CONSTRUCTIVIST EPISTEMOLOGY AND THE SEMIOTIC NATURE OF IDENTITY FORMATION

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

The focus of this paper is on the epistemological, i.e., ontological and gnoseological, assessment of constructivism seen from the viewpoint of its applicableness to the context of human identity. Types of constructivism, such as personal, social, and radical scientific constructivism, constitute here the subject matter. Likewise, types of identities, such as individual and collective or ego- and group-specific, considered against the background of biological and cultural, and other identities, create the investigative perspective of our presentation. Accordingly, its material source comprises a selection of theoretical and applied works on the scientific aspects of constructivism and human identity in an ordering …


“WEAK” SUBJECTIVITIES: IDENTITY FORMATION IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZED COMMUNICATION

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

This paper presents Gianni Vattimo’s account of globalization as a radicalization of Martin Heidegger’s history of Being – which culminates in Enframing – in light of the question of the possibility of contemporary formations of subjectivity. It will be demonstrated that, according to Vattimo, subjectivity can no longer be simply understood via traditional notions of space and place, but rather has to be exposed as dwelling oscillating between provenance and disorientation.


ONLINE ADVERTISING AND THE ROMANIAN MEDIUM

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Our current paper suggests a topic of present interest: online advertising. The Internet has lately become an indispensable, fast, interactive and, particularly largely accessible means of communication. The future of advertising depends to a great extent upon this medium of communication. Today, online advertising represents an increasing means of promotion on international and local markets. In Romania, several hundreds of online advertising campaigns take place annually. Therefore, we intend to present online advertising in Romania from the point of view of its necessity, but particularly from the point of view of the efficiency found within the Romanian business medium.


THE TERM “GOOD” AND THE REVIVAL OF VIRTUE ETHICS

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

The aim of my paper is to propose an account of the contribution, often neglected, of Peter Geach to the revival of virtue ethics. In the first half of the 20th century, meta-ethics was the dominant approach in the British moral philosophy, four types of meta-ethical theories being advanced: intuitionism, emotivism, prescriptivism and naturalism. Each type of theory supported a different view on the meaning of the term good; the understanding of good as denoting a natural property, an idea defended by naturalists, was rejected by the supporters of the rival theories. Peter Geach in Good and Evil was the …


VALUES AND VALUATION AS DISCURSIVE MARKERS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

Values and valuation are perceived to be discursive phenomena realised both on the level of the grammatical structure as well as on the level of lexical selection. Therefore, values and valuation are assumed to be present in every linguistic expression. Hence, it seems possible to apply investigative methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in their study, as it is the CDA which views discourse as a collection of socially constructed values. The focus of the current paper is on the study of just one aspect that CDA investigates, namely that of values and valuation as markers of the national identity. …


VALUES AND VALUING OF INDIVIDUAL LIFE IN JOURNALISTIC DISCOURSE PERTAINING TO THE EUROPEAN UNION (ON THE BASIS OF SELECTED ARTICLES FROM THE BRITISH PRESS 2007–2008)

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

The focus of this paper will concentrate on the discursive construction of personal identities through the participation of communicating individuals in interpersonal communication. Journalistic discourse, defined in terms of types of texts and text-processing activities embedded into social roles of communication participants and their culture, has been taken as the domain of research. Investigative perspective, namely, axiology, will be presented as a discipline being involved in searching for the essence of values. Having appealed to the value-related concepts of sign and meaning in general, the axiosemiotic approach will be applied to the objects belonging to the domain of journalistic study. …


THE INTRIGUING ICONIC SIGN

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

The narrator in a text is the organizing other. Interpreting the narrator is therefore articulating an aspect of one’s identity. If an interpreter perceives a textual situation as non-mediated by a narrator, she perceives the situation as either objectively there, or as entirely a construct of her subjectivity, the modernistic split. In this paper, an argument is developed that the dominant narrative structures in our world of moving pictures show a strong iconic dominancy. This dominancy seduces the interpreter to neglect the indexical and symbolic in her interpretation, that is to neglect the relation with her experience and socialization, which …


ON THE SENSE OF IDENTITY BETWEEN RORTY’S NEOPRAGMATISM AND VON GLASERSFELD’S RADICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM

Posted On Oct 14 2011 by

On the problem of identity one can read in numerous works of psychologists, sociologists, linguists, and philosophers. Quite safely, then, it can be stated that identity is talked about in multifarious terms that are to a lesser or greater extent complementary or contradictory. Having accepted the idea that what spurs the discourse in humanities is the versatility of perspectives, rather than the search for truth in the classical understanding, the authors would like to propose still another way of talking about the sense of identity – a way whose conceptual framework will be a merger of Richard Rorty’s notion of …