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EUGÈNE IONESCO : REPRÉSENTATIONS IDENTITAIRES

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Partagé entre deux cultures, deux langues, deux pays, ayant subi un processus d’acculturation dans son enfance, Eugène Ionesco adopte à l’âge mûr le français comme langue d’écriture et opère un choix, qui se veut être définitif, pour la France et le français. Pourtant, son identité roumaine, même s’il l’a constamment reniée, il n’a pas pu l’annuler complètement, il y a retourné somme toute, vers la fin de sa vie.


(Română) ÉTUDE DE LA VARIATION DE L’ORAL EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


ANALYSE DE DISCOURS D’IMMIGRÉS PORTUGAIS EN FRANCE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Dans cet article, nous proposons d’aborder l’attrition du portugais langue maternelle chez des immigrés dans le contexte d’un contact avec le français. Tout d’abord, nous présenterons brièvement notre corpus composé d’enregistrements vidéo de tâches proposées à des immigrés lusophones en France. Le corpus se base actuellement sur des tâches d’interaction entre deux femmes, mère et fille, ayant immigré en 1970 en France, et sur des tâches orales proposées à l’une d’entre elles. Notre publication porte ensuite sur l’analyse des différents discours permettant d’identifier les caractéristiques de l’attrition de la langue maternelle selon les tâches proposées. L’analyse porte sur les habitudes …


DU PEDEPHORE AU PEDEVOLE : LE CHAMP MYTHIQUE DANS LE ROI DES AULNES DE MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

De son premier roman intitulé Vendredi ou les limbes du Pacifique (1969) à son dernier roman s’intitulant Eléazar ou la Source et le Buisson (1996), Michel Tournier ne cesse pas d’utiliser sous plusieurs formes des éléments empruntés aux champs littéraire, artistique, mythique, biblique et philosophique. C’est la raison pour laquelle les romans de Tournier sont l’objet des études de plus en plus fréquentes de l’intertextualité depuis sa naissance dans les recherches littéraires et discursives. Certes l’intertextualité n’est pas un procédé d’emprunt ou de réécriture bruts, comme souligne Marc Eigeldinger dans son œuvre intitulé Mythologie et Intertextualité (1987), mais elle assume …


SHAKESPEARE’S MISPRISIONS OF CLASSICAL MYTH

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

The concept of misprision was originally defined by Harold Bloom in his 1973 edition of The Anxiety of Influence. The term itself was not unknown to Shakespeare, who used it in one of his sonnets. The American critic considers that value and originality are the result of a strong misreading on the part of the most talented writers, a misreading resulting from an anxiety that permeates the artist’s relation with his or her great predecessors, and which he names “poetic misprision”. Our aim in this paper is to study some of the ways in which Shakespeare ‘misreads’ mythological stories by …


LA COMMUNICATION TOURISTIQUE À L’ÈRE DU NUMERIQUE LE TOURISME EN SICILE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Dans ce qui suit, nous avons cherché à comprendre de quelle manière la révolution numérique a remodelé le voyage et transformé le tourisme. Explorer de nouvelles destinations, réserver, raconter nos voyages, donner notre avis: tout se fait en ligne. Réseaux sociaux et réalité virtuelle ont déterminé la fin des voyages traditionnels tels qu’on les connaissait. Les touristes interagissent à chaque étape de leurs voyages et toute expérience, qu’elle soit bonne ou mauvaise, est ainsi immédiatement partagée à travers les réseaux sociaux. Nous avons présenté et comparé deux sites siciliens pour comprendre comment le numérique favorise-il la promotion touristique de la …


REPRÉSENTATIONS DU PATRIMOINE CULTUREL ET IMAGINAIRE MYTHIQUE DE SICILE. DES RÉCITS DES VOYAGEURS FRANÇAIS AUX XVIIIE ET XIXE SIECLES AUX GUIDES TOURISTIQUES FRANÇAIS

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

La recherche proposée au cours de cet article se penche sur l’étude de la représentation de quelques ressources du patrimoine culturel et mythologique concernant la Sicile, d’après un corpus de textes français choisis entre littérature odéporique du XVIIIe et XIXe siècle et guides de voyages. La Sicile, placée au centre des grandes routes commerciales et des mouvements dans la mer Méditerranée, a été la destination de civilisations différentes telles que la phénicienne, grecque, romaine, byzantine et arabe. Les normands aussi, la domination espagnole et les français ont profondément influencé sa culture laissant des traces qui y demeurent encore visibles. Voyager en …


(Română) LE JEU DE LA FEUILLÉE. LE MYSTERE DU SENS ET SON (EN)JEU

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


STÉRÉOTYPES LINGUISTIQUES ET CULTURELS DANS LES DISCOURS DU MOYEN ÂGE EUROPÉEN

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

L’objectif de cet article est de dégager les particularités de la dimension combinatoire collocationnelle des mots formant des unités stéréotipées dans les discours de l’ancien français et l’ancien occitan. Nous tâcherons de montrer dans notre contribution que la force combinatoire stéréotipée dépend des structures sémantiques et cognitives que reflète le contenu du mot, ainsi que de la mise en œuvre des valeurs correspondantes à la situation où de nombreux sujets partagent un certain contenu d’expérience (p. ex. sentiments, perceptions, pensées et significations linguistiques). Dans l’analyse du discours, un stéréotype est perçu comme une représentation collective et établie qui reflète les …


RITUALISTIC AND DAILY MEALS. ELEMENTS OF ROMANIAN CULTURAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

The Romanian heritage is very rich in traditions, rituals and superstitions associated with meals, most of them unknown to a large segment of the population nowadays. The aim of our paper is to reveal the ritualistic values of meals associated with some Romanian celebrations (Easter) and of everyday meals as a statement of the vast national intangible heritage. Our broader aim is to promote aspects of Romanian cultural life from the visible and invisible Romanian cultural heritage at a national and international level. This paper aims to respond to the cultural need of asserting cultural identity by rediscovering Romanian food-related practices …


REPLICATING THE QUINTESSENTIAL FEATURES OF ENGLISH NATIONAL IDENTITY IN JULIAN BARNES’ ENGLAND, ENGLAND

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

In his novel England, England, Barnes imagines a grand Project that promises an authentically English experience offered by a small replica of England on the Isle of Wight, a reconstruction skilfully based on a list of Fifty Quintessences of Englishness. Guided by a strong belief that “we are the new pioneers, we must sell our past to other nations as their future” (Barnes, 2012: 40), the engineers of the Project exploit the necessity of replicating history and culture for business purposes. The paper explores some of these aspects, with a central interest in the concept of Englishness, that all-encompassing collection …


LES REPRÉSENTATIONS DES CULTURES TRANSNATIONALES, NATIONALES ET PROFESSIONNELLES DANS LES PRATIQUES DES REPORTERS RUSSES ET FRANÇAIS SUR LE TERRAIN EN BIÉLORUSSIE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Les journalistes évoluent dans des espaces médiatiques nationaux. Mais, bien que les cultures nationales soient un cadre général qui fixe les représentations, nous voudrions aller au-delà des explications nationalement ancrées des pratiques journalistiques. Ulrich Beck appelle à dépasser le nationalisme méthodologique qui met l’Etat-nation au centre. En s’inspirant de son concept, ainsi que de celui de Howard Becker, nous soutenons que le journalisme évolue au sein d’un monde ouvert, transnational, et cosmopolite. Les cultures nationales sont en interaction permanente entre elles, ce qui rend les représentations sur lesquelles les journalistes s’appuient convergentes. Howard Becker explique les pratiques professionnelles comme une …


LA TOUTE-PUISSANCE DU LANGAGE DANS LA COMMUNICATION

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Notre démarche repose sur l’utilisation d’une langue naturelle pour communiquer, car l’usage du langage présuppose la pensée dans le but de transmettre des informations. La plupart des activités de l’homme sont modelées par le langage et nous ne pouvons pas concevoir notre existence sans cet instrument. Les langues naturelles dépendent des conventions qui existent  dans une communauté, en ce qui concerne les principes qui sont à la base de la langue. Au contraire, la faculté de parler ne repose pas sur de tels fondements. Tout homme, quelle que soit sa culture ou son origine, acquerra une langue s’il est suffisamment en …


ETHICS IN ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE -ARE WE LOST IN TRANSLATION?

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

This paper aims to lay down certain issues related to ethics, moral education and mentality in the Romanian society, issues which generate malfunctions in all social and professional aspects, including in organizations and politics. The results of a sociological survey and the analyses of some moral philosophy experts are quoted in an attempt to highlight some beneficial, desirable measures and directions. Based upon all these, instead of formulating conclusions, I’ll try to summarize and articulate some practical ethical landmarks meant to morally correct, to some extent, the interaction of the members of the contemporary Romanian society.


LES PROTAGONISTES DU CIRCUIT DE LA PAROLE: JE ET TU

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Sur l’emplacement de l’émetteur (« E »), les actes de discours expriment des intentions de se rapporter à soi, états d’esprit, allocutions et invitations à l’interlocution. Les valeurs qui caractérisent ce genre de discours sont l’intelligibilité et l’éloquence de l’expression. Dans l’horizon du langage au sujet de Dieu et la rédemption divine, nous allons insérer des idées révélatrices concernant l’ « affinité » des langages et l’ « auto-implication » par le langage. Sous l’impression du récepteur (« R »), les actes de discours sont des « vecteurs de la perlocution et d’appels à l’interlocution ».  Les valeurs de ce type d’actes sont la persuasion, la crédibilité du locuteur, l’accord de ces articulations …


THE ROMANIAN PROTESTS OF 2017 AND THEIR REPRESENTATION IN THE INTERNATIONAL NEWSPAPERS

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Because of their extension in time (throughout a whole year), the Romanian protests of 2017 against the government’s rules and regulations regarding the judiciary system caught the attention of the international media. Through content analysis of articles and headlines, the present paper tries to identify the representational devices used in portraying the Romanian protests of 2017 in several English and American newspapers. This study tries to suggest a typology of the representational devices to media coverage of the protests that started in Romania in January 2017


QUAND LA MISE EN FEUILLETON EST AU SERVICE DE L’ACTUALITÉ : EUROVISION – UN SUSPENSE QUI RESTE ENTIER JUSQU’AU BOUT

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Le présent article met l’accent sur la problématique liée à la conclusion narrative des récits médiatiques proches d’une actualité en cours. Dans le cas du feuilleton médiatique, supposé d’avoir un récit clos et cohérent avec sa structure narrative fragmentée en épisodes, la configuration d’un événement dans le vif des faits semble créer une tension ressentie particulièrement au moment de mettre une fin à son récit. Le feuilleton « Au cœur de l’Eurovision », diffusé en mai 2016, dans le journal télévisé de 13h de France 2 est l’un des exemples de cette pratique où le point d’aboutissement de l’événement semble dépasser la …


TRAITEMENT DE L’AFFAIRE STRAUSS-KAHN DANS LA PRESSE ÉCRITE FRANÇAISE : VARIATION DE L’IDENTITÉ MÉDIATIQUE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Notre propos est d’étudier sur l’espace de trois jours comment cinq journaux français de sensibilités différentes ont traité l’affaire Strauss-Kahn, l’arrestation à New-York du directeur du Fonds monétaire international pour agression sexuelle et viol. Nous observons le processus d’élaboration de l’identité médiatique de Dominique Strauss-Kahn par l’intermédiaire des stratégies de nomination dans le discours médiatique (envisagé comme genre discursif dans la tradition de l’École française de l’analyse de discours). Nous voyons comment, dans ce moment accéléré de crise, la presse écrite mobilise différentes stratégies pour faire évoluer (ou pas) cette identité de l’homme politique en discours.


LA CULTURE COMME ENSEMBLE DE REPRÉSENTATIONS. L’EXERCICE DU POUVOIR DE CERTAINES PERSONNES SUR D’AUTRES PAR LE MANAGEMENT DES REPRÉSENTATIONS

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Ogden et Richards soulignaient que dans un acte de communication, le message n’existe pas avant d’être codé ; De plus, le codage est un processus de création : le message s’auto-génère dans le processus de communication lui-même. En tant que tel, le terme « récepteur » devrait être remplacé par le terme « lecteur ». En d’autres termes, le « récepteur universel » se décompose en une multitude de lecteurs dont les lectures sont prédéterminées par la culture. La signification d’un signe n’est pas donnée à l’avance, elle naît à la suite de la rencontre entre le message et la charge culturelle …


LE « SOCIAL MEDIA TURN ». L’ESPACE PUBLIC ET LA NOUVELLE VISIBILITÉ DES FEMMES POLITICIENNES EN ROUMANIE POSTCOMMUNISTE

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Dans une approche sémio-discursive les auteures cherchent, dans un premier temps, à replacer la problématique de l’espace public à l’intérieur du technoscape 2.0. Dans un deuxième temps, elles se proposent d’analyser les représentations sémio-discursives des politiciennes et les perceptions des journalistes et des publics concernant l’image des femmes politiques lors de la dernière campagne électorale présidentielle de novembre 2014. L’objectif principal est de voir comment sont structurées et perçues les constructions discursives et iconiques des présidentiables (par le public et les experts). En conclusion on discute la perspective du défigement des stéréotypes de genre.


APPROPRIATION, REFORMULATION ET CIRCULATION DE LA LIBERTÉ GUIDANT LE PEUPLE SUR LES RÉSEAUX SOCIONUMÉRIQUES DURANT LES ÉVÉNEMENTS DE PARIS

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

L’analyse du discours qui est proposée s’intéresse aux mécanismes d’appropriation, de reformulation et de circulation de la toile La Liberté guidant le peuple d’Eugène Delacroix sur les réseaux socionumériques durant les deux événements tragiques que Paris a connu en 2015 : l’attentat contre Charlie Hebdo le 07/01/2015 et les attaques de Paris le 13/11/15. L’article étudie comment les internautes confrontent ces événements à la force symbolique de la toile. Il a pour objectif de souligner les processus de circulation des discours sur les réseaux socionumériques ainsi que d’éclairer la dynamique interdiscursive des reformulations.


LE MANGA : ESPACES VISUELS-NARRATIFS, PRATIQUES DE LECTURE ET DÉTERRITORIALISATION CULTURELLE DU LECTEUR-SPECTATEUR

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

L’analyse du dispositif visuel-narratif du manga le situe à la fois dans le système de la bande dessinée et dans celui du cinéma. Bien plus qu’une relation texte/image, il s’agit d’une intrication où les espaces textuels et visuels se nourrissent tout en existant pour eux-mêmes. Il y a un jeu de double narration à la fois visuelle et textuelle qui va élargir les potentialités narratives et modifier les pratiques de lecture. L’interactivité de la lecture, l’appropriation du discours et la production de sens se voient alors amplifiées en permettant un parcours sensoriel dans la narration qui rapproche la lecture papier …


DE LA PROJECTION-IDENTIFICATION A L’IMMERSION PROACTIVE : ÉMERGENCE D’EXPÉRIENCES NARRATIVES INTERACTIVES

Posted On Jan 15 2019 by

Avec le numérique sont apparus plusieurs types de dispositifs multimédias interactifs invitant le destinataire à lire ou contribuer voire modifier l’œuvre. Mixant interactivité et immersion les dispositifs contemporains font vivre aux usagers des situations pour l’analyse desquelles penser en termes de tension narrative (Baroni, 2007) regagne en intérêt. Pour appréhender ces phénomènes, nous reprenons, en la recontextualisant, la notion de projection-identification (Morin, 1956 : 1972) conceptualisée afin de pallier l’impossibilité pour le spectateur de cinéma de participer en actes au bénéfice de la création d’une activité affective intense (Morin, 1956). À l’ère de la participation interactive que nous enseigne cette notion ? …


ÉTUDE DE LA VARIATION DE L’ORAL EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article is about spoken French and talks more specifically about a study on sociolinguistic variation in a French as a Second Language (FSL) classroom. The main goal of the study is to verify which registers are used by learners during French lessons and if they master variation, to determine if it can be taught. We observed two FSL courses in Poland, each during one semester. The first one takes place at the university with intermediate students (B1-B2). The second one takes place in a private institute (Alliance Française), with learners less numerous but of the same beginner level (A1). In …


TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The aim of this research is to present the aspects of language acquisition in language teaching and learning by analysing the learning conditions, the communicative and interactional aspects between the students and the teacher, the strategies employed in language comprehension, the cognitive processes employed in language apprehension and last but not least, finding the most effective strategies that will enhance the students’ vocabulary and language development. Learning a foreign language during preparatory seminars is quite a challenge for the students of foreign origin who wish to study at a technical university in Romania as they need to get acquainted first with …


L’ATTRITION DANS LES DISCOURS D’IMMIGRÉS PORTUGAIS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

When we face a language contact, in immigration context, languages of a person do not keep their standard definitions (mother tongue, foreign language, etc.). In this article, we would like to analyse the impact of a language, considered at the beginning as a foreign language, on the mother tongue. In order to study the verbal communication of Portuguese speakers who immigrated in France, we constituted a corpus of two speakers doing oral tasks. Indeed, the first aim was to identify if there was a variation in the discourse according to the different tasks. We chose the following tasks: telling a memory, …


L’ACTION ENONCIATIVE COMME MÉCANISME AUTO-REPRÉSENTATIONNEL DANS LE MÉTADISCOURS DE TLEMCEN OU LES LIEUX DE L’ÉCRITURE, L’AUBE ISMAËL, L’ARBRE À DIRES, SIMORGH ET LAËZZA DE MOHAMMED DIB

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The enunciative approach gives us the opportunity to emphasize the existence of the author in the heterogeneity of his own discourse. As a particular phenomenon, the metadiscourse of Mohammed Dib through Tlemcen or the places of writing, The tree of statements, The dawn Ismaël, Simorgh and Laëzza offers the analyst a corpus that allows us to see the role of enunciation in the representational process. In our article, we are interested in enunciation as an action that determines the enunciative identity of the speaker. It is a linguistic activity aimed at the circulation of an indeterminate number of images of …


RE-ENACTING BEING AUTHENTIC. ENGLISHNESS AND ITS SIMULACRA

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In an age in which (re-)establishing an identity, a style, (re-)asserting a position, a status (both as a state and as an individual) are heavily influenced by pragmatism, consumerism and (personal or national) interest, works tackling the issue are often circumscribed to the concepts of parody, satire and simulacrum. Rarely are they all combined in a composite unit as in Julian Barnes’ novel England, England. This paper renders the manner in which the concepts of identity and simulacrum are exploited in a ludic and sarcastically biting manner in an attempt to shed new light on their understanding, but also to …


IDENTIFYING BEING AND REPRESENTING BY ACTING: NEW NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES IN ANNA DEAVERE SMITH

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Mobilized by pre-war anxieties, post-war disillusionment and the need to define the new world order, American theatre took an important turn with the rise of influential modernist styles (such as neo-realism, naturalism, expressionism, impressionism, the theatre of the absurd, Dadaism, surrealism to name only a few) during the first half of the twentieth century. The following decades witnessed the emergence of new theatre groups and playwrights of diversity beyond the established tradition as well as extensive theatrical experimentation. With the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, political tensions across the country reached an intense degree. Theatre practitioners and critics felt …


THE DILATORY TIME OF PASSIONATE DISCOURSE IN OTHELLO

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Critics have often approached the ‘double-time’ crux in William Shakespeare’s Othello as a very sensitive issue – it has even been considered as a sign of the playwright’s carelessness about the building of the plot. Various explanations have been given to those discursive segments which seem to bring about a sort of contradiction between the ‘short time’ that ensures the logic of the text and the ‘long time’ that seems to contradict that textual order. It could be lucrative to ignore the ‘long time’ sequences and just keep up with the ‘short time’ of the play, but what we intend …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS UN ROMAN MÉDIÉVAL : LE « HAPPY END » DU TRISTAN EN PROSE SOUS UN JOUR PRAGMATIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

According to Goffman, the human activity can be described as a “face-work” (Goffman, 1974 [1967]: 15), respecting a particular set of societal rules as well as etiquette, and during this ‘work’ any (inter)actant strives to make a good impression. Should this be true, then it is worth analysing the romance, Le Roman de Tristan en prose, as illustrating this particular interaction which appears throughout the literary communication.


UNE LECTURE MYHTOCRITIQUE DE LA COÏNCIDENCE DES CONTRAIRES DANS LES FICTIONS DE MIRCEA ELIADE ET MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our paper focuses on a comparative study between Mircea Eliade’s and Michel Tournier’s anthropologies from the perspective of C.G.Jung’s and Mircea Eliade’s theoretical works. In several documents, Eliade speaks about the metamorphosis and survival of the sacred and myth in disguised forms, perpetuated in modern art and literature. The androgyny represents the archetype of unity, the totality. It is a coincidentia oppositorum, an expression of primordial plenitude, of a time when principles only worked together, each of them generating its opposite, supporting and amplifying it. The reunification of the opposites involves a way of being in the world that transcends …


WHEN BEAUTY MEETS DECAY: CASES OF DANDYISM, NARCISSISM AND DEGENERATION OF BODIES IN J.K. HUYSMANS’ À REBOURS AND OSCAR WILDE’S THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The paper deals with two texts that were regarded as classic novels for the Decadent movement: À rebours and The Picture of Dorian Gray; the former is widely regarded as the “Bible of Decadence” which greatly influenced Oscar Wilde’s hero and led him to his downfall – “the French poisonous novel” is believed to dominate Dorian’s actions and influenced him to choose a lifestyle based on hedonism and sins. Both novels show how the protagonists relate to their own sexuality – Dorian leads an immoral life, while Des Esseintes, after having experienced numerous love affairs, is defined as lacking strength, …


LE LUDIQUE COMME FORME D’ACTION ET DE REPRÉSENTATION SUR LA TOILE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The new media technology and the contemporary forms of numerical communication are spaces in which the ‘I’ playfully reveals itself and this leads the subject to detach himself from a reality which he considers primordial. We are interested in highlighting an argumentative way of acting based on the effects of comic, of irony, of humour, generally in a depersonalised environment, in which the enunciator is split in three directions: being, acting and representing.


LE WEB SOCIAL ET LA PERSPECTIVE ACTIONNELLE : AGIR ENSEMBLE DANS LA SOCIETE CIBLE EN TANT QU’ACTEURS SOCIAUX

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes to show that the coupling of the social Web and the actional perspective gives the possibility to the learner to act as social actor in the French society. For example, we conducted an informal online experiment as part of an action research project where FLE learners work together using the social media to perform within the French society.


LES « NOUVEAUX » MEDIAS DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article illustrates how information and communication technologies for education (ICTE) can encourage new teaching methods, in particular in the field of foreign languages. After emphasizing the skills and the roles of the teacher, the concepts of learning and educational technology, information and communication, the different ways the ICTE may favourably affect motivation of learners and that of   teachers will be examined. In the next years, the main challenge will be to develop learners’ capacity to prepare for the teachers’ use of media and to exploit the diversity of ICTE.


ANALAYSE COMPARATIVE DES TRAIS DISTINCTIFS DU PATHOS DANS L’ENTRETIEN D’ECRIVAINS : L’EXPRESSION DE L’AFFECTIVITE DANS/ PAR LE DISCOURS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article focuses on the analysis of the inscription of affectivity in and through discourse in a media context. We propose, in fact, to study the distinctive features of emotions constructed in a dialogical genre that is the interview with writers, while targeting the negotiation of the interlocutive relationship. Thus, starting from the observation of a radio corpus composed since the literary program “Papier bavard”, and another televisual which is developed according to the program “Expression livre”, our attention is focused on the description of modalities of the discursive construction of the self-image from the analysis parameters of “pathos says” …


BEING AND ACTING IN THE DISCOURSE OF STREET PROTESTS

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The present study tries to analyse the manner in which the discourse of Romanian street protests, manifested through banners and slogans written in English, gets the structure of an action meant, on the one hand, to express the protestors’ dissatisfaction, and, on the other hand, to unite people that share common beliefs about specific problems. This paper focuses on the relationship between the protestors’ being (Romanian, but also EU citizens) and acting (in English, in a joint social action, such as the street protests). Having as a background the principles of visual rhetoric, the paper tries to show how the …


CORRUPTION ET MORALE. PENSER UN MODÈLE LINGUISTIQUE HOLISTIQUE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Based on results of linguistic analyse, this paper tries to explain the functioning of bribery taking into consideration moral values both in the universal and relativistic perspectives. It aims furthermore at showing that the language material enables to study the stances of people implicated in bribery cases. The point here is to consider language practice as a window into exploring categories of act and being in these cases. Partakers in the act of bribery, most of the time simplistically reduced to the duo initiator/receiver of the bribe, revealed by the theorization work will be illustrated from the analysis of discursive …


DECRIRE vs NARRER

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

Our communication will analyze, in opposition, the verbs describe and narrate, making a parallel between the verbs be and act.On the one hand, it is preferable to distinguish between describe which means “to represent as a whole, in writing or orally” (Robert, 1992: 466) and narrate, synonym of “telling the facts.” (Ibid: 1256). It is necessary to present the structures of the descriptive text as well as the descriptive order. A successful description is always connected to the narrative, since places presented are inhabited by characters.On the other hand, the narrative involves a sequence of events which constitute the fiction. …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LE DISCOURS RELIGIEUX DES PREDICATEURS ISLAMIQUES CONTEMPORAINS : LE CAS DE AMR KHALED

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

The analysis of current trends in religious preaching in the Arab-Muslim world reflects a heightened interest in new forms of spiritual discourse construction. New self-proclaimed preachers are appearing in the religious field and on the media scene where the dynamics of positive action play a central role. In the panorama of Islamic preaching, God’s soldiers not only build their moral discourse on traditional sermons; they preach the socio-economic effectiveness of religion that seeks the happiness, fulfillment and prosperity of the individual. We would like to study here the positive images disseminated on the Islamic act and the new civic responsibilities …


ÊTRE ET AGIR DANS LA LITTÉRATURE DE SPIRITUALITÉ CHRÉTIENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

This article proposes the discursive analysis of the lexical and semantic scope of a few words which designate, in a corpus of narratives of Orthodox Christian spirituality both written in and translated into French, the spiritual fathers of great renown, whose exceptional being is presented as a model to follow for the readers who wish to lead a genuinely Christian life. We shall explore the discursive mode in which this being is narratively built by the setting of all the facts and gestures that represent their acting of monks, generally designated by the “generic” phrase labeurs ascétiques. Our corpus consists …


AGIR DANS ET PAR LE DISCOURS UNIVERSITAIRE ÉCRIT UNE APPROCHE MODULAIRE

Posted On Oct 15 2018 by

In the long run, the objective of our analysis is to describe the complex organization of written academic discourse (henceforth referred to as DUE). As a short-term objective, we decided to begin by analyzing the contextual dimension of DUE (interactional and actional) for two reasons, namely: a. due to the characteristics of the discourse type to which DUE pertains (cf. infra), this dimension seems to be the most weekly represented in the discourse organization; b. the already begun analysis of the dialogic structure of DUE requires, among other things, the identification of the contextual correspondences that intervene in this structure. …


THE DREAM AND THE ADVERTISING IMAGINARY

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Dream, as a theme, occupies an important place in the advertising imaginary. Advertising creates and sells dreams, which are controlled by the will and the principles of the consumer society (Rigolt, 2013). According to Michèle Jouve, advertising borrows from dreams their patterns and ingredients, having, as background, the dream in the waking state (the promised ideal of advertisements) and, as a form, the dream while sleeping (Jouve, 2000:248). In advertising, a dream creates symbols, one of the objects invested with the greatest number of signs being the perfume. The main persuasive vector of perfume advertisements is the image, which allows …


THE PROFESSIONAL CONCEPTOSPHERE AS THE TOOL OF SHAPING THE SEAMEN’S REAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The main task of the higher education system, in particular sea profile education, is set to be shaping of a professional picture of the world. A number of requirements for training sea profile specialists are presented in educational standards; among them, cultural and professional competences. Thus, the student should be able to think outside the box in extreme situations, be able to adapt to the conditions of the foreign-language environment, to analyze and process information, to provide communication in English on different topics. An important condition of shaping a professional picture of seamen lays in overcoming cultural and language barriers. …


DREAMS AND REALITY: CONFLICT OF PURPOSE ACHIEVEMENT

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The presented research gives a theoretical analysis of a ratio of the dream and reality concepts. The research objective is the consideration of dream and reality from the point of view of the arising conflict of achievement of goals. The author concludes that the contradiction between dream and reality is a consequence of absence or not formation of personal and public ideals, as reference points in life. As a result, there is a conflict of achieving goals, which can be followed by various strategies of the choice of behaviour in the conflict. The empirical research on identification of the strategy …


SIGN AND SYMBOL IN THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DREAM

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

My paper approaches Carl Gustav Jung’s psychoanalytical perspective on the phenomenon of dreaming and on dream’s interpretation. Preparing the theoretical context, we will first identify the main criteria to distinguish between sign and symbol, as well as the limits of other approaches of the topic. My goal is to discover the most fruitful perspective on studying the dream, in order to highlight more elements belonging to human unconscious, as this enterprise could help us know ourselves better as human beings. Afterwards, we will present some considerations about the cultural correspondences that the interpretation of this phenomenon of dreaming could help …


BREXIT: THE BRITISH DREAM AND THE POLITICS OF FEAR

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The paper starts from the fact that one of the main factors that influenced the result of the 2016 referendum for the British withdrawal from the European Union was the issue of massive migration to Great Britain of a great number of immigrants (especially from Eastern Europe) in their pursuit of the “British dream”. The paper tries to analyze the manner in which some Vote Leave and Leave.EU posters used the politics of fear (targeting at immigrants) in the Brexit campaign, in an attempt to manipulate the British voters to vote in favour of Britain’s leaving the European Union, thus …


THE SEMANTICS AND SEMIOTICS OF SHARPENING A SPADE: A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION OF CARROLL’S THE HUNTING OF THE SNARK, LINE 273

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

When the crew of Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark is making preparations for seeking that impossible creature, we read that “the Boots and the Broker were sharpening a spade”. This action is so outlandish that the editor and commentator Martin Gardner remarks ad locum: “Why in the world were they sharpening a spade?” (Gardner 2006: 44.) The main objective of this article is to answer this question posed by Gardner. To achieve this, we will perform a philological analysis of any possible locus similis throughout Carroll’s works, and we will study all matches we will find in the …


A SEMIO-FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF TV DEBATES FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN ROMANIA, FROM NOVEMBER 2014, DECEMBER 2009 AND DECEMBER 2004

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

This study applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse (Benoit 2014) to the final televised debates for presidential elections in Romania, in November 2014, December 2009 and December 2004, in a comparative manner. Using a functional analysis, this study examines the relationship among between the three discursive functions of televised debates, acclamations, attacks and defenses, and the two topics, policy and character. Our research confirms the results obtained in previous studies (Drăgan 2015, 2016) and could suggest a political communication culture focused more on attack rather than on defense strategy. We explain that the functional analysis of political discourse …


POSSIBLE WORLDS WITHIN POLITICAL DISCOURSE: A PERSPECTIVE ON ROMANIAN ELDERS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Questioning on the notion of possible worlds brings forward a number of interpretations announcing the modal realism underlying the plurality of worlds and it often generates contradictions regarding the identity of the present world. By the nature of its construction, the political domain is located on the border of possible worlds, realizing the juxtaposition of the current dimensions with the potential ones. The political discourse is hidden in the model of an ideal world, which seems impossible to be assessed under these circumstances. This paper aims to analyse how the third age relates to the current political issues, recalling the …


THE LEXICAL AND SYMBOLICAL MEANINGS OF DREAM

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

We propose to emphasise and analyse the lexical and symbolic meanings of dreams as they appear at Mircea Eliade’s fantastic characters in the two novellas: At the Gypsies and Miss Christina. In order to achieve our purpose we need to make a clear distinction in the way the different types of dreams identified in the two stories, the catalepsy, the conscientious dream, the dream into dream and the telepathic dream are being contextualised and to analyse the motif of dream. Given the diversity of Romanian linguistic expressions in capturing the protagonists’ wandering from one dimension into another, we aim at …


A MIDSUMMER NIGHT’S DREAM: REGULATING DESIRE IN THE EMERGING MODERN STATE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

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A PIPE DREAM IS STILL A DREAM. ILLUSION AND REALITY IN THE ICEMAN COMETH AND OTHER PLAYS BY EUGENE O’NEILL

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Hickey, the Iceman, has gained a legendary status in the history of modern American drama and has been portrayed on stage by some of the finest actors of their generation (Jason Robards, Lee Marvin, Kevin Spacey, Nathan Lane). O’Neill has given his charismatic, flamboyant protagonist a task of great magnitude: to disenchant dreams and illusions, for they distort reality causing an ultimate “fragmentation of personalities”. However, the line between a dream and reality, the real and the ideal self, reason and desire, is a fine and delicate one. Thus, Hickey – the self-appointed Savior, by openly spelling out the facts, …


“I HAVE SPREAD MY DREAMS UNDER YOUR FEET. TREAD SOFTLY BECAUSE YOU TREAD ON MY DREAMS”. WHERE VISUAL ART MEETS VERBAL ART: CONSTANTIN BRÂNCUȘI AND W.B. YEATS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Roughly speaking, Constantin Brâncuși and William Butler Yeats lived approximately in the same period, Brâncuși, 19 of February 1876 – 16 March 1957 and Yeats, 13 of June 1865 – 28 of January 1939. They were, we may say, contemporary for some time. We do not know, for sure, if the two ever met, but we do know that Yeats knew Brâncuşi’s work through Ezra Pound. In his work, A Vision, the result of his wife’s automatic writing, as the poet himself claimed, Yeats referred to Brâncuși and precisely, this reference made me look for similarities and differences between the …


BETWEEN GRAND DREAMS AND BIG FAILURE. THE ANTI-HERO IN ENGLISH LITERATURE AND CULTURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

As the opposite of the traditional chief character of a novel, the anti-hero or the ‘non-hero’ does not commonly possess the positive features that are expected from a fictional protagonist. Unlike heroes, anti-heroes do not represent the epitome of a community’s grand ideals, aspirations or goals, nor do their lives evoke strength, bravery, resourcefulness or nobility of mind and character. Caught in a net of flaws, weaknesses, fears, imperfect features (sometimes reaching caricatural tones), unlucky situations, personal delusions, impossible ideals, inadequacies, inferior features, unconventional acts, or downright failures, the anti-heroes discussed in this paper resonate with the ideology of the …


EXPERIMENT AND FAILURE IN URSULA LE GUIN’S DYSTOPIAN WORLDS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Ursula Le Guin’s novels The Left Hand of Darkness (1969) and The Dispossessed (1974) rely upon the description of fantasy worlds whose organizing systems were initially a reflection of the need to create the perfect society. From this perspective, both the lack of gender distinctions on the planet Gethen/Winter in the former novel and the abolition of social inequality on the planet Anarres in the latter novel represent failed experiments of the attempt to transform a dream-like world into reality. This paper aims at identifying the guiding principles of the alien communities in the two science-fiction novels and the reasons …


FUNCTIONS OF DREAMS ABOUT FOOD AND EATING IN LITERATURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our paper aims to identify the functions of dreams about food, preparing food and eating experienced by characters in 19th-century English and Romanian novels. Fictional descriptions of dreams about food and eating are usually associated with experiencing absence, anxiety, struggle and desire. Our analysis will correlate the functions of dreams about food and eating to the private and public spheres of life, as well as to gender. Eating was regarded as having consequences not only at the physical and mental level of the human body, but also in terms of social order: the poor asking for more food is an …


DREAMS OF DOMINATION AND THE DOMINATION OF DREAMS

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

A dream may possess or be possessed by the dreamer. My paper is concerned with both alternatives and for my analysis I chose two 19th century narratives: A Christmas Carol and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Lewis Carroll’s child dreams of an adult world, which she wishes to enter and possess. Charles Dickens’ Scrooge dreams of his childhood and adolescent innocence and wishes to repossess those features in his adulthood. Common to both dreamers is the wish to mix experiences from both childhood and adulthood, to transform what seems as a series of disjointed and meaningless moments into a coherent narrative. …


DREAM, REALITY AND ILLUSION AS DISCURSIVE CONCEPTS IN AMERICAN DRAMA: O’NEILL, WILLIAMS, MILLER, ALBEE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The roots of such concepts as dream, reality, and illusion are as old as human history. The human being has dreamt of his/her existence, supernatural events, natural environment, society, and family since primitive ages. Dream might roughly stem from, or, be described as intuition, longing and in this context it is a vivid and enthusiastic emotion and/or sensation. Reality, however, reflects whatever independent from human subconscious, and expresses concrete and objective things in general. A person, mostly, takes refuge in the dreams when he/she makes a choice between reality and sensation, emotion and intuition in his/her memory. Thus, dream in …


LA PLACE DU REGISTRE FAMILIER EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

When we learn a language, we learn more than a code, rules and series of words, but also a way to be and a culture. All these languages have several levels, but all have a different relation to it. In the case of french, we can speak about two levels: formal speech and informal speech. In this abstract, we will discuss about the caracteristics of both speeches, why and how the french teacher must use them in class.


LE DISCOURS DE LA PRESSE DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DU FLE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

This article aims to present how the press can be a useful resource in french lessons. The goal is to demonstrate that newspapers’ articles can be a great tool for teaching and what are their advantages. This extract is in two parts, the first one explains what the press can bring to courses of french for foreigners and the second proposes ideas and leads for how to exploit the press.


IDENTITÉ CULTURELLE PAR DES ELEMENTS DE PATRIMOINE ALIMENTAIRE RÉGIONAL

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our research focuses on an approach to cultural identity through food practices. As anthropology and ethnology prove, food contributes to the cultural definition of humanity. Food has an important function of cultural mediation, representing a code for the expression of cultural identity. The images comprising the food code form part of the dialectic identity-alterity. On the one hand, they express a look at tradition, towards identification with the group of belonging. On the other hand, the food practices express a differentiation with respect to the signs of the alterity. Some elements concerning food and food practices are included in UNESCO …


IMAGES ARCHETYPALES ET SYMBOLES DU PRIMORDIUM DANS LES PROSES DE MICHEL TOURNIER

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Our work aims to analyse several archetypal images and symbols specific to primordiality, as they are updated in the mythological inspirational prose of Michel Tournier. In our analytical approach, we will use the instruments of mitocracy and myth analysis. Starting from Tournier’s texts and the myths of Paradise and the Golden Age, we identified these archetypes and archetypal images related to Primordium: Chaos, Transcendence, Paradise, Androgynous, primordial couple. The number of symbols that updates these invariants is impressive but our analysis focuses on the following elements: forest, darkness, night, primordial waters, fire, island, rain, bird, butterfly, mountain.


GLOBALISME SERAIT-IL UNE DEMOCRATIE TOTALITAIRE ?

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

Jean-Christophe Rufin’s novel entitled Globalia is one of the examples of dystopian novels about French politics published in the first decade of the XXIth century. Jean-Christophe Rufin, who is known for his novels generally classified in the genre of the historical novel, has integrated the features of historical novel into the social dystopian novel in Globalia. Jean-Christophe Rufin had worked as a doctor for long years in the Red Cross, in the United Nations and in the Doctors Without Borders and went to several poor countries such as Eritrea, Nicaragua, Afghanistan, the Philippines, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Kosovo and Mongolia. His …


L’ESPRIT UTOPIQUE COMME DIMENSION DE L’HOMME COMPLET. PLAIDOIRIE POUR UNE TRANSCENDANCE PROFANE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

In his famous essay, The One-Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse spoke of the most frequent form of alienation typical of the « late capitalism »: the atrophy of one of the two dimensions of a fully humanized human being: the capacity to imagine an alternative reality which transcends what is given and presents itself as a project of a better and shinier reality, of a more inhabitable world. If contemporary man confines himself to the other dimension, i.e. the capacity to adapt to the existing reality, he gets closer to animalism than to humanity. The consumer society nourishes the need for …


MAIS ET DISCOURS IMAGINAIRE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The discourse connector mais is frequently used in the argumentative discourse: it may direct the interpretation towards implicit conclusions and is based on implicit premises. The conclusions are supported by a relation of contradiction that is established at the utterance level and manifests itself when the utterance is produced. The inferences we will observe are possible due to the interpreting instructions this connector contains. A particular situation – which we can observe in the present-day political discourse – appears when mais introduces an utterance that becomes an imaginary reply to a previous discourse.


LES INTERPRÉTATIONS DES MONDES POSSIBLES

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The real world in which we live is accessible to us by a multitude of images or descriptions of the states; in this world, one plus one is two. Cicero was a great orator, Bucharest is the capital of Romania, Cinderella did not really exist, it was only a character of a fairy tale. The concept of “possible worlds” has its origin in Leibnizian philosophy; this theory has also been valued in semantics (Kaarlo Ja¬akko Hintikka, Peter Frederik Strawson, Hilary Putnam at al.) as the universe of language discourse. A possible world is a general and abstract mental representation, a …


VOYAGE DE REVE, REVE DU PARADIS DANS LE VOYAGE DE SAINT BRENDAN, MANUSCRIT DES IXe –Xe SIECLES

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The Journey of Saint Brendan is a text of the IXth century, taken back the next centuries, and which lends itself to multiple analyses. In the pages below, I shall isolate the most significant authorities of this journey, from the point of view of the Christian symbolism, because we talk about a journey towards the Paradise. The messengers, the food, the support, the running water, softer than the sweet wine, the whale, the magic birds form a dream world which contributes to the creation of a particular Paradise.


RÊVES, VISIONS ET APPARITIONS DANS LES RÉCITS HAGIOGRAPHIQUES DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE : ÉTUDE LEXICALE ET DISCURSIVE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The article focuses on a discursive analysis of the hagiographic texts written in French. It investigates the lexical relation among four terms : dream, vision, dream apparition, and relics discovery. It purports to offer a semantic and lexical analysis of these terms, the lexical phrases belonging to the same word family, as well as the discursive consequences their use has on the text structure of this specific literary genre, i.e. hagiographic text.


LIRE OU RÊVER LES YEUX OUVERTS. LA VISION PROUSTIENNE DE LA LECTURE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

In approaching Bachelard’s conception of daydreaming and the principles that underlie the Proustian vision on reading and readership, we propose the identification and investigation of the points of contact between the act of reading and the one of dreaming. In closely analysing these two acts, we realise that they share both the withdrawal into oneself and the opening towards the others, which occur almost simultaneously in the spirit of the reader/awakened dreamer, transporting him into an imaginary time and space.


CORPS FANTASME ET SOCIETE DANS LA METAMORPHOSE DE FRANZ KAFKA

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

The Metamorphosis provides one the most disconcerting examples of Franz Kafka’s vision of the human existence. For Kafka, the human condition is absurd and man fully feels the existential misfortune in the labyrinth of a reality that escapes him. Kafka’s work had a major influence on the twentieth century’s literature, notably on the theater of the fifties, by the alienating view that makes beings strange and alien to themselves, separated from their essence, and in constant search for the meaning of existence. This alienating vision of the individual that wanders aimlessly in an incoherent, labyrinthine, and meaningless world can also …


DE L’EFFRACTION DU RÊVE DANS LA RÉALITÉ : TROIS CONJECTURES SUR LE RÊVE

Posted On Dec 11 2017 by

More than one thousand years ago in France, « dreaming » and « going insane » had the same radical « esver » that expressed the meanderness of our minds. The elders seemed to have seen a correlation that today in modern French seems lost. We will look at a semiology of the dreamer’s conditions and their similarities with certain mental disorders. We will thus sketch the idea of a nosology of the dream. We propose three conjectures: the mechanisms of certain psychiatric disorders are identical with the state of the dreamer within his dream; the dream precedes reality in …


(Română) RELATIONS SYMBOLIQUES DANS LA PUBLICITÉ POUR LES PARFUMS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) LA DIMENSION SYMBOLIQUE DANS LE DISCOURS RELIGIEUX

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LA CHRONOLOGIE DU TEMPS DANS LE ROMAN LE PERE GORIOT D’HONORE DE BALZAC

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) EXPLORER ET RÉFLÉCHIR SUR SON IDENTITÉ LANGAGIÈRE : UNE MÉTHODE ACTIVE D’ENSEIGNEMENT/APPRENTISSAGE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Sorry, this entry is only available in Romanian.


(Română) ÉCRIRE POUR GUÉRIR : LA PORTE INTERDITE DE GABRIEL LIICEANU . UNE LECTURE PRAGMATIQUE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) DES CADRES DE L’EXPÉRIENCE AUX CADRES DE LA CONVERSATION

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LA « PLURIVOCALITÉ » DANS CANDIDE OU L’OPTIMISME DE VOLTAIRE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) REPRÉSENTER LE CORPS FÉMININ VIOLENTÉ COMME CONTRE-NARRATION PERFORMATIVE. RAPE SCENE D’ANA MENDIETA ET DOLORES 10H TO 10H DE COCO FUSCO

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LA TRANSMISSION DE L’INDICIBLE PAR LE MÉTISSAGE DES DISCOURS SCÉNIQUES DANS SAMEDI DÉTENTE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) ALTERITÉ CULTURELLE ET DISCOURS THÉÂTRAL: CONSTRUCTIONS SÉMIOTIQUES

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) HEURS ET MALHEURS DU DISCOURS THEATRAL CHEZ TARDIEU

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LES ÉLÉMENTS SPÉCIFIQUES DE LA COMMUNICATION ARTISTIQUE. CONTRIBUTIONS ROUMAINES À LA THÉORIE DU LANGAGE ARTISTIQUE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LES VOIX/VOIES DU TRADUCTEUR MEDIEVAL

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) LORSQUE LES FEMMES FONT ENTENDRE LEUR VOLONTÉ : PAROLE ET POUVOIR DANS RAOUL DE CAMBRAI

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) CROISEMENT DES DISCOURS DANS SOUMISSION DE MICHEL HOUELLEBECQ

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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(Română) IMAGINAIRE LINGUISTIQUE ET REPRÉSENTATIONS DISCURSIVES DANS LA TRADUCTION DES TEXTES RELIGIEUX ORTHODOXES

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

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REFLECTIONS ON COLLECTIVISM IN THE ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In this paper I try to synthesize the main dimensions of collectivism as opposed to individualism, as they appear in Cultures and Organizations. Software of the Mind. Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival, the book that Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, and Michael Minkov published in 2012. Then I add the considerations of Hampden-Turner and Trompenaars about individualism versus communitarianism, and their formula of reconciling opposite values. Based on these ideas, I offer some reflections on our national culture’s traits which give us some hints of our people’s specific collectivist mentality, and of the impossibility of applying the reconciling …


AGEING AND BODY IMAGE: RELATION BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND BODY SELF-ESTEEM AT OLDER ADULTS

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Research on the relation between self-esteem and body self-esteem is mainly concentrated on adolescents (see van den Berg et al., 2010) and it has been already proved that general self-image is correlated with feelings about your own body, resulting in functional or dysfunctional behaviors: as, for example, withdrawal from the social interactions, eating disorders and depression (Orenstein, 2013). Generally speaking, women proved to be more critical with their own body and the relation between self-esteem and body self-esteem is particularly strong in the case of women (Slater & Tiggemann, 2011). Still, few studies have approached the topic on the normal …


THE SUBJECT POSITION IN THE SEMIOTIC ACT. A SEMIO-FUNCTIONAL APPROACH OF TELEVISED DEBATES FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN ROMANIA, FROM NOVEMBER 2014

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The paper examines the way in which social actors position themselves discursively during final debates for presidential elections, both one toward the other, and toward the content of communication, from the perspective of functional theory of political campaign discourse. Functional theory makes some predictions about the discourse functions of political campaign. All five predictions of functional theory were tested in the two televised debates for presidential elections in Romania: 11 and 12 November, at Realitatea TV station, B1 TV respectively. Our study shows similarities with the results obtained in other countries, and highlights on potential differences, which challenges the functional …


RETHINKING POLITICS FROM THE ROMANIAN ELDERLY’S PERSPECTIVE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In Romania, older people are more interested in politics than the younger generation. For them, talking about politics is a leisure activity; it is simply recreational for them to exchange opinions as they can easily integrate into any group. Old people are equally interested in the elections and the voting process, participating in a significant number at the elections. Thus, our paper tries to analyse the way seniors get information about politics in general and about the elections in particular, by comparing the communist system with the democratic one. During the campaign, politicians are trying to attract as many senior …


THE DISCOURSE OF MODERNITY FROM CRITICAL THINKING TO CRITICAL ATTITUDE

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

It is not only the historical evolution in stages that the concept of “modern society” is about, but also a typology of societies, which have been known in history. ”Being modern” means – as in the case of a person – not only a stage of evolution, but a way of being as well. When we say we wish our society to become a modern society we have in mind not only the quantitative traits, but also the qualitative traits of a certain society as an organic whole. One of these qualitative traits that belong to modernity is critical thinking, …


BRAINSTORMING TECHNIQUE AS A DISCURSIVE FORM FOR IMPROVING CREATIVITY

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The paper focuses on the perspectives of brainstorming technique in the development of students’ professional-creative skills during the process of professional becoming taking into account the objective social and professional needs of future specialists. The brainstorming technique helps the essay writer to examine various viewpoints and decide upon the ideas/points to include in the essay. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the benefits and perspectives of brainstorming technique in the development of students’ professional-creative skills. The author presents the main steps of this technique, which provides a feedback between the teacher and the student and develops students’ professional-creative …


LINGUISTIC MEANS OF ADDRESSABILITY AND SELF-REFERENCE IN PRESS RELEASE HEADLINES. A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

A press release, as an important tool of providing information for the media and general public, has its own specific features regarding its constitutive parts and the manner of writing them. One of the most important parts of a press release is its headline, which provides the first impression for the journalists and readers, as it is the most visible element, both online and in print. The press release headline generally contains elements of addressability and/or self-reference. Being based on a corpus of both English and Romanian press releases concerning education and culture, the present paper focuses on the linguistic …


MEANS OF PRESERVING INTENTIONALITY AND FUNCTIONALITY IN CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGE TRANSLATION ANALYSES: A STUDY ON KÁLMÁN KALOCSAY’S ESPERANTO POEM, „SOMERNOKTO”

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

Although translation studies and discourse analysis are in a perpetual process of expansion and refinement and are constantly acquiring new interdisciplinary milestones, little attention has been given to exploring the connections between these two fields and the category of constructed languages, thus overseeing the ever-growing popularity conlangs have experienced over the past few decades. By following Christiane Nord’s translation typology, as presented in Translating as a Purposeful Activity (1997) and Andrew Chesterman’s classification of translation strategies, as taken from Memes of Translation: The Spread of Ideas in Translation Theory (1997), this paper strives at showcasing a less conventional type of …


THE DISCOURSE OF THE PARATEXT IN MALCOLM BRADBURY’S MY STRANGE QUEST FOR MENSONGE: STRUCTURALISM’S HIDDEN HERO

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

The novel written in postmodernity is most of the times characterized by the use of the experiment and by parody and/or pastiche. Malcolm Bradbury, a fine connoiseur of various techniques used in fiction both from the position of a writer of novels, short stories, parodies and TV plays as well as from that of a critic, made use of these in an admirable manner. In My Strange Quest for Mensonge: Structuralism’s Hidden Hero, a novel published in 1987, the author develops a metadiscourse by means of which he allegedly presents the imposing figure of the critic that Henri Mensonge was. …


THE DISCOURSE OF MORALITY IN S. RICHARDSON’S PAMELA; OR, VIRTUE REWARDED

Posted On Feb 22 2017 by

In their works, a number of eighteenth-century English writers such as Samuel Richardson and Oliver Goldsmith were concerned with moral conduct and the rule of right. Representing the ways in which the doctrine of morality grounded in Christian tenets challenged the social inequality, injustice, moral decay, licentiousness, mercantilism, excessive individualism and glorification of the commercial spirit specific to their age, the two writers advocated the triumph of virtuous conduct against many ills of the eighteenth-century English society. With its central focus on Richardson’s Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded (1740), this paper addresses the ways in which the discourse of morality was …