POST-IMPERIAL BORDER-CROSSINGS: THE EPIPHANY OF BICULTURALISM IN V. S. NAIPAUL’S THE ENIGMA OF ARRIVAL

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper examines Naipaul’s representation of postcolonial border crossings in his thinly disguised literary autobiography, The Enigma of Arrival. The analysis focuses on the dynamics of cultural dislocation and relocation, on the exchanges and reversals at work in the process of the migrant’s appropriation of the centre, which Naipaul figures as a symbolic colonization in reverse, through which the cultural disseminations of the Empire return to their point of departure, to the now hybridized centre of a multicultural society. The key aspects of these intercultural renegotiations bridging the centre and the margin concern the redefinition of inherited concepts of …


IMAGES OF INTIMATE SPACE OF FAMILY AND OPEN SPACE OF TRADE UNDERLYING SOME ROMANIAN EATING PHRASEMES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper represents an investigation into Romanian phraseological corpus of the dishes made out of cereals (pastry) from a cultural perspective, in a context where, it is only more recently that the cultural foundation of phraseology has been duly noticed as playing an important role. The dishes made out of cereals show a different valorization on the level of the phraseological imaginary according to the space that defines them. Some are marked by the intimate space of family relationships that often lie under the sign of the ritual, and others are defined by the open space of trade relationships and …


A JOURNALISTIC GENRE NEGLECTED BY PRESS THEORY – THE OPEN LETTER

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

An obsolete journalistic genre is experiencing a startling revival (especially in multimedia). This was possible through two distinctive Print media aspects: 1. spoiling of the main opinion press genres (commentary, notes, analysis) and 2. emancipation of the “letter” by suspending some central characteristics  such as: the notoriety of the sender or the alleged friendship between the two actors of this fictional dialogue. The present analysis focuses on some argumentative specific devices of this standalone press genre, placed between the pamphlet and polemic discourse.


LOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC COHESION IN ERNEST HEMINGWAY’S THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Sentence connectors may be small words, but their importance is not to be neglected, especially in writing. The logical relationship between sentences depends on the sentence connectors. On the one hand, a connector can induce a series of suppositions about the truth of the sentences connected; on the other hand, another connector can create a different series of suppositions regarding the same sentences. Therefore, the semantics of the sentences will differ according to their connector. Following M.A. K. Halliday’s perspective on cohesion, we shall try to identify the means to make a text meaningful and fluent, “since cohesion is the …


AN INTEGRATED VIEW UPON POSTMODERNIST CONCEPTUAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Nowadays, identity is continually changing. In order to assume a valid social identity, an individual needs the others’ recognition. In this case, modernity involves targeting the others. The individual is able to build and/or rebuild his identity depending on the opportunities life offers to him and which he chooses deliberately. He does not know for sure whether he has made the right decision but he has to discover on his own, the ‘true’ identity that suits him. From a postmodernist point of view, identity becomes less stable and more fragile. Postmodernist identity builds itself by assuming some roles and images. …


BEING A WRITER IN THE JOURNALISTIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The paper aims at analysing the evolution in the public space of three Romanian writers: Cristian Tudor Popescu, Stelian Tănase and Mircea Dinescu. There will be highlighted the liberties and compulsions involved by the adhering to a space open to a varied and unpredictable public, and also the mutual influences of the literary work and press production (newspaper article or TV talk-show), interests which interfere in a propitious way. The three writers go beyond the well outlined boundaries of literature, anchoring in a public space using mass-media, thus vacillating between the two hypostasis they are constantly identifying with.


ARGUMENTATIVE STRATEGIES IN MEDIATION: (RE)FORMULATIONS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Formulations and reformulations are strategies or moves which have important argumentative functions within mediation, helping the mediator to manage “the multiple and sometimes paradoxical demands”[1] he is subjected to. The argumentative task that (re)formulations perform enables the mediator to clarify positions, summarize the status of the issues at stake, identify the points of agreement and disagreement, and lay out options for the parties to resolve their impasse. The paper explores the various linguistic techniques by means of which reformulation is done in the mediation context, such as, paraphrasing, summarizing, the use of repetition and restatement. These will be exemplified with …


MACEDONIAN IDENTITY AND IDENTITIES IN THE BALKANS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Identities in the Balkans have been formed within the context of different cultural, linguistic, religious and written traditions. Their creation was influenced by political projects such as: Pan-Slavism, Slavophilism, Illyrianism, Uniatism, and the Balkan Federation, which had both united and divided the peoples of the Balkans. Apart from various influences, identities were closely related to religion and language as well. A study of the construction and dynamic development of Macedonian identity beginning from ancient history, the medieval period, through the abolition of the Ohrid Archbishopric, its division in 1913, and the aftermath of the Second World War indicates the features …


CONSTRUCTING CULTURAL IDENTITIES IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA: THE CASE OF PEOPLE’S LETTERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The paper examines how cultural identities are constructed in communist Romania based on an analysis of the people’s letters sent to Nicolae Ceauşescu. Approaching these epistles methodologically from a post-revisionist perspective, I analyzed them as a means of tracing individual efforts of self-fashioning as revolutionary subjects. In my investigation I also considered the importance of the practices of subjectivization (propaganda, political education) in proposing and disseminating the official cultural model of the socialist man in the Romanian public space and I demonstrated that in some cases people’s willingness to live up to the regime’s expectations for its citizens was not …


ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN MIHAI EMINESCU’S JOURNALISTIC WORK AT „CURIERUL DE IAŞI”

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Whether we like it or not, we have to admit that the second half of the 19th century in Romanian culture and society is characterized by frequent anti-Semite attitudes. Mihai Eminescu’s activity as journalist at “Curierul de Iaşi” makes no exception. From his first article in this newspaper, Eminescu proves to be a competent journalist, fighting for the only “positive social class”, peasantry. His strong belief was that all the others benefit from the work of the peasants. That is why he frequently attacks politicians, lawyers, merchants, public officers, journalists or teachers, blaming them for wasting peasants’ hard work. As …


IDENTITY AND THE “BROKEN GLASS” TECHNIQUE IN THE POSTMODERN NARRATIVES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The postmodern issue stirred conflicting attitudes and opinions among Romanian writers and critics, making up its own aesthetic ideology rooted in the multiple perspectives on World and Text – one could say that Image mirrors the two complementary units into the ever expanding Ideology. An ideology that puts different “broken glasses” together to build up the “unity in diversity” aesthetic pattern.


SOCIO CULTURAL AND IDENTITY PATTERNS IN STEFAN AGOPIAN’S JOURNALISTIC WORK

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Permanently in search for some solid basis for the development of a socio-cultural and why not of literary awareness within the community, characterized by tension, the negotiation of identity and the sense of belonging are only partially solved and only at the discourse level through a periodical reconstruction of the identity image. At the same time, living within oneself, with oneself and with others represents a neuralgic aspect of the contemporary individual. Stefan Agopian’s journalistic work places itself within the society, this leading us to the idea that its statements are expressed with the help of being attributed to a …


TOO “QUEER” TO MATTER: IDENTITY STRUGGLES IN THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN BORDERLANDS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

When discussing the literary productions of Mexican-American authors, the concept of identity seems to be among the first issues to arise. Given the complex nature of the experience in the borderlands, the quest for self-definition always implies a reference to otherness, may it be white/American, Indian or male/female. My paper aims at analyzing the concept of identity as reflected in Chicano/a literature[1], emphasizing the dualities authors confront, as a result of being ‘too queer’ for ‘the other’. Furthermore, it purports to offer an account of the extent to which identity in the borderlands is performed, rather than being inscribed in …


POST-REVOLUTION ROMANIAN FIRST NAMES BEETWEN FASHION AND TRADITION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the evolution of the semantic system, the anthroponomical baptismal name is lost today and what remains is only its identification function. The given name has been liberated from its magical connotations and today it is merely a „label”, although for those who choose it, it usually has an affective value. First person forenames were words of common language, they had a special meaning and brought a distinguished information about the person who wore it. Formerly, the current identification of people consisted of adding the Christian name to the name of the father. If the specification was insufficient, the identification …


EPISTEMOLOGICAL IDENTITY OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PUBLIC SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Departing from the interdisciplinary character of communication, this paper attempts to identify its epistemological identity in the public space and to analyse the defining features of this type of communication. Many experts in the field consider the epistemological status of communication to be at the centre of culture, knowledge and social behaviour. From this perspective, communication studies imply an inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinary approach, since we cannot restrict a field with such wide application within strictly defined scientific margins. Within the typology of features that allow us to differentiate communication in the public space from other types,we find its contextual …


METAPHORICAL CONCEPTS BEYOND EVERYDAY LANGUAGE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Along the years, metaphors have been perceived as powerful instruments of effectiveness used by writers to achieve a certain literary effect. However, they are more than rhetorical devices employed by orators and writers to strengthen and decorate their speeches and composition. Recently, cognitive linguists have demonstrated that metaphors play an important role in language and constitute people’s primary mode of mental operation, influencing the way in which they conceptualize abstract concepts such as identity, morality, life, love, etc. Thus, metaphor proves to be the main mechanism through which people comprehend abstract concepts and perform abstract reasoning. Nowadays, we can talk …


VISUAL IDENTITY IN ADVERTISING

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

It is highly important to take into consideration the unitary construction of any creative advertising, where the image completes the text, because, otherwise, the global meaning of the message would be affected. The coherence of the image is conferred by the visual identity and by the brand image, and the understanding of its meaning depends on the identification of different types of messages that contribute to the transcoding of the visual perceptions in verbal language. The image, as well as the language, is considered to perform/have the seven functions identified by Roman Jakobson and ultimately it can induce, through a …


EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION IN ‘SOCIOCENTRIC’ VS. ‘EGOCENTRIC’ SOCIETIES. A STUDY IN PSYCHOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Is the expression of individual emotions culturally conditioned? Or is the human individuality too complex emotionally to be limited by cultural social norms? It is to these questions and many others that our study attempts to find new answers. The reason why the study of emotion is a relatively recent issue in psychological anthropology partially has to do with the negative attitude of social sciences towards this subject, which has been considered too ‘soft’ and too ‘subjective’ to be an appropriate topic for research. Since emotion was viewed in the West as a compulsive, irrational force arising within the individual …


“THE BUILDING”: A MATRILOCAL SPACE. AN ETHNO-PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

It is well known that the phenomenological approach to the mind was designed, in its very conception by Bretano, as complementary to behavioral psychology. The present paper proposes a concrete analysis of the “building” seen as a cultural sign, better yet as a matrilocal one, through which one may observe the specificity of the Romanian soul and mind. Examined both in pagan rituals and in Christian ones, a phenomenological approach to the mind, especially in the Romanian area, seeks to provide a logical and conceptual investigation of this mental term and concept.


NATIONAL IMAGINARIUM IN WORLD CINEMA. A BINARY PERSPECTIVE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper reinforces the claim that the category of the ‘national’ and the space of the ‘national’ are to be perceived as ideological and political constructions, which, in cinematic representations, may vary from resistance to or collusion with the Hollywoodian tradition. Subsequently, we argue that there is no ideal national cinema model, which may express and explore pure, authentic national identities and indigenous cultural traditions. However, any national cinema, as part of world cinema should be able to mediate meaning and therefore has an impact on the issuing culture. Thus, national cinema becomes an ideological instrument deeply rooted in …


MAN, MACHINE AND THE COMMON ALGORITHM

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Language is a space in itself establishing a bridge between at least two other spaces, us and the other one. The paper focuses on the interaction between our outer reality and our inner reality through language and what processes are involved, on how outer objects (events, situations, etc.) become inner objects (representations, concepts, etc.). We narrowed our interest to the verbal tense forms and the most elusive quantitative dimension, time. Our approach establishes a bridge between the “machine” and us through a common algorithm of defining objects in time.


BEYOND LINGUISTIC, RACIAL AND CULTURAL BORDERS – NEW CHALLENGES FOR LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper presents the findings of a research devoted to assessing intercultural communicative competence in pre-service English language teachers. At first the author presents a discussion on aims and goals of language pedagogy in post-modern times in order to set context for educating a teacher as a cultural mediator and then suggests methods to assess the teacher’s intercultural communicative competence.


SHIFTING PERIMETERS TO DEFINE INFLEXIBLE MEANINGS: CONSUMPTION, SPECTACLE AND IDEOLOGICAL PROGRAMMING IN ROMANIAN ARCHITECTURE DURING THE 1950S

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) aimed to transformMoscowinto a “city of multiple capitals.” While the pavilions’ architecture met the socialist realism’s requirements of “national in style and socialist in form”, this perimeter soon became a site of cultural exchange and consumption opened to all soviet citizens. The same architectural design, however, was exported into the Eastern European countries. Dwelling upon Victor Tupitsyn’s statement that socialist realism cannot perform the same function in a different ideological context, this paper will investigate the role of the 1950s public buildings within the Romanian urban space by analyzing to what extent such buildings, despite …


LOCAL OR ORIGINAL? SHIFTING IDENTITIES OF TWO COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR CHALLENGE TOWARD CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC MARGINALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study aims to explore how two college freshmen inThailandnegotiate their space in an EFL classroom as both of them are from different provinces so that they face linguistic and cultural barriers and thus are labelled as “others.” The ethnographic approach based upon participant observation and a series of interviews shows how two students become aware of their own cultural background which leads them to take different approaches in order to accommodate a new challenge: one actively gets involved in a local culture while the other holds on to his own to maintain his cultural upbringing.


IDENTITY, PREJUDICE AND RELEVANCE IN THE PROCESS OF UTTERANCE INTERPRETATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The aim of this paper is to try to support the idea that past plays an esential role in the process of interpretation of a present utterance/text. Past takes the form of hypotheses, prejudices, prejudgments, ideologies, preferences, etc., stored in the mind of the interpreter, which shape her/his psychological identity. Identity can only come from the past. One’s psychological identity is the present situation of her/his stored past. It seems that in the process of interpretation one’s present self confronts one’s past self which has become the otherness of the present self. The process of interpretation is a fusion between …


LANGUAGE, BORDERS, IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In 1913, the region known asMacedoniawas divided in three parts between theKingdomofSerbs, Croats and Slovenes,BulgariaandGreece. The current situation is as follows: the official language in theRepublicofMacedoniais Macedonian, but in certain regions in which the majority population is Albanian, the Macedonian language loses its primacy; inBulgaria, the Macedonian language is considered only as a dialect of the Bulgarian language and inGreeceit is not even recognized as Macedonian, but as a form of a Slavic dialect and it has been the cause of reprisals in the past 100 years. Therefore, the status of the Macedonian language in theRepublicofMacedonia, the status of Macedonian …


THE IDENTITY OF WOMEN IN ‘THE ONE’ MAGAZINE. A STUDY ON ANGLICISMS IN THE TITLES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The influence of the English language upon other languages is a world-wide phenomenon. The Romanian language (along with other European languages) seems to experience an exagerated growing tendency of using English words in varied fields of activity. If in the case of economics, informatics or sport the use of anglicisms is justified by the neccesity of referring to new extralingustic realities, which do not have a meaningful translation in Romanian, the situation changes in the case of media, where the use of English words has truly become a fashion. The present paper tries to analyse the manner in which the …


SLIPPERY SLOPES IN PRO-LIFE ARGUMENTATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In pro-life discourse arguers strategically use arguments from consequence in order to make the audience aware of the gravity of abortion by pointing out the dire consequences of this deed. Using the pragma-dialectical critical questions (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992, 2004), I will test the dialectical soundness of the causal argumentation put forward by pro-lifers in various argumentative texts. The examination of these texts reveals that the death of the aborting mother, different forms of punishment for the rest of the family, for doctors, pharmacists and for whoever else might take part in an abortion directly or indirectly are among …


RESHAPING NEWS AND IDENTITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In a world marked by globalization, speed and technology, (journalist-) translators are indispensable mediators on a scene marked by conflict and inequalities of power. News translation remains an area of study generally neglected by both translation studies and media studies although translation facilitates the access of different culture communities to “varieties of understanding” and, implicitly, to “multiple modernities” (cf. Michael Cronin). This paper purports to examine how news agencies influence the way in which international news is rewritten and reorganized according to the needs and expectations of the home readers, with examples from the national and international press.


JOB IDENTITIES ENCODED IN COMMONPLACE SIMILES VS THEIR DAILY PERCEPTION. A CASE STUDY.

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Taking into consideration the social status and roles individuals play in daily existence, the paper is an empirical study foregrounding the exploration of commonplace similes, in order to find out how projections of job identity are offered by them. Findings are then “put to test,” as an example of direct perception of reality, through the answers of a number of 50 informants.


TRANSLATION AND SHAPING CULTURAL IDENTITY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The relations between the source culture and the target culture, and the subsequent circulation of texts, ideas and people can be assimilated, on a global level, to the economic, political or language system. From this perspective, changing transitional relations and globalization urge us to look at translations from a broader sociological perspective and to include geopolitical and geo-cultural dimensions within this type of Translation Studies. One of the most important factors that seem to have affected the inequalities between languages, as well as translation ratios and directionality practices in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is globalization. Therefore, this paper aims …


MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SELF IN CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S NOVELS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The 19th century was a period in which the feminine self began its feeble manifestations that were to lead gradually to a strong assertion of the feminine identity and feminine writing. Charlotte Brontë’s novels are among the first ones that introduce feminine characters that build up a complex identity, exposed to a variety of situations which appear many times as premiere for a female character. The introduction of such events are a useful tool for the author to reveal her characters’ selves through a complex net of manifestations in which the roles that the characters play come into contradiction or …


CULTURAL IDENTITY AND TRADITION IN TRANSLATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the broad field of Cultural Studies, there has been a growing interest in the interrelationship between culture and identity. It is an established fact that, in the era of globalization and secularization, when people are assaulted by anti-traditional ideologies, the traditional values seem to be eroded. Translation as an act of cross-cultural communication attempts to establish, on the one hand, mediation between the traditional values of each culture and, a bond between the cultures involved, on the other hand. The translator must be faithful to the tradition from which he translates, to the language into which he translates and …


AMERICAN CULTURE AND UNDERSTANDINGS OF BLACKNESS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Around the latter half of the 1960’s, in the academic circles around the world, and especially in the American academy, race and ethnicity came to the forefront as a new and important approach to the study of literature. Theorists belonging to all sorts of ethnic minority groups – Asian, African, Hispanic, etc. – became actively concerned with identity problems and with representing the white majority’s others. They became involved with the way in which the life of ethnic minorities was represented in a society dominated for centuries by white interests and cultural institutions. They were among the first to realize …


CONCENTRATIONARY SPACES IN ROMANIAN SCIENCE FICTION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper surveys some Romanian science fiction works written during the Communist regime. In spite of unrestrained imagination assumed by science fiction, there are significant patterns peculiar to concentrationary universes. The plots are set in enclosed spaces, the other is usually seen as an enemy, the characters play the victim or the perpetrator part, while the entrapment and dehumanization are the frequent features of the future societies. These imaginative works blur the frontiers between literature, memory and history, offering information about the ideological imaginary of the period


CHOICE IS NOT FREEDOM: DEGREES OF SLAVERY IN ARAVIND ADIGA’S THE WHITE TIGER

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The White Tiger displays one of the darkest approaches to urban contemporary life: the average, insubstantial man killing in order to procure money and start life on his own – no excuse and no remorse, only the trajectory of his deeds. Adiga portraysIndia – but we can broaden geographical limits – in one of its plausible conditions: a territory in which human involution is possible and manifests itself, a land not of dreams and Light, but of a hurting and present Darkness. The reader may be horrified at first, yet the very next moment he can start counting individuals that …


TRANSLATIONS FROM JOHN STEINBECK AND ROMANIAN CULTURAL IDENTITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Drawing on the perspectives provided by the Polysystem Theory, and holding that the shaping of cultural identity is a process of cross-cultural interaction (Jola Škulj), we purport to examine the influence of John Steinbeck’s writings on Marin Preda’s early short-stories through an analysis of the critical references that testify to it, and a comparative study of relevant passages from their works. In exploring the impact of the translations from the American author on the Romanian literary repertoire, reference will also be made to the historical context of the critical reception.


MEMORY AS THE PROTECTION OF IDENTITY IN THE STATE OF EXILE. THE POETRY OF MARIA PAWLIKOWSKA – JASNORZEWSKA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The main conundrum discussed in this article is Maria Pawlikowska- Jasnorzewska’s definition of the identity of poetic creativity in exile. The act of selfdetermination is understood as a dynamic process, open to constant change and confrontation. In a state of exile, which is recognized as one of loss and coercion, confrontation with an alien cultural space conveys the demand to remain a stranger. Memory, for an exile, is a guarantee of cultural quality and allows the exile to challenge basic values and to seek protection, which provides a sense of and ensures continuity. In addition, images deposited in the memory …


EXPLORING THE STYLISTICS OF GENDERED IDENTITIES WITHIN BOUNDARIES AND BEYOND BORDERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In our attempt at providing a framework for the stylistic analysis of gendered identities performed through the “discourse of gender difference” (Sunderland 2004), we have in view not only markers of male and female speech (Key 1975) and conversational styles (Tannen 1984/2005, Carter 1997), but also some stylistic features, which are relevant to different forms of social identity. Considering the existence of some stereotypical modes of expression and behavioural patterns that are stylistically rendered across multimodal texts, we intend to explore them within “the boundaries of social practice” (Sunderland 2004) and beyond gender study borders.


NATSUME SŌSEKI’S YUME JŪYA (“TEN NIGHTS OF DREAM”) AND THE ANARCHETYPE – A DIFFERENT APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present study presents a less known Japanese literary text written in 1908 by Natsume Sōseki (1867–1916) and entitled Yume jūya (“Ten Nights of Dream”) from a new perspective, based on the Romanian concept of the anarchetype. The Japanese text was mostly regarded as a literary experiment, and recently it was analyzed as a part of the modern fantastic literature. Still there are many features that make it fit for the anarchetypical approach, as this paper will prove. It starts from a range of questions regarding its form and contents, and it ends with the presentation of the main character, …


THE TRANSLATOR’S FOOTNOTE ENTRIES: A CASE-STUDY APPLIED TO DAVID LODGE’S CHANGING PLACES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Professional translators often add footnotes to solve their translation problems. The present paper approaches this translation strategy that deals with the particularities of the footnote entries. It offers background information about the translation strategy under analysis and it also develops the issue of the position of the translator between the author and the reader of the translated text.


THE CULTURAL AND IDENTITY REPRESENTATIVENESS OF THE JOURNALIST CARAGIALE, NOWADAYS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The writings of Caragiale, although published more than 100 years ago, outline social, cultural and political realities applicable even today. Current critical reviews strengthen the idea that the classical writing of Caragiale shows both the strategies of articulating the journalistic texts, largely similar to those used for writing the literary texts, and the correct understanding of the socio-political and economic situation ofRomaniain the nineteenth century. This was completed by the anticipation of future events and states of affairs. This paper aims to examine, from this point of view, the size of Caragiale’s representativeness of journalistic writing for Romanian culture, as …


SIGNIFYING WITHIN AND BEYOND BORDERS: TRAVEL WRITING

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This paper focuses on a long ignored signifying practice, travel writing, and aims at investigating the complex relations between writing and travel. The paper first emphasises the extrinsic relations between travel and writing as social and cultural signifying practices and subsequently analyses the intrinsic connections between travel and writing as mutually reflective processes of signification within and beyond literal and conceptual borders, with a view to highlighting the semiotic mechanism by which travel writing represents the world and itself.


EDGES OF THE SELF IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN POETRY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

American poetry in the latter half of the 20th century cannot be conceived outside the development of such paradigms as those created by the Language group in the 1970’s and 1980’s or by the Conceptual poets in the first decade of the 21st century. This paper is an analysis of the strategies of manifestation or mystification of the creative self in poems written by Language American poets. Despite the efforts of these poets to prove that the self is ‘exploded’ in their texts, this analysis reveals that this poetic self still exists on the margins of their poems, and still …


POSTCOLONIAL WELSH IDENTITY IN RAYMOND WILLIAMS’S PEOPLE OF THE BLACK MOUNTAINS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

A major figure of cultural studies, Williams might be called a precursor of postcolonialism in that he opposed canonical forms of history, rejected the concept of ‘mass’, avoided an elitist attitude in evaluating cultural matters, tried to eliminate the distinction between ‘low’ and ‘high’ culture, focused on the lives of the ‘others’ and the ‘ordinary’ and questioned what is canonically imposed by the English tradition in academy at a time when postcolonialism as a discipline was just emerging. Having studied the history of Walesin detail and that of the border country where he was born and grew up, Williams saw …


CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC IDENTITY IN TRANSLATING ROMANIAN FOLK TALES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Offering a bird’s-eye-view upon the translation problems and difficulties occurring in the case of Romanian folk tales is of utmost importance for the cross-cultural exchange between such different languages, each of them with its beauty and uniqueness. The translation process reveals interesting issues regarding: proper names; beginning, middle and ending formulas; phrases and idioms; regionalisms; euphemisms; interjections; rhetorical questions and exclamatory sentences; irony and mockery; nicknames; proverbs and sayings. All these aspects are worth highlighting in order to preserve cultural and linguistic identity in translation.


RE-DEFINING WOMEN IN WUTHERING HEIGHTS THROUGH THE TRANSGRESSION OF BORDERS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The 19th century literature displays a specific image of the power relations between men and women: one of the most important aspects in the treatment of the female figure in this period was the setting in which she was placed. A distinctive borderline is drawn between the male public life and the female private existence. Therefore, women were restricted to domestic roles (taking care of the house and children) and to a biological function whereas men were allowed to lead an independent and public existence. In Wuthering Heights the known concepts of public and private space are replaced by heaven …


TRANSLATING PROVERBS: CULTURAL (UN)TRANSLATABILITY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Translation usually involves some sort of mediation between source and target cultures, given the fact that there is no culturally neutral language. And this can best be seen in the translation of phraseological units, since phraseology is probably the major mechanism contributing to the formation and reinforcement of a cultural identity of a people. The present paper aims to examine the way in which the cultural values that are embedded in proverbs can or (sometimes) cannot be transferred to other languages. The specific challenges of this type of translation will be analysed following the proverbs found in the Romanian version …


IDENTITY IN TRANSLATION: THE CASE STUDY OF ‘MEMORIES OF MY BOYHOOD’ – ION CREANGĂ

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the age of globalization, recognizing and preserving identity is essential, especially with translation as mediator between cultures. The task of the translator remains as difficult as ever in the face of translating foreign, often untranslatable concepts and structures. This paper takes a closer look at the translation of Ion Creangă’s Amintiri din copilărie, produced by Ana Cartianu and R.C. Johnston in 1978. Such an enterprise becomes problematic given the abundance in terms associated with the life and customs of Romania’s countryside in the 19th century, making it all the more complicated to create a clear cut image of Creangă’s …


THE EMERGENCE OF IDENTITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY AMERICAN DRAMA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

American drama was not totally American until the second half of the 18th century. Europeans and other ethnic and racial groups presented plays in their various languages, and the main motif of the plays was religion. After the Declaration of Independencein 1776, drama started to flourish in Americaunder the European (especially British) influence in style, and American myth and manners in subject matter. Yet, in the plays, such as John Leacock’s The Fall of British Tyranny and John Burk’s The Battle of Banker’s Hill, performed before 1830, a new American character and American subjects began to appear. Early American dramatists …


SPEAKER-ETHNICITY AND INTERACTION IN ENGLAND: ANALYSES OF ISOLATION IN CHIEF SOCIAL DOMAINS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Increased ethnic diversity is a phenomenon with which many nations or states are now becoming familiar. Where such an emergence is long-standing within a region or country, a notion of high racial inter-mixing (as an everyday norm) may consequentially be ascribed by outsiders. This study shows that while popular claims of liberalism may exist, national policies and ethnic biases, with respect immigration etc., variously differ to suggest something else. The work confirms that national statistics can play a meaningful role in identifying social change, in terms of make-up. It further shows, in contrast, how those data do nothing to uncover …


THE AMERICAN CONCEPT OF HOME. A MULTIFACTORIAL CORPUS DRIVEN STUDY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This study examines the concept of HOME in19Cand20CAmerican culture. It draws on the theoretical assumptions of Cognitive Linguistics (Lakoff 1987, Langacker 1987), and seeks to capture the cultural patterns of this concept by examining language structure. Previous approaches in this line of research lack a means for result verification or hypothesis falsification. In response to this important shortcoming, we employ quantitative corpus-driven methods. Adapting these methods to the study of abstract concepts allows a means for verifying results but also for more accurate representation of variation inherent in society and cultural system.


THE CULTURAL IDENTITY OF BUCHAREST – ANALYZING THE TEXT AND SUBTEXT OF THE CONTEMPORARY URBAN SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The public space, generated by historical mutilated façades that have lost their initial meaning and message, is no longer meant to be a transparent space with an innocent outline2 but a transformed illusion of space, a confusing pattern that repeats itself from one frame to the next. Analyzing both artistic and symbolic characteristics of the eclectic façades the paper will read the dialogue generated by composition rules and recurrent patterns in their ‘text’ and ‘sub-text’, and will identify the connection between original material substance and the morphology of the architectural image ofBucharesttoday, while questioning the cultural value of a space …


CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY, HYPERLINKS, AND ARCHITECTURAL DYSLEXIA: READING AND WRITING THE POST-URBAN SPACE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Because of the last decades of informatization and hyperlinking of physical and virtual spaces few people are able to further read the classical space. Its linear construction, addressed to the “discoverer” of space, no longer suits the contemporary informational “nomad.” Therefore, space is re-written in order to recombine, in a post-modern approach, cultural information and changing identities. In a global environment where every piece of information, from weather reports to explosive “recipes” is available at a glance, it seems that the grammar of both text and space matters less and less, all in favor of a compressed eclectic status permanently …


MUSIC AS AN EXPRESSION OF CULTURAL IDENTITY: AUGUST WILSON’S DRAMATIC REFLECTIONS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN ART

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Music has become ‘a way of understanding life’ for African-American community in which they masked their souls in their painful history in theU.S.They expressed their faith, feelings, joys, and pains sometimes implicitly and sometimes through implied versions. The main aim of this paper is to expose the cultural identity of African-American characters in their music. Music and its unique capability, amongst many other things, can introduce a reservoir of expressivity, and establish boundaries between creative art and cultural identity. The deployment of cultural identity through black musical expression underscores the connection and complexities of African-American sense of self and place …


ANALYSE DE LA TRADUCTION EN ROUMAIN DES PARTICULARITÉS LEXICO-SÉMANTIQUES DES POÈMES VERLAINIENS SOLEILS COUCHANTS ET LA LUNE BLANCHE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Pour restituer la voix du poète, le traducteur doit faire attention non seulement aux structures profondes sémantiques mais aussi à la syntaxe, au rythme, aux mots à choisir parmi d’autres, garder l’objectif initial du texte, le contenu informatif et tenir compte de l’harmonie extralinguistique. De plus, il doit avoir de l’intuition en sachant où se termine le rôle du traducteur et commence celui du créateur, il doit garder aussi le sens que la forme, parce qu’ils sont indissociables. Pour mieux saisir tous ces aspects et ces nuances de l’acte de traduction, l’analyse contrastive peut être considérée une opération inspirée pour …


LA PERTINENCE ARGUMENTATIVE DES CONTENUS DOXIQUES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

La recherche sur la pertinence de divers types d’arguments côtoie la réflexion sur les maximes argumentatives, les contenus doxiques, les topoï ou les lieux communs. Dans le présent travail, nous allons examiner, en adoptant un point de vue pragmatique, la spécificité de ces concepts. Nous sommes d’avis qu’il est nécessaire, malgré le caractère souvent indifférencié de ce champ thématique, de dresser une ligne de démarcation entre doxa, lieu (dans l’acception de la rhétorique antique) et lieu commun (terme dont on fait un usage préférentiel aujourd’hui). Les trois types de contenus ont en commun l’idée d’opinion partagée, ayant le pouvoir d’orienter …


LA MÉTAPHORE DE LA CIBLE DANS LE DISCOURS DU MARKETING

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le discours du marketing se caractérise par un inventaire extrêmement riche en concepts économiques abstraits et complexes, dont un grand nombre est conceptualisé métaphoriquement. Dans le présent article nous nous attachons à analyser la métaphore de la cible, telle qu’elle est employée dans les ouvrages didactiques de marketing, où elle est mise en relation avec des notions comme marché, public, consommateurs, etc. Le cadre théorique que nous avons choisi est constitué par la théorie cognitive de la métaphore. À travers notre analyse, nous avons abordé quelques aspects cognitifs et linguistiques de la métaphore soumise à l’analyse.


LA CIRCULATION DE PROCÉDÉS EXPRESSIFS ET D’EXERCICES MENTAUX DANS DES CHAMPS AUTONOMES DE LA CRÉATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

On voit assez rarement des recherches s’intéresser à la force rhétorique de structures expressives / sémantiques circulant d’un domaine autonome de la création à un autre. La publicité (par ses textes) et la littérature, la publicité (par ses images) et la peinture fournissent de beaux exemples de « solidarité » rhétorique. J’examine l’organisation d’un titre publicitaire pour Conté et d’un poème de Lucian Blaga, la désacralisation du mythe dans des publicités pour l’Office National de Tourisme de la Grèceet dans Hanu Ancuţei de Mihail Sadoveanu. Mettre en évidence cette force rhétorique aiderait à nuancer les rapports entre ce qu’on pourrait appeler l’unité …


ANCRAGE TEMPOREL DU PRÉSENT AU NIVEAU DE LA SÉQUENCE TEXTUELLE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Nous nous proposons de démontrer que la cohérence textuelle existe même en dehors de la narrativité « standard », tout en mettant l’accent sur la représentation des événements qui suit le passage d’une attitude de locution à l’autre, d’un cadre narratif embrayé à un cadre narratif débrayé ou d’un cadre narratif débrayé à un cadre narratif réembrayé. Nous nous arrêterons sur l’encrage temporel du présent, temps qui se situe en dehors de la narrativité « standard », temps qui assure, finalement, à côté d’autres éléments (tels que adverbes ou connecteurs temporels) la cohérence d’une séquence textuelle. Les exemples analysés seront emprunté aux nouvelles et …


L’INSERTION DU DIALOGUE DANS LE ROMAN MADAME BOVARY DE GUSTAVE FLAUBERT

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Notre démarche consiste à analyser les procédés stylistiques employés par le romancier dans le dialogue. Dans un roman, les scènes dialoguées sont un instrument narratif complexe qui use des paroles des personnages, évoquées au discours direct ou abordées par d’autres moyens. Le dialogue est souvent dévalorisé par rapport à la description ou à la narration. Le passage au discours direct, discours indirect et discours indirect libre rend possible le changement de rythme. La narration est interrompue par des conversations, accompagnées parfois des commentaires et des interprétations. Ainsi avons-nous choisi pour illustrer notre propos par des exemples analysés du roman Madame …


LE RÉALISME BOVARIQUE DANS LE THÉÂTRE DE LA PÉRIPHÉRIE : G. M. ZAMFIRESCU

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Contrairement à la prose, la dramaturgie de G. M. Zamfirescu, de même que ses préoccupations de théoricien du phénomène théâtral, n’a pas fait l’objet des critiques littéraires d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. Le volume Mărturii în contemporaneitate dévoile au public de lecteurs et de spectateurs un auteur préoccupé par le phénomène théâtral dans toutes ses dimensions. Le théâtre réaliste avec substance humaine, la manière de rendre contemporain et autochtone le discours dramatique, le théâtre jeune et populaire, le théâtre destiné aux ouvriers, en tant qu’éléments-ancre d’une idéologie personnelle, convergent vers la projection d’un univers thématique qui fonctionne de façon chronotopique : la périphérie …


LES DIDASCALIES : LE TEXTE MODE D’EMPLOI ?

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

L’analyse des didascalies[1] met en évidence le rôle de cette partie du texte théâtral dans le processus de production de sens nécessaire à la construction de la représentation. Eléments porteurs d’informations et de réflexions qui orientent généralement la mise en scène, chez Ionesco, les didascalies sont assez souvent des facteurs d’ambiguїté et n’assurent plus, dans leur qualité de co-éléments de l’énonciation des personnages, la compréhension des messages émis par ceux-ci. [1] Eléments indispensables à la production de sens, les didascalies sont analysables, selon Thierry Gallèpe (Didascalies. Les mots de la mise en scène, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1997) à partir de deux …


LE DEGRÉ DE PRÉSENCE DU SPECTATEUR DANS LA PEAU D´ÉLISA DE CAROLE FRÉCHETTE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

La peau d’Élisa (1998) de l’auteure québécoise contemporaine Carole Fréchette présente une avancée intéressante dans la problématique du rapport existant entre l’acteur et le spectateur dans le cadre du jeu théâtral. Nous nous proposons d’analyser ce rapport entre la scène et la salle en posant des questions fondamentales sur les limites et le degré de l’intégration du spectateur dans l’espace scénique : Quelle est la place du spectateur dans la représentation ? Comment le spectateur est-il introduit dans le spectacle théâtral ? Quels sont ses limites et son degré d’intégration dans l’espace scénique ?


DE L’OUBLI DES ARCHETYPES A LA PERTE DANS LE STEREOTYPE SUR LA SCENE DES ANNEES CINQUANTE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Les auteurs dramatiques des années cinquante, créateurs d’un théâtre dont la complexité rend la taxinomie claudicante (nouveau théâtre, théâtre de l’absurde, anti-théâtre ou bien théâtre des années cinquante), n’hésitent pas à faire le procès du langage en signalant la crise de la communication, indissociable de celle de l’identité, qui leur inspirent la déréalisation du personnage, la dénonciation des paradigmes inféconds ou surannés de la doxa européenne et la déformation des archétypes devenus stéréotypes culturels et linguistiques.


LA LECTURE COMME REVELATION DANS LA POESIE DE LUCIAN BLAGA

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le devenir de la poésie est un fait qui sous-tend tous les éléments constitutifs de l’expérience esthétique. La lecture présuppose en l’occurrence la connaissance de soi, tout en revêtant l’une des manifestations de l’altérité, grâce à la conduite esthétique. La quête d’une définition qui puisse répondre à la question récurrente Qu’est-ce que la poésie ? a mené, semble-t-il, dans la majorité des cas, à des études qui n’arrivent à mettre en évidence que le caractère autotélique de l’objet analysé. La prise de conscience d’une généricité bien cernée a eu comme résultat l’insertion dans la création moderne d’une méditation implicite sur la …


LE TEXTE, ENTRE L’INTENTION D’AUTEUR ET SES LECTEURS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le rôle de l’auteur dans la construction de la signification d’un texte est l’une des questions les plus brûlantes mises en discussion par les théoriciens de la littérature. Tandis que la critique traditionnelle (le positivisme, l’historicisme) considère l’auteur comme la seule instance responsable du sens de l’œuvre, les adeptes du formalisme russe, du New Criticism américain ou du structuralisme français se proposent d’analyser le texte indépendamment de son producteur réel pour assurer l’autonomie des études littéraires par rapport à l’histoire et à la psychologie. Plus le rôle de l’auteur diminue, plus celui du lecteur s’accroît. La mort de l’auteur entraînera …


LE POIDS DE LA TRADITION: RUSES, FEMMES ET PECHES DE LANGUE. LE CONTE DE SINDIPA, LE PHILOSOPHE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

L’un des motifs littéraires qui ont donné lieu à un grand nombre de versions, de l’Antiquité à l’époque moderne, est celui de la « femme de Putiphar ». Il s’agit de l’histoire présentée dans la Genèse (39,7), qui raconte comment l’épouse d’un homme important, le commandant des gardes de Pharaon, offre son amour à Joseph, le serviteur de son mari. Repoussée par celui-ci, elle essaie de se venger, en accusant Joseph d’avoir tenté de la séduire. Ce motif, dont la fortune littéraire extraordinaire ne peut pas être résumée ici, a été également adopté dans la version roumaine du Roman des sept sages …


LE DISCOURS CHESSEXIEN EN TANT QU’AFFIRMATION DE L’IDENTITÉ SUISSE ROMANDE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Jacques Chessex est l’un des écrivains les plus représentatifs appartenant à la littérature suisse romande. Ce terme de littérature suisse romande est employé pour désigner la production littéraire dela Suissed’expression française. L’œuvre de l’écrivain s’inscrit dans une catégorie à part car elle représente une affirmation et réaffirmation constante de l’identité nationale de ce peuple encore en quête de soi-même. Tout récit – roman, autobiographie, nouvelle – dépend d’un acte d’énonciation produit par un locuteur. Chaque discours littéraire représente une modalité spécifique de se rapporter aux réalités littéraires et linguistiques d’une certaine époque. Tout discours littéraire se forge un univers à lui, tout en soulignant …


LES CONSÉQUENCES DU CONTACT CULTUREL SUR LES PERSONNAGES FÉMININS MAKINIENS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Tout système culturel fournit une structure de sens et de valeurs préétablies communes aux membres d’un groupe. L’affiliation à la même identité culturelle est donc définie comme point de référence commun pour édifier/évaluer l’identité personnelle. Nous nous proposons d’analyser les différentes situations du contact culturel définies par Tzvetan Todorov[1] (déculturation, acculturation etc.) et leurs conséquences sur les personnages féminins makiniens : il y a d’une part ce mystérieux personnage féminin, une Française exilée en Sibérie au tout début du XXe siècle, dont le nom change d’un texte à un autre : Charlotte dans Le Testament français, Alexandra dans La Terre et le …


LE LEADER(SHIP) DANS L’ORGANISATION : UNE VISION INTÉGRATIVE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

De nos jours, on met l’accent sur l’importance du leader(ship) dans une organisation, la gestion de la communication et l’efficacité organisationnelle. La qualité du leadership représente un élément vital en toute organisation ; elle est déterminée par de nombreux facteurs, à partir des qualités personnelles du leader et jusqu’à la position de l’organisation dans l’environnement externe. À la base du leadership il y a l’esprit d’équipe, la discipline de travailler, la capacité d’entraîner les autres dans cette démarche. De ce point de vue, le leader a un rôle important dans l’équilibre et la cohésion du groupe, pour atteindre les objectifs organisationnels. …


LA GESTION DE LA RELATION INTERPERSONNELLE EN CLASSE DE LANGUE EN CONTEXTE DE DIVERSITE LINGUISTIQUE ET CULTURELLE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Cet article porte sur la gestion de la relation interpersonnelle en classe de langue en contexte de diversité culturelle et linguistique. Il traite du cas particulier du Cameroun. De par sa diversité linguistique et culturelle, constitué de près de deux cents langues et ethnies, le paysage culturel du Cameroun qui fait de lui une « Afrique en miniature ». A la fois atout et obstacle, la diversité culturelle constitue un véritable enjeu pour tout enseignant. Face à un manque de formation initiale dans la gestion de cette diversité, les enseignants adoptent des approches différenciées selon les contextes. Ces approches sont systématisées selon …


LE MULTICULTURALISME DANS L’ESPACE EUROPEEN. STEREOTYPES ET REPRESENTATIONS INTERCULTURELLES CHEZ DEUX POPULATIONS ADOLESCENTES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Cette étude illustre la manière de réagir de deux populations adolescentes à l’égard du pluralisme culturel et religieux qui caractérise leurs sociétés. Il s’agit d’une comparaison entre un contexte d’immigration récente, l’Italie, et un autre à plus longue expérience d’immigration,la France. Leshypothèses de la recherche, menée au moyen d’une technique quantitative, prévoient que les différences de contexte, résumables par l’historicité d’immigration et par le rôle de la culture politique nationale sur la manière de gérer le phénomène, soient les sources de variation principales des stéréotypes et des représentations qui animent le discours public envers l’immigration. La prise en compte de …


LE RELATIVISME LINGUISTIQUE ET CULTUREL – PERSPECTIVES ROUMAINES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

L’analyse et l’interprétation des différences culturelles représentent aujourd’hui un thème central pour les études culturelles et pour les sciences de la communication. Dans le contexte de la mondialisation, les études sur la communication interculturelle se sont graduellement imposées en tant que direction prioritaire de recherche pour les disciplines sociales et humaines, au fur et à mesure que les contacts et les interdépendances entre états, sociétés et cultures se sont multipliées et intensifiées. La communication interculturelle est une discipline de synthèse, qui a acquis ces dernières décennies une place distincte dans les programmes d’étude des universités autour du monde. Les sources …


LA TROISIEME CULTURE ET LA POSSIBILITE D’UNE COMMUNICATION INTERCULTURELLE AUTHENTIQUE ; POUR UNE POSSIBLE THEORIE DE LA TOLERANCE INTERCULTURELLE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le lien entre la communication interindividuelle et celle interculturelle devient évident au moment où l’on comprend la culture dans le paradigme de l’anthropologie culturelle – par exemple, telle qu’elle est définie par E. B. Tylor, T. Parsons ou Chombart de Lauwe. Dans l’étude introductive au volume Images de la culture, intitulée « Systèmes de valeurs et aspirations culturelles », Paul-Henry Chombart de Lauwe classifie les approches de la culture comme il suit: 1) la culture en tant que développement de la personne dans la société, 2) les cultures propres à des sociétés et milieux sociaux particuliers et 3) le problème du développement …


ETHICS IN THE POLITICAL COMMUNICATION AND TWO MODELS OF DEMOCRACY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The predominant theory of democracy, that of rational deliberation, is based on the presumption that there is a moral theory as a basis of normative validity of the decisions acquired in a process of rational deliberation. The individual who starts from the idea that he has to use rational means of persuasion will implicitly believe that the rational argument will be the only instrument of persuasion, a priori excluding force, coercion or manipulation from the space of the common living. In other words, the process of rational deliberation presumes an equality of positions in society, deriving from the symmetry of …


MODÈLE OPÉRATIONNEL DE DÉVELOPPEMENT DES COMPÉTENCES DE COOMUNICATION CHEZ LES ENSEIGNANTS DÉBUTANTS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Notre étude repose sur les prémisses théoriques du modèle scientifique opérationnel que nous avons élaboré et qui vise le développement des compétences professionnelles des enseignants débutants. Ce modèle opérationnel est fondé sur les principes du constructivisme, de même que sur les contributions récentes de la psychologie cognitive et de la théorie du « praticien réflexif ». Il s’articule sur une série de sept catégories de compétences: cognitives et métacognitives, méthodologiques, de communication et relationnelles, d’évaluation des élèves, psychosociales, informatiques et technologiques, de management de la carrière. L’objectif de notre recherche consiste à investiguer l’efficacité du programme de formation centré sur le modèle …


IMAGE BEFORE HISTORY: A COMMUNICATIONAL APPROACH

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Communication and image are phenomena conditioned by society and culture and they define the human being. Apart from the space of interaction and interpretation, image and communication could not exist. The latter provides the spread of images, while the first gives sense to communication. This paper aims to investigate the pre-logical elements of image, by analyzing the ancestral structures – archetypes – and their way of expressing human feelings – myths and symbols – in order to reach the historical forms of image and to reveal the key role that communication plays in the way that images are constructed. I …


QUELQUES DIFFÉRENCES ÉPISTEMOLOGIQUES DE LA COMMUNICATION DANS L’ESPACE PUBLIC

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

La communication dans l’espace public est le plus souvent assimilée à la communication médiatique ou à celle politique. Nous nous proposons d’analyser les différences entre les divers types de communication et souligner à quel point on peut parler des particularités de la communication dans l’espace public. L’étude des messages de la communication publique mettra en évidence ses caractéristiques et les différences de fond et d’intention qui surgissent entre les multiples formes de la communication dans la société, en considérant la communication publique, médiatique, politique comme parties de la communication au sein d’une société particulière. En effet, même si c’est la …


EVOLUTION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE IN POSTMODERNITY: DE-POLITIZATION OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Along with the collapse of all symbolic vaults of pre-modern and modern societies (religions and the great laic ideologies, respectively), legitimacy cannot be gained by appealing to the ‘sky of tradition’, or through the teleonomic values of an ideology. Post-industrial society is a ‘disenchanted’ society in that the impact of great ideologies is not decisive in the public sphere: they no longer participate to the ‘critical debates on the general interest matters’ (Habermas), and consequently to the legitimacy process of individuals, groups, organizations and state-nations.             From a philosophical viewpoint, the criticism of abstract humanism and of state power from …


LE LUDIQUE DANS LA COMMUNICATION PUBLICITAIRE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

La publicité recourt abondamment aux jeux de mots (où le calambour a un grand succès), d’énigmes (à savoir les phrases d’incitation ou les messages hermétiques qui contournent la désignation claire du produit) ou bien de la dérision (la caricature connaît dans cette situation ses moments de gloire). Dans notre démarche, nous partirons de la distinction réalisée par Sigmund Freud entre l’esprit obscène, l’esprit cynique, l’esprit hostile, l’esprit sceptique, l’esprit innocent, l’esprit tendancieux. En effet, cette distinction correspond d’une part aux diverses « dérogations » que la publicité se permet par rapport aux lois morales et sociales (en nous faisant nous réjouir ou …


CARL SCHMITT AND THE PRESUPPOSITION OF SECULARISATION. MODERNITY AND POLITICAL THEOLOGY

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

This study aims to address a double problem. On the one hand, it attempts to identify the place in Carl Schmitt’s writings that the issue of secularisation takes, as well as the way this concept can generate the scenario of a political theology. On the other hand, it aims to outline a reply to a more general question: in what way can modernity construe the relation between theology and politics so as to avoid the trap of the theocracy/laicism alternative. In other words, the scenario of the political theology ends up, in late modernity, being rewritten beyond the state-church dichotomy, …


TRUTH IN ARGUMENTATIVE COMMUNICATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The purpose of this article is to examine the sense in which an addressee R can say something about the truth of a sentence p uttered by an epistemic subject S. To examine this problem, I will attempt to clarify to what extent the correspondence theory of truth, the theory of truth as warranted assertability and the James-Rorty version of the pragmatist theory of truth can be useful for understanding R’s epistemic attitude toward p. I will show that the correspondence theory of truth and the theory of truth as warranted assertability cannot be illuminating for this purpose by outlining …


ABOUT THE ROMANIAN IDENTITY CONSTRUCT (I)

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The present paper proposes – using the main scientific sources – to establish the way in which Romanians have become aware of their own identity. Even if the 19th century historians seemed to have agreed upon the present matter, in fact, the concept of Romanian identity has not been revealed yet, or accepted. This very discrepancy between ethnical realities and the Romanian cultural identity construct is in fact the core of our study.


REFLECTIONS ON SOME REPRESENTATIONS OF LOVE IN POSTMODERN CAROUSEL-TIME

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Starting with the observation that the symbolic change in postmodern spirituality seems to be from the world of Logos to the world of Imago, my article aims to emphasize some representations of love in contemporary interpersonal relations, as they appear in Julia Kristeva’s post-Freudian psychoanalysis, in the same spirit of other philosophical views which I find relevant for the topic. The main question raised by different approaches, as I believe, is whether our civilization faces new pathologies, or just the manners of understanding them are new? This question will be analyzed in order to try to offer some interpretations and …


THE HERMENEUTICS OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE. ISSUES AND POTENTIALS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

The human living space consists of numerous manifestations in either the private or the public sphere. The relationships and the interactions between people are based not only on values and attitudes, and on the adopted norms, but also on the multiple roles they play. These relationships and the interactions are maintained due to some well defined and interpreted behavioural and communication patterns, as the French sociologist Raymond Boudon claimed. Considered to be a specific obligation to their role, the norms constitute the rules that govern the individual and collective behaviours. Furthermore, Jean-Claude Kaufmanncompletes this picture, that is, the one in …


LE LANGAGE DE LA RUE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Cet article propose une analyse et une classification des noms de rues dans la ville de Bacău, en essayant de révéler la manière dont les rues échouent (avec des noms descriptifs, commémoratifs ou symboliques) aujourd’hui pour nous inviter à une lecture de l’histoire et aident à définir l’image que la ville cherche à transmettre et à former des chemins à travers le temps.


TRANSLATION AS NEGOTIATION AND GLOBALIZATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Globalization can be tackled as a consequence of technologies meant to reduce the costs of communication. This reduction has led to an increase in the global demand for translations. I shall approach this issue on David Lodge’s novel Out of the Shelter translated into French and Romanian.


HOW WOMEN TALK WITH/ABOUT MEN IN THE POSTMODERNIST NOVEL

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

My paper tries to deconstruct and re-construct the sexual identity/gender roles freed from the patriarchal restrictions imposed by society through the voice of a postmodernist female writer (Iris Murdoch) who analyses a man’s fall, failure (sexually, artistically, sentimentally) in her novel The Black Prince; the female writer aims at: re-defining femininity and masculinity, refusing the transformation of the woman into a sexual object for the male consumers, rejecting pornography and violence against women within a family or a relationship. Women are not attributed features like: self-sacrifice, patience, obedience, etc. which might destine them for the role as a mother, wife …


DU TEXTE AU DISCOURS ET INVERSEMENT. PRÉLIMINAIRES À UNE ÉTUDE DES MÉDIAS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Notre étude cherche à clarifier les termes texte et discours, termes qui constituent les sujets de recherche de l’analyse du discours, d’une part, et de l’analyse textuelle, d’autre part. La méthodologie abordée consiste à réunir leurs définitions, à les comparer et à relever les convergences et les divergences là où cela s’impose. Notre recherche nous a menés à une conclusion congruente avec les opinions de certains spécialistes: on doit en effet préciser la place du texte dans l’analyse du discours et ses relations avec le discours.


THE BERNE AFFAIRE – LIGHTS AND SHADOWS

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

In the night of 15th to 16th of February, 1955, agroup of five exiled Romanian men attacked the Legation of the Popular Republic of Romania in Berne. This unusual action represented a press event for the entire international media, which hurried up to send journalists to the capital of Switzerland. It was the first time when a diplomatic mission of a state out of the Iron Curtain was attacked. The aggressors were called “freedom fighters” by the Romanian Diaspora. In their own country, they were named terrorists. 56 years later, an eyewitness talks about the five men who scared the …


RELATIONS PUBLIQUES – CULTURE, LANGUE, NATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

« L’hégémonisme » des praxi-théories américaines dans les écoles roumaines de relations publiques ne fait négliger des différences majeures manifestées au cours d’un demi-siècle sur le plan international. Les clivages concernent tout d’abord le rapport entre ce secteur de la communication et les diverses activités connexes (la publicité et la réclame, les affaires publiques et la promotion, le lobbying et le fundraising). Les deux dernières sont les plus problématiques et cela pour plusieurs raisons, d’ordre linguistique, culturel, confessionnel, éthique, en ce qui concerne la perception sociale dans l’espace roumain de ces activités. Notre texte ne peut nullement viser une approche exhaustive, aussi …


GENRE ET COMPTABILITÉ EN ROUMANIE

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Dans les universités roumaines qui organisent des études en comptabilité, on remarque très vite une large majorité de filles. Cela nous fait croire à une domination féminine dans ce domaine. Les statistiques confirment cette domination, environ 80% des étudiants en comptabilité sont des étudiantes. Cela a des conséquences sur la présence des femmes sur le marché du travail en comptabilité. Les principales organisations professionnelles roumaines qui regroupent des comptables comptent dans leur rang presque 70% de femmes. Cette majorité ne se retrouve pas dans les postes de direction desdits organismes: les femmes y sont beaucoup moins représentées, surtout dans les …


REPRÉSENTATIONS DE L’ALTÉRITÉ DANS LE DISCOURS DE LA MARGINALISATION

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

Le discours de la marginalisation est un thème récurrent concernant les représentations de l’altérité sur la scène publique dans la période contemporaine. Nous incluons dans cette catégorie des structures discursives qui reflètent d’un point de vue éthique ou émique la réalité sociale de la minorité marginale. Le discours culturel d’une société (implicitement monovocal, selon Bakhtine) enregistre la voix de la communauté de référence qui lui imprime le système des représentations de l’idéologie dominante. L’idéal polyphonique bakhtinien est récupéré à travers le discours des identités minoritaires dans le concert multiculturel postmoderne. Nous proposons, dans notre approche, la mise en évidence des …


LA TRANSMISSION DES CONNAISSANCES RELIGIEUSES DANS L’ENVIRONNEMENT VIRTUEL. DÉFIS, DÉBATS ET CONTROVERSES

Posted On Jul 27 2012 by

La modernité et ses innovations technologiques posent de nombreux défis à la religion. Aussi notre article vise-t-il essentiellement à analyser la présence de la religion orthodoxe sur Internet, dans le but de découvrir ses principales caractéristiques. Nous nous demanderons ensuite dans quelle mesure l’environnement virtuel influence la transmission des connaissances religieuses vu qu’un grand nombre de groupes religieux se réclamant de l’orthodoxie est apparu dans l’espace virtuel. Leur fonctionnement en relation avec l’autorité centrale de l’Eglise mène à des conflits liés à la visibilité et à la primauté dans l’espace virtuel. L’explosion des blogs et des sites web parareligieux (e-commerce, …