BEYOND LINGUISTIC, RACIAL AND CULTURAL BORDERS – NEW CHALLENGES FOR LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper presents the findings of a research devoted to assessing intercultural communicative competence in pre-service English language teachers. At first the author presents a discussion on aims and goals of language pedagogy in post-modern times in order to set context for educating a teacher as a cultural mediator and then suggests methods to assess the teacher’s intercultural communicative competence.


LOCAL OR ORIGINAL? SHIFTING IDENTITIES OF TWO COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR CHALLENGE TOWARD CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC MARGINALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study aims to explore how two college freshmen inThailandnegotiate their space in an EFL classroom as both of them are from different provinces so that they face linguistic and cultural barriers and thus are labelled as “others.” The ethnographic approach based upon participant observation and a series of interviews shows how two students become aware of their own cultural background which leads them to take different approaches in order to accommodate a new challenge: one actively gets involved in a local culture while the other holds on to his own to maintain his cultural upbringing.


IDENTITY, PREJUDICE AND RELEVANCE IN THE PROCESS OF UTTERANCE INTERPRETATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The aim of this paper is to try to support the idea that past plays an esential role in the process of interpretation of a present utterance/text. Past takes the form of hypotheses, prejudices, prejudgments, ideologies, preferences, etc., stored in the mind of the interpreter, which shape her/his psychological identity. Identity can only come from the past. One’s psychological identity is the present situation of her/his stored past. It seems that in the process of interpretation one’s present self confronts one’s past self which has become the otherness of the present self. The process of interpretation is a fusion between …


LANGUAGE, BORDERS, IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In 1913, the region known asMacedoniawas divided in three parts between theKingdomofSerbs, Croats and Slovenes,BulgariaandGreece. The current situation is as follows: the official language in theRepublicofMacedoniais Macedonian, but in certain regions in which the majority population is Albanian, the Macedonian language loses its primacy; inBulgaria, the Macedonian language is considered only as a dialect of the Bulgarian language and inGreeceit is not even recognized as Macedonian, but as a form of a Slavic dialect and it has been the cause of reprisals in the past 100 years. Therefore, the status of the Macedonian language in theRepublicofMacedonia, the status of Macedonian …


THE IDENTITY OF WOMEN IN ‘THE ONE’ MAGAZINE. A STUDY ON ANGLICISMS IN THE TITLES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The influence of the English language upon other languages is a world-wide phenomenon. The Romanian language (along with other European languages) seems to experience an exagerated growing tendency of using English words in varied fields of activity. If in the case of economics, informatics or sport the use of anglicisms is justified by the neccesity of referring to new extralingustic realities, which do not have a meaningful translation in Romanian, the situation changes in the case of media, where the use of English words has truly become a fashion. The present paper tries to analyse the manner in which the …


RESHAPING NEWS AND IDENTITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In a world marked by globalization, speed and technology, (journalist-) translators are indispensable mediators on a scene marked by conflict and inequalities of power. News translation remains an area of study generally neglected by both translation studies and media studies although translation facilitates the access of different culture communities to “varieties of understanding” and, implicitly, to “multiple modernities” (cf. Michael Cronin). This paper purports to examine how news agencies influence the way in which international news is rewritten and reorganized according to the needs and expectations of the home readers, with examples from the national and international press.


JOB IDENTITIES ENCODED IN COMMONPLACE SIMILES VS THEIR DAILY PERCEPTION. A CASE STUDY.

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Taking into consideration the social status and roles individuals play in daily existence, the paper is an empirical study foregrounding the exploration of commonplace similes, in order to find out how projections of job identity are offered by them. Findings are then “put to test,” as an example of direct perception of reality, through the answers of a number of 50 informants.


MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SELF IN CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S NOVELS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The 19th century was a period in which the feminine self began its feeble manifestations that were to lead gradually to a strong assertion of the feminine identity and feminine writing. Charlotte Brontë’s novels are among the first ones that introduce feminine characters that build up a complex identity, exposed to a variety of situations which appear many times as premiere for a female character. The introduction of such events are a useful tool for the author to reveal her characters’ selves through a complex net of manifestations in which the roles that the characters play come into contradiction or …


AMERICAN CULTURE AND UNDERSTANDINGS OF BLACKNESS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Around the latter half of the 1960’s, in the academic circles around the world, and especially in the American academy, race and ethnicity came to the forefront as a new and important approach to the study of literature. Theorists belonging to all sorts of ethnic minority groups – Asian, African, Hispanic, etc. – became actively concerned with identity problems and with representing the white majority’s others. They became involved with the way in which the life of ethnic minorities was represented in a society dominated for centuries by white interests and cultural institutions. They were among the first to realize …


CONCENTRATIONARY SPACES IN ROMANIAN SCIENCE FICTION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper surveys some Romanian science fiction works written during the Communist regime. In spite of unrestrained imagination assumed by science fiction, there are significant patterns peculiar to concentrationary universes. The plots are set in enclosed spaces, the other is usually seen as an enemy, the characters play the victim or the perpetrator part, while the entrapment and dehumanization are the frequent features of the future societies. These imaginative works blur the frontiers between literature, memory and history, offering information about the ideological imaginary of the period


CHOICE IS NOT FREEDOM: DEGREES OF SLAVERY IN ARAVIND ADIGA’S THE WHITE TIGER

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The White Tiger displays one of the darkest approaches to urban contemporary life: the average, insubstantial man killing in order to procure money and start life on his own – no excuse and no remorse, only the trajectory of his deeds. Adiga portraysIndia – but we can broaden geographical limits – in one of its plausible conditions: a territory in which human involution is possible and manifests itself, a land not of dreams and Light, but of a hurting and present Darkness. The reader may be horrified at first, yet the very next moment he can start counting individuals that …


MEMORY AS THE PROTECTION OF IDENTITY IN THE STATE OF EXILE. THE POETRY OF MARIA PAWLIKOWSKA – JASNORZEWSKA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The main conundrum discussed in this article is Maria Pawlikowska- Jasnorzewska’s definition of the identity of poetic creativity in exile. The act of selfdetermination is understood as a dynamic process, open to constant change and confrontation. In a state of exile, which is recognized as one of loss and coercion, confrontation with an alien cultural space conveys the demand to remain a stranger. Memory, for an exile, is a guarantee of cultural quality and allows the exile to challenge basic values and to seek protection, which provides a sense of and ensures continuity. In addition, images deposited in the memory …


EXPLORING THE STYLISTICS OF GENDERED IDENTITIES WITHIN BOUNDARIES AND BEYOND BORDERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In our attempt at providing a framework for the stylistic analysis of gendered identities performed through the “discourse of gender difference” (Sunderland 2004), we have in view not only markers of male and female speech (Key 1975) and conversational styles (Tannen 1984/2005, Carter 1997), but also some stylistic features, which are relevant to different forms of social identity. Considering the existence of some stereotypical modes of expression and behavioural patterns that are stylistically rendered across multimodal texts, we intend to explore them within “the boundaries of social practice” (Sunderland 2004) and beyond gender study borders.


NATSUME SŌSEKI’S YUME JŪYA (“TEN NIGHTS OF DREAM”) AND THE ANARCHETYPE – A DIFFERENT APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study presents a less known Japanese literary text written in 1908 by Natsume Sōseki (1867–1916) and entitled Yume jūya (“Ten Nights of Dream”) from a new perspective, based on the Romanian concept of the anarchetype. The Japanese text was mostly regarded as a literary experiment, and recently it was analyzed as a part of the modern fantastic literature. Still there are many features that make it fit for the anarchetypical approach, as this paper will prove. It starts from a range of questions regarding its form and contents, and it ends with the presentation of the main character, …


THE CULTURAL AND IDENTITY REPRESENTATIVENESS OF THE JOURNALIST CARAGIALE, NOWADAYS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The writings of Caragiale, although published more than 100 years ago, outline social, cultural and political realities applicable even today. Current critical reviews strengthen the idea that the classical writing of Caragiale shows both the strategies of articulating the journalistic texts, largely similar to those used for writing the literary texts, and the correct understanding of the socio-political and economic situation ofRomaniain the nineteenth century. This was completed by the anticipation of future events and states of affairs. This paper aims to examine, from this point of view, the size of Caragiale’s representativeness of journalistic writing for Romanian culture, as …


SIGNIFYING WITHIN AND BEYOND BORDERS: TRAVEL WRITING

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper focuses on a long ignored signifying practice, travel writing, and aims at investigating the complex relations between writing and travel. The paper first emphasises the extrinsic relations between travel and writing as social and cultural signifying practices and subsequently analyses the intrinsic connections between travel and writing as mutually reflective processes of signification within and beyond literal and conceptual borders, with a view to highlighting the semiotic mechanism by which travel writing represents the world and itself.


EDGES OF THE SELF IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN POETRY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

American poetry in the latter half of the 20th century cannot be conceived outside the development of such paradigms as those created by the Language group in the 1970’s and 1980’s or by the Conceptual poets in the first decade of the 21st century. This paper is an analysis of the strategies of manifestation or mystification of the creative self in poems written by Language American poets. Despite the efforts of these poets to prove that the self is ‘exploded’ in their texts, this analysis reveals that this poetic self still exists on the margins of their poems, and still …


POSTCOLONIAL WELSH IDENTITY IN RAYMOND WILLIAMS’S PEOPLE OF THE BLACK MOUNTAINS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

A major figure of cultural studies, Williams might be called a precursor of postcolonialism in that he opposed canonical forms of history, rejected the concept of ‘mass’, avoided an elitist attitude in evaluating cultural matters, tried to eliminate the distinction between ‘low’ and ‘high’ culture, focused on the lives of the ‘others’ and the ‘ordinary’ and questioned what is canonically imposed by the English tradition in academy at a time when postcolonialism as a discipline was just emerging. Having studied the history of Walesin detail and that of the border country where he was born and grew up, Williams saw …


RE-DEFINING WOMEN IN WUTHERING HEIGHTS THROUGH THE TRANSGRESSION OF BORDERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The 19th century literature displays a specific image of the power relations between men and women: one of the most important aspects in the treatment of the female figure in this period was the setting in which she was placed. A distinctive borderline is drawn between the male public life and the female private existence. Therefore, women were restricted to domestic roles (taking care of the house and children) and to a biological function whereas men were allowed to lead an independent and public existence. In Wuthering Heights the known concepts of public and private space are replaced by heaven …


THE EMERGENCE OF IDENTITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

American drama was not totally American until the second half of the 18th century. Europeans and other ethnic and racial groups presented plays in their various languages, and the main motif of the plays was religion. After the Declaration of Independencein 1776, drama started to flourish in Americaunder the European (especially British) influence in style, and American myth and manners in subject matter. Yet, in the plays, such as John Leacock’s The Fall of British Tyranny and John Burk’s The Battle of Banker’s Hill, performed before 1830, a new American character and American subjects began to appear. Early American dramatists …


SPEAKER-ETHNICITY AND INTERACTION IN ENGLAND: ANALYSES OF ISOLATION IN CHIEF SOCIAL DOMAINS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Increased ethnic diversity is a phenomenon with which many nations or states are now becoming familiar. Where such an emergence is long-standing within a region or country, a notion of high racial inter-mixing (as an everyday norm) may consequentially be ascribed by outsiders. This study shows that while popular claims of liberalism may exist, national policies and ethnic biases, with respect immigration etc., variously differ to suggest something else. The work confirms that national statistics can play a meaningful role in identifying social change, in terms of make-up. It further shows, in contrast, how those data do nothing to uncover …


THE AMERICAN CONCEPT OF HOME. A MULTIFACTORIAL CORPUS DRIVEN STUDY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This study examines the concept of HOME in19Cand20CAmerican culture. It draws on the theoretical assumptions of Cognitive Linguistics (Lakoff 1987, Langacker 1987), and seeks to capture the cultural patterns of this concept by examining language structure. Previous approaches in this line of research lack a means for result verification or hypothesis falsification. In response to this important shortcoming, we employ quantitative corpus-driven methods. Adapting these methods to the study of abstract concepts allows a means for verifying results but also for more accurate representation of variation inherent in society and cultural system.


THE CULTURAL IDENTITY OF BUCHAREST – ANALYZING THE TEXT AND SUBTEXT OF THE CONTEMPORARY URBAN SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The public space, generated by historical mutilated façades that have lost their initial meaning and message, is no longer meant to be a transparent space with an innocent outline2 but a transformed illusion of space, a confusing pattern that repeats itself from one frame to the next. Analyzing both artistic and symbolic characteristics of the eclectic façades the paper will read the dialogue generated by composition rules and recurrent patterns in their ‘text’ and ‘sub-text’, and will identify the connection between original material substance and the morphology of the architectural image ofBucharesttoday, while questioning the cultural value of a space …


CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY, HYPERLINKS, AND ARCHITECTURAL DYSLEXIA: READING AND WRITING THE POST-URBAN SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Because of the last decades of informatization and hyperlinking of physical and virtual spaces few people are able to further read the classical space. Its linear construction, addressed to the “discoverer” of space, no longer suits the contemporary informational “nomad.” Therefore, space is re-written in order to recombine, in a post-modern approach, cultural information and changing identities. In a global environment where every piece of information, from weather reports to explosive “recipes” is available at a glance, it seems that the grammar of both text and space matters less and less, all in favor of a compressed eclectic status permanently …


MUSIC AS AN EXPRESSION OF CULTURAL IDENTITY: AUGUST WILSON’S DRAMATIC REFLECTIONS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN ART

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Music has become ‘a way of understanding life’ for African-American community in which they masked their souls in their painful history in theU.S.They expressed their faith, feelings, joys, and pains sometimes implicitly and sometimes through implied versions. The main aim of this paper is to expose the cultural identity of African-American characters in their music. Music and its unique capability, amongst many other things, can introduce a reservoir of expressivity, and establish boundaries between creative art and cultural identity. The deployment of cultural identity through black musical expression underscores the connection and complexities of African-American sense of self and place …