TYPES D’INTERACTIONS DANS LE LUDIQUE EN CLASSE DE FLE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Exemple type d’interaction non-complémentaire, la conversation met en présence des sujets sociaux, pourvus d’images sociales, dont les positionnements ne sont pas identiques ; pourtant l’on reconnaît, dans ce type d’échange, une sorte d’égalité de droits et de devoirs. L’on identifie, parmi les caractéristiques de la conversation, une finalité « interne », centrée sur le contact, ce qui lui assure le statut de lieu de convivialité relative, une apparente informalité de fonctionnement, reposant, entre autres, sur le caractère ouvert du contrat de parole, sur l’absence de but explicite et de thèmes imposés. Il y a, d’autre part, en didactique de FLE, …


LE JEU DE ROLES DANS LA CLASSE DE FRANÇAIS LANGUE ÉTRANGÈRE: DE LA THÉORIE À LA PRATIQUE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

L’importance du jeu de rôles pour la classe de français langue étrangère, et surtout pour l’enseignement/apprentissage des actes de langage, a été reconnue depuis longtemps. La manière dont il faut organiser cette activité pour la rendre agréable et efficace a été décrite en détail plus d’une fois. Cependant, en regardant les classes de français enregistrées dans le cadre du projet CECA (Langue française, diversité culturelle et linguistique : culture d’enseignement, culture d’apprentissage), on se rend compte que les enseignants, qu’ils soient roumains ou brésiliens, proposent rarement des jeux de rôles à leurs élèves. Dans le cas de la Roumanie, on …


ANALYSE IMMANENTE DES ŒUVRES ET DISSOLUTION DES GENRES ARTISTIQUES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Adorno pose l’exigence philosophique d’une « teneur de vérité » de l’art, celle-ci ne pouvant exister qu’à partir d’une critique immanente de l’œuvre particulière. Le rôle de son esthétique est bien de saisir le moment où l’œuvre, en raison de sa loi formelle, est un artefact et en même temps « plus » qu’un artefact : elle est une œuvre d’art en se séparant, en tant qu’ « esprit » de la réalité empirique. Les œuvres deviennent autonomes à condition de posséder ce « plus » par rapport à la réalité empirique. Mais comment déterminer ce « plus », cet …


ON PAINTING, CONVENTIONS AND GAMES; APPROACHES TO (POST-)MODERN ROMANIAN ART WORKS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our paper gives an account of the way in which creativity, representation and receiving in art imply the notion of “game”, and thus encourages the study of painting as game. On the other hand, the paper experiences the aesthetic handling of the concept in question. The game of imagination plays its part in the choice of the work titles, the themes to be depicted, and the means of expression. The study of the game of representation is first carried out at the language’s level, but it is also interested in the performative aspects of the language use, i.e. the compositional …


LA PLURALITE DES VOIX

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Un texte peut être différemment analysé, et ses différents thèmes ne se trouvent pas sur le même plan. C’est pourquoi, on attribue aux textes une certaine plurivocité. Il arrive souvent que le locuteur « se brise » au moment de la confrontation avec un autre locuteur. Le discours, comme un ensemble de voix, effectue divers actes de langage attribués aux divers énonciateurs. La polyphonie est présente dans un énoncé de voix différentes, distinctes de celle de l’auteur de l’énoncé ; ainsi, tout énoncé consiste en une mise en scène d’instances énonciatives distinctes, auxquelles le locuteur peut se présenter comme associé …


LE DROIT AU JEU

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

L’hypothèse de départ de ce travail est que le jeu et ses règles régissent, d’une façon ou d’une autre, ne fût-ce qu’implicitement, toute activité humaine, surtout lorsqu’elle est liée à une pratique langagière. Le Droit, par les contraintes qu’il impose, par la rigidité et l’austérité de son langage et sa fonction pratique et punitive, semble loin de la gratuité et du bonheur que le jeu engendre. Néanmoins, on a déjà démontré que, dans les sociétés archaïques, l’acte juridictionnel s’accompagne, souvent, de la mise en scène de certains jeux. On attribue au jeu une fonction sociale, grâce aux significations qu’il cache, …


LUDIQUE ET PHATIQUE DANS LE DISCOURS DES MENUS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Dans le cadre du discours du manger (on pourrait y inclure les recettes culinaires, les blagues gastronomiques), le discours des menus occupe une place à part. On met sur la carte des stratégies diverses orientées vers le récepteur, afin de le séduire et de lui inciter la curiosité gustative. La dénomination des plats, leur description sommaire au cadre du menu maintient ouverte la coopération du récepteur. Le fait de nommer les spécialités culinaires en utilisant la dérivation par suffixation diminutive représente l’une des stratégies textuelles appartenant au ludique, mais également au phatique. On va proposer une stylistique du diminutif suivant …


THE GAME OF MANIPULATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper tries to depict the game of manipulation in one type of oral discourse, namely in negotiation. The game of manipulation in negotiation is not relaxed or interest-free; on the contrary, it is a game in which the players try to maximize their gains by finding the best strategy necessary in a certain situation. We are trying to see, in several examples of recorded and transcribed negotiations, how some strategies of manipulation work.


JEUX DE LANGAGE, (EN)JEUX DE L’ALTÉRITÉ

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

La relation avec l’autre représente, dans toutes les cultures, une constante du comportement social. Les rapports avec l’autre, personne ou communauté, sont révélés par les éléments de l’imaginaire et des représentations culturelles. Mais ce qu’on perçoit de l’autre c’est son image, qui comprend, comme toute image, réel et fictionnel à la fois. L’image de l’autre est, toujours, chargée de sens. A l’époque postmoderne, l’autre se révèle comme une construction due aux jeux de langage, formule par laquelle Jean François Lyotard désigne les réseaux discursifs contemporains qui (de)limitent l’individu postmoderne, atomisé, isolé. Les représentations discursives de l’altérité – minoritaire, marginale, étrangère …


LANGUAGE GAMES AND PLAYING WITH LANGUAGE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the relations between man’s everyday actions and games, between what is serious and what is lighthearted, playful about human actions. There are two words in English which refer to these aspects: game and play. They share some semantic features and differ in others. Game focuses on competition and obeying rules, whereas play focuses on amusement and freedom of action. I shall briefly cast a look at both Saussure’s parallel between language and the game of chess and Wittgenstein’s well-known syntagm language-game. I believe that only the latter is acceptable, on condition that …


ENJEUX DES « JEUX DE LANGAGE » CHEZ WITTGENSTEIN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Le concept fictif de « jeu de langage » occupe dans la seconde philosophie de Wittgenstein une place importance. Le « jeu de langage » rend compte d’une connexion entre langage et action dans la prise en compte d’une forme de vie, laquelle créée les conditions même de ce jeu. Ces jeux trouvent un exemplaire dans littérature, laquelle par l’appréciation qu’elle requiert désigne au philosophe un autre aspect de la connaissance. Entre langage, une philosophie entre esthétique et éthique se dessine alors, à l’épreuve du discours sub specie ludi.


LES CONTRAINTES DU JEU SCÉNIQUE: LES DIDASCALIES. POUR UNE DÉFINITION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Les diverses descriptions et taxinomies des didascalies chez les différents spécialistes témoignent des perspectives adoptées: la perspective purement formelle, incapable à elle seule de rendre compte du fonctionnement des didascalies, la perspective énonciative et pragmatique, la perspective poétique. Considérées comme des éléments subalternes du texte, les didascalies commencent, avec l’intérêt qui leur est accordé, par une analyse linguistique, plus précisément énonciative et pragmatique, à gagner leur statut d’éléments de base dans la production du sens du texte théâtral.


WORDS DREAMING AT A SHAKESPEAREAN NIGHT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Shakespeare’s comedies have, throughout centuries, attracted criticism that ranged from slight contempt for their stylistic impurity to utter admiration for the complexity of their structures. This paper focusses on one of Shakespeare’s best loved early comedies, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, in order to study the poetic nature of the play by taking into account some of the rhetorical elements that contribute to the construction of its particular atmosphere. Metamorphosis is explored in the movements of the words up and down scales of meaning operating through inversions, subversions, conversions and reversions that both bewilder and enchant the reader.


LE JEU DE L’ATTENTE ET DE L’INTEMPESTIF DANS UN CHAPEAU DE PAILLE D’ITALIE D’EUGENE LABICHE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Il y a trois traitements littéraires possibles du topos de l’attente: parfois, c’est le cas des contes, elle est comblée (dans le conte Barbe bleue, par exemple, le cri de la jeune épouse en danger de mort : « Anne, ma sœur Anne, ne vois-tu rien venir ? » sera entendu et la fille sauvée); d’autres fois, comme dans la littérature de l’absurde, le cri se perd dans le vent, faute d’interlocuteur, et l’attente s’éternise; enfin, dans la comédie, l’attente et l’intempestif se poursuivent comme le chat et la souris provoquant le rire libérateur de la tension de l’expectative. Vu …


THE FOOL IN KING LEAR

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

My paper is an attempt to approach the fool figure through an exploration of physicality and clowning in the early modern period. I have chosen for analysis one of Shakespeare’s plays, where the clown clearly responds to the diversity of the audience (and culture) of his time, incorporating familiar physicality while moving a step further with colloquial references, political commentary, and social critiques. Besides providing the definition and the roles assumed by the fool in the play, I will also show that clowning is an important performative device. The words of the fools are often identical in all Shakespeare’s plays: …


CONSTRUCTION DES PERSONNAGES ET ESTHÉTIQUE DE LA QUIÉTUDE DANS LES PARAVENTS DE JEAN GENET

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Une pièce écrite en idéogrammes et en hiéroglyphes est un texte qui interroge de prime abord l’architecture d’un imaginaire créatif bien débordant. Est-ce le cas dans Les Paravents (LP) de Jean Genet ? Les quarante-trois personnages européens face à cinquante et un Arabes évoluent le long d’une édition – celle de 1976, dite édition finale-, dans un espace visible-invisible composé de seize paravents-miroirs ou écrans. Tout débute dans LP par une borne kilométrique, une trace délimitative indiquant le village d’Ain-Sofar. Ce dernier existe réellement, aujourd’hui ville touristique du Mont-Liban, sur la route Beyrouth-Damas via Zahlé. Une ville bien montante où …


PARODIE ET INTERTEXTE CHEZ ION LUCA CARAGIALE: « LA FARCE FANTAISISTE » UNE BELLE MÈRE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

En connaissant bien le mouvement des formes littéraires, Caragiale engage souvent son écriture dans des polémiques implicites ou explicites avec la convention littéraire de son époque. Les recettes d’écriture acceptées par le public et promues par les maisons d’éditions et les journaux font l’objet d’un jeu textuel et fictionnel tout particulier, dans la pièce Une belle mère – farce fantaisiste, où la pratique littéraire remplace la réalité et le donquijotisme devient modus vivendi.


IL GIOCO DEGLI INTERDETTI NELL’ARIALDA, PIÈCE DI G. TESTORi

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Il teatro appartiene alla sfera del rito, del gioco e della festa ma anche dell’ artigianalità e della comunicazione in ogni senso, coinvolge tutto quel campo che possiamo chiamare genericamente antropologico, (Enrique Vargnas, Anno 1, n. 35, 14/ 12/ 2000). Il teatro, infatti, è uno strumento di conoscenza e di relazione profonda tra individui e gruppi differenti per cultura, razza e status sociale, favorisce l’incontro e genera legami proprio come il gioco. E’ uno strumento di ricerca verso l’io e verso il mondo. La diversità di G. Testori si ritrova anche nei confronti del panorama culturale italiano in cui si …


LE JEU DANS LE THÉÂTRE D’ALBERT CAMUS : POLYSÉMIE, POLYMORPHIE, ONTOLOGIE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Si le jeu dans tous ses états se trouve amplement célébré chez Eugène Ionesco, selon la prémisse du présent volume, il l’est aussi, déjà, chez un écrivain dont les œuvres majeures précèdent de peu celles du célèbre dramaturge de l’Absurde : en l’occurrence, chez Albert Camus. À l’instar de Martin Esslin dans son ouvrage de référence qu’est devenu The Theatre of the Absurd (1961), nous percevons Camus comme un précurseur du Nouveau Théâtre. Mais notre perception se fonde sur d’autres motifs, qui s’ajoutent à ceux fournis par Esslin : alors que ce dernier renvoie au philosophe de l’absurde, qu’est Camus, …


THE READING GAME

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Fiction possesses a “dialogic” dimension, a relationship that establishes among the various voices which compete for dominance in a text. And it is not seldom that voices in fictional texts derive their vocabularies from the language of games and play. Readers and critics have not always been concerned with the clash of words among other words. The novel as a genre has, traditionally, seemed to be concerned more with character and event than with linguistic nuances. The fictional imagery is pervasively, obsessively visual; the Realist text (isn’t realism one of the main ingredients of the novelistic universe?) seems to resist …


LES REVES DANS LES JOURNAUX DE IONESCO

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Les rêves consignés par Ionesco dans ses journaux font la liaison entre deux plans de sa création française – le théâtre et les écrits intimes, pour créer la spécificité de ce qu’on appelle son théâtre autobiographique. Tous ses trois journaux contiennent des rêves, mais Journal en miettes est le journal des rêves par excellence, car à l’époque de sa rédaction Ionesco subissait une cure psychanalytique ; cela donne l’aspect par certains endroits de carnet de rêves, de carnet thérapeutique. L’analyse portera sur les rêves consignés dans les journaux (sur tous les rêves, pas seulement sur ceux utilisés ensuite dans les …


LE JEU CHEZ PANAIT ISTRATI

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Le jeu, tel qu’il est présent dans l’œuvre de Panait Istrati, prend plusieurs formes : des jeux de mots, de jeux de hasard, le jeu au sens de « joc » roumain, signifiant danse populaire et par extension fête, le jeu du hasard auquel Istrati fait si souvent référence, le jeu de la vie et de la mort qui sous-tend les aventures décrites dans ses récits comme un cycle vie-mort-vie. Il est intéressant de remarquer quelques lieux communs avec non seulement d’autres ouvrages littéraires mais aussi avec d’autres croyances, pratiques et archétypes, ce qui fait des romans de Panait Istrati …


ANDRE GIDE ET LES ILLUSIONS DU JEU ANTIFASCISTE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

L’antifascisme est un « jeu » inventé par les communistes à l’aube de la seconde guerre mondiale pour leurrer l’Occident et éloigner l’attention de l’opinion publique de la famine et des atrocités commises par le régime totalitaire de Staline. Malgré leurs péchés, les communistes ont réussi à attirer vers leur cause des militants authentiques, des individus remarquables, parmi les plus brillants de leur génération. Motivés par la menace fasciste et convaincus d’avoir bien choisi leur chemin, les sympathisants ont été cependant les victimes innocentes d’un régime dont le but principal était de créer une illusion pour s’en nourrir ensuite. Certains …


LE JEU: SOCIALISATION ET INDIVIDUATION CHEZ ANDREÏ MAKINE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

La découverte de soi, la construction de l’identité personnelle par opposition à celle collective constitue un motif essentiel de l’œuvre makinienne. Pour mieux souligner cela, l’auteur choisit comme personnages des jeunes adolescents à l’âge de l’élaboration de soi selon différents modèles : familial, social, collectif ou bien au contraire, par la confrontation avec l’altérité. Erik Erikson considère le stade de l’adolescence comme « une période de plus en plus marquée et consciente […] presque un mode existentiel entre l’enfance et l’âge adulte » . Les adolescents semblent être plus préoccupés par ce que les autres pensent d’eux, par ce qu’ils …


THE METAMORPHOSIS OF SOCIAL IDENTITY AND THE GARMENT AS SIGN, OR THE (JOCULAR) “STEALING” OF SPACES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper deals with aspects related to interpersonal conflict interspersed with ideas of rape psychology, elements of struggle between different social classes building their social identity, as well as with aspects regarding the gestural display of power or lack of power as shown in Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded by Samuel Richardson. Starting from the idea that every game involves some participants, a competitive or conflicting state between them and some reward, then we find that in this novel the game of abusing the physical body and/or of defending it reveals some other deeper significations.


ACTORS AND ROLES IN W. M. THACKERAY’S “VANITY FAIR”

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

It is a known fact that W. M. Thackeray’s novel Vanity Fair begins with an author’s preface entitled “Before the Curtain”, where the characters in the novel are already referred to as ‘puppets’, ‘dolls’ and ‘figures’, the stage being a ‘Fair’, all these being ‘looked at’ by the ‘Manager of the Performance’. The paper aims at identifying and analyzing the dramatic discourse in the novel, the roles, positions and functions of characters which are relevant to our analysis, so as to decide who pulls the strings of all these marionettes. Another purpose of the paper is to deal with this …


TECHNICAL (DIS)PLAY IN MALCOLM BRADBURY’S WORK

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Malcolm Bradbury’s texts, be they works of fiction or critical works, develop under the permanent sign of games. Linguistic games, structural games, metafictional exploitations or devices within the sphere of parody, irony or sarcasm pervade his writings whose main purpose seems to be that of giving pleasure. A unique entertainer, Malcolm Bradbury made of his ludic manner of handling his writer’s quill a second nature.


LE JEU DE L’EMPRUNT ET LES ENJEUX CACHÉS DANS LE DEVOIR DE VIOLENCE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Le Devoir de Violence de Yambo Ouologuem a rapidement suscité une controverse après sa parution en 1968, concernant les prétendus plagiats de l’auteur. Je soutiendrai que ces accusations reposent sur un manque de compréhension de la technique compositionnelle de Ouologuem, dont la ludicité est démontrée à la fois par les autres écrits de l’auteur et par ses interviews. La scène finale du roman contient la clé des emprunts situés autre part dans le texte. Ouologuem obtient une synergie entre la technique d’écriture et l’idéologie du texte, en les plaçant ensemble sous le signe du jeu. Tout comme celui-ci, le travail …


TOUS LES ENFERS NE SONT PAS PAREILS. RÉÉCRITURES (POST)MODERNES D’UN MYTHE À L’ANCIENNE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

On propose une approche comparative, située au croisement de l’antropologie de l’imaginaire et de l’étude comparée des textes littéraires. On s’intéresse à quelques échos littéraires du motif descensus ad Inferos et, lié à celui-ci, du motif du rameau d’or, dans un corpus d’oeuvres ci-dessous précisées. Ce sont deux motifs – mythiques et initiatiques tout d’abord – de très ancienne origine dans l’imaginaire européen. Il y en a aussi des expressions pareilles dans d’autres cultures du monde, notamment celles du Proche Orient ancien. Quant aux réminiscences de ces deux motifs entrelacés dans l’imaginaire littéraire (post)moderne, on envisage tout d’abord deux romans …


THÈME ET ESTHÉTIQUE DU JEU DE HASARD CHEZ ARAGON : LE ROMAN – UN PAQUET DE CARTES ?

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Cette étude porte sur la présence du thème du jeu de hasard dans l’œuvre d’Aragon et plus particulièrement dans Les Voyageurs de l’impériale. Ce roman du cycle Le Monde réel s’interroge certes sur la représentation de la réalité, mais celle-ci prend une forme originale lorsqu’il s’agit de traiter du jeu. Les références intertextuelles se font nombreuses et brouillent les rapports possibles entre le réel et sa représentation fictionnelle. Nous esquisserons donc une mise en relation entre le jeu comme thème et le jeu comme représentant d’une esthétique.


JOUER SUR LES MOTS ET JOUER AVEC LES MOTS, DES ASPECTS LUDIQUES DE L’ART DIVINATOIRE DES LIVRES DE SORTS : EXEMPLES OCCITANS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Les livres de sorts sont les supports d’un art divinatoire qui, peut-être plus que tous les autres, met en scène le jeu des mots et du hasard. Ce genre d’ouvrage consiste à mettre en place un système de tirage au sort qui sélectionne la réponse à une question prédéterminée. Ils connurent une large diffusion au Moyen Âge attestée notamment par leur présence au sein d’œuvres littéraires. Le Roman de Flamenca et La Chanson de la Croisade albigeoise, œuvres phares de la littérature médiévale occitane, mettent en scène une utilisation très traditionnelle des livres de sorts qui révèle un jeu littéraire …


« LANGAGE TANGAGE OU CE QUE LES MOTS ME DISENT ». MICHEL LEIRIS : DE L’EXPLORATION LUDIQUE DU LANGAGE À L’EXPLORATION DU MOI

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Auteur d’un vaste cycle autobiographique, Michel Leiris contribue décisivement au renouvellement des genres autoréférentiels par une expérimentation langagière et narrative qui anticipe de quelques décennies « l’aventure de l’écriture » envisagée par les structuralistes et les Nouveaux Romanciers. L’exploration du moi s’accompagne chez lui d’une exploration des potentialités du langage. Pensant que l’homme contemporain est emprisonné par cet outil de communication, Leiris éprouve la nécessité de le réinventer, de le forcer à lui livrer des vérités inouïes. Transformés ainsi en objet de la recherche littéraire, les mots sont forcés de quitter le domaine de la communication habituelle et de montrer …


JEUX, CONTRAINTES ET TROUVAILLES. TOUT POUR UNE LITTERATURE EXPERIMENTALE CHEZ PEREC ET QUENEAU

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Notre étude met en lumière quelques pistes de l’esthétique perecquienne fondée sur la force créatrice du jeu, du puzzle, de l’agencement et de la contrainte de toute espèce qui ne fait que déboucher sur la libération du mot. Le langage se dérobe et se dépouille pour se vouer à des associations singulières et à des accumulations qui remontent à un encyclopédisme éblouissant dont Georges Perec est l’artisan et le forgeur. Nous allons souligner aussi le rapport contrainte-liberté-érudition chez Georges Perec et les jeux de son écriture qui portent sur la nature et l’usage de cette « étrange parole réservée (tout …


TEXTES À CONTRAINTES : JEUX ET ENJEUX DE LA TRANSMISSION DES CONTRAINTES AU LECTEUR

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

A l’Ouvroir de Littérature Potentielle (OuLiPo) règnent certains mots-clés comme « contrainte d’écriture », « jeu » et « combinatoire ». Le jeu de l’écriture oulipienne pose la problématique de l’encodage des contraintes dans un texte : un auteur doit-il rendre visible les contraintes d’écriture qui lui ont permis de construire son texte ? Cette question divise le champ des littératures à contraintes. Si la plupart des auteurs à contraintes choisissent de ne pas révéler leurs contraintes, certains le font parfois en épitexte (dans un autre ouvrage) ou en péritexte (dans le même ouvrage). Le degré de visibilité le plus …


« AH ! L’ FOND SALÉ DE LA MER » DU SÉRIEUX DES JEUX POÉTIQUES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

De l’écriture en vers d’Alphonse Allais (1854-1905) on connaît essentiellement quelques distiques holorimes, des jeux de rimes in absentia ou des paires d’alexandrins exceptionnellement court et long. Après avoir pris la mesure des innovations métriques et poétiques de l’« humoriste fin-de-siècle » (trivialité burlesque des bout-rimés, « fable-express », équivoque généralisée, etc.), on abordera la question de la « rime riche à l’œil », qui repose sur une homographie associée à une stricte hétérophonie (« Les gens de la maison Dubois, à Bone, scient / Dans la froide saison, du bois à bon escient »). Loin de se réduire à …


MALCOLM BRADBURY AND NEW POSTMODERNISM(S) @ THE TURN OF THE MILLENNIUM – BETWEEN THE REALISTIC MODE AND EXPERIMENT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Discussions of what was more or less controversially termed as “postmodernism” seem to be over as long new theories seem to have signed the obituary of this period/ condition and seem to be hailing the beginning of a new chiliastic trend. The new mentality at the turn of the millennium, the new life style and perception of life were transferred into a type of fiction that regarded both towards the past and towards the future so as to meet the requirements of the present times. Focus has changed from the author to the text and back, from the writer to …


TECHNIQUE AS SIGNIFYING SYSTEM IN THE AMBASSADORS BY HENRY JAMES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In Henry James’s works the passage of time is rather unimportant, and his main interest seems to be a rather spatial representation of experience. Psychological actions and thoughts of the characters are seen as unfolding in time, but there is also a feeling of being suspended in a timeless universe, of being lost in the labyrinth of a central consciousness, which produces a text that is free of time. The use of interior monologue produces a feeling of a continuous present. The reader loses any sense of reality or physical time and is led into the mind of the character. …


UNCOVERING ASIDES: TEXTUAL PRE-VIEWS FROM THE COVERS OF DAVID LODGE’S NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Textualizing processes of both the ethics and politics of memory – whether achieved by the means of the word, i.e. the book, or of the image, i.e. TV, radio, cinema – are of utmost interest in an age of mediated and mediating mass culture, as it comes off the pages of David Lodge’s novels. Many of the later novels written by David Lodge focus, at least at the level of content, on the media with all its aspects and under all its known forms. The present paper intends to investigate the way in which the reader is allowed (or not) …


“THE LIFE OF HUGH O’NEILL CAN BE TOLD IN MANY WAYS”: THE POLITICS OF INTERTEXTUALITY IN THOMAS KILROY’S THE O’NEILL AND BRIAN FRIEL’S MAKING HISTORY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The historical persona of Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, who led the last Gaelic rebellion against the Tudor re-conquest of Ireland, has accrued contradictory meanings from the late 16th-century onwards. Vilified in Anglo-Irish chronicles as traitor and rebel, he was construed as a mythic hero by the nationalist discourse. Given the persistence of this ambiguity in colonial writings, contemporary Irish playwrights attempt to dismantle traditional representations of the Ulster chieftain, re-constructing him in accordance to a post-colonial agenda. Both Thomas Kilroy’s The O’Neill and Brian Friel’s Making History employ intertextuality in order to question the mechanics of historical definition through which previous texts like …


THE NARRATIVE DISCOURSE IN CONSTRUCTING FEMALE CHARACTERS IN 19TH CENTURY AMERICAN, BRITISH AND ROMANIAN PROSE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The article attempts to analyse the modelling factors in constructing the female characters in the 19th century American, British and Romanian prose from the perspective of particular patterns that appear in most of the writing. I will approach this issue from three main perspectives: a socio-cultural and historical one, dealing with the transition from rural/agrarian to urban/industrial ways and values of life; an aesthetic one, dealing with the erosion of conventions and stereotypes and the mutations produced in the representations of womanhood by the transition from romanticism to realism and a comparative one, engaging a parallel between Romanian, British and …


DEVELOPMENT OF MEANING IN SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS TRANSLATIONS INTO ROMANIAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Translation, as a way of understanding the world and human feelings, should not be analyzed separately, but should be contextualized as a social system. There is always a context in which the translation takes place, a time, a translator with a certain social and cultural background. Translation is both decontextualization and recontextualization since translation is productive more than it is reproductive. So through translation communication takes place, a cross-cultural communication between two sets of languages, two translators. Translation is a process which connects languages and what a better way to be connected than through poetry. Poetic translation is a difficult …


SPATIAL ARTERIES: THE ROAD CHRONOTOPE IN THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY ENGLISH NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The road acquires special significations in the eighteenth-century English novels thus symbolising the permanent quest of the human being for happiness, liberty or knowledge. It reveals the fact that the road is presented as a space with a noteworthy cultural importance echoing values of the eighteenth-century England. Therefore, we intend to show that due to its multifarious functions and meanings, the road constitutes the spatial artery of the eighteenth-century geography, social and cultural life or, as we will see, even of the narrative productions. The motif of the journey is a necessary component of the road chronotope and, together, they …


WHY CAN’T SHREWS BEHAVE, OR KISS ME, KATE REVIVED

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The endurance of Shakespeare’s popularity with both high-brow and low-brow twentieth and twenty-first century audiences has been consistently confirmed by the impressive number of spectators that more or less faithful adaptations of the Bard’s plays have managed to bring to cinema and theatre halls. By mid-twentieth century, The Taming of the Shrew was successfully adapted for the Broadway stage by Cole Porter as Kiss Me, Kate, a musical which combined, in an interesting meta-theatrical structure, the Shakespearean heritage with ‘hot’ topics that the American society showed interest in at the time when the play was first produced (1948). The present paper aims at …


THE BEYONDNESS OF IDENTITY IN SYLVIA PLATH’S POEMS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper investigates the discursive ways in which Sylvia Plath’s artistic identity is constructed in some of her most representative poems. Our analysis focuses on the difficult relationship this poetic “I” establishes with the otherness of language and with the elusive “something else” beyond language that is only felt and never defined sufficiently. Leon Wieseltier’s ideas on identity constitute a theoretical basis for the demonstration that Plath’s “I” becomes a signifier/axe that alienates/splits the subject not only from the words themselves, but also from what is, but cannot be spoken


THE PRISON AS A SIGN IN CHARLES DICKENS’ NOVELS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper attempts to approach the sign of the “prison“ from a semiotic point of view in order to show the way in which a person/character’s identity is influenced throughout a process of becoming taking place within certain spaces


THE HOUSE BETWEEN THE ROLES OF SUBJECT AND OBJECT IN VICTORIANISM

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In order to approach the problem of identity in relation to the house and draw the most pertinent conclusions, it is important that we regard the house not only as a passive object to be observed, built, owned, bought, demolished or refurnished, but also as an active subject imposing its rules and dominant atmosphere upon its inhabitants. The novels that will provide textual support for the theoretical part are Anne Brontë’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Charles Dickens’s Oliver Twist.


THE DISCOURSE OF SUBVERSION IN OTHELLO

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In Othello, the female character is believed to have committed adultery and the three main characters are, at one point in the tragedy, accused of witchcraft. Given the fact that both activities were considered ‘female’ crimes in Renaissance, we analyse their close association and their subversive attributes: the woman rebels against her husband in an adulterous relationship, as the witch renounces the true God in witchcraft, thus the subversive character of the woman. Adultery and witchcraft are also marked by sexual betrayal, because in adultery a woman cheats on her husband and sleeps with another man, and in witchcraft the witch …


THE IMAGE OF THE WOMAN IN ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The analysis of the image of the woman in Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatraconcentrates on the portrayal of the female protagonist and on her characteristic of being loved and admired by all men in the tragedy. This attribute is used to show how Cleopatra is worthy or unworthy of the love of other persons. The analysis has been conceived as a contrast to the other female characters, and comparing them would provide a key to a better understanding of this woman, who has been so often a topic for the controversial debates. The central issue of the drama is whether Antony is …


THE CRITICAL DIARY BETWEEN THE SOCIAL SELF AND THE (IN)FIDELITY OF WRITING

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Among the biographical genres, the diary is the most disputed. Many consider it«a minor genre» and even those who practise it, the diarists, do not always place much hope in it. … As a rule, the diary is conceived as a writing adjacent to the poem or the novel. Memoirs, autobiographies, confessions – its older relatives – succeeded in gaining recognition and in constructing the models they needed


MISLEADING MEANS OF EXPRESSION IN THE ARGUMENTATIVE LITERARY TEXT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In order to both attain and conceal the degree of subjectivity and falseness ever possible and imaginable in a literary text, a writer employs and exploits a series of procedures such as the paraverbal (extra-linguistic elements) or the rhetorical devices; resting equally on presuppositions and on the implicit, the experienced artist entertains an artful “dialogical” relationship with the reader who, in his turn, is free to choose the meanings he likes or he finds appropriate and, consequently, is liable to experience disagreement. On the other hand, as an auctorial instance, the writer could and should predict, avoid and prevent the …


THE ROMANIAN CRADLE – A CULTURAL SYMBOLIC PATTERN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

For Homo symbolicus, to maintain the vital balance (through food, sleep etc.) is closely linked with the psychosocial and the anthropological equilibrium. The present paper offers an ethnographic presentation of the cradles chosen by Romanians to lull their offspring asleep and the ways in which these soporific spaces may set off a certain manner of perceiving life itself


CONSUMERISM AND SOCIAL CANNIBALISM IN ATWOOD’S THE EDIBLE WOMAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The commercialization of culture largely contributes to the degeneration of Western cultural values. On the one hand, consumerism, viewed as “the myth that the individual will be gratified and integrated by consuming”, has become “an incomplete system of values substituted for a waning cultural heritage” (Cronk, 1996). On the other hand, even if social cannibalism means the members’ feeding off other members of the same society, it can also serve as “a metaphor for the humans’ primitive interconnection to others” (Rawson, 1999). As these two concepts have been mitigated in social practice into subsequent metaphors and even terms of endearment, our paper will …


ASPECTS OF COLLECTIVE MENTALITY IN BLACK ON WHITE¸ BY C. NEGRUZZI

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Age of important historical, political, economic and cultural changes, the middle of the 19th century meant at the same time the birth of a national literature which was to illustrate the modernization process of the Romanian society. The events highly influenced people, leading to the shaping of different attitudes. Such attitudes reflect the collective mentality, the particular way in which people understand to look at themselves, at the others and at the world they live in. C. Negruzzi’s prose (especially the biographic and the memories) observes the passing from the Greek, Balkan and conservative eastern tradition to the French, western …


THE POSTMODERN LITERARY DISCOURSE AND THE ONTOLOGICAL MEDIATION OF REALITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The postmodern over passing of all kinds of contrasting forms is caused by the constant use of intertextual mirrors joined together in textual spaces that are homothetic in construction. They become game strategies by means of which the text and the world, although once opposing, get together. Combining the detail, the insignificant and the marginal with the perspectival opening towards wholeness within the dialogic texture, the postmodern authorial ego structures itself out of complementary heteromorphic facets. The main target of the present analysis lies in the focus on a new „Postmodern age” in reading Eminescu’s work to build up the …


THE REPRESENTATIONS OF GOOD AND EVIL IN VASILE VOICULESCU’S WORK

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Good and Evil coexist in our lives in various forms. The imaginary Evil has, in Voiculescu’s stories, numerous synonyms that, in their turn, have as a starting point the popular beliefs based on a very rich imagination that had as a result the creation of various names and expressions. The present paper intends to present the linguistic forms that the Evil takes in the folk world recreated by the author in his volumes


FIGURES ET EFFETS RHÉTORIQUES DANS LA PUBLICITÉ

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

On s’accorde à dire que l’intérêt des publicitaires réside exclusivement dans l’obtention d’un changement d’attitude au niveau du comportement des récepteurs et dans la transformation de l’audience en acheteurs. A ce dessein, les créateurs de publicité recourent, à notre avis assez rarement, à une série de figures rhétoriques faisant appel au sentiment esthétique et agrées particulièrement par le public cultivé. Nous allons en donner quelques exemples tout en précisant que, à notre avis, il ne faut pas déceler, au-delà de cette «noblesse» du genre publicitaire, une véritable capacité d’invention artistique mais surtout l’intention inavouée des créateurs de rendre les réclames …


LES ÉLECTIONS DES DÉPUTÉS EUROPÉENS ENTRE L’ASPIRATION DE LA COMMUNAUTÉ ET L’INQUIÉTUDE NATIONALE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Notre démarche se propose d’analyser la campagne pour les élections des députés européens du point de vue de l’intérêt que les acteurs de la politique manifestent pour les problèmes de la communauté. L’analyse des discours, des messages, des programmes, des affiches ou des publicités vidéo proposés par les candidats montre une faible apparition des thèmes de l’intérêt européen, mais une grande fréquence des aspects portant sur l’intérêt national. Peu de temps après les élections parlementaires, les élections des députés européens ne peuvent pas susciter l’intérêt de l’électorat, aspect ayant comme conséquence une faible présence au vote.


DISSOLUTION OU RESTRUCTURATION D’IDENTITÉ DANS LA COMMUNE RURALE DE MATEEŞTI, DÉP. DE VÂLCEA?

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Dans un pays de villages qui depuis deux cents ans lutte pour devenir urbain (moderne), la commune de Mateeşti suit le chemin bien connu de l’accumulation effrénée et de la parade de symboles spécifiquement urbains. Les médias y jouent un rôle décisif. Les produits médiatiques préférés sont ceux déjà adoptés par les catégories sociales récemment et / ou incomplètement urbanisées. A un certain moment de leur accumulation, les éléments capables de conférer un nouveau statut se heurtent aux éléments relevant de l’ancien ordre social (ne citons que la poursuite des intérêts pratiques et l’attachement obsessif à l’argent). Les traditions – …


L’EUROPE VUE PAR ADRIAN MARINO

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Etant boursier « Pro Helvétique » à Genève, Adrian Marino a voyagé pour documentation en Suisse, France, Allemagne, Angleterre, Espagne, Portugal. Il a participé à des congrès et colloques de l’Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée. Il a été membre de l’International Comparative Littérature Association, de l’Association Internationale des Critiques Littéraires, de l’Association Internationale pour l’Etude du XVIIIe siècle et de la Modern Langage Association of Amérique. Voyager à travers l’Europe, Adrian Marino a écrit ses impressions sur l’altérité des cultures européennes dans ses livres : ¡Olé! España, Evasion dans le monde libre, Présences roumaines et réalités européennes, Pour l’Europe, Carnets …


DISCOURS IDENTITAIRE ET VALEURS EUROPÉENNES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

La notion d’identité et spécialement le processus d’effacement des identités ont été pendant longtemps l’obstacle dans la communication. Aujourd’hui, au contraire, dans un univers ouvert mais dépourvu souvent de repères, l’identité devient un jalon essentiel, une condition des nouvelles formes du dialogue interculturel. Dans ce processus de (ré)construction identitaire, les valeurs culturelles ont leur rôle fondamental. Mais la perception des valeurs a été longtemps influencée par la pensée stéréotype, par des frustrations ou par l’ignorance du propre héritage culturel .Notre étude met en exergue quelques dimensions du caractère dialogique de l’identité, comme résultat d’une série d’antagonismes-identité individuelle et/ou collective, identité …


VERS UN PARADIGME CONJONCTIF DU RAPPORT ENTRE L’IDENTITE ROUMAINE ET L’IDENTITE EUROPEENNE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Les processus qui changent sous nos yeux les fondements de la civilisation moderne demandent de nouveaux cadres de pensée et formes de conceptualisation pour les comprendre. Les paradigmes identitaires, c’est-à-dire, les façons de définir et d’interpréter les identités culturelles, ont subi de profonds changements dans le contexte de la mondialisation et de la culture postmoderne. La dimension culturelle de l’intégration européenne, négligée jusque récemment, a désormais acquis une place centrale dans les débats intellectuels et politiques. Je pense que pour une bonne compréhension de l’identité culturelle européenne, en cours d’émergence, et de ses relations avec les identités culturelles nationales, si …


UN DISCOURS CRITIQUE SUR LE DISCOURS IDENTITAIRE ROUMAIN. PROPOSITIONS POUR LA MODERNISATION DU DISCOURS IDENTITAIRE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Traditionnellement, les intellectuels roumains mettent le discours sur l’identité nationale soit dans le royaume du légendaire, de la mythologie, de la religiosité ou du mysticisme (voir les idéologies du Mouvement Légionnaire), soit dans le domaine de la philosophie spéculative (voir Lucian Blaga ou Constantin Noica). Aujourd’hui, les intellectuels qui essayent de reconstruire le discours identitaire roumain propulsent ce discours soit sur le terrain de l’ethnie, soit sur celui de la religion, soit sur les deux dimensions. Personne n’essaye une reconstruction sur le terrain de la citoyenneté. Malheureusement, seule la « conscience de peuple » ne peut établir une solidarité réelle. …


RECEIVING, ANALYSING AND INTERPRETING THE POST-MODERN ARTISTIC DISCOURSE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The artistic discourse (be it literary or pictorial), once produced, spread and addressed to the third component of the communication process (i.e. the receiver), invites or, occasionally, incites to some attitude, some re-action from those approaching it. The attitude in question could vary from impersonal to professional, according to the purposes the receivers have in view and / or the abilities they possess. Three types of perception might be manifest here: 1. receiving, which implies reading / listening / seeing as inexperienced or, at most, average receiver; 2. analysing, which means understanding the discourse co- and con-textually and processing the …


METAPHORS AS SIGNS: BETWEEN COGNITIVE ATTITUDES AND COGNITIVE STANDPOINTS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our article aims at reporting on the study of three educational constructs: “teacher”, “learner”, “classroom”, which are treated by us as semiotic objects. In our study we assume a cognitive linguistics investigating perspective. We collect the data through the tool of metaphors. Adopting the approach and methods proposed within the framework of Lakoff and Johnson’s Conceptual Metaphor Theory, we are going to access metaphorical representations of the cognitive model of education from 3 groups of Polish respondents: students from three Polish regions studying in extramural BA or MA programmes for English teachers. It should be added that although our respondents …


LINGUISTIC PROPERTIES OF ENGLISH HUMAN-RELATED CONVENTIONAL SIMILES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In the light of theories from different fields of linguistics (etymology, lexicology, cognitive linguistics and semantics), as well as from rhetoric and stylistics, similes can be approached either as phrasemes (with literal or metaphorical meanings) or as tropes (whose usage is poetic and context-dependent). “Formulaic similes” (Veale & Hao, 2009), “stock similes” (Norrick, 1986), as well as “non-poetic similes” (Fishelov, 2007), are all terms that may be used in reference to the category of conventional similes whose linguistic expression, patterns and semantic features we propose to analyse in our paper.


ENGLISH INFLUENCES IN THE PRESENT-DAY ROMANIAN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our purpose is to bring into light the adaptation process of the English words into Romanian literary language. Thus, we choose some Anglicisms from Constantin Negruzzi’s Scrisori and Vasile Alecsandri’s Călătorie în Africa. De la Biaritz la Gibraltar. We try to reveal the manner in which these Anglicisms adapt into Romanian literary language from different perspectives: a) phonetical framing of the Anglicisms. We focus on the pronunciation, the spelling and the stress of the Anglicisms into Romanian literary language; b) morphological adaptation of the Anglicisms into Romanian; We point out general aspects concerning the grammatical categories of nouns, such as: …


GENTRIFICATION AS A RESULT OF GLOBALISATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Smith and Williams defined gentrification as “the rehabilitation of working-class and derelict housing and the consequent transformation of an area into a middle-class neighbourhood”. Gentrification emphasized the effects of global economy on newly found sectors due to financial activities and international job transactions during 1980’s as a result of the radical changes in Turkish economy. There were new types of jobs especially in İstanbul in accordance with the demands of this new, globalized economy. To locate these jobs and the people working, places and housing stock are needed near the city center. However, the eligible areas were already occupied and …


LANGUAGE IN ACTION: SLANG

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Starting from a series of examples from the English language, the paper deals with the development of modern slang, this picturesque “way of expression” so widely used in our ever developing fields of activity. Generally speaking, slang can be classified, according to the sphere of usage, in general slang (words that are not specific for any social or professional group) and special slang (words peculiar for some such groups as teenagers, university students). There is also a very interesting linguistic phenomenon known as rhyming slang, particularly common in British English, in fact a secret argot depending on rhyme as a …


TOWARDS A LOGICAL DE-CONSTRUCTION OF GRAMMAR

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Any interpretation of language cannot escape the logical approach. The contrast between the logical perspective and the linguistic one should no longer exist, taking into account the existence of a rationalist grammar, supported by the transformational-generative syntax, thus the generative semantic suggested a natural logic of language. This paper deals with a postmodern grammar which has reshaped its ways of analysing words and sentences, trying to find a logical pattern, mainly based on a matter of meaning-related rules from Rudolph Carnap to Noam Chomsky.


ROMANIAN BILINGUAL MILITARY DICTIONARIES: A BRIEF HISTORY AND A PROJECT

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper aims at presenting a comprehensive timeline of Romanian lexicographic attempts at compiling bilingual dictionaries of military terms. This serves as a background for the project of a new English – Romanian dictionary of such lexical items. Details are given as to the database that will be used and the techniques implemented for building the monolingual and bilingual entries.


INTERNATIONAL MEDIATION AS AN ARGUMENTATIVE ACTIVITY TYPE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper discusses mediation as one of the various activity types of argumentative practice, brought into view by van Eemeren and Houtlosser (2005). The mediator’s behaviour is determined by the context and circumstances of the dispute, that is, by the type of argumentative activity he is engaged in. It is considered that in mediation there are no fixed sets of rules and strategies, universally applicable to any environment or dispute, as mediation is viewed as a weakly institutionalised activity. Still, international mediation, as it unfolds between powerful representatives of states, and deals with cultural values, can be considered somewhere in …


THE ABORTION DEBATE AS A CONTEST OF INCOMMENSURABLE MORALITIES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper is concerned with framing the abortion debate as a contest of “incommensurable moralities” (Zarefsky, 1991). I start from the empirical observation that both pro-life and pro-choice argumentative discourses do not meet the “higher-order” conditions stipulated in the ideal model of a critical discussion (van Eemeren, Grootendorst, Jackson and Jacobs, 1993) in the sense that disputants do not have the required attitude to resolve the disagreement at stake. The pro-life standpoint that Abortion is impermissible no matter the circumstances since the one eliminated is a human being is set against the pro-choice position that Abortion is permissible as the …


NEGOTIATION AS RITUAL

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The term negotiation is more and more frequently used nowadays not only in relation to commerce or economic activities, but also in many other domains. Irrespective of the area where the term negotiation appears, it is generally associated to the idea of conflict or to the one of adjusting the opinions of the persons involved. People negotiate every day and almost everywhere (in the family, at work, in the street, in a shop etc.), whenever they want to gain something or to solve differences of opinion. Not only material objects can be negotiated, but also relationships, meanings, identities. This explains …


PROVERBS: TERMINOLOGY AND POSSIBLE INTERPRETATIONS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The idea is shared that all fixed expressions, proverbs included, are specific to a certain social, psychologic and cultural background which endows them with certain expressive values. Fixed espressions, in general, and proverbs, in particular, are culturally-or sitautionally-bound. The great variety of proverbs existing in any language brings to the fore a very important aspect, namely that proverbs are coded culturally and lexically and they are a phenomenon of discourse, not simply of lexicon.


BUILDING IDENTITIES IN CASUAL CONVERSATIONS – A PRAGMATIC APPROACH

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Casual conversations represent the complex processes of individuals` positioning and adjusting to each other, triggering identity building, self disclosure and self-negotiation. Being based on a pragmatic approach, the paper offers the main coordinates of the intense and dynamic activity of building identities.


FOOD IDIOMS IN RELATION TO METAPHOR

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This article aims to demonstrate how linguistic processes succeed in reflecting the transference of meaning from one object onto another with the help of the figurative language, as metaphor is traditionally taken to be the most fundamental form of it. Our interest is particularly focused on food idioms as they are pervasive in everyday language and create new realities. Idioms are conventionalized phrases, where the meaning of the whole phrase is different from the meaning, which might be produced by interpreting the individual words in the phrase; thus, the examples in our analysis are metaphorical, and the use of the …


JIMMY PORTER BETWEEN ACTIVE RHETORIC AND INACTIVE LIFE

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

What makes a play like Look Back in Anger permanently interesting and a neverending source of amazement at the level of the characters is the unique construction of the main character – Jimmy is an odd but valid mixture – and the manner in which the playwright builds his figure by using the other presences in the play as mere devices to outline his personality, satellites meant to orbit around his figure. It is for this reason that Jimmy is authentic in rendering the spirit of the age he inhabits, and that is why he could be analysed from so …


CONRAD AND (POST)COLONIAL THEORY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Criticizing colonialism and its main structures can be regarded as a kind of marginal activity when compared to mainstream issues of literary theory and cultural discourse because of the limited number of people with a particular interest in the geographical peripheries of metropolitan European culture. Yet, the long-term strategy of postcolonial thinking is to produce a revolutionary restructuring of European understanding of history. Opposing the critique of colonialism to European culture can prove to be unproductive but looking at the extent to which they are already deeply implicated within each other could turn out to be a really rewarding enterprise. …


DAVID LODGE AND THE FICTION OF TRUTH OR TEXTUALIZING CONSCIOUSNESS THROUGH FICTION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Assumptions and norms about factual narratives and fiction have drastically changed over the postmodern years that one encounters ‘life writing’ and the subjects it treats from a very different (and differing) reading position and set of experiences with the narrative, both written and visual. For a long time the most traditional genre of ‘life writing’, biography has shown a more receptive attitude to stylistic innovations turning into a hot and lucrative hybrid genre, i.e. biofiction and metabiography. Therein, varying in the extent to which these novels either raise awareness of the self-reflexivity of the writing, or metabiographically centre on the …


PARODY, DEMITIZATION AND INTERTEXTUALITY IN PETRU CIMPOEŞU’S NOVEL CHRISTINA DOMESTICA ŞI VÂNĂTORII DE SUFLETE (DOMESTIC CHRISTINE AND THE SOUL HUNTERS)

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

One of the distinctive signs of Postmodernist literature is the permanent effort of (de)constructing the text in such a way to please the reader’s great expectations, to manipulate him and, in some cases, even to mock at him. Yet, this goal is difficult to achieve and, thus, Postmodernist writers are frequently forced to reinterpret tradition, to deconstruct patterns of the literary tradition and to use all kinds of narrative strategies to seduce their readers. In this context, the present paper aims at analysing some important strategies and techniques (such as parody, intertextuality, de-construction) used by Petru Cimpoeşu in his well-known …


IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION IN AL. DIMA’S OPINION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Spirit with broad cultural interests, with a huge information about such domains like: literature, philosophy, esthetics, comparative literature, Alexandru Dima was always concerned about “Romanian phenomenon”, seen both in its entirety, as well as its specific identity. This man of culture has shown concern for spiritual, artistic and literary identity, of a society, which, after the First World War, tried to rebuild a new path. The future society was seen by him as belonging to “society of tomorrow”, which is just the young generation, educated, with concern for aesthetics, philosophy and literature and thinking, trying to build the future and …


CONSTANTIN GĂVĂNESCUL AND KUNITAKE KUME: IN SEARCH OF SELF AND OTHER IN A FOREIGN LAND – A COMPARISON BETWEEN THEIR TRAVEL DIARIES

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

A Japanese Historian – Kunitake Kume (1839 – 1931) and a Romanian officer – General Constantin Găvănescul (18871 – 1942) – travel far away from their homelands as official members of the embassies of their own countries. Kume and his companions from the Iwakura mission cross the Pacific Ocean in December 1871, and then they travel through the United States of America, finally reaching Western Europe. After their visits through twelve countries – the United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Russia, Denmark, Sweden, Italy, Austria and Switzerland – the Japanese Embassy came back to Japan in September 1873. …


THE MYTH AND THE PSYCHOANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE VALUE IN ARCADIE SUCEVEANU’S WORK

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Globalization – prevailing feature of our century – imposes a collaboration between different cultures. The selection of the individual in globalisation advantage is determined also by the promotion of an unification created of units, concepts, cultural values. The period of the myth’s appearance and its survival, its extension in different spaces offers some kind of mutations which don’t destroy the axis of its essence, although, sometimes we certify that its image is in opposition and transferred into reflection, having an authentic connotation. The connections which are elucidated in myth by the critique are: reality – dream, conscious – unconscious, personality …


MARKS AND MASKS OF POLITENESS IN JOURNALIST-INTERVIEWED RELATIONSHIP

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our study explores the politeness strategies elaborated by reporters and interviewed personalities, focusing on one particular expression of interpersonal communication: press interview. The author [analyses and] develops the techniques by which participants sustain the interaction and deliberately construct conflicts.


EPONYMS IN THE LANGUAGE OF THE ROMANIAN MASS-MEDIA

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In the linguistic orchestra of the European Union, each language is a musical instrument to play its own part in the harmonious concert. In the heat of music, Romanian has listened to other instruments and borrowed some very few sounds, to use in the concerts at home. This is a way of approaching the eponyms and eponymisms, which are very numerous and very frequently used in English and French and which tend to show some implication in the development of the Romanian vocabulary. Our study displays the results of an investigation on the presence of eponymisms in the language of …


EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY IDEOLOGY AND THE ROOTS OF PUBLIC OPINION IN ENGLAND

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper explores the role of the English periodical press of the eighteenth-century in aspects concerned with moral reformation, social instruction and cultural improvement in general. Analysing the impact of Richard Steele’s and Joseph Addison’s criticism on the society of the eighteenth-century England we can observe that the two inaugurated the emergence of public opinion but they also put forth general human rights, such as the liberty of expression. According to Jürgen Habermas the eighteenth-century English periodicals can account for the genesis of the bourgeois public sphere. But the dawn of public opinion also supported the formation of the eighteenth-century …


ASPECTS OF THE INTERIOR EXILE IN ALICE VOINESCU’S JOURNAL

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper intends to analyse the interior exile existing in Alice Voinescu’s work seen as form of spiritual survival in a tormented world (the period after the Second World War and that of the communist dictatorship). The phenomenon of interior exile deals with subversive writing, an argument of such way of expressing being her Journal that covers the history of 32 years. Alice Voinescu’s work is a sign decoded at different levels of interpretation: political ideas, social involvement, cultural contribution (her radio conferences and interdisciplinary writing), literary studies and so forth. Her idea of “liberation” unfolds the entire Journal and …


‘A LITTLE MORE THAN KIN AND LESS THAN KIND’: WORD-GHOSTS AND GHOST-WORDS IN HAMLET

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper concentrates on taking into consideration some linguistic and stylistic aspects of this great Shakespearean tragedy in order to develop a poetic analysis meant to highlight the irreversible movement of meanings that finally leads to a tragic change of the whole world of the play. Repetitions that bring about new and disturbing layers of meaning, accumulations of dark energies, violent semantic eruptions, double meanings – all these give birth not only to a ghost that is made up of words, but, more interestingly, to words that behave like ghosts or even to words that are haunted by puzzling ghosts …


POWER THROUGH METAPHOR IN BUSINESS MEDIA TEXTS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

It has already been demonstrated that business media texts are characterized by coherent conceptual models centring on different metaphors. Such models encompass various power-building mechanisms that the respective discourse shares with related social practices. Since these mechanisms are not necessarily conspicuous, the present article focuses on revealing how metaphors indirectly ascribe and delegate power to different categories of business actors (men/women, authors of business commentaries, leaders etc.) by embedding ideology in the written text


(MIS)EDUCATING THROUGH THE VICTORIAN SCHOOL

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The paper aims at identifying the main characteristics of the educational system in Victorian England with a view to deciphering its effects upon the human being. The 19th century English school will be analyzed as an educational institution whose purpose is that of shaping human minds, but also as a social, political tool intended to inculcate certain beliefs and stereotypical judgements. The markers of the 19th century educational discourse will be illustrated through fragments taken from 19th century English novels, particularly those written by Charles Dickens and the Brontë sisters.


THE CITY VERSUS THE SMALL TOWN (IN THE LAND OF COCKAIGNE VS. THE SMALL TOWN BY HEINRICH MANN)

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

At first sight the novel In the Land of Cockaigne seems to depict the life of an ordinary parvenu, but as in H. Mann’s other novel The Small Town the woman and her sexuality outlined the decadent society at the end of the 19th century. The eroticism of both spaces acts as a catalysor on all the inhabitants, and this open sexuality unveils people’s passionate nature and their desire to break all the social limitations. The desired object is always a woman, thus she gains importance in the context of the 19th century power relations and role-stereotypes. In both novels …


CONSTRUCTIVIST EPISTEMOLOGY AND THE SEMIOTIC NATURE OF IDENTITY FORMATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The focus of this paper is on the epistemological, i.e., ontological and gnoseological, assessment of constructivism seen from the viewpoint of its applicableness to the context of human identity. Types of constructivism, such as personal, social, and radical scientific constructivism, constitute here the subject matter. Likewise, types of identities, such as individual and collective or ego- and group-specific, considered against the background of biological and cultural, and other identities, create the investigative perspective of our presentation. Accordingly, its material source comprises a selection of theoretical and applied works on the scientific aspects of constructivism and human identity in an ordering …


“WEAK” SUBJECTIVITIES: IDENTITY FORMATION IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZED COMMUNICATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

This paper presents Gianni Vattimo’s account of globalization as a radicalization of Martin Heidegger’s history of Being – which culminates in Enframing – in light of the question of the possibility of contemporary formations of subjectivity. It will be demonstrated that, according to Vattimo, subjectivity can no longer be simply understood via traditional notions of space and place, but rather has to be exposed as dwelling oscillating between provenance and disorientation.


ONLINE ADVERTISING AND THE ROMANIAN MEDIUM

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Our current paper suggests a topic of present interest: online advertising. The Internet has lately become an indispensable, fast, interactive and, particularly largely accessible means of communication. The future of advertising depends to a great extent upon this medium of communication. Today, online advertising represents an increasing means of promotion on international and local markets. In Romania, several hundreds of online advertising campaigns take place annually. Therefore, we intend to present online advertising in Romania from the point of view of its necessity, but particularly from the point of view of the efficiency found within the Romanian business medium.


THE TERM “GOOD” AND THE REVIVAL OF VIRTUE ETHICS

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The aim of my paper is to propose an account of the contribution, often neglected, of Peter Geach to the revival of virtue ethics. In the first half of the 20th century, meta-ethics was the dominant approach in the British moral philosophy, four types of meta-ethical theories being advanced: intuitionism, emotivism, prescriptivism and naturalism. Each type of theory supported a different view on the meaning of the term good; the understanding of good as denoting a natural property, an idea defended by naturalists, was rejected by the supporters of the rival theories. Peter Geach in Good and Evil was the …


VALUES AND VALUATION AS DISCURSIVE MARKERS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

Values and valuation are perceived to be discursive phenomena realised both on the level of the grammatical structure as well as on the level of lexical selection. Therefore, values and valuation are assumed to be present in every linguistic expression. Hence, it seems possible to apply investigative methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in their study, as it is the CDA which views discourse as a collection of socially constructed values. The focus of the current paper is on the study of just one aspect that CDA investigates, namely that of values and valuation as markers of the national identity. …


LINGUISTIC MEANS OF ARGUMENTATION IN NEGOTIATION

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

In our paper we try to analyse argumentation at the level of one particular type of oral discourse, negotiation, taking into consideration not only the strategic behaviour of the locutor, but also the reaction of the interlocutor; we try to see the linguistic means through which the latter can provoke/maintain the conflict, or cooperate in order to reach an agreement


VALUES AND VALUING OF INDIVIDUAL LIFE IN JOURNALISTIC DISCOURSE PERTAINING TO THE EUROPEAN UNION (ON THE BASIS OF SELECTED ARTICLES FROM THE BRITISH PRESS 2007–2008)

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The focus of this paper will concentrate on the discursive construction of personal identities through the participation of communicating individuals in interpersonal communication. Journalistic discourse, defined in terms of types of texts and text-processing activities embedded into social roles of communication participants and their culture, has been taken as the domain of research. Investigative perspective, namely, axiology, will be presented as a discipline being involved in searching for the essence of values. Having appealed to the value-related concepts of sign and meaning in general, the axiosemiotic approach will be applied to the objects belonging to the domain of journalistic study. …


THE INTRIGUING ICONIC SIGN

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

The narrator in a text is the organizing other. Interpreting the narrator is therefore articulating an aspect of one’s identity. If an interpreter perceives a textual situation as non-mediated by a narrator, she perceives the situation as either objectively there, or as entirely a construct of her subjectivity, the modernistic split. In this paper, an argument is developed that the dominant narrative structures in our world of moving pictures show a strong iconic dominancy. This dominancy seduces the interpreter to neglect the indexical and symbolic in her interpretation, that is to neglect the relation with her experience and socialization, which …


ON THE SENSE OF IDENTITY BETWEEN RORTY’S NEOPRAGMATISM AND VON GLASERSFELD’S RADICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM

Posted On Oct 17 2011 by

On the problem of identity one can read in numerous works of psychologists, sociologists, linguists, and philosophers. Quite safely, then, it can be stated that identity is talked about in multifarious terms that are to a lesser or greater extent complementary or contradictory. Having accepted the idea that what spurs the discourse in humanities is the versatility of perspectives, rather than the search for truth in the classical understanding, the authors would like to propose still another way of talking about the sense of identity – a way whose conceptual framework will be a merger of Richard Rorty’s notion of …