed by English and by French. The Creole-English bilingualism is more frequent than the Creole-French bilingualism. …


(Română) IMAGINAIRE(S) DU CORPS DANS LE MONACHISME ORTHODOXE

Posted On Nov 10 2015 by

In this paper, we aim to analyse the discursive marks of some collective imaginations that function with respect to the body, its role, its efforts and its asceticism within Orthodox monasticism. We will refer especially to a book of monastic spirituality written by archimandrite Placide Deseille, entitled Le monachisme orthodoxe (Deseille, 2013); we will try to analyze the lexicon that explains the (discursive) construction and the functioning of a “normative” collective imagination concerning the body, “prescribed” very discreetly by the Fathers of the Church and some monastic authors that wrote about the significance and the role of bodily asceticism in …