CULTURE AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study, we found out that processes taking place in the globalized world are based on differences in levels of culture determined by corresponding levels of public consciousness resulting from various mentalities. At the level of the integration of various culture stages, the processes of globalization, Europeanization and internationalization find their reflection in the field of higher education. We attempted to analyse the conditions necessary for the building of harmonious relations among nations, based on cultural ties that unite these states in their intention to defend the fundamental principles and traditions of European higher education, as well …


A LINGUOCULTURAL APPROACH TO INTERPRETER PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN THE CONTEXT OF CULTURAL DIALOGUE

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Interpreter professional training has now risen to a higher level, and no doubt, the modern world requires interpreters not only to have a good command of a foreign language, but also to have high readiness and ability to engage in cultural dialogue. The correlation between these two components is evident, since language is the keeper and container of culture accumulated by generations. Culture binds people by representing their way of thinking and feelings, by shaping their understanding of the world. Culture is the heritage that is passed from generation to generation. Due to the recent strengthening of international relations, there …


TRANSLATOR’S ACCULTURATION IN THE PROCESS OF TRANSLATING NAVAL ARCHITECTURE TEXTS

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

In spite of the large literature dealing with naval architecture language, the pragmatic features of this type of discourse or translator’s acculturation that occurs in translating naval architecture texts have not been systematically studied. Given the fact that most naval architecture translations are mission and audience driven, effective intercultural communication can be an even more important concept. In the acquisition and translation of this type of language, the translator’s ability to identify himself with the author and field are of paramount importance since the specific terminology, discourse and pragmatic features  pose great difficulties for non-native speakers, students, scientists and hence, …


TRANSLATING REALIA AND PRACTICES IN THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

All along the centuries, both the word “culture” and the syntagm “cultural realities” have been of utmost importance in communication and translation. Culture has been and will be a challenging point of discussion since it encompasses and aims at a variety of areas such as: language, linguistic and cultural realities, nation, identity, gap, code, conflict, transcending/crossing borders, gender, iconicity, ideology, intentionality, register, power, translation, speech community and others. In the present paper, we have taken the liberty to scrutinize religious communities and their cultural realities, language and practices and how they are negotiated in translation. We also tackled some Romanian …


CULTURAL SPECIFICITY IN THE TRANSLATION OF CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

This paper starts from the assumption that cultural and intercultural awareness enable the translator of children’s literary texts to deal with culture-bound terms. The (un)translability of such terms will be discussed with respect to the children’s age and the translator’s choices based on the children’s level of expectation. Our intention is to prove that the dynamic and sometimes ambivalent status of children’s literature requires a continuous adjustment of the translation strategies ranging from foreignization to domestication. Last but not least, we shall compare a number of taxonomies of culture-specific terms trying to highlight the common elements and to explain the …


NO STRINGS ATTACHED: TRANSLATING ‘THE CONTROVERSIAL’ AFTER THE FALL OF COMMUNISM

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Since translation is a process of conveying a message by shaping the text so as to fit the target language and the target culture, it is related to globalization. Like globalization, translation implies transformation and acceptance of otherness. As far as mentality and ideologies are concerned, freedom of speech has always been perceived as a feature of the Western world. After the fall of communism,Romania has witnessed a strong Western influence and embraced the idea of freedom in all fields. The freedom of speech and of translating what was once controversial and forbidden is now manifested in the field of …


ACCIDENTAL CHRONICLES OF THE ANGLO-IRISH MINORITIES IN IRELAND: JENNIFER JOHSTON’S THE CAPTAINS AND THE KINGS AND THE RAILWAY STATION MAN

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

This study concentrates on the lives of Anglo-Irish Protestant minorities in Ireland, as they are described in Jennifer Johnston’s novels, The Captains and the Kings and The Railway Station Man. Minority problems are one of the most significant issues of today’s global world and Johnston deals with them by emphasizing the marginal position of Anglo-Irish families in Irish society, the gap between social classes, the conflict between Irishness and Englishness and the constant threat of militarism. The Captains and the Kings uses various metaphorical references to render the poignancy of the situations of the Anglo-Irish and English characters. In The …


REASON AND EMOTIONALITY IN ARGUMENTATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

The paradoxical nature of globalization in between diversity and atomization seems to have a great impact on the way people communicate within a culture and across cultures, as well. Whether we speak about politics, science, religion or economy, individuals are encouraged to express their views showing tolerance and flexibility towards the other so as to minimize areas of disagreement. Nevertheless, the antagonist tendency is to promote individualism through excessive competitiveness and gradual loss of empathy towards the other which translates into narrow-mindedness, biases and unwillingness to revise opinions in interpersonal communication. Using insights from the extended version of the pragma-dialectical …


GENDER IDENTITY IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’S SHORT STORIES

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Gender identity is seen as a personal perception of oneself as male or female. This definition is closely related to the concept of gender role, defined as the sum of external manifestations of personality that reflect gender identity. Gender identity is self-identified as a result of environmental factors. This self-identification has been the subject of fiction writers for a long period of time. Katherine Mansfield, one of the prominent modernist writers of short fiction, produced short stories that provide an accessible exploration of identity and gender as contemporary concerns in everyday life and as key concepts in social sciences. Her own …


THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE SELF-OTHER DICHOTOMY: IDEOLOGICAL TRENDS

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

It is generally accepted that in every historical period there appears a close connection between the dominant ideological discourse and the current artistic or literary trends or attitudes. Due to the deep impact of social, cultural and political bi-polarization as a direct result of the Cold War Era in the second half of the 20th century, we happened to form our artistic, literary or even critical stance from the viewpoint of binary opposition like self and other, with particular reference to postcolonial discourses initiated by such pioneering figures as Edward Said, Homi Bhabha, Gayatri Spivak, Frantz Fanon, Jacques Derrida and …


COMMON EUROPEAN CULTURE IN GEORGE ELIOT’S “MIDDLEMARCH”

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

This paper aims at identifying the presence of “otherness” as represented by Europein George Eliot’s novel Middlemarch, as well as the function and uses of the space of this “great confederation”[1]. Our analysis focuses upon the co-existence of, and tension between, a common European culture and the distinctive features of Victorian English national life. George Eliot, as well as other Victorian writers (Charles Dickens, the Brontë sisters, Anthony Trollope, Thomas Hardy), seem to relate a varying time span of their characters’ lives to different European countries (Italy, France, Germany) not only to trace the history, growth and development of a …


THE DISNEYFICATION OF CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

The names of the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Andersen, Charles Perrault, Carlo Collodi and of Lewis Carroll have become synonymous with the term of fairy tales or of children’s books. But our contemporary image of the fairy tales or of other children’s texts has been shaped or standardized by Walt Disney who succeeded in transforming his cartoons into a global culture industry. “Disneyfication” refers to the transformation of children’s books into a journey to a magic kingdom; the term also reveals negative aspects due to its tendency to consumption, homogenization and merchandising. We cannot say that Disney’s animated films have …


LITERATURE, ETHNOGRAPHY AND SELF-REPRESENTATION IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

The present paper is an attempt to assess the strengths and weaknesses of American multiculturalism and, more specifically, the assumptions underlying the multicultural literary canon. Required to represent specific ethnic/racial groups, minority fiction shares some of the flaws of traditional ethnography, and while it gives individual authors a chance to achieve recognition, it does little to improve the lives of the minority communities. Yet we have no better tools than literature for what Richard Rorty calls “expanding the ‘we’”[1] and what Judith Butler calls recognition of others as living beings whose lives, like our own lives, are precious and worth …


THE GEOLOGICAL PATTERN OF CULTURAL EVOLUTION: BERGSONIAN TIME, CULTUREQUAKES, AND MUSLIM-BECOMING IN THE GEOMETRY OF GOD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Uzma Aslam Khan’s 2010 novel, The Geometry of God, is set in contemporary Pakistan, in the Margalla Hills near Islamabad, those foothills of the Himalayas which conceal and occasionally divulge prehistoric elements of the fossil record. Amal is a young paleontologist, and her reading and interpretation of the terrain, both literal and figurative, will contribute to what Michael O’Riley calls a “culturequake,” a “subterranean force that emerges to disrupt the natural order of territory and cultural relations,” wherein topology is defined as “the distances that separate and unite the two worlds.”[1] It is precisely within this contested, obstacle-filled topology that …


TRAVEL WHERETO? THE GLOBAL DRIVE FOR THE REAL

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

If present-day globalization involves the dissolution of physical and mental boundaries, one may certainly ask what remains of travel, of which the setting and crossing of boundaries is an integral part? It has been argued that (post-)tourism as a spatial practice of the contemporary, globalized paradigm has undermined the cultural authority of travel and, by extension, travel writing. Nevertheless, this paper suggests that travel narratives, appealing to professional and amateur readers alike, challenge such judgements and, by revealing the textual constructedness of travel, actually afford cultural authority to travel practices. To explain that, this paper traces the evolution of the …


THE ‘GLOCALIZATION’ OF IDENTITY: WILD CARPATHIA & ROMANIA

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

One of the characteristic trends of the complex and controversial phenomenon of globalization is what Roland Robertson calls ‘glocalization’, i. e. the turning of the global into the local and of the local into the global, a process whose causes are to be found not only in the economic and political sphere, but also in the cultural and technological advancements. This paper explores the processes through which the contemporary paradigm of environmentalism combines with tourism advertising procedures in a National Geographic documentary entitled Wild Carpathia, which refers to the mountain range covering a large part of the Romanian territory. Our …


TOWARDS A GLOBAL CULTURE: AN ORGANIZATIONAL PROJECT

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

In the last thirty years positive and negative connotations have been attributed to globalization and its related issues. While interpretations on the advantageous side envision the images of ‘one world,’ ‘one culture,’ and support the idea of international cooperation, the opposite reactions, however, signal the fears of developing and underdeveloped countries. To its supporters, globalization advocates ‘inter-culturality’, which is a cultural model patterned by the Western countries, mainly the Anglo-American ones. Yet, globalization poses a threat to the growing economies of developing countries as well as to their culture-based state ideologies since a suggested over-all cultural hegemony is high on …


COMMODIFYING IDENTITY IN THE GLOBALIZATION ERA – A CELEBRATION OF CULTURE OR COMMODITY?

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


ROMANIAN NEW CINEMA: REPRESENTING NATIONAL IDENTITIES IN A GLOBAL WORLD

Posted On Jul 23 2014 by

Since 1995, Romanian cinema has become one of the most visible and discussed phenomena in international film festivals and cinema journals. This phenomenon can be seen as a reaction to the nationalist, populist, and patriotic cinema: instead of focusing on the nationalist image of a glorious Romania(like in the communist era) they often focus on the dysfunctional or antagonistic relationship of Romaniawith the rest of world. This paper shows that many post-1990 movies depict the relationship between Romaniaand the world as a failed “graft”, Romanian society and the Romanians playing the role of a “foreign body” rejected by the others. …