(Română) REPRÉSENTATION DU MOI À L’ÈRE DU NUMÉRIQUE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The construction of self is very closely linked to image. In studies of the psyche, the “mirror stage” illustrates first awareness of self-image. The perception of this image has thus come to symbolically embody the creation of conscience in the individual. In light of this, we too often forget when we explore the mirror stage that discourse is at the heart of this realisation (we should say more accurately that discourse is at the heart of the image itself).  Actually what happens is that a simple reflection becomes a self-image, conveyed by the discourse of the mother “look, it’s you!”. …


(Română) LE MASQUE, UN ORGANE ARTIFICIEL?

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

An important part of the contemporary creation placed the mask at the center of its preoccupations. From Claude Cahun’s travesties, to Cindy Sherman’s masquerades, via Gillian Wearing’s silicon masks or Patrick Tosani rigidified pants, everything seems to indicate a constant and ever renewed interest in the meanings of this object, be it on a archetypical, symbolic or transgressive level. However, one might wonder about this « return » to this canonical figure, from where the notions of « person » and « self » originate (Mauss, 1968). The study of the Greek prosôpon and the Latin persona shows a paradoxical aspect: indeed, the mask is, not …


(Română) AUTOPORTRAIT ET ALTÉRITÉ DANS L’ŒUVRE PHOTOGRAPHIQUE DE FRANCESCA WOODMAN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Francesca Woodman’s work is mainly constituted of claimed self-portraits, but also other photos which let appear a faceless body, cut by the picture’s frame or simply hidden by an object. This glance shift could debate Emmanuel Lévinas’s theory of the face epiphany, nevertheless, even when the face doesn’t reveal itself a transcendence takes place. Self-portrait is put in balance in Francesca’s Woodman’s artworks, as her photos let appear an identity under construction, which develops according to the plastic concerns of the artist and her interferences with artistic circles. It is a character in fragmentation, a non-entity (Chris Townsend) appearing as …


(Română) JEAN LE GAC. AUTOPORTRAIT RÉEL ET IMAGINAIRE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Since the 70’, Jean Le Gac – one of the most recognised French painter, and born in 1936 – creates, in a polyphonic and imaginary autobiography, a fictional and key-role character – by copying the images of children’s books from the 30′, and making montage of photos-texts, and artifacts. Those works have been shown at Biennale of Venise, Documenta V. Kassel, Guggenheim MuseumNew York, Museum Art Oxford, Centre Georges Pompidou, FIAC, Paris… L’effraction douce – an exhibition shown in Aix-en-Provence in 2009 – in which Jean Le Gac pays an original and iconoclastic homage to Pablo Picasso – reveals how …


(Română) ROLAND BARTHES PAR LA PHOTOGRAPHIE. DISCOURS SUR SOI, ENGENDREMENT ET FILIATION DANS LA CHAMBRE CLAIRE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

La Chambre Claire is a collection of several essays on the essence of photography, organized around several photographs – mostly of unknown characters – most of them taken by professionals.   However, as his reflection develops, his discourse keeps venturing out of the main road. Five years after the publication of his very formal biography (Roland Barthes par Roland Barthes), the writer, exploring the vast field of photography follows an introspective path which leads him, as the text develops, to re-discover himself: discovering new truth about himself, uncovering himself to the reader. So much so that something of an intuition …


(Română) LE SILENCE DE LA PEINTURE, L’AUTRE LANGAGE DE IONESCO

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

            Towards 1980’s Ionesco starts to distance himself from the theatre in search of another language which translates better the images born from his imagination or from his unconscious own mind. Fully aware of the danger of becoming the prisoner of his own clichés, Ionesco makes out of painting his favourite activity, essential for his interior and spiritual journey. Never really abandoning his writing, Ionesco finds in painting a new form of expressing himself, but one which transforms, little by little, in an equivalent system of expression and becomes only a temporary subterfuge against l’angoisse de …


(Română) LE LANGAGE DE L’ÊTRE ET LES CHEMINS DE L’IMPENSÉE : ENTRE VÉRITÉ / (MEN)SONGE ET (DÉ)CROYANCE ; STYLE DE NIETZSCHE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Nietzsche’s answer is affirmative and so clear. Why concepts are subjects to genesis? What conditions must clarify their meanings? The philosopher explains the concepts not from the legends, myths or fables as stories built from scratch but from a reactive genealogy which receives the force of the concept itself. It’s the beautiful, the nasty, the right, the sincere. The philosophy of history is tasked to explain a type opposite to that world of metaphysics and divinity. It is embodied in a conceptual sense with rigorous research which would be as a craft of the concept. The spirit of Nietzsche’s thought …


(Română) L’ÉLOQUENCE DES SENS. POUR UNE SOCIOSÉMIOTIQUE GASTRONOMIQUE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) PARLER AUTREMENT. LE LANGAGE CODÉ DERRIÈRE LES ALLÉGORIES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The allegory has a double meaning in its representations either in literature or in arts. Often used in mythological texts, it was later brought to life in medieval poetry, in fairy tales, fables or proverbs. Consequently, this figure of speech bears a double meaning: the denotative meaning – a direct one specific to the narrated story – and the connotative meaning – a subsidiary one, usually bearing a code in it. Symbols are often defined as implicit or explicit allegories, since we are dealing with a discourse which has its own meaning, but at the same time which allows the …


(Română) L’AUTODÉSIGNATION DANS LE DISCOURS LITURGIQUE ORTHODOXE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In this paper we aim to study several discursive forms of self designation used by the ministers and by the lay people in a few liturgical orthodox texts in French. We will refer to the prayers pronounced by the celebrating priest during the Eucharistic liturgy (during the precise moment of the Great Entrance and during the consecration of the sacred mystery) by the lay people before the communion and also to two spirituality books (Le Père Cléopas and Propos d’un moine orthodoxe). We mean here by liturgy the whole liturgical texts, prayer books, patristic and spiritual literature. We will also analyse …


(Română) EFFACEMENT ÉNONCIATIF ET REPRÉSENTATION BIAISÉE DE SOI DANS LE DISCOURS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The enunciatory effacement presupposes the existence of linguistic and discursive lines of action by means of which a speaker feigns withdrawal from enunciation, by dissimulating its source. Thus, the impression is created that the discourse is imposed from the outside and that the speaker only witnesses it. This method is utilized in literature, by the use of free indirect style, in order to create certain stylistic and pragmatic effects: dissimulating the enunciatory source determines a dilution of responsibility, the loss of reference points, and the modification of the viewpoints. In this paper, we will be examining some of the consequences …


(Română) « OÙ EST JE ? » : PRÉSENCE ET ABSENCE DU MOI EN LANGUE ET EN DISCOURS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In the language system, person and personal marks supposedly refer to the speech participants and leave traces in discourse. Not all grammatical traditions consider the speaker, referred to by I, to be the central first person, as opposed to a non-participant third person outsider. Moreover, I does not automatically represent the actual speaker and may be used as a mask for different fictitious characters or even objects. Lyrical utterance may blur the standard speaker vs addressee opposition. Finally, language diversity shows that beyond the self-representation of speaking subjects, grammatical persons may represent missing or non-existent speakers, merge speaker and addressee, …


(Română) EUGÈNE IONESCO ENTRE LES INFLUENCES ET LES SILENCES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

What can Eugène Ionesco’s selection and way of reading reveal about his drama conceptions? Ionesco reader profile interests us because it makes the point to the consideration about author’s (self) representation that sees himself in other’s works: Flaubert by l’Éducation sentimentale, for example, is a confessed influence because of the derision and the “satire of the received ideas”, according to the author’s words, that the writer uses in the novel construction. On the other side, Antonin Artaud is rarely mentioned in Notes et contre-notes, even if when we read le Théâtre et son double the common points that guide both …


(Română) ÊTRE DE DISCOURS/ÊTRE DU MONDE OU DIALOGUE DE MONSIEUR AVEC MONSIEUR DANS LE THÉÂTRE DE TARDIEU

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Contemporary with the theater of the absurd, the dramatic creation of Jean Tardieu oscillates between the empty space, the zero degree of the theatrical writing (as in his poem to play Voix sans personne) and the representation of the being of the world struggling with the being of the speech (as it appears in Monsieur Moi, ou Dialogue de Monsieur avec un brillant partenaire). We will try to capture the mechanisms by which, under the pen of the author of the Théâtre de chambre, the theatrical signs build an anamorphic mirror because the language (La comédie du langage), adopting the …


(Română) « SAVÉS POUR QUOI J’AI MON ABIT CANGIET ? » ADAM DE LA HALLE OU LA MISE EN SCÈNE D’UNE UTOPIE PERSONNELLE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In Le Jeu de la Feuillée, the author Adam de la Halle becomes the central character of his work. The beginning of the play surprises him taking his leave from his friends and the people in Arras. The poet wants to leave his hometown to start a new life. The change of “abit” that he mentions should be considered as a change of his way of thinking. When the personal values system begins to contrast with that of the social values, the poet dreams of a journey of “self-knowledge”. 


(Română) ELSA MORANTE: LA MÉMOIRE COMME EXAMEN PATOMORPHOLOGIQUE DES MENSONGES ROMANESQUES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The article brings into discussion the grand „topic” of the modern world: the non-identity with oneself of the individual invaded by the other and by the knowledge offered by the other/others through fable, invention, representation, illusion, fiction, artifice, creation. In other words, the literature views as a lie and its opposite – the  defying  through self-illusion, witchery, make-up, „conjuration” of the tales told since the birth of humanity. The parallel world of the „dream in wake” rivals the reality and substitutes it duet o an excessive complexity of what we attempt to grasp. The interchangeability of the fiction and reality, …


(Română) AUTOREPRÉSENTATION IRONIQUE DANS LES ROMANS FRANÇAIS DE MILAN KUNDERA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Kundera’s French novels often blur the delimitation of the several voices of the text (author, narrator, reader, characters) because of the evasiveness of their criteria. The characters thus display more mobility and flexibility in a shifting narrative textual space. This clever game of masks (a reflection of virtual evolutions of our present world), is handled by a masterly irony which reduces possibilities of getting a hold on these ultra-modern identities. But, paradoxically, such identities must originate in some in some powerful, highly productive matrix. As some writers would use metaphor or cryptic writing, Kundera’s irony places a mask over an …


(Română) AUTOFICTION, OBLIQUITÉ ET AUTRES «ÆNCRAGES» DANS LA REPRÉSENTATION DISCURSIVE DU MOI INTIM

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

This study focuses on the fundamental strategies in Georges Perec’s literary representations of his aching inner self. The French writer relates himself to reality throughout rhetoric artifacts essentially based on the ambivalent hide-and-seek between the real world and its multiple-faced embodiment in writing, between the truth and the surrogate, between memory and void in order to build up a word fortress while facing the terror of confession. Writing a fragmentary autobiography throughout autofiction and self-reference, Georges Perec proves to be the master of disguise in the confrontation to the History that has painfully marked him with a mutilation of his …


(Română) AUTOPORTRAIT, AUTOBIOGRAPHIE ET AUCTORIALITÉ EN DÉRISION

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Would Jean-Pierre Verheggen hide behind the uncountable plays on words, the puns, the spoonerism, with which are stuffed his texts? All the masks which he shows would they constitute his appropriate and deep nature? The “poetry” of this contemporary trouvère joins not only in the socio-historic, socio-literary, sociocultural reality, which he realizes a real chamber of echo, but it is in connection with the autobiographical reality of the Belgian poet. What is thus the exact nature of the link weaved between the multiple phonic and semantic distortions, of which consists the main part of his poetic work, and the self-image …


(Română) LA FICTION DIOGÉNIQUE ET BURLESQUE DE DASSOUCY : UN ESPACE DE MENTIR-VRAI

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Dassoucy’s self-journey in Adventures plays with the autobiographical concept and pleads for justification of unfair persecution. Using masks, it assumes self representation through the diogenic posture of an author favoring the ambiguous and oblique expression of a deceitful intimate reality which cannot be told in straightforward fashion. Its cynical and buffoon fiction thus creates a true lie dimension. Beyond the apparent falsity of the pretense of veracity in the autobiographical agreement, the obliqueness of the detour final aim is to confer genuine self expression


(Română) LA CORPORALITÉ IMPERSONNELLE DE L’INTELLECT DANS LA POÉSIE CONTEMPORAINE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The origins of poetry were traditionally linked with the emotional and intuitive life of the poet and with his power of linguistic expression. Modernism, however, created an entirely different vision which turned upside down the poetic systems of previous centuries. At the beginning of the 20th century, romantic emotion was replaced by language games which were often hermetic and, consequently, generators of anxiety. The formal experiments of modernist poetry that had begun with Apollinaire’s Calligrammes, were continued in the postmodernist literary discourse by trends such as visual, concrete or conceptual poetry. We propose to analyse the strategies of texts belonging …


(Română) REPRÉSENTATION DU MOI DANS LES POÈMES DE DEUIL DE DENISE LEVERTOV

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In the work of Denise Levertov, the writing of self-representation is the laboratory of a vision of the world, as well as of a poetic language serving as a vector for this innovating vision. If one can find instances of self-portraits thrughout most of her poetry, we will be focusing on a short cycle of texts, the « Olga Poems». These poems, written in 1964, only a few months after the early death of Olga Levertoff, the poet’s sister, are an essential step in the development of levertovian aesthetics. In this paper we will begin by exposing the importance of …


(Română) CATHERINE SAFONOFF OU UNE VISION ROMANDE CONTEMPORAINE FRAGMENTÉE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Without being autobiographies, the texts with autobiographical tendency of Catherine Safonoff particularize themselves mostly by a fragmented composition; she prefers sequences more dense in the novels and more spaced elsewhere, in the manner of diary or especially of essay. Her writing, very concerted, wants to counterbalance the weight of the existence and the self; she turns the sentimental flux of consciousness into blanks which let place to the non-being and which are as much occasions for toughts reflecting  itinerances into oneself and in the world, like Montaigne and Rousseau, as well programmatic, but in her way. She asserts her intellectual …


(Română) LA VIE PRIVÉE DE MICHEL TOURNIER À TRAVERS SES ROMANS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Michel Tournier is a well-known novelist and he is famous for his originality and his depth in his romantic creation. From his first novel, Friday or the Limbs of the Pacific up to his last one Eléazar or the Source and the Bush, he presents a very interesting adventure both inFrance and all over the world. He was a person (maybe the only one) who knew how to transform an unexpected failure in the aggregation of philosophy into a literary success. The romantic work of Tournier amounts in three dimensions which have direct relation with his own life. The first …


(Română) MICHEL TOURNIER ET « LE MIROIR À DEUX FACES » : PORTRAIT OBLIQUE D’UN ÉCRIVAIN AU CROISEMENT DU DIRE ET DE L’ÊTRE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Michel Tournier has always expressed his lack of interest in writings of intimacy and denies having found inspiration in his own life. He highlights the contrast between the “inward-looking” writers and the fictional writers, maintaining that he is one of the latter. Tournier insists on the fictional nature of his works and strongly contradicts critics who attempt to find in his life the models that he used in order to create literary characters. After the failure experienced with Vent Paraclet (1977) -his intellectual autobiography that reinforced his little interest for this genre- he reaffirms his refusal of this writing style …


(Română) ET L’AMBIGUÏTÉ DU REGARD SUR SOI

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Torn between his native and adoptive country, between a French mother and a Romanian father, between two languages, two cultures, between past and present, Eugene Ionesco entertained concurrently two apparently different passions: his love for theatre and the one for confession. His Ego exhibits his anxieties and restlessness either in Journal en miettes, Présent passé, passé présent or in La Quête intermittente, it also displays his existential crises, it writes down the thoughts, dreams and reading impressions; all these are to be found in texts which transgress the limits imposed by the diaristic genre. Our paper aims at identifying the …


(Română) TRACES AUTOFICTIONNELLES DANS L’ŒUVRE DE JONAS HASSEN KHEMIRI

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Jonas Hassen Khemiri is a Swedish author whose work is currently receiving more and more attention and appreciation. In his second novel, Montecore. The Silence of the Tiger (2011, the Swedish original was published in 2006), the author engages in a play of masks by means of a fictitious e-mail correspondence between an alter ego (sharing his name with the author) and someone pretending to be a close friend of his father’s, in the end seeming to represent the father himself. The text retraces the father’s life, the two correspondents both claiming the right of interpretation of this existence. While …


(Română) L’AUTOFICTION EN SUÈDE. LES STRATÉGIES AUTOFICTIONNELLES DE DEUX ÉCRIVAINES CONTEMPORAINES : KERSTIN EKMAN ET BIRGITTA STENBERG

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) « LAISSER S’ENVOLER TOUT EN TENANT LE FIL » ! OU … LE PLAISIR D’APPRENDRE EN CREANT, S’EXPRIMANT ET GARDANT DES TRACES AUDIO-VISUELLES En prélude: projection du film: “Les biches envolées”…

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) « ECOUTE ! ECOUTE ! JE SAIS PLEIN DE CHOSES… » ART DE TRANSMETTRE ET PLAISIR D’APPRENDRE PAR L’OBJET-LIVRE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) « IL VEULENT APPRENDRE LE FRANÇAIS EN DEUX MINUTES, C’EST PAS POSSIBLE » OU UNE ATTENTION A LA LANGUE FRANÇAISE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) LE PLAISIR SCENIQUE DE LA PAROLE DES TEXTES EN FRANÇAIS LANGUE ETRANGERE – QUEL TRAVAIL ! POURQUOI ? COMMENT ?

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) DONNER DE LA VOIX, FAIRE ENTENDRE LE TEMPS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) PLAISIR DE CONTER, PLAISIR DE TRANSMETTRE, PLAISIR DE MYSTIFIER. LA LITTERATURE ROUMAINE ANCIENNE A LA RECHERCHE DES NOUVEAUX MODELES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) LE PLAISIR D’IMAGINER DANS PRIMEIRAS ESTORIAS DE JOAO GUIMARAES ROSA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) ENTRE SOUFFRANCE ET JOUISSANCE, MANIFESTATIONS DE LA FIGURE CHRISTIQUE DANS L’ŒUVRE POETIQUE DE TCHICAYA U TAM’SI

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) PASSÉ PRÉSENT IMMANUEL HA-ROMI, POETA DELLA CORTE E DEI PIACERI

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(Română) PORTRAIT DE L’ECRIVAIN DE SCIENCE-FICTION EN CONTEUR

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(Română) LES PLAISIRS DE LA TRAGEDIE DANS BAJAZET DE JEAN RACINE

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(Română) LA LECTURE : DE LA MATERIALITE A L’IMMATERIALITE

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(Română) LE GOÛT DE L’ARCHIVE : LE PLAISIR DU TEXTE

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(Română) DURAILLE OU LE PLAISIR DE L’ECRITURE IMITATIVE SIGNEE PATRICK RAMBAUD

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(Română) DU PLAISIR DE LIRE AU PLAISIR DE VOIR OU DES SIGNES TEXTUELS AUX SIGNES MODELISANTS SECONDAIRES (LECTURES DE COMMENT WANG FÔ FUT SAUVE DE MARGUERITE YOURCENAR)

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

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(Română) LE PLAISIR DU TEXTE, LE PLAISIR DE LA PAROLE : ÉCRIRE, LIRE ET ÉCOUTER LES MOTS

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(Română) LA SEDUCTION DES MOTS. L’EMPRUNT FRANÇAIS DANS LA TERMINOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRE ROUMAINE

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(Română) ÊTRE SÉDUIT PAR VERLAINE EN ROUMAIN

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(Română) LE DISCOURS DU SEDUCTEUR

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(Română) LE PLAISIR DE SE TAIRE. LE SILENCE

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(Română) ENJEUX ARGUMENTATIFS DES PAROLES QUI FONT PLAISIR

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(Română) (IM)POSSIBILITÉS DE DIRE LE PLAISIR/DÉPLAISIR

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(Română) PLAISIR ET REALITE DANS LE CONTE DE FEES ET LA FABLE

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(Română) LECTURE DES ELEMENTS PARATEXTUELS DANS JE L’AIMAIS D’ANNA GAVALDA

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(Română) LES VIOLENCES TERRORISTES : PAR-DELÀ LE PRINCIPE DE PLAISIR, LA PERCÉE VERS LA JOUISSANCE

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(Română) À TABLE AVEC ROMAIN GARY LE PLAISIR DES SENS ENTRE HUMOUR ET HUMEURS

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THE ‘SELF’ VS. THE ‘OTHER’ IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In intercultural communication, the dichotomy ‘self’/the ‘other’ is vital in building identity. As a rule, a people’s identity has been viewed by other peoples through the eyes of their own identity. According to Bassnett,[1] in the encounter with the ‘other’, feelings such as denial, defense, minimization, acceptance or integration may arise. In our paper, we understand the word “minimization” as “marginalization.” These stages, as Bassnett name them, often occur in both the process of translation and the cultural studies, being also perceived as mediums in intercultural communication. [1] Bassnett-McGuire, Susan, Translation Studies,New York, Routledge, 1991.


CENTRE AND PERIPHERY IN THE PROCESS OF TRANSLATING

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Faithfulness and/or betrayal are considered to be inevitable in the process of translating.  To whom should the translator be faithful? To the author’s communicative intention? To the meaning of the text? To the source language? To the target language? By answering some of these questions, following a semio-pragmatic approach,  we will try to provide arguments in favour of the hypothesis that the central element in the process of translation, the only decision-maker in this complex semiosis is the translator; the author (her/his intention) and the reader (her/his response) are only peripheral. Translating a literary text is a particularly complex process …


THE CULTURAL MARGINALITY OF AN INTERPRETER

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In sociology, there is such a concept as cultural marginality; it makes reference to the betweenness of a human position between two cultures or subcultures (concerning the processes of cross-cultural contacts and assimilation). We consider that “cultural marginality” is a characteristic displayed by an interpreter who gets into a new cultural environment at the beginning of his professional activity. Being unaware of the foreign language culture subtleties, he does nоt lose the connection with his native culture and therefore, he transforms and modifies its values instead of learning new cultural norms. Interaction with people of the studied culture becomes ineffective. …


LINGUISTIC MARGINS AND NUCLEI IN DISCOURSE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Language is made up of nuclei surrounded by several more or less important margins. The concepts of ‘nucleus vs. margin/satellite’ are identified at different levels of discourse: syntactic, logical/formal, semantic and pragmatic. From a syntactic point of view, they come as a sequence, alternating one after another, becoming a rhythm of units. These units are hierarchically structured through consecutive embedding, thus making subordination a margin that builds up a complex structure. Logicians have tried to identify a bridge between linguistic representation and the string of thoughts, introducing concepts such as subnectors, connectors that produce in their turn notions or even …


A LEGAL LANGUAGE ISSUE: LAW AS “MASCULINE CULTURE”

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

This paper is a response to the problem of (neutral) legal language and discusses the assumption that law is a “masculine culture”. We consider that the masculinities of legal language are based on the ground that the “proximate genre” in legal discourse is the male one. From the “reasonable” man’s perspective to the special legislation concerning women’s rights, legal language underlines the idea that the legal field, as a reflection of social life, is andocentric. Thus, we will present how the modern representation of women is affecting the law and unleashing normative strategies challenging “gender equality”.


MARGINALIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Having conducted a theoretical study we found out that society marginalization is based on difference in levels of public consciousness of various mentalities. Therefore, to eliminate negative effects of the marginalization process, it is necessary to create special conditions that would lead to evolutionary changes in people’s consciousness in places of coexistence of various cultures. The analysis of the social consciousness of modern people living in Crimea may be a useful pattern for the social life stability in regions where marginalization exists.  


XENISMS WITH ENGLISH ETYMON IN JOURNALISTIC LANGUAGE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In this paper, we aim at presenting and studying some aspects related to the English language influences on the Romanian language. We will analyze some words and structures that have an English etymon and are reflected, in the process of communication, in different written materials eloquent for journalistic style. Our purpose is to reveal, by means of examples and explanations, whether Romanian preserves its native features or it becomes a marginalized language as a consequence of frequent English influences


GYPSIES: A LINGUISTIC CONSTRUCTION OF THEIR MARGINALITY IN ENGLISH NEWSPAPER HEADLINES

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The media represent a good channel for shaping and transmitting representations of society, representations that uphold the current values and opinions, influencing people’s beliefs and views. Starting from this idea and having in view the fact that, in the last decades, Gypsies have become a frequent topic of the news (at least) in Europe, the present paper has two aims: (1) to analyse the manner in which Gypsies’ marginality (which seems to be perennial) is linguistically constructed in some English newspapers headlines and (2) to depict the influence of these headlines upon newspaper readers’ beliefs regarding Gypsies. The research tools …


THE OTHER RENAISSANCE: REVIVAL OF THE AUTHENTIC WOMEN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Excluded, ridiculed and disregarded by misogynist literature, history and society, feminist authors of quite a few numbers personify marginality in their protest against the worldwide Renaissance social system. Raised to be a good wife, the Renaissance woman is imprisoned in a dull life framed around silence, obedience, ignorance and domestic work. Accomplishing lesser duties attributed to femininity, they are denied of high pursuits like writing, literature and art, closely associated with masculinity in the biased world. Nevertheless, some Renaissance authors dare challenge women’s fate, thus labelled as marginal and dissenter by discoursed society. Among them Anne Bradstreet from England, Christine …


MARGINS AND MERGINGS IN MAXINE HONG KINGSTON’S THE WOMAN WARRIOR

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The Woman Warrior by Maxine Hong Kingston is a novel whose richness offers scores of interpretations among which the one we propose for discussion in our paper and which is announced in the title is vital for the understanding of the spirit of the author, narrator and story altogether. The movement from the Asian (communist) space, community and code to the American (capitalist) one, from tradition to novelty, from nature to civilization, from the condition of the poor to the one of the well-off, from the universe of the community to the one of the family, from mothers to daughters, …


MARGINALIZATION IN POSTCOLONIAL THINKING

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Once western thinking has been unanimously recognized, sanctioned and codified as universally canonic, othering has been achieved in its most radical forms. Thus, the civilizing mission of colonialism becomes not a story of progress and enlightenment, but one of marginalization and destruction. Postcolonial theory is therefore called to expose the ideological processes by which knowledge is acquired under the control and surveillance of the metropole. Postcolonial thinking has stressed the common political, social, and psychological terrain through which all the colonized peoples had to pass. It has recognized the potency of such concepts as ‘Blackness’ at the heart of the …


MALE MARGINALITY IN HENRY JAMES’S INTERNATIONAL NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

In Henry James’s international novels, some of the male characters are offered a marginal place. Their marginality is caused by the lack of aggression and masculinity, by illness, lack of desire and normal heterosexual life, but also of financial success. They are caught in a clash between society, which is based on the conventional image of masculinity (physical aggression, heterosexual activity) and the marginal male ‘self’, characterized by atypical aspects (androgyny, homosexuality, passivity). The result is a strong disappointment as they gradually or suddenly discover their lack of importance in the lives of the people around them. These male characters …


IDENTITY DILEMMAS IN THE POST-TOTALITARIAN ROMANIAN CRITIQUE

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The Eastern-European cultural space registers an acute and deliberate separation from the communist political system, which leads to a conscious quest for a self lead by the literatures that are reborn after the mechanism of ideological oppression disappeared. The result is a permanent re-definition of the national cultural positions with reference to the European centre, joined by a revision of aesthetic criteria that allow peripheral cultural ‘voices’ to interact on the Western scene. The stated aim is for ‘marginal literature’ to actively participate to the European circulation of cultural production, which entails the necessity of invoking studies focused on European …


FROM MARGINALITY TO CELEBRITY IN ENLIGHTENMENT ENGLISH CULTURE: THE CASE OF PETER THE WILD BOY

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Reports on feral children discovered in several parts ofEuropeattracted high levels of public attention during the eighteenth century. InEngland, the case of Peter the Wild Boy was hotly debated. His discovery in the forests ofHanoverled to the production of numerous pamphlets, sermons, paintings and wax figures. The fascination with the monstrous other also caused intense scientific debates on the topic of human nature, the human mind, or the boundaries between the human and the animal species, often blurring contemporary knowledge of human nature. This paper discusses the cultural context related to the discovery of feral children in Enlightenment England, the …


ON THE MARGIN OF BLACKNESS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

This article aims at proposing a contemporary view on the condition of black marginality. Based on an investigation of diachronic representations of African-American marginality, the article claims that the equation of nation, culture, language and literature is nowadays an obsolete truth and further argues that, as the present-day mobility of perspective renders any centre relative, the correlative notions of centre and margin prove to be circumstantial and self-effacing. The article then suggests that, in the multiplicity of relative centres, any category of identification, such as race or ethnicity, constitutes just one choice among others and goes on to investigate whether …


ON THE MARGIN OF MEANING – AMERICAN CONCEPTUAL POETRY

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

One of the most experimental trends in American poetry at the beginning of the 21st century is represented by the Conceptual poetry movement, which, while continuing the avant-garde principles of the last century, discovers new paths towards an interesting, but highly controversial poeticity. The present paper is an analysis of the Conceptual poets’ struggle against expression, for the sake of a type of poetry that is deliberately anti-aesthetic and depersonalized. These Conceptual textual games that favour form above all else are primarily meant to meet the challenges of the digital era and its disturbing semantic anxieties


THE IMPACT OF MARGINALIZATION IN JOSEPH CONRAD’S TALES AND NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Dealing with the intrusion and interference of European imperialism in the Pacific, in the East India, in South America and in Africa, many of Joseph Conrad’s tales and novels gradually reveal the physical, psychological, social, economic, cultural or moral effects of colonialism upon both the natives and the colonizers. This paper will analyse the variety of narrative techniques used by Conrad to highlight the problematics of marginalization. For example, the poetic and allegorical discourse in The Nigger of the Narcissus (1987) allows Conrad to record individual and collective instances of racial discrimination whereas the parodical and satirical voice in An …


CHILDREN AND THE DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN 19TH-CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Our paper aims at outlining the two main conceptions of childhood in the 19th century and at identifying the way in which these two conceptions manifested themselves in the literary discourse – which is a discourse of marginality – of 19th-century English writers such as Charles Dickens or Thomas Hardy. The paper’s secondary aim is to challenge readers into considering how much of the views upon childhood have changed, whether we may look back to older perspectives upon childhood and education, and upon children generally


WELCOMING THE AMERICANS WITHIN THE POST-COMMUNIST MARGINS

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

The aim of the present paper is to analyze the image of the United States of Americain two (former) Communist countries (Romaniaand East Germany) and how this image was greatly influenced/modified by the Communist regime. Our analysis is based on two political myths concerning the United States, which developed in different periods of time in the mentality of people from these two countries. On the one hand, the proliferated phrase “The Americans are coming” reflects the myth according to which the Americans are seen as the providential liberators, and on the other hand, the Americans are vilified during the Communist …


CULTURAL SPACES AND MARGINALITY IN A RAISIN IN THE SUN

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Marginalization has been a special matter of question for African-American leaders, thinkers (B.T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois) and writers in the United States. Thus, it has been an ongoing debate throughout the 20th century and the debate was drawn in A Raisin in the Sun (1959), and the first play that was presented on Broadway by an African-American female dramatist, Lorraine Hansberry. The aim of this study is to analyze marginality related to cultural spaces in A Raisin in the Sun through social criticism. Derrida’s basic formulation, ‘différance’, reflects that meaning can be deferred. This formulation is applied to A Raisin …


MONOLOGUE AS A DISCOURSE OF MARGINALITY IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 18 2014 by

Monologue has been used as a form of substitute communication throughout the history of drama. As substitution of stage communication, monologue can be read as the attempt to explain the unexplainable and speak the unspeakable on the stage. The form and shape of monologue, however, has been changed since the 1960’s, and has become voice of marginality. Contemporary American dramatists such as Edward Albee, Maria Irene Fornes and August Wilson, with many others, employ monologue as a discourse of marginality in their prominent plays. They create monologists in order to give voice to marginal, and reflect marginality of identity, certain …