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ÉTUDE DE LA VARIATION DE L’ORAL EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article is about spoken French and talks more specifically about a study on sociolinguistic variation in a French as a Second Language (FSL) classroom. The main goal of the study is to verify which registers are used by learners during French lessons and if they master variation, to determine if it can be taught. We observed two FSL courses in Poland, each during one semester. The first one takes place at the university with intermediate students (B1-B2). The second one takes place in a private institute (Alliance Française), with learners less numerous but of the same beginner level (A1). In …


TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The aim of this research is to present the aspects of language acquisition in language teaching and learning by analysing the learning conditions, the communicative and interactional aspects between the students and the teacher, the strategies employed in language comprehension, the cognitive processes employed in language apprehension and last but not least, finding the most effective strategies that will enhance the students’ vocabulary and language development. Learning a foreign language during preparatory seminars is quite a challenge for the students of foreign origin who wish to study at a technical university in Romania as they need to get acquainted first with …


L’ATTRITION DANS LES DISCOURS D’IMMIGRÉS PORTUGAIS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

When we face a language contact, in immigration context, languages of a person do not keep their standard definitions (mother tongue, foreign language, etc.). In this article, we would like to analyse the impact of a language, considered at the beginning as a foreign language, on the mother tongue. In order to study the verbal communication of Portuguese speakers who immigrated in France, we constituted a corpus of two speakers doing oral tasks. Indeed, the first aim was to identify if there was a variation in the discourse according to the different tasks. We chose the following tasks: telling a memory, …


L’ACTION ENONCIATIVE COMME MÉCANISME AUTO-REPRÉSENTATIONNEL DANS LE MÉTADISCOURS DE TLEMCEN OU LES LIEUX DE L’ÉCRITURE, L’AUBE ISMAËL, L’ARBRE À DIRES, SIMORGH ET LAËZZA DE MOHAMMED DIB

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The enunciative approach gives us the opportunity to emphasize the existence of the author in the heterogeneity of his own discourse. As a particular phenomenon, the metadiscourse of Mohammed Dib through Tlemcen or the places of writing, The tree of statements, The dawn Ismaël, Simorgh and Laëzza offers the analyst a corpus that allows us to see the role of enunciation in the representational process. In our article, we are interested in enunciation as an action that determines the enunciative identity of the speaker. It is a linguistic activity aimed at the circulation of an indeterminate number of images of …


RE-ENACTING BEING AUTHENTIC. ENGLISHNESS AND ITS SIMULACRA

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In an age in which (re-)establishing an identity, a style, (re-)asserting a position, a status (both as a state and as an individual) are heavily influenced by pragmatism, consumerism and (personal or national) interest, works tackling the issue are often circumscribed to the concepts of parody, satire and simulacrum. Rarely are they all combined in a composite unit as in Julian Barnes’ novel England, England. This paper renders the manner in which the concepts of identity and simulacrum are exploited in a ludic and sarcastically biting manner in an attempt to shed new light on their understanding, but also to …


IDENTIFYING BEING AND REPRESENTING BY ACTING: NEW NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES IN ANNA DEAVERE SMITH

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Mobilized by pre-war anxieties, post-war disillusionment and the need to define the new world order, American theatre took an important turn with the rise of influential modernist styles (such as neo-realism, naturalism, expressionism, impressionism, the theatre of the absurd, Dadaism, surrealism to name only a few) during the first half of the twentieth century. The following decades witnessed the emergence of new theatre groups and playwrights of diversity beyond the established tradition as well as extensive theatrical experimentation. With the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, political tensions across the country reached an intense degree. Theatre practitioners and critics felt …


THE DILATORY TIME OF PASSIONATE DISCOURSE IN OTHELLO

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Critics have often approached the ‘double-time’ crux in William Shakespeare’s Othello as a very sensitive issue – it has even been considered as a sign of the playwright’s carelessness about the building of the plot. Various explanations have been given to those discursive segments which seem to bring about a sort of contradiction between the ‘short time’ that ensures the logic of the text and the ‘long time’ that seems to contradict that textual order. It could be lucrative to ignore the ‘long time’ sequences and just keep up with the ‘short time’ of the play, but what we intend …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS UN ROMAN MÉDIÉVAL : LE « HAPPY END » DU TRISTAN EN PROSE SOUS UN JOUR PRAGMATIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

According to Goffman, the human activity can be described as a “face-work” (Goffman, 1974 [1967]: 15), respecting a particular set of societal rules as well as etiquette, and during this ‘work’ any (inter)actant strives to make a good impression. Should this be true, then it is worth analysing the romance, Le Roman de Tristan en prose, as illustrating this particular interaction which appears throughout the literary communication.


UNE LECTURE MYHTOCRITIQUE DE LA COÏNCIDENCE DES CONTRAIRES DANS LES FICTIONS DE MIRCEA ELIADE ET MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our paper focuses on a comparative study between Mircea Eliade’s and Michel Tournier’s anthropologies from the perspective of C.G.Jung’s and Mircea Eliade’s theoretical works. In several documents, Eliade speaks about the metamorphosis and survival of the sacred and myth in disguised forms, perpetuated in modern art and literature. The androgyny represents the archetype of unity, the totality. It is a coincidentia oppositorum, an expression of primordial plenitude, of a time when principles only worked together, each of them generating its opposite, supporting and amplifying it. The reunification of the opposites involves a way of being in the world that transcends …


WHEN BEAUTY MEETS DECAY: CASES OF DANDYISM, NARCISSISM AND DEGENERATION OF BODIES IN J.K. HUYSMANS’ À REBOURS AND OSCAR WILDE’S THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The paper deals with two texts that were regarded as classic novels for the Decadent movement: À rebours and The Picture of Dorian Gray; the former is widely regarded as the “Bible of Decadence” which greatly influenced Oscar Wilde’s hero and led him to his downfall – “the French poisonous novel” is believed to dominate Dorian’s actions and influenced him to choose a lifestyle based on hedonism and sins. Both novels show how the protagonists relate to their own sexuality – Dorian leads an immoral life, while Des Esseintes, after having experienced numerous love affairs, is defined as lacking strength, …


LE LUDIQUE COMME FORME D’ACTION ET DE REPRÉSENTATION SUR LA TOILE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The new media technology and the contemporary forms of numerical communication are spaces in which the ‘I’ playfully reveals itself and this leads the subject to detach himself from a reality which he considers primordial. We are interested in highlighting an argumentative way of acting based on the effects of comic, of irony, of humour, generally in a depersonalised environment, in which the enunciator is split in three directions: being, acting and representing.


LE WEB SOCIAL ET LA PERSPECTIVE ACTIONNELLE : AGIR ENSEMBLE DANS LA SOCIETE CIBLE EN TANT QU’ACTEURS SOCIAUX

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes to show that the coupling of the social Web and the actional perspective gives the possibility to the learner to act as social actor in the French society. For example, we conducted an informal online experiment as part of an action research project where FLE learners work together using the social media to perform within the French society.


LES « NOUVEAUX » MEDIAS DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article illustrates how information and communication technologies for education (ICTE) can encourage new teaching methods, in particular in the field of foreign languages. After emphasizing the skills and the roles of the teacher, the concepts of learning and educational technology, information and communication, the different ways the ICTE may favourably affect motivation of learners and that of   teachers will be examined. In the next years, the main challenge will be to develop learners’ capacity to prepare for the teachers’ use of media and to exploit the diversity of ICTE.


ANALAYSE COMPARATIVE DES TRAIS DISTINCTIFS DU PATHOS DANS L’ENTRETIEN D’ECRIVAINS : L’EXPRESSION DE L’AFFECTIVITE DANS/ PAR LE DISCOURS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article focuses on the analysis of the inscription of affectivity in and through discourse in a media context. We propose, in fact, to study the distinctive features of emotions constructed in a dialogical genre that is the interview with writers, while targeting the negotiation of the interlocutive relationship. Thus, starting from the observation of a radio corpus composed since the literary program “Papier bavard”, and another televisual which is developed according to the program “Expression livre”, our attention is focused on the description of modalities of the discursive construction of the self-image from the analysis parameters of “pathos says” …


BEING AND ACTING IN THE DISCOURSE OF STREET PROTESTS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The present study tries to analyse the manner in which the discourse of Romanian street protests, manifested through banners and slogans written in English, gets the structure of an action meant, on the one hand, to express the protestors’ dissatisfaction, and, on the other hand, to unite people that share common beliefs about specific problems. This paper focuses on the relationship between the protestors’ being (Romanian, but also EU citizens) and acting (in English, in a joint social action, such as the street protests). Having as a background the principles of visual rhetoric, the paper tries to show how the …


CORRUPTION ET MORALE. PENSER UN MODÈLE LINGUISTIQUE HOLISTIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Based on results of linguistic analyse, this paper tries to explain the functioning of bribery taking into consideration moral values both in the universal and relativistic perspectives. It aims furthermore at showing that the language material enables to study the stances of people implicated in bribery cases. The point here is to consider language practice as a window into exploring categories of act and being in these cases. Partakers in the act of bribery, most of the time simplistically reduced to the duo initiator/receiver of the bribe, revealed by the theorization work will be illustrated from the analysis of discursive …


DECRIRE vs NARRER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our communication will analyze, in opposition, the verbs describe and narrate, making a parallel between the verbs be and act.On the one hand, it is preferable to distinguish between describe which means “to represent as a whole, in writing or orally” (Robert, 1992: 466) and narrate, synonym of “telling the facts.” (Ibid: 1256). It is necessary to present the structures of the descriptive text as well as the descriptive order. A successful description is always connected to the narrative, since places presented are inhabited by characters.On the other hand, the narrative involves a sequence of events which constitute the fiction. …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LE DISCOURS RELIGIEUX DES PREDICATEURS ISLAMIQUES CONTEMPORAINS : LE CAS DE AMR KHALED

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The analysis of current trends in religious preaching in the Arab-Muslim world reflects a heightened interest in new forms of spiritual discourse construction. New self-proclaimed preachers are appearing in the religious field and on the media scene where the dynamics of positive action play a central role. In the panorama of Islamic preaching, God’s soldiers not only build their moral discourse on traditional sermons; they preach the socio-economic effectiveness of religion that seeks the happiness, fulfillment and prosperity of the individual. We would like to study here the positive images disseminated on the Islamic act and the new civic responsibilities …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LA LITTÉRATURE DE SPIRITUALITÉ CHRÉTIENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes the discursive analysis of the lexical and semantic scope of a few words which designate, in a corpus of narratives of Orthodox Christian spirituality both written in and translated into French, the spiritual fathers of great renown, whose exceptional being is presented as a model to follow for the readers who wish to lead a genuinely Christian life. We shall explore the discursive mode in which this being is narratively built by the setting of all the facts and gestures that represent their acting of monks, generally designated by the “generic” phrase labeurs ascétiques. Our corpus consists …


AGIR DANS ET PAR LE DISCOURS UNIVERSITAIRE ÉCRIT UNE APPROCHE MODULAIRE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In the long run, the objective of our analysis is to describe the complex organization of written academic discourse (henceforth referred to as DUE). As a short-term objective, we decided to begin by analyzing the contextual dimension of DUE (interactional and actional) for two reasons, namely: a. due to the characteristics of the discourse type to which DUE pertains (cf. infra), this dimension seems to be the most weekly represented in the discourse organization; b. the already begun analysis of the dialogic structure of DUE requires, among other things, the identification of the contextual correspondences that intervene in this structure. …


THE DREAM AND THE ADVERTISING IMAGINARY

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Dream, as a theme, occupies an important place in the advertising imaginary. Advertising creates and sells dreams, which are controlled by the will and the principles of the consumer society (Rigolt, 2013). According to Michèle Jouve, advertising borrows from dreams their patterns and ingredients, having, as background, the dream in the waking state (the promised ideal of advertisements) and, as a form, the dream while sleeping (Jouve, 2000:248). In advertising, a dream creates symbols, one of the objects invested with the greatest number of signs being the perfume. The main persuasive vector of perfume advertisements is the image, which allows …


THE PROFESSIONAL CONCEPTOSPHERE AS THE TOOL OF SHAPING THE SEAMEN’S REAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The main task of the higher education system, in particular sea profile education, is set to be shaping of a professional picture of the world. A number of requirements for training sea profile specialists are presented in educational standards; among them, cultural and professional competences. Thus, the student should be able to think outside the box in extreme situations, be able to adapt to the conditions of the foreign-language environment, to analyze and process information, to provide communication in English on different topics. An important condition of shaping a professional picture of seamen lays in overcoming cultural and language barriers. …


DREAMS AND REALITY: CONFLICT OF PURPOSE ACHIEVEMENT

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The presented research gives a theoretical analysis of a ratio of the dream and reality concepts. The research objective is the consideration of dream and reality from the point of view of the arising conflict of achievement of goals. The author concludes that the contradiction between dream and reality is a consequence of absence or not formation of personal and public ideals, as reference points in life. As a result, there is a conflict of achieving goals, which can be followed by various strategies of the choice of behaviour in the conflict. The empirical research on identification of the strategy …


SIGN AND SYMBOL IN THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DREAM

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

My paper approaches Carl Gustav Jung’s psychoanalytical perspective on the phenomenon of dreaming and on dream’s interpretation. Preparing the theoretical context, we will first identify the main criteria to distinguish between sign and symbol, as well as the limits of other approaches of the topic. My goal is to discover the most fruitful perspective on studying the dream, in order to highlight more elements belonging to human unconscious, as this enterprise could help us know ourselves better as human beings. Afterwards, we will present some considerations about the cultural correspondences that the interpretation of this phenomenon of dreaming could help …


BREXIT: THE BRITISH DREAM AND THE POLITICS OF FEAR

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The paper starts from the fact that one of the main factors that influenced the result of the 2016 referendum for the British withdrawal from the European Union was the issue of massive migration to Great Britain of a great number of immigrants (especially from Eastern Europe) in their pursuit of the “British dream”. The paper tries to analyze the manner in which some Vote Leave and Leave.EU posters used the politics of fear (targeting at immigrants) in the Brexit campaign, in an attempt to manipulate the British voters to vote in favour of Britain’s leaving the European Union, thus …


THE SEMANTICS AND SEMIOTICS OF SHARPENING A SPADE: A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION OF CARROLL’S THE HUNTING OF THE SNARK, LINE 273

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

When the crew of Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark is making preparations for seeking that impossible creature, we read that “the Boots and the Broker were sharpening a spade”. This action is so outlandish that the editor and commentator Martin Gardner remarks ad locum: “Why in the world were they sharpening a spade?” (Gardner 2006: 44.) The main objective of this article is to answer this question posed by Gardner. To achieve this, we will perform a philological analysis of any possible locus similis throughout Carroll’s works, and we will study all matches we will find in the …


A SEMIO-FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF TV DEBATES FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN ROMANIA, FROM NOVEMBER 2014, DECEMBER 2009 AND DECEMBER 2004

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

This study applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse (Benoit 2014) to the final televised debates for presidential elections in Romania, in November 2014, December 2009 and December 2004, in a comparative manner. Using a functional analysis, this study examines the relationship among between the three discursive functions of televised debates, acclamations, attacks and defenses, and the two topics, policy and character. Our research confirms the results obtained in previous studies (Drăgan 2015, 2016) and could suggest a political communication culture focused more on attack rather than on defense strategy. We explain that the functional analysis of political discourse …


POSSIBLE WORLDS WITHIN POLITICAL DISCOURSE: A PERSPECTIVE ON ROMANIAN ELDERS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Questioning on the notion of possible worlds brings forward a number of interpretations announcing the modal realism underlying the plurality of worlds and it often generates contradictions regarding the identity of the present world. By the nature of its construction, the political domain is located on the border of possible worlds, realizing the juxtaposition of the current dimensions with the potential ones. The political discourse is hidden in the model of an ideal world, which seems impossible to be assessed under these circumstances. This paper aims to analyse how the third age relates to the current political issues, recalling the …


THE LEXICAL AND SYMBOLICAL MEANINGS OF DREAM

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

We propose to emphasise and analyse the lexical and symbolic meanings of dreams as they appear at Mircea Eliade’s fantastic characters in the two novellas: At the Gypsies and Miss Christina. In order to achieve our purpose we need to make a clear distinction in the way the different types of dreams identified in the two stories, the catalepsy, the conscientious dream, the dream into dream and the telepathic dream are being contextualised and to analyse the motif of dream. Given the diversity of Romanian linguistic expressions in capturing the protagonists’ wandering from one dimension into another, we aim at …


A MIDSUMMER NIGHT’S DREAM: REGULATING DESIRE IN THE EMERGING MODERN STATE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


A PIPE DREAM IS STILL A DREAM. ILLUSION AND REALITY IN THE ICEMAN COMETH AND OTHER PLAYS BY EUGENE O’NEILL

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Hickey, the Iceman, has gained a legendary status in the history of modern American drama and has been portrayed on stage by some of the finest actors of their generation (Jason Robards, Lee Marvin, Kevin Spacey, Nathan Lane). O’Neill has given his charismatic, flamboyant protagonist a task of great magnitude: to disenchant dreams and illusions, for they distort reality causing an ultimate “fragmentation of personalities”. However, the line between a dream and reality, the real and the ideal self, reason and desire, is a fine and delicate one. Thus, Hickey – the self-appointed Savior, by openly spelling out the facts, …


“I HAVE SPREAD MY DREAMS UNDER YOUR FEET. TREAD SOFTLY BECAUSE YOU TREAD ON MY DREAMS”. WHERE VISUAL ART MEETS VERBAL ART: CONSTANTIN BRÂNCUȘI AND W.B. YEATS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Roughly speaking, Constantin Brâncuși and William Butler Yeats lived approximately in the same period, Brâncuși, 19 of February 1876 – 16 March 1957 and Yeats, 13 of June 1865 – 28 of January 1939. They were, we may say, contemporary for some time. We do not know, for sure, if the two ever met, but we do know that Yeats knew Brâncuşi’s work through Ezra Pound. In his work, A Vision, the result of his wife’s automatic writing, as the poet himself claimed, Yeats referred to Brâncuși and precisely, this reference made me look for similarities and differences between the …


BETWEEN GRAND DREAMS AND BIG FAILURE. THE ANTI-HERO IN ENGLISH LITERATURE AND CULTURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

As the opposite of the traditional chief character of a novel, the anti-hero or the ‘non-hero’ does not commonly possess the positive features that are expected from a fictional protagonist. Unlike heroes, anti-heroes do not represent the epitome of a community’s grand ideals, aspirations or goals, nor do their lives evoke strength, bravery, resourcefulness or nobility of mind and character. Caught in a net of flaws, weaknesses, fears, imperfect features (sometimes reaching caricatural tones), unlucky situations, personal delusions, impossible ideals, inadequacies, inferior features, unconventional acts, or downright failures, the anti-heroes discussed in this paper resonate with the ideology of the …


EXPERIMENT AND FAILURE IN URSULA LE GUIN’S DYSTOPIAN WORLDS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Ursula Le Guin’s novels The Left Hand of Darkness (1969) and The Dispossessed (1974) rely upon the description of fantasy worlds whose organizing systems were initially a reflection of the need to create the perfect society. From this perspective, both the lack of gender distinctions on the planet Gethen/Winter in the former novel and the abolition of social inequality on the planet Anarres in the latter novel represent failed experiments of the attempt to transform a dream-like world into reality. This paper aims at identifying the guiding principles of the alien communities in the two science-fiction novels and the reasons …


FUNCTIONS OF DREAMS ABOUT FOOD AND EATING IN LITERATURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our paper aims to identify the functions of dreams about food, preparing food and eating experienced by characters in 19th-century English and Romanian novels. Fictional descriptions of dreams about food and eating are usually associated with experiencing absence, anxiety, struggle and desire. Our analysis will correlate the functions of dreams about food and eating to the private and public spheres of life, as well as to gender. Eating was regarded as having consequences not only at the physical and mental level of the human body, but also in terms of social order: the poor asking for more food is an …


DREAMS OF DOMINATION AND THE DOMINATION OF DREAMS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

A dream may possess or be possessed by the dreamer. My paper is concerned with both alternatives and for my analysis I chose two 19th century narratives: A Christmas Carol and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Lewis Carroll’s child dreams of an adult world, which she wishes to enter and possess. Charles Dickens’ Scrooge dreams of his childhood and adolescent innocence and wishes to repossess those features in his adulthood. Common to both dreamers is the wish to mix experiences from both childhood and adulthood, to transform what seems as a series of disjointed and meaningless moments into a coherent narrative. …


DREAM, REALITY AND ILLUSION AS DISCURSIVE CONCEPTS IN AMERICAN DRAMA: O’NEILL, WILLIAMS, MILLER, ALBEE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The roots of such concepts as dream, reality, and illusion are as old as human history. The human being has dreamt of his/her existence, supernatural events, natural environment, society, and family since primitive ages. Dream might roughly stem from, or, be described as intuition, longing and in this context it is a vivid and enthusiastic emotion and/or sensation. Reality, however, reflects whatever independent from human subconscious, and expresses concrete and objective things in general. A person, mostly, takes refuge in the dreams when he/she makes a choice between reality and sensation, emotion and intuition in his/her memory. Thus, dream in …


LA PLACE DU REGISTRE FAMILIER EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

When we learn a language, we learn more than a code, rules and series of words, but also a way to be and a culture. All these languages have several levels, but all have a different relation to it. In the case of french, we can speak about two levels: formal speech and informal speech. In this abstract, we will discuss about the caracteristics of both speeches, why and how the french teacher must use them in class.


LE DISCOURS DE LA PRESSE DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DU FLE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

This article aims to present how the press can be a useful resource in french lessons. The goal is to demonstrate that newspapers’ articles can be a great tool for teaching and what are their advantages. This extract is in two parts, the first one explains what the press can bring to courses of french for foreigners and the second proposes ideas and leads for how to exploit the press.


IDENTITÉ CULTURELLE PAR DES ELEMENTS DE PATRIMOINE ALIMENTAIRE RÉGIONAL

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our research focuses on an approach to cultural identity through food practices. As anthropology and ethnology prove, food contributes to the cultural definition of humanity. Food has an important function of cultural mediation, representing a code for the expression of cultural identity. The images comprising the food code form part of the dialectic identity-alterity. On the one hand, they express a look at tradition, towards identification with the group of belonging. On the other hand, the food practices express a differentiation with respect to the signs of the alterity. Some elements concerning food and food practices are included in UNESCO …


IMAGES ARCHETYPALES ET SYMBOLES DU PRIMORDIUM DANS LES PROSES DE MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our work aims to analyse several archetypal images and symbols specific to primordiality, as they are updated in the mythological inspirational prose of Michel Tournier. In our analytical approach, we will use the instruments of mitocracy and myth analysis. Starting from Tournier’s texts and the myths of Paradise and the Golden Age, we identified these archetypes and archetypal images related to Primordium: Chaos, Transcendence, Paradise, Androgynous, primordial couple. The number of symbols that updates these invariants is impressive but our analysis focuses on the following elements: forest, darkness, night, primordial waters, fire, island, rain, bird, butterfly, mountain.


GLOBALISME SERAIT-IL UNE DEMOCRATIE TOTALITAIRE ?

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Jean-Christophe Rufin’s novel entitled Globalia is one of the examples of dystopian novels about French politics published in the first decade of the XXIth century. Jean-Christophe Rufin, who is known for his novels generally classified in the genre of the historical novel, has integrated the features of historical novel into the social dystopian novel in Globalia. Jean-Christophe Rufin had worked as a doctor for long years in the Red Cross, in the United Nations and in the Doctors Without Borders and went to several poor countries such as Eritrea, Nicaragua, Afghanistan, the Philippines, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Kosovo and Mongolia. His …


L’ESPRIT UTOPIQUE COMME DIMENSION DE L’HOMME COMPLET. PLAIDOIRIE POUR UNE TRANSCENDANCE PROFANE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

In his famous essay, The One-Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse spoke of the most frequent form of alienation typical of the « late capitalism »: the atrophy of one of the two dimensions of a fully humanized human being: the capacity to imagine an alternative reality which transcends what is given and presents itself as a project of a better and shinier reality, of a more inhabitable world. If contemporary man confines himself to the other dimension, i.e. the capacity to adapt to the existing reality, he gets closer to animalism than to humanity. The consumer society nourishes the need for …


MAIS ET DISCOURS IMAGINAIRE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The discourse connector mais is frequently used in the argumentative discourse: it may direct the interpretation towards implicit conclusions and is based on implicit premises. The conclusions are supported by a relation of contradiction that is established at the utterance level and manifests itself when the utterance is produced. The inferences we will observe are possible due to the interpreting instructions this connector contains. A particular situation – which we can observe in the present-day political discourse – appears when mais introduces an utterance that becomes an imaginary reply to a previous discourse.


LES INTERPRÉTATIONS DES MONDES POSSIBLES

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The real world in which we live is accessible to us by a multitude of images or descriptions of the states; in this world, one plus one is two. Cicero was a great orator, Bucharest is the capital of Romania, Cinderella did not really exist, it was only a character of a fairy tale. The concept of “possible worlds” has its origin in Leibnizian philosophy; this theory has also been valued in semantics (Kaarlo Ja¬akko Hintikka, Peter Frederik Strawson, Hilary Putnam at al.) as the universe of language discourse. A possible world is a general and abstract mental representation, a …


VOYAGE DE REVE, REVE DU PARADIS DANS LE VOYAGE DE SAINT BRENDAN, MANUSCRIT DES IXe –Xe SIECLES

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The Journey of Saint Brendan is a text of the IXth century, taken back the next centuries, and which lends itself to multiple analyses. In the pages below, I shall isolate the most significant authorities of this journey, from the point of view of the Christian symbolism, because we talk about a journey towards the Paradise. The messengers, the food, the support, the running water, softer than the sweet wine, the whale, the magic birds form a dream world which contributes to the creation of a particular Paradise.


RÊVES, VISIONS ET APPARITIONS DANS LES RÉCITS HAGIOGRAPHIQUES DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE : ÉTUDE LEXICALE ET DISCURSIVE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The article focuses on a discursive analysis of the hagiographic texts written in French. It investigates the lexical relation among four terms : dream, vision, dream apparition, and relics discovery. It purports to offer a semantic and lexical analysis of these terms, the lexical phrases belonging to the same word family, as well as the discursive consequences their use has on the text structure of this specific literary genre, i.e. hagiographic text.


LIRE OU RÊVER LES YEUX OUVERTS. LA VISION PROUSTIENNE DE LA LECTURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

In approaching Bachelard’s conception of daydreaming and the principles that underlie the Proustian vision on reading and readership, we propose the identification and investigation of the points of contact between the act of reading and the one of dreaming. In closely analysing these two acts, we realise that they share both the withdrawal into oneself and the opening towards the others, which occur almost simultaneously in the spirit of the reader/awakened dreamer, transporting him into an imaginary time and space.


CORPS FANTASME ET SOCIETE DANS LA METAMORPHOSE DE FRANZ KAFKA

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The Metamorphosis provides one the most disconcerting examples of Franz Kafka’s vision of the human existence. For Kafka, the human condition is absurd and man fully feels the existential misfortune in the labyrinth of a reality that escapes him. Kafka’s work had a major influence on the twentieth century’s literature, notably on the theater of the fifties, by the alienating view that makes beings strange and alien to themselves, separated from their essence, and in constant search for the meaning of existence. This alienating vision of the individual that wanders aimlessly in an incoherent, labyrinthine, and meaningless world can also …


DE L’EFFRACTION DU RÊVE DANS LA RÉALITÉ : TROIS CONJECTURES SUR LE RÊVE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

More than one thousand years ago in France, « dreaming » and « going insane » had the same radical « esver » that expressed the meanderness of our minds. The elders seemed to have seen a correlation that today in modern French seems lost. We will look at a semiology of the dreamer’s conditions and their similarities with certain mental disorders. We will thus sketch the idea of a nosology of the dream. We propose three conjectures: the mechanisms of certain psychiatric disorders are identical with the state of the dreamer within his dream; the dream precedes reality in …


(Română) RELATIONS SYMBOLIQUES DANS LA PUBLICITÉ POUR LES PARFUMS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) LA DIMENSION SYMBOLIQUE DANS LE DISCOURS RELIGIEUX

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) LA CHRONOLOGIE DU TEMPS DANS LE ROMAN LE PERE GORIOT D’HONORE DE BALZAC

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) EXPLORER ET RÉFLÉCHIR SUR SON IDENTITÉ LANGAGIÈRE : UNE MÉTHODE ACTIVE D’ENSEIGNEMENT/APPRENTISSAGE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) ÉCRIRE POUR GUÉRIR : LA PORTE INTERDITE DE GABRIEL LIICEANU . UNE LECTURE PRAGMATIQUE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) DES CADRES DE L’EXPÉRIENCE AUX CADRES DE LA CONVERSATION

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LA « PLURIVOCALITÉ » DANS CANDIDE OU L’OPTIMISME DE VOLTAIRE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) REPRÉSENTER LE CORPS FÉMININ VIOLENTÉ COMME CONTRE-NARRATION PERFORMATIVE. RAPE SCENE D’ANA MENDIETA ET DOLORES 10H TO 10H DE COCO FUSCO

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LA TRANSMISSION DE L’INDICIBLE PAR LE MÉTISSAGE DES DISCOURS SCÉNIQUES DANS SAMEDI DÉTENTE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) ALTERITÉ CULTURELLE ET DISCOURS THÉÂTRAL: CONSTRUCTIONS SÉMIOTIQUES

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) HEURS ET MALHEURS DU DISCOURS THEATRAL CHEZ TARDIEU

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LES ÉLÉMENTS SPÉCIFIQUES DE LA COMMUNICATION ARTISTIQUE. CONTRIBUTIONS ROUMAINES À LA THÉORIE DU LANGAGE ARTISTIQUE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LES VOIX/VOIES DU TRADUCTEUR MEDIEVAL

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LORSQUE LES FEMMES FONT ENTENDRE LEUR VOLONTÉ : PAROLE ET POUVOIR DANS RAOUL DE CAMBRAI

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) CROISEMENT DES DISCOURS DANS SOUMISSION DE MICHEL HOUELLEBECQ

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) IMAGINAIRE LINGUISTIQUE ET REPRÉSENTATIONS DISCURSIVES DANS LA TRADUCTION DES TEXTES RELIGIEUX ORTHODOXES

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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REFLECTIONS ON COLLECTIVISM IN THE ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In this paper I try to synthesize the main dimensions of collectivism as opposed to individualism, as they appear in Cultures and Organizations. Software of the Mind. Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival, the book that Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, and Michael Minkov published in 2012. Then I add the considerations of Hampden-Turner and Trompenaars about individualism versus communitarianism, and their formula of reconciling opposite values. Based on these ideas, I offer some reflections on our national culture’s traits which give us some hints of our people’s specific collectivist mentality, and of the impossibility of applying the reconciling …


AGEING AND BODY IMAGE: RELATION BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND BODY SELF-ESTEEM AT OLDER ADULTS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Research on the relation between self-esteem and body self-esteem is mainly concentrated on adolescents (see van den Berg et al., 2010) and it has been already proved that general self-image is correlated with feelings about your own body, resulting in functional or dysfunctional behaviors: as, for example, withdrawal from the social interactions, eating disorders and depression (Orenstein, 2013). Generally speaking, women proved to be more critical with their own body and the relation between self-esteem and body self-esteem is particularly strong in the case of women (Slater & Tiggemann, 2011). Still, few studies have approached the topic on the normal …


THE SUBJECT POSITION IN THE SEMIOTIC ACT. A SEMIO-FUNCTIONAL APPROACH OF TELEVISED DEBATES FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN ROMANIA, FROM NOVEMBER 2014

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The paper examines the way in which social actors position themselves discursively during final debates for presidential elections, both one toward the other, and toward the content of communication, from the perspective of functional theory of political campaign discourse. Functional theory makes some predictions about the discourse functions of political campaign. All five predictions of functional theory were tested in the two televised debates for presidential elections in Romania: 11 and 12 November, at Realitatea TV station, B1 TV respectively. Our study shows similarities with the results obtained in other countries, and highlights on potential differences, which challenges the functional …


RETHINKING POLITICS FROM THE ROMANIAN ELDERLY’S PERSPECTIVE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In Romania, older people are more interested in politics than the younger generation. For them, talking about politics is a leisure activity; it is simply recreational for them to exchange opinions as they can easily integrate into any group. Old people are equally interested in the elections and the voting process, participating in a significant number at the elections. Thus, our paper tries to analyse the way seniors get information about politics in general and about the elections in particular, by comparing the communist system with the democratic one. During the campaign, politicians are trying to attract as many senior …


THE DISCOURSE OF MODERNITY FROM CRITICAL THINKING TO CRITICAL ATTITUDE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

It is not only the historical evolution in stages that the concept of “modern society” is about, but also a typology of societies, which have been known in history. ”Being modern” means – as in the case of a person – not only a stage of evolution, but a way of being as well. When we say we wish our society to become a modern society we have in mind not only the quantitative traits, but also the qualitative traits of a certain society as an organic whole. One of these qualitative traits that belong to modernity is critical thinking, …


BRAINSTORMING TECHNIQUE AS A DISCURSIVE FORM FOR IMPROVING CREATIVITY

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The paper focuses on the perspectives of brainstorming technique in the development of students’ professional-creative skills during the process of professional becoming taking into account the objective social and professional needs of future specialists. The brainstorming technique helps the essay writer to examine various viewpoints and decide upon the ideas/points to include in the essay. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the benefits and perspectives of brainstorming technique in the development of students’ professional-creative skills. The author presents the main steps of this technique, which provides a feedback between the teacher and the student and develops students’ professional-creative …


LINGUISTIC MEANS OF ADDRESSABILITY AND SELF-REFERENCE IN PRESS RELEASE HEADLINES. A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

A press release, as an important tool of providing information for the media and general public, has its own specific features regarding its constitutive parts and the manner of writing them. One of the most important parts of a press release is its headline, which provides the first impression for the journalists and readers, as it is the most visible element, both online and in print. The press release headline generally contains elements of addressability and/or self-reference. Being based on a corpus of both English and Romanian press releases concerning education and culture, the present paper focuses on the linguistic …


MEANS OF PRESERVING INTENTIONALITY AND FUNCTIONALITY IN CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGE TRANSLATION ANALYSES: A STUDY ON KÁLMÁN KALOCSAY’S ESPERANTO POEM, „SOMERNOKTO”

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Although translation studies and discourse analysis are in a perpetual process of expansion and refinement and are constantly acquiring new interdisciplinary milestones, little attention has been given to exploring the connections between these two fields and the category of constructed languages, thus overseeing the ever-growing popularity conlangs have experienced over the past few decades. By following Christiane Nord’s translation typology, as presented in Translating as a Purposeful Activity (1997) and Andrew Chesterman’s classification of translation strategies, as taken from Memes of Translation: The Spread of Ideas in Translation Theory (1997), this paper strives at showcasing a less conventional type of …


THE DISCOURSE OF THE PARATEXT IN MALCOLM BRADBURY’S MY STRANGE QUEST FOR MENSONGE: STRUCTURALISM’S HIDDEN HERO

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The novel written in postmodernity is most of the times characterized by the use of the experiment and by parody and/or pastiche. Malcolm Bradbury, a fine connoiseur of various techniques used in fiction both from the position of a writer of novels, short stories, parodies and TV plays as well as from that of a critic, made use of these in an admirable manner. In My Strange Quest for Mensonge: Structuralism’s Hidden Hero, a novel published in 1987, the author develops a metadiscourse by means of which he allegedly presents the imposing figure of the critic that Henri Mensonge was. …


THE DISCOURSE OF MORALITY IN S. RICHARDSON’S PAMELA; OR, VIRTUE REWARDED

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In their works, a number of eighteenth-century English writers such as Samuel Richardson and Oliver Goldsmith were concerned with moral conduct and the rule of right. Representing the ways in which the doctrine of morality grounded in Christian tenets challenged the social inequality, injustice, moral decay, licentiousness, mercantilism, excessive individualism and glorification of the commercial spirit specific to their age, the two writers advocated the triumph of virtuous conduct against many ills of the eighteenth-century English society. With its central focus on Richardson’s Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded (1740), this paper addresses the ways in which the discourse of morality was …


THE DISCOURSE OF THE SUPERNATURAL IN VICTORIAN NOVELS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The Victorians obsessed over the supernatural. Their fascination with the otherworldly emerges in the literature of the day. Our paper aims at highlighting the presence of the discourse of the imaginary in several Victorian novels (Emily Brontë – Wuthering Heights; Charlotte Brontë – Villette and Jane Eyre; Thomas Hardy – The Return of the Native) and identifying its functions. The paper will approach the discourse of the imaginary and the supernatural from two perspectives: one of the lines of discussion will correlate the use of the imaginary and the supernatural to the characters’ feelings and emotions; the second line of …


DISCOURSE AS A VERBALLY ARTICULATED FORM OF OBJECTIFICATION OF CONSCIOUSNESS CONTENTS: EVOLUTIONARY ASPECTS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Discourse as part of culture reflects social processes in society. In our study, we attempted to apply the system analysis to the study of the evolution of discourse. Human consciousness evolved from the collective unconsciousness and concrete thinking to abstract and logical. Myths, legends, stories were followed by the heroic epics, fairy tales, then household and historical literature. For the analysis, we used the model of the evolutionary cone and showed the correspondence of the discourse to this model. Today, it is important for human development to present for young people worthy examples in literature and culture that can form …


THE ‘INSTANT MIX’ OF PERCEPTION IN THE POETRY OF THE NEW YORK SCHOOL

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

“The poem is at last between two persons instead of two pages”, Frank O’Hara wrote in his 1959 poetry manifesto. Personism, the term he used to designate his vision on poetry, referred to the personal in a way that was not very different in essence from Eliot’s repudiation of it, but which can be seen as a counter reaction to the Confessional school that was emerging at about the same time. While the latter brought into the poem the mental disorders, sufferings and psychological peculiarities of its poets, the New York school preferred to mould the urban sensitivity of its …


THE DISCOURSE OF TRANSCENDENTALISM AND MYSTICISM: POETRY FROM EAST AND WEST

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The present paper aims at studying Western Transcendentalist and Eastern Mystic discourse through their representation in literature. To this end, three poets from both sides, namely Emerson, the American poet, (1803-1882), Khayyam (1048-1131) and Hafiz, two Iranian poets (1325/6- 1389/90), who are religious intellectual thinkers, were selected for the study of their ideas and philosophy, namely Eastern Mysticism and Western Transcendentalism, according to which they interpret the Divinity, established religion, duality, worldly life, spiritual future, fatalism, soul, Over-Soul, resurrection, and symbolic and allegoric terminology in Mysticism. The paper compares the mentioned poets who are representatives of the Mystic and Transcendentalist philosophies …


DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE AND SOLILOQUY AS DISCURSIVE FORMS IN LITERATURE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Dramatic monologue, in its broadest sense of the term, is a potential poetic form of a particular literary period. It has been transformed through time in keeping with the literary approaches, perspectives and conventions related to the different uses of genre, to changing philosophical thoughts and language condition, and to the social and cultural developments in history. Soliloquy is used for various purposes of the writers, from rhetorical strategies for convincing the audience to adopt certain viewpoints to converting the story time into narrative time, and story space into narrative space. Both dramatic monologue and soliloquy are discursive in that they reflect solitary …


FALLACIOUS REASONING IN THE POLITICAL DISCOURSE OF CRISIS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Efficient argumentation can be equally attained through verbal, nonverbal and paraverbal means. Whenever the skilled and skilful rhetorician looks for some immediate and tricky effect on the audience, he employs the above-mentioned means in such a way that even the fallacious discourse may be perceived, by the unexperienced, as valid one. The paper draws attention to strategies of the sort as identified in the present-day political discourse.


MEDIA COVERAGE OF MOBILE PHONE BASE STATIONS TECHNOLOGY IN ROMANIA

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Current research on the risks associated with mobile phone suggests that many European citizens, at least in the developed countries, have negative perceptions of mobile phone base stations technologies and perceive different health risks associated with the proximity of mobile phone base stations. Less research has been conducted in the East European countries regarding risk perceptions on electromagnetic fields. In the current research study we conducted a content analysis of news regarding mobile phone technology in Romania – mobile phone masts and mobile phone radiations, using two of the most important news portals (www.hotnews.ro and www.ziare.com). A systematic search was …


METAPHOR, PARADOX AND AMBIGUITY. DISCURSIVE STRATEGIES

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The paper represents an advocacy for refining the speaker’s discursive strategies, in order to apprehensively open (in a gesture of semiotic decency) the Romanian imaginary dowry. Making appropriate, natural, choices, avoiding arrogances or vulgar ironies are the challenges to be undertaken in the current political discourse. I believe the analysis of certain metaphoric processes, symmetries and semantic paradoxes – from a semiotic and metaphor theory perspective – can provide insight within the speakers’ skills, within the symbolic representations conveyed in the construction of messages and within the power struggle negotiation. I have observed the deciphering of the metaphorical mechanism, the …


A LEADER’S IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION IN THE ROMANIAN PUBLIC SPACE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Starting from the social representation theories, our paper proposes to identify some typologies of the leader in the current Romanian public space. The aim of this paper is to associate these typologies with the way citizens perceive and appreciate their leaders. According to Abric “representation is a guide for action, orienting facts and social relations, a pre-codified system of reality as it determines a set of anticipations and expectations” (Abric, 1994: 13). Viewed as forms of symbolization and interpretation, expression and construction, the social representations attributed to the leaders recompose and redefine the social reality determining changes at the level …


IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION. THE UNLIMITED POWER OF VISUAL IMAGE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The aim of my paper is to path the way to further debates on the blueprint of an aesthetical epistemology, that is, of a theory of knowledge at whose hearts lies the visual image. My thesis is that visual images are the real “engine room” of representations; appearing as unconscious “items”, phantasms, “guiding-images”, or as “clips”, they decide what is happening at the first level of knowledge, the one of representations. Implicitly, the visual images influence ideologies, as well as scientific theories. That’s the reason why I consider visual images as having a strategic place in a culture: they are …


METAPHOR: IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION. THE LANGUAGE OF FOOD ADVERTISEMENTS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Advertisers, as keen observers of reality, pay very much attention to how their messages are delivered. Being aware that people feel happier with the idea of foods that are natural rather than synthetic, they use common language so as to mean something to the consumer. Having a limited amount of space in order to try to capture the potential consumer’s attention, an advertiser will always make conventional usage more attractive.  For this purpose he will highlight the product’s quality by making associations between the product and something that already possesses the characteristics he needs to claim for the product. This …


CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Conventionally, translation depends on the western philosophical notions of reality, representation, and knowledge. Reality is seen as something unproblematic, ‘out there’; knowledge involves a representation of this reality; and representation provides direct, unmediated access to a transparent reality. Moreover, the notion of representation has played an important place in the study of culture. Representation links meaning and language to culture.  Many have asked themselves: “What does representation have to do with culture and meaning?” In answering this question, we gathered a number of samples from the Romanian literature and attempted to translate them into English.


ANALYSING REPRESENTATIONS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING EVENTS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

This paper is part of an international project that works on (young) adults’ reflections on their own language learning and use, presented under the form of language autobiographies. The project aims at depicting manners of eliciting language autobiographies and of analysing them with the ultimate purpose of  developing different methods and tools for both teaching and learning languages. The paper intends to offer an example of analysis of a language autobiography, concentrating on the subject’s representations of language learning events seen from the perspective of the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985: 45).


REPRESENTATRIONS OF SPACE IN ALI SMITH’S HOTEL WORLD

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Hotel World is a very rich novel which reveals to the readers complex aspects connected to time, space, language, relationships, discourse. The aspect on which we intend to focus – the space of the hotel as a reflective construct of postmodernity – is announced from the very title and it delineates a specific type of reading through the motif introduced in it. Thus, the reader is plunged in the depths of the novel (as the main character plunges through the hotel shaft) and is taken on a journey in which he discovers numerous interpretations and implications of space and spatiality.


MAGICAL REALIST ELEMENTS IN THE FIREBIRD’S NEST BY SALMAN RUSHDIE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Most of the literary pieces which bear the mark of magical realism can also be described as postcolonial as long as they are set in a postcolonial context and challenge the assumptions of a dominant and authoritative colonialist attitude towards history, reality or truth. The development of English magical realist writing in the latter half of the twentieth century overlaps with the birth and growth of postcolonial theory and criticism in a great deal. As the most famous magical realist writer in English, Salman Rushdie admits to having been influenced by both the surrealist European tradition and the mythic branch …


THE IMAGE OF THE BODY IN WALT WHITMAN’S “I SING THE BODY ELECTRIC”

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Published initially in 1855 in the first edition of “Leaves of Grass” and re-published in 1856 under the title “Poem of the Body”, “I Sing the Body Electric” creates a triadic representation/image of the Body – as erotic, political and poetic. All of these images converge to re-create the historical body – the body that completes the historic landscape of America and represents the unfolding history of democracy, bearing the symbol/scar of race, gender, class: the manly, working body, the birthing and nurturing body, the sensual body, the matriarchal and patriarchal body, the body of the master, and that of …


RE-IMAGINING ART IN EKPHRASTIC POETRY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

The close relationship that can be established between poetry and painting may be studied in the evolution of the concept of ekphrasis, a Greek rhetorical term originally used to refer to a descriptive passage in writing. In recent times, however, the meaning of the term has narrowed gradually, being limited, first, to visual descriptions and then to the description of a real or imagined work of visual art. In this paper, we focus on the ways in which ekphrastic poems simultaneously depend on and enhance the life of the paintings by which they are inspired. This is a process by …


A PSYCHOANALYTICAL APPROACH OF LE FANU’S IN A GLASS DARKLY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Following the work of Freud, psychoanalysis reveals an unconscious state the characters in a fiction may develop. We have decided to study a gothic vampire short story by Sheridan Le Fanu: Carmilla. Horror fiction can be considered as a projection in a heavily codified form of deeply instinctual drives. In Carmilla, we will first study the dream dimension as the main action occurs at night. Then, the character of Carmilla may be opposed to reality because she belongs to the realms of fantasy and monstrosity. She has then the appropriate quality for enjoying desire outside the law, outside the symbolic, …


THE DEGENERATION OF THE HUMAN BODY – IMAGES OF HUNGER IN CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S JANE EYRE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Our paper attempts to draw the connection between representations of hunger in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre and the reality of Victorian times regarding the differentiated consumption of food by members belonging to different social classes. Hunger will be approached as embodying the idea of threat, in relation to all the Victorian social classes. The deeper analysis will try to identify the functions of images of hunger in Victorian fiction, respectively social criticism and realism. Our analysis will rely on textual support provided by Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre.


JANE EYRE – A VICTORIAN REPRESENTATION OF A FAIRY TALE

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

This paper parallels the Victorian novel Jane Eyre (1847) and different fairy tales due to similar motifs and symbols. Our paper compares common themes between the two types of narratives; the emphasis falls on: miserable childhood, oppressive families, patriarchal societies, presence of an ally, the ultimate happy ending next to a Prince Charming. Later on, the focus shifts on the differences between them among which we can mention: the different interest in fashion and appearance, different types of Prince Charming, different expectations in life. And finally we were interested in portraying the Victorian epoch in which Charlotte Brontë’s novel is …


PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION IN PAUL RICOEUR’S WRITINGS

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

My article’s topic regards the role of Paul Ricoeur’s philosophy in the theoretical clarification of symbol and symbolic function, and also his contribution to the psychology of religion. This contribution is made possible by the author’s extensive theoretical considerations about interpretation, hermeneutics and the phenomenology of religion. My approach here aims at underlining also the author’s unity of thinking through time, in all the connected issues, in his various writings.


TRAVELLING, CULTURE AND LITERARY REPRESENTATION. ROMANIAN TRAVELLERS TO ENGLAND IN THE FORMER HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

Taking into account the fact that travelling and culture exist in a dependent relationship or that travelling is an attempt to quench one’s thirst for knowledge, travelling becomes a source of intellectual or spiritual enlightenment and a means of cultural contact and exchange. On this background, this paper discusses the travelling experience of Marcu Beza (1882–1949), a little known essayist, poet, prose writer, literary critic, folklorist, translator, and diplomat of Aromanian origin. A follower of Nicolae Iorga or Ion Codru-Drăguşanu, he travelled to Englandat the beginning of the twentieth century and his travel accounts represent valuable insights into the English …


BELOW AND BEYOND: TRAVELS TO TOKOYO

Posted On Nov 11 2015 by

According to the Japanese mythology, there are two views of the universe: one vertical and one horizontal. The vertical world points to a three-layered universe: Takamagahara (Plain of High Heaven), Ashihara no Nakatsu kuni (Central Land of Reed Plains) and Yomi no kuni (Land of Darkness). The topography of Yomi can be inferred from Izanagi’s trip to the Land of Darkness to see his deceased wife, a tale similar to that of Orpheus and Eurydice. This two-dimensional view belongs to the folk beliefs in Tokoyo (The Eternal Land), an imaginary realm in Japanese mythology, generally conceived as a world beyond …