POST-IMPERIAL BORDER-CROSSINGS: THE EPIPHANY OF BICULTURALISM IN V. S. NAIPAUL’S THE ENIGMA OF ARRIVAL

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper examines Naipaul’s representation of postcolonial border crossings in his thinly disguised literary autobiography, The Enigma of Arrival. The analysis focuses on the dynamics of cultural dislocation and relocation, on the exchanges and reversals at work in the process of the migrant’s appropriation of the centre, which Naipaul figures as a symbolic colonization in reverse, through which the cultural disseminations of the Empire return to their point of departure, to the now hybridized centre of a multicultural society. The key aspects of these intercultural renegotiations bridging the centre and the margin concern the redefinition of inherited concepts of difference, …


IMAGES OF INTIMATE SPACE OF FAMILY AND OPEN SPACE OF TRADE UNDERLYING SOME ROMANIAN EATING PHRASEMES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper represents an investigation into Romanian phraseological corpus of the dishes made out of cereals (pastry) from a cultural perspective, in a context where, it is only more recently that the cultural foundation of phraseology has been duly noticed as playing an important role. The dishes made out of cereals show a different valorization on the level of the phraseological imaginary according to the space that defines them. Some are marked by the intimate space of family relationships that often lie under the sign of the ritual, and others are defined by the open space of trade relationships and …


A JOURNALISTIC GENRE NEGLECTED BY PRESS THEORY – THE OPEN LETTER

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

An obsolete journalistic genre is experiencing a startling revival (especially in multimedia). This was possible through two distinctive Print media aspects: 1. spoiling of the main opinion press genres (commentary, notes, analysis) and 2. emancipation of the “letter” by suspending some central characteristics  such as: the notoriety of the sender or the alleged friendship between the two actors of this fictional dialogue. The present analysis focuses on some argumentative specific devices of this standalone press genre, placed between the pamphlet and polemic discourse.


LOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC COHESION IN ERNEST HEMINGWAY’S THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Sentence connectors may be small words, but their importance is not to be neglected, especially in writing. The logical relationship between sentences depends on the sentence connectors. On the one hand, a connector can induce a series of suppositions about the truth of the sentences connected; on the other hand, another connector can create a different series of suppositions regarding the same sentences. Therefore, the semantics of the sentences will differ according to their connector. Following M.A. K. Halliday’s perspective on cohesion, we shall try to identify the means to make a text meaningful and fluent, “since cohesion is the …


AN INTEGRATED VIEW UPON POSTMODERNIST CONCEPTUAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Nowadays, identity is continually changing. In order to assume a valid social identity, an individual needs the others’ recognition. In this case, modernity involves targeting the others. The individual is able to build and/or rebuild his identity depending on the opportunities life offers to him and which he chooses deliberately. He does not know for sure whether he has made the right decision but he has to discover on his own, the ‘true’ identity that suits him. From a postmodernist point of view, identity becomes less stable and more fragile. Postmodernist identity builds itself by assuming some roles and images. …


BEING A WRITER IN THE JOURNALISTIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The paper aims at analysing the evolution in the public space of three Romanian writers: Cristian Tudor Popescu, Stelian Tănase and Mircea Dinescu. There will be highlighted the liberties and compulsions involved by the adhering to a space open to a varied and unpredictable public, and also the mutual influences of the literary work and press production (newspaper article or TV talk-show), interests which interfere in a propitious way. The three writers go beyond the well outlined boundaries of literature, anchoring in a public space using mass-media, thus vacillating between the two hypostasis they are constantly identifying with.


ARGUMENTATIVE STRATEGIES IN MEDIATION: (RE)FORMULATIONS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Formulations and reformulations are strategies or moves which have important argumentative functions within mediation, helping the mediator to manage “the multiple and sometimes paradoxical demands”[1] he is subjected to. The argumentative task that (re)formulations perform enables the mediator to clarify positions, summarize the status of the issues at stake, identify the points of agreement and disagreement, and lay out options for the parties to resolve their impasse. The paper explores the various linguistic techniques by means of which reformulation is done in the mediation context, such as, paraphrasing, summarizing, the use of repetition and restatement. These will be exemplified with …


MACEDONIAN IDENTITY AND IDENTITIES IN THE BALKANS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Identities in the Balkans have been formed within the context of different cultural, linguistic, religious and written traditions. Their creation was influenced by political projects such as: Pan-Slavism, Slavophilism, Illyrianism, Uniatism, and the Balkan Federation, which had both united and divided the peoples of the Balkans. Apart from various influences, identities were closely related to religion and language as well. A study of the construction and dynamic development of Macedonian identity beginning from ancient history, the medieval period, through the abolition of the Ohrid Archbishopric, its division in 1913, and the aftermath of the Second World War indicates the features …


CONSTRUCTING CULTURAL IDENTITIES IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA: THE CASE OF PEOPLE’S LETTERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The paper examines how cultural identities are constructed in communist Romania based on an analysis of the people’s letters sent to Nicolae Ceauşescu. Approaching these epistles methodologically from a post-revisionist perspective, I analyzed them as a means of tracing individual efforts of self-fashioning as revolutionary subjects. In my investigation I also considered the importance of the practices of subjectivization (propaganda, political education) in proposing and disseminating the official cultural model of the socialist man in the Romanian public space and I demonstrated that in some cases people’s willingness to live up to the regime’s expectations for its citizens was not …


ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN MIHAI EMINESCU’S JOURNALISTIC WORK AT “CURIERUL DE IAŞI”

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Whether we like it or not, we have to admit that the second half of the 19th century in Romanian culture and society is characterized by frequent anti-Semite attitudes. Mihai Eminescu’s activity as journalist at “Curierul de Iaşi” makes no exception. From his first article in this newspaper, Eminescu proves to be a competent journalist, fighting for the only “positive social class”, peasantry. His strong belief was that all the others benefit from the work of the peasants. That is why he frequently attacks politicians, lawyers, merchants, public officers, journalists or teachers, blaming them for wasting peasants’ hard work. As …


IDENTITY AND THE “BROKEN GLASS” TECHNIQUE IN THE POSTMODERN NARRATIVES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The postmodern issue stirred conflicting attitudes and opinions among Romanian writers and critics, making up its own aesthetic ideology rooted in the multiple perspectives on World and Text – one could say that Image mirrors the two complementary units into the ever expanding Ideology. An ideology that puts different “broken glasses” together to build up the “unity in diversity” aesthetic pattern.


SOCIO CULTURAL AND IDENTITY PATTERNS IN STEFAN AGOPIAN’S JOURNALISTIC WORK

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Permanently in search for some solid basis for the development of a socio-cultural and why not of literary awareness within the community, characterized by tension, the negotiation of identity and the sense of belonging are only partially solved and only at the discourse level through a periodical reconstruction of the identity image. At the same time, living within oneself, with oneself and with others represents a neuralgic aspect of the contemporary individual. Stefan Agopian’s journalistic work places itself within the society, this leading us to the idea that its statements are expressed with the help of being attributed to a …


TOO “QUEER” TO MATTER: IDENTITY STRUGGLES IN THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN BORDERLANDS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

When discussing the literary productions of Mexican-American authors, the concept of identity seems to be among the first issues to arise. Given the complex nature of the experience in the borderlands, the quest for self-definition always implies a reference to otherness, may it be white/American, Indian or male/female. My paper aims at analyzing the concept of identity as reflected in Chicano/a literature[1], emphasizing the dualities authors confront, as a result of being ‘too queer’ for ‘the other’. Furthermore, it purports to offer an account of the extent to which identity in the borderlands is performed, rather than being inscribed in …


POST-REVOLUTION ROMANIAN FIRST NAMES BEETWEN FASHION AND TRADITION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the evolution of the semantic system, the anthroponomical baptismal name is lost today and what remains is only its identification function. The given name has been liberated from its magical connotations and today it is merely a “label”, although for those who choose it, it usually has an affective value. First person forenames were words of common language, they had a special meaning and brought a distinguished information about the person who wore it. Formerly, the current identification of people consisted of adding the Christian name to the name of the father. If the specification was insufficient, the identification …


EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDENTITY OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PUBLIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Departing from the interdisciplinary character of communication, this paper attempts to identify its epistemological identity in the public space and to analyse the defining features of this type of communication. Many experts in the field consider the epistemological status of communication to be at the centre of culture, knowledge and social behaviour. From this perspective, communication studies imply an inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinary approach, since we cannot restrict a field with such wide application within strictly defined scientific margins. Within the typology of features that allow us to differentiate communication in the public space from other types,we find its contextual …


METAPHORICAL CONCEPTS BEYOND EVERYDAY LANGUAGE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Along the years, metaphors have been perceived as powerful instruments of effectiveness used by writers to achieve a certain literary effect. However, they are more than rhetorical devices employed by orators and writers to strengthen and decorate their speeches and composition. Recently, cognitive linguists have demonstrated that metaphors play an important role in language and constitute people’s primary mode of mental operation, influencing the way in which they conceptualize abstract concepts such as identity, morality, life, love, etc. Thus, metaphor proves to be the main mechanism through which people comprehend abstract concepts and perform abstract reasoning. Nowadays, we can talk …


VISUAL IDENTITY IN ADVERTISING

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

It is highly important to take into consideration the unitary construction of any creative advertising, where the image completes the text, because, otherwise, the global meaning of the message would be affected. The coherence of the image is conferred by the visual identity and by the brand image, and the understanding of its meaning depends on the identification of different types of messages that contribute to the transcoding of the visual perceptions in verbal language. The image, as well as the language, is considered to perform/have the seven functions identified by Roman Jakobson and ultimately it can induce, through a …


EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION IN ‘SOCIOCENTRIC’ VS. ‘EGOCENTRIC’ SOCIETIES. A STUDY IN PSYCHOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Is the expression of individual emotions culturally conditioned? Or is the human individuality too complex emotionally to be limited by cultural social norms? It is to these questions and many others that our study attempts to find new answers. The reason why the study of emotion is a relatively recent issue in psychological anthropology partially has to do with the negative attitude of social sciences towards this subject, which has been considered too ‘soft’ and too ‘subjective’ to be an appropriate topic for research. Since emotion was viewed in the West as a compulsive, irrational force arising within the individual …


“THE BUILDING”: A MATRILOCAL SPACE. AN ETHNO-PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

It is well known that the phenomenological approach to the mind was designed, in its very conception by Bretano, as complementary to behavioral psychology. The present paper proposes a concrete analysis of the “building” seen as a cultural sign, better yet as a matrilocal one, through which one may observe the specificity of the Romanian soul and mind. Examined both in pagan rituals and in Christian ones, a phenomenological approach to the mind, especially in the Romanian area, seeks to provide a logical and conceptual investigation of this mental term and concept.


NATIONAL IMAGINARIUM IN WORLD CINEMA. A BINARY PERSPECTIVE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper reinforces the claim that the category of the ‘national’ and the space of the ‘national’ are to be perceived as ideological and political constructions, which, in cinematic representations, may vary from resistance to or collusion with the Hollywoodian tradition. Subsequently, we argue that there is no ideal national cinema model, which may express and explore pure, authentic national identities and indigenous cultural traditions. However, any national cinema, as part of world cinema should be able to mediate meaning and therefore has an impact on the issuing culture. Thus, national cinema becomes an ideological instrument deeply rooted in …


MAN, MACHINE AND THE COMMON ALGORITHM

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Language is a space in itself establishing a bridge between at least two other spaces, us and the other one. The paper focuses on the interaction between our outer reality and our inner reality through language and what processes are involved, on how outer objects (events, situations, etc.) become inner objects (representations, concepts, etc.). We narrowed our interest to the verbal tense forms and the most elusive quantitative dimension, time. Our approach establishes a bridge between the “machine” and us through a common algorithm of defining objects in time.


SHIFTING PERIMETERS TO DEFINE INFLEXIBLE MEANINGS: CONSUMPTION, SPECTACLE AND IDEOLOGICAL PROGRAMMING IN ROMANIAN ARCHITECTURE DURING THE 1950S

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) aimed to transformMoscowinto a “city of multiple capitals.” While the pavilions’ architecture met the socialist realism’s requirements of “national in style and socialist in form”, this perimeter soon became a site of cultural exchange and consumption opened to all soviet citizens. The same architectural design, however, was exported into the Eastern European countries. Dwelling upon Victor Tupitsyn’s statement that socialist realism cannot perform the same function in a different ideological context, this paper will investigate the role of the 1950s public buildings within the Romanian urban space by analyzing to what extent such buildings, despite …


SLIPPERY SLOPES IN PRO-LIFE ARGUMENTATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In pro-life discourse arguers strategically use arguments from consequence in order to make the audience aware of the gravity of abortion by pointing out the dire consequences of this deed. Using the pragma-dialectical critical questions (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992, 2004), I will test the dialectical soundness of the causal argumentation put forward by pro-lifers in various argumentative texts. The examination of these texts reveals that the death of the aborting mother, different forms of punishment for the rest of the family, for doctors, pharmacists and for whoever else might take part in an abortion directly or indirectly are among …


TRANSLATION AND SHAPING CULTURAL IDENTITY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The relations between the source culture and the target culture, and the subsequent circulation of texts, ideas and people can be assimilated, on a global level, to the economic, political or language system. From this perspective, changing transitional relations and globalization urge us to look at translations from a broader sociological perspective and to include geopolitical and geo-cultural dimensions within this type of Translation Studies. One of the most important factors that seem to have affected the inequalities between languages, as well as translation ratios and directionality practices in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is globalization. Therefore, this paper aims …


CULTURAL IDENTITY AND TRADITION IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the broad field of Cultural Studies, there has been a growing interest in the interrelationship between culture and identity. It is an established fact that, in the era of globalization and secularization, when people are assaulted by anti-traditional ideologies, the traditional values seem to be eroded. Translation as an act of cross-cultural communication attempts to establish, on the one hand, mediation between the traditional values of each culture and, a bond between the cultures involved, on the other hand. The translator must be faithful to the tradition from which he translates, to the language into which he translates and …


TRANSLATIONS FROM JOHN STEINBECK AND ROMANIAN CULTURAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Drawing on the perspectives provided by the Polysystem Theory, and holding that the shaping of cultural identity is a process of cross-cultural interaction (Jola Škulj), we purport to examine the influence of John Steinbeck’s writings on Marin Preda’s early short-stories through an analysis of the critical references that testify to it, and a comparative study of relevant passages from their works. In exploring the impact of the translations from the American author on the Romanian literary repertoire, reference will also be made to the historical context of the critical reception.


THE TRANSLATOR’S FOOTNOTE ENTRIES: A CASE-STUDY APPLIED TO DAVID LODGE’S CHANGING PLACES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Professional translators often add footnotes to solve their translation problems. The present paper approaches this translation strategy that deals with the particularities of the footnote entries. It offers background information about the translation strategy under analysis and it also develops the issue of the position of the translator between the author and the reader of the translated text.


CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC IDENTITY IN TRANSLATING ROMANIAN FOLK TALES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Offering a bird’s-eye-view upon the translation problems and difficulties occurring in the case of Romanian folk tales is of utmost importance for the cross-cultural exchange between such different languages, each of them with its beauty and uniqueness. The translation process reveals interesting issues regarding: proper names; beginning, middle and ending formulas; phrases and idioms; regionalisms; euphemisms; interjections; rhetorical questions and exclamatory sentences; irony and mockery; nicknames; proverbs and sayings. All these aspects are worth highlighting in order to preserve cultural and linguistic identity in translation.


TRANSLATING PROVERBS: CULTURAL (UN)TRANSLATABILITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Translation usually involves some sort of mediation between source and target cultures, given the fact that there is no culturally neutral language. And this can best be seen in the translation of phraseological units, since phraseology is probably the major mechanism contributing to the formation and reinforcement of a cultural identity of a people. The present paper aims to examine the way in which the cultural values that are embedded in proverbs can or (sometimes) cannot be transferred to other languages. The specific challenges of this type of translation will be analysed following the proverbs found in the Romanian version …


IDENTITY IN TRANSLATION: THE CASE STUDY OF ‘MEMORIES OF MY BOYHOOD’ – ION CREANGĂ

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the age of globalization, recognizing and preserving identity is essential, especially with translation as mediator between cultures. The task of the translator remains as difficult as ever in the face of translating foreign, often untranslatable concepts and structures. This paper takes a closer look at the translation of Ion Creangă’s Amintiri din copilărie, produced by Ana Cartianu and R.C. Johnston in 1978. Such an enterprise becomes problematic given the abundance in terms associated with the life and customs of Romania’s countryside in the 19th century, making it all the more complicated to create a clear cut image of Creangă’s …