This paper parallels the Victorian novel Jane Eyre (1847) and different fairy tales due to similar motifs and symbols. Our paper compares common themes between the two types of narratives; the emphasis falls on: miserable childhood, oppressive families, patriarchal societies, presence of an ally, the ultimate happy ending next to a Prince Charming. Later on, the focus shifts on the differences between them among which we can mention: the different interest in fashion and appearance, different types of Prince Charming, different expectations in life. And finally we were interested in portraying the Victorian epoch in which Charlotte Brontë’s novel is set, as well as the influence of the patriarchal system on both Jane Eyre and certain fairy tales. The paper concludes with underlining the modernity of the fairy tale motifs as well as the emancipation of the young girl.